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David Bronstein
Photo courtesy of Eric Schiller.  
Number of games in database: 2,216
Years covered: 1938 to 1997
Last FIDE rating: 2432
Highest rating achieved in database: 2590

Overall record: +829 -312 =1019 (62.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 56 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (191) 
    B31 B20 B90 B50 B96
 Ruy Lopez (133) 
    C77 C97 C78 C92 C91
 Nimzo Indian (77) 
    E41 E55 E21 E59 E32
 French Defense (65) 
    C07 C15 C18 C05 C02
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (59) 
    C97 C91 C92 C85 C84
 King's Indian (58) 
    E67 E90 E80 E86 E61
With the Black pieces:
 French Defense (117) 
    C07 C16 C15 C09 C18
 King's Indian (104) 
    E67 E80 E60 E92 E69
 Ruy Lopez (88) 
    C76 C63 C92 C69 C99
 Caro-Kann (83) 
    B16 B10 B14 B13 B15
 Sicilian (82) 
    B92 B32 B97 B51 B90
 English (52) 
    A13 A10 A15 A17 A16
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Bronstein vs Ljubojevic, 1973 1-0
   Bronstein vs Geller, 1961 1-0
   Bronstein vs Keres, 1955 1-0
   Pachman vs Bronstein, 1946 0-1
   Efimov vs Bronstein, 1941 0-1
   Bronstein vs M20, 1963 1-0
   N Bakulin vs Bronstein, 1965 0-1
   J Kaplan vs Bronstein, 1975 0-1
   Bronstein vs Botvinnik, 1951 1-0
   Bronstein vs Tal, 1968 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Botvinnik - Bronstein World Championship Match (1951)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   USSR Championship (1948)
   Budapest Candidates (1950)
   Saltsjobaden Interzonal (1948)
   Gothenburg Interzonal (1955)
   Gotha (1957)
   Asztalos Memorial (1966)
   USSR Championship (1949)
   USSR Championship 1964/65 (1964)
   USSR Championship (1945)
   USSR Championship (1957)
   Mar del Plata (1960)
   Tallinn (1971)
   Amsterdam Interzonal (1964)
   Petropolis Interzonal (1973)
   USSR Championship (1971)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Challenger Bronstein by Gottschalk
   DB told secrets to FTB by fredthebear
   Sorcerer's Apprentice (Bronstein) by Ziiggyy
   Sorcerer's Apprentice (Bronstein) by Qindarka
   Sorcerer's Apprentice (Bronstein) by Parmenides1963
   Sorcerer's Apprentice (Bronstein) by isfsam
   Sorcerer's Apprentice (Bronstein) by hought67
   Match Bronstein! by amadeus
   Match Bronstein! by docjan
   200 open games by David Bronstein (part 1) by mneuwirth
   200 open games by David Bronstein (part 1) by Bluem00n
   200 open games by David Bronstein (part 1) by tak gambit
   200 open games by David Bronstein (part 1) by takchess
   200 open games by David Bronstein (part 1) by hought67

Search Sacrifice Explorer for David Bronstein
Search Google for David Bronstein

(born Feb-19-1924, died Dec-05-2006, 82 years old) Ukraine
[what is this?]

David Ionovich Bronstein was born February 19, 1924 in Bila Tserkva, Ukraine.1

Chess and Checkers Club

When Bronstein was six, his grandfather taught him how to play chess. Later, when his family moved to Kiev, he joined the city "Chess and Checkers Club" and soon won the Kiev "Schoolboy's Championship."1 At age fifteen he was invited to play in the 11th Ukrainian Championship in Dnepropetrovsk, where he finished 8th.2 On the strength of this result he was invited back for the 12th Ukrainian Championship in Kiev. He placed 2nd to Isaac Boleslavsky, 3 which garnered him both the Soviet national master title and a place in the USSR Championship Semifinal in Rostov-on-Don.1,4 The semifinal was never finished due to the German invasion of Russia on June 22, 1941, and Bronstein did not play any serious chess for the next three years.1

Two Grandmaster Titles

By February 1944 the Germans had been driven back to the Dneiper River, and Bronstein joined the USSR Championship Semifinal in Baku.1 His 4th place finish qualified him for the final and drew the interest of Boris Vainstein, who quickly became an avid promoter of Bronstein's chess career. Vainstein was an influential member of the Soviet administration (though not an actual Communist Party member), and he managed to have Bronstein relocated to Moscow from his job rebuilding a steel factory in the ruins of Stalingrad.1 Bronstein managed only 15th place at the USSR Championship (1944), but he was hardly disgraced, since he won his game against the incumbent "Absolute Soviet champion": Bronstein vs Botvinnik, 1944. 5 Bronstein's 3rd place in the USSR Championship (1945) earned him a spot on the Soviet team in international matches, where he posted good results. Though he was not yet a grandmaster, FIDE invited him to the Saltsjöbaden Interzonal (1948), which he won.6 He was immediately made a Soviet grandmaster,7 and in July 1949 FIDE awarded him the international grandmaster title.8

The World Championship

Bronstein wasted no time proving that if someone wanted to unseat world champion Mikhail Botvinnik, they'd have to go through him. He shared 1st in both the USSR Championship (1948) and the USSR Championship (1949). He went on to tie Boleslavsky for 1st in the Budapest Candidates (1950), and won the subsequent playoff match. Bronstein now had the right to face Botvinnik in a championship match. Botvinnik had played no chess in public since he'd won the FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948), which Bronstein thought was a deliberate ploy to hide his opening preparation.9 Bronstein opened game one with the Dutch Defence, one of the champion's favorite systems. Botvinnik later characterized this strategem as "naive."10 The match was closely fought, and by game 22 Bronstein led by a point and needed only win once more, or draw twice in the last two games, to become world champion. The stage was set for a climactic final game in which Bronstein needed a victory, since the champion would retain his title in the event of a drawn match. This game proved somewhat controversial because Bronstein accepted Botvinnik's draw offer after only 22 moves: Bronstein vs Botvinnik, 1951. This engendered speculation that the Soviet government had ordered him not to beat Botvinnik. In a 1993 interview Bronstein explained that "There was no direct pressure (to lose deliberately)... But... there was the psychological pressure of the environment..." in part caused by his father's "several years in prison" and what he labeled "the marked preference for the institutional Botvinnik." Bronstein concluded that "it seemed to me that winning could seriously harm me, which does not mean that I deliberately lost."11

Cold Warrior

The NKVD12 had arrested Bronstein's father in 1935 because he had "tried to defend peasants... who were put under pressure by corrupt officials."13 His father was released after serving seven years in a gulag, and only pardoned for any wrongdoing in 1955. Bronstein never joined the Communist Party, nor any organisations associated with it, such as the Communist Youth Party, the USSR Writer's Union, or the USSR Journalist's Union.13 Nevertheless, for decades Bronstein remained a prominent member of the Soviet chess team. He played in four successive chess olympiads, winning the bronze medal on 3rd board in Helsinki 1952, the silver medal on 3rd board in Amsterdam 1954, and the gold medal on 4th board in both Moscow 1956 and Munich 1958.14 In the USSR - USA Radio Match (1945) Bronstein faced Anthony Santasiere on 10th board, scoring +2 -0 =0 in a 15½ - 4½ Soviet rout of the Americans. In a 1946 USSR-USA match in Moscow, the Soviets won again, with Bronstein splitting a pair of games against Olaf Ulvestad on 10th board. He again helped defeat the USA in two ideologically charged matches in 1954 and 1955. The first was slated for New York in 1953, but Cold War politics got in the way. The Soviet team were on the verge of boarding a ship from Cherbourg when a jittery US State Department abruptly tightened their visa restrictions. Moscow declared this a "violation of all the rules of international hospitality and civility," but the Soviets did manage to play the Americans the following year in New York, and again in Moscow 1955.15 In New York Bronstein played 2nd board and beat Arthur William Dake in one game, and then proceeded to win three straight from Dake's replacement, Arnold Denker. In Moscow he faced Larry Melvyn Evans on 3rd board, scoring +1 -0 =3. The USSR won both events.16

Golden Age

Although Bronstein never again played a world championship match, he enjoyed a long period of success in strong chess events.1 He came close to a title rematch with Botvinnik when he finished shared 2nd at the Zurich Candidates (1953), two points behind Vasily Smyslov. Bronstein wrote a book about the event, which has become a classic in chess literature: Zurich International Chess Tournament, 1953. He won the Gothenburg Interzonal (1955) in fine style, but finished behind Smyslov and Paul Keres in the Amsterdam Candidates (1956). He would never compete in another candidates event, though he did play in the Portoroz Interzonal (1958), Amsterdam Interzonal (1964), and the Petropolis Interzonal (1973). After 1949 he appeared in fifteen more USSR Championships, with his best results coming in 1957 (2nd to Mikhail Tal) ; 1958 (3rd to Tal); Nov-Dec 1961 (3rd to Boris Spassky) ; and 1964/1965 (2nd to Viktor Korchnoi) . He won or shared 1st in the Moscow Championship in 1946, 1947, 1953, 1957, 1961, and 1968.17 Bronstein also won or shared 1st in a series of international tournaments, including Hastings (1953/54), Belgrade 1954, Gotha 1957, Moscow 1959, Szombathely 1966, East Germany 1968, Sarajevo 1971, Hastings 1975/76, and Jurmala 1978.18

Chess Theory

Bronstein made many contributions to theory in openings such as the Ruy Lopez, King's Indian, and Caro-Kann (e.g. the Bronstein-Larsen variation 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.♘c3 dxe4 4.♘xe4 ♘f6 5.♘xf6 gxf6). He helped revive the King's gambit,1 and also wrote a popular book on one of his favorite weapons: Bronstein On the King's Indian. Although Bronstein preferred some systems over others, the following recollection from biographer Tom Fürstenberg is worth keeping in mind: "David explained many times that he doesn't play openings - he just starts to create an attack... from the first move! ...That is why he does not have a specific opening repertoire. He just plays everything!"1


Bronstein, known affectionately as "Devik" by his friends, married three times, but it was his third marriage to Isaac Boleslavsky's daughter Tatiana in 1984 that seems to have given him the most lasting and satisfying partnership.19 In her memoir, she recalls meeting him several times as a young girl, noting his humour, generosity and, "above all, his gentle smile."19 She also ruefully explains that although Bronstein's patron Boris Veinshtein was indeed a powerful man, he could do nothing to prevent the Soviet Chess Federation from banning him from almost all foreign tournaments for thirteen years.19 Bronstein was banned after Viktor Korchnoi defected in 1976, and Bronstein refused to sign a group letter condemning him. Despite the fact that Boris Gulko, Spassky, and Botvinnik also refused to sign this letter, it was only Bronstein who received this draconian punishment. Foreign tournaments were prized by Soviet masters as a crucial source of income, because they generally paid out prizes in "hard currency." Bronstein had to support himself during this period by writing for "Isvestiya."1 He believed his punishment was so severe because he had helped Korchnoi during the Karpov - Korchnoi Candidates Final (1974). 20 In 1990, after the Soviet Union collapsed and the borders opened, Bronstein contracted cancer, but an operation proved successful, and he lived another sixteen years. He spent much of this remaining time touring Europe, glorying in his new freedom by traveling from tournament to tournament, meeting old friends and making new friends. In his typically light hearted manner, Bronstein explained that "...amazed that I was still alive, chess clubs began showering me with invitations"21 He died on December 5, 2006.22

A Magical Fire

"The art of a chess player consists in his ability to ignite a magical fire from the dull and senseless initial position."23

--David Ionovich Bronstein


1 David Bronstein and Tom Fürstenberg, "The Sorcerer's Apprentice" (Cadogan 1995), p.263-271

2 Rusbase [rusbase-1]

3 Rusbase [rusbase-2]

4 Rusbase [rusbase-3]

5 Though Cafferty and Taimanov do not recognize the USSR Absolute Championship (1941) as a bona fide USSR Championship, the winner Botvinnik was nonetheless considered the Soviet champion at the time. Bernard Cafferty and Mark Taimanov, "The Soviet Championships" (Cadogen 1998), pp.48-51

6 Kotov and Yudovich, "Soviet Chess School" (Raduga Publishers 1982), pp.77-78

7 "Tidskrift för Schack" nr.8-9 (Aug-Sept 1948), pp.180-181. Translation by User: Tabanus

8"Tidskrift för Schack" nr.7-8 (July-Aug 1949), p.159. Translation by User: Tabanus

9 Bronstein and Fürstenberg, pp.16-17

10 Mikhail Botvinnik "Match for the World Championship- Botvinnik Bronstein Moscow 1951" Igor Botvinnik ed. Ken Neat transl. (Edition Olms 2004), p.16

11 "Revista Internacional de Ajedrez" (Mar 1993), pp.38-42. In Edward Winter, Chess Note 4753:

12 The NKVD (Peoples Commissariat for Internal Affairs) was a predecessor of the KGB.

13 Bronstein and Fürstenberg, p.269

14 "Men's Olympiads"

15 Andrew Soltis, "Soviet Chess 1917-1991" (McFarland 1997), pp.221-227

16 Gino Di Felice, "Chess Results 1951-1955" (McFarland 2010) pp.422, 522-23

17 1946 [rusbase-4] 1947 [rusbase-5] 1953 [rusbase-6] 1957 [rusbase-7] 1961 [rusbase-8] 1968 [rusbase-9]

18 <Hastings 1953-1954> (Di Felice, "Chess Results 1951-1955," p.317); <Belgrade 1954> (Di Felice, "Chess Results 1951-1955," p.333); <Gotha 1957> (Di Felice, "Chess Results 1956-1960," p.129); <Moscow 1959> (Di Felice, "Chess Results 1956-1960," p.342); <Szombathely 1966> (Di Felice, "Chess Results 1964-1967," p.429); <East Germany 1968> (Di Felice, "Chess Results 1968-1970," p.12 <Sarajevo 1971> ( <Hastings 1975/76> -<Jurmala 1978> (

19 Bronstein and Fürstenberg, pp.19-24

20 David Bronstein and Sergey Voronkov, "Secret Notes" Ken Neat, transl. (Edition Olms 2007), pp. 14-15

21 Bronstein and Voronkov, pp.12-13

22 Leonard Barden, David Bronstein obituary in "The Guardian" (7 Dec 2006)

23 Bronstein and Voronkov, p.34

Wikipedia article: David Bronstein

Last updated: 2020-07-15 20:30:04

 page 1 of 90; games 1-25 of 2,232  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. E Poliak vs Bronstein 0-1361938KievD10 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
2. Bronstein vs I Zaslavsky 1-0251938KievC43 Petrov, Modern Attack
3. Bronstein vs Lipnitsky 1-0261939Kiev-chC19 French, Winawer, Advance
4. Y Lembersky vs Bronstein 0-1371939URSC25 Vienna
5. L Kanevsky vs Bronstein  0-1341939Soviet UnionC46 Three Knights
6. Bronstein vs V Gaiwevsky  1-0481939UKR-chC66 Ruy Lopez
7. Bronstein vs B Ratner 1-0351939UKR-chB20 Sicilian
8. Gorenstein vs Bronstein  ½-½191939UKR-chC46 Three Knights
9. B Goldenov vs Bronstein  1-0321939UKR-chA54 Old Indian, Ukrainian Variation, 4.Nf3
10. Bronstein vs Y Kaem 1-0281939UKR-chC71 Ruy Lopez
11. Bronstein vs Gorenstein ½-½151940KievC29 Vienna Gambit
12. Bronstein vs S Zhukhovitsky 1-0321940Kiev jrC98 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
13. Bronstein vs R Piatnitsky 1-0151940Kiev jrC41 Philidor Defense
14. Bronstein vs L Morgulis 1-0341940?C26 Vienna
15. Efimov vs Bronstein 0-1121941Kiev URSC34 King's Gambit Accepted
16. S Belavenets vs Bronstein 0-1241941Ch URS (1/2 final)E64 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Yugoslav System
17. Bronstein vs E Kuzminykh  0-1411941Ch URS (1/2 final)C79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
18. Bronstein vs V Mikenas 1-0251941Ch URS (1/2 final)C40 King's Knight Opening
19. Bronstein vs Boleslavsky ½-½221944KievC16 French, Winawer
20. Sokolsky vs Bronstein 1-0271944KievC52 Evans Gambit
21. Lilienthal vs Bronstein  1-0581944Ch URS (1/2 final)E67 King's Indian, Fianchetto
22. V Makogonov vs Bronstein 1-0421944KievE90 King's Indian
23. Bronstein vs B Goldenov 1-0241944KievC12 French, McCutcheon
24. Bronstein vs Panov  ½-½291944Baku ch-URS sfC97 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
25. Bronstein vs Flohr  ½-½531944KievB10 Caro-Kann
 page 1 of 90; games 1-25 of 2,232  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Bronstein wins | Bronstein loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 44 OF 44 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: continued: <They said that chess is the same as Shakespeare, Velasquez, and Raphael. An Art.

That's what they said, right? But what is it in reality? Nobody needs it, nobody.

It's neither good, nor fair - it's cruel. I realize you want to write about me. I realize that.

But I also know that if you or somebody else writes something about me, it will be all wrong. It's all wrong.

It was you who told me about Richter, that at the very end he said that he wasn't happy with himself, just wasn't happy.

I could say the same about myself. But who cares about that? I'm the guilty party, me. I probably did everything wrong. Wrong.

All the wrong things. Nobody is interested in me and nobody needs me. As a person I'm leaving both the chess world and the real world.

I regret that I devoted my life to chess, and ot to something like art.>

May-22-18  ZonszeinP: THANK YOU
May-23-18  ZonszeinP: What we need a "world champion" for?

What we need ELO for?

Bronstein was a GENIUS

Jul-15-18  Howard: A new book about Bronstein just came out called the Rise and Fall of David Bronstein. ACM gave it a good review in its latest issue.

ACM==American Chess Magazine.

Jul-18-18  ZonszeinP: I understand that the above quotes by <chancho> come from that book
Aug-04-18  Everett: Bronstein was a troubled soul. Can’t imagine what it was for a young boy to have his father arrested and sent away for years on end, only to return a broken man. Must have been terrible for the entire family.
Aug-04-18  ChessHigherCat: Reactions to <Chancho's> quote: 1. <So it all began with Lasker, and Botvinnik learned it from him - he really did look at his opponents with hatred in his eyes.

It was an entire school of players who radiated hate: Lasker, Alekhine, Botvinnik, Fischer, Karpov, Kasparov.>

That's very surprising because in "Russian Silhouettes" Sosonko depicts Botvinnik as such a mild-mannered person, it's hard to believe he really radiated hatred towards his opponents. Maybe they psyched themselves up like that before they played, who knows. I think the Soviet society encouraged everybody to mistrust and denounce everybody to discourage conspiracies, so it's hard to reconstruct how much is true and how much is paranoia.

2. <It was you who told me about Richter, that at the very end he said that he wasn't happy with himself, just wasn't happy.>

Must be a reference to the great pianist and friend of Prokofiev's, Sviatislov Richter:

Aug-04-18  john barleycorn: Does not he sound a bit like the late Fischer?
Aug-19-18  Howard: Bronstein was certainly one of the most creative players of his time--no question !
Aug-20-18  Everett: <CHC> I think he means Richter as in the Richter/Rauzer variation of the Sicilian. I could be wrong, though.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Caissanist: It is interesting that Sosonko puts Fischer on the list of players who "radiated hate" but not Tal. Donner for one, specifically wrote that against Tal he felt a "revolting hatred", while Fischer radiated nothing of the sort. Perhaps it is not surprising that Donner, while not terribly successful against either, did better against Fischer.
Aug-21-18  gabriel25: Bronstein is going deep, as Lasker said it, it is a fight, if you take it as your life defeat is crushing and you have to hate your opponent so as not to loose.

If you take it as a game when you finish a game on the other side of the board you have a friend who has helped you have a very good time

But it is never that clear.

Apr-21-19  Sally Simpson: ***

Tonight on BBC's Radio 4 'Last Word ', David Thouless a joint Nobel Prize winner.

His son mentions his dad was a good chess player and after Hastings (no year given) Bronstein played a simul v Cambridge University Chess Club P.25 W.19. D.5 L.1.

The loss was against David Thouless.


Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Saunders will have to try and find a game, if Thouless played on the University team. Then he can join august company in Percy W Bridgman and Willis E Lamb.

And thanks for listening to Radio 4, so that others don't have to.

Premium Chessgames Member
  saffuna: A little help?

I looked at a Bronstein game, now can't find it again.

He was black, with his king on c7 and a rook on g8. He allowed Qf7+, losing a piece. He then played Ne7, giving up that knight with check.

But he still had an attack on the white king, and won.

What game is that?

Premium Chessgames Member
  saffuna: Found it, never mind: Bronstein vs M Katetov, 1946

I just had colors reversed. Bronstein had white, and lost.

Jun-22-19  BUNA: <Everett: Bronstein was a troubled soul. Can’t imagine what it was for a young boy to have his father arrested and sent away for years on end, only to return a broken man. Must have been terrible for the entire family.> Bronstein witnessed a war in which 25 million soviet citizen died. Bronsteins uncles Israil and Abram died as soldiers of the Red Army, a couple of his relatives where killed during the nazi holocaust. All things are relative.
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <Geoff>, Thouless took his BA at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, so most likely the display was during one of Bronstein's visits to Hastings in the mid 1950s.
Oct-04-19  Everett: <un-22-19 BUNA: <Everett: Bronstein was a troubled soul. Can’t imagine what it was for a young boy to have his father arrested and sent away for years on end, only to return a broken man. Must have been terrible for the entire family.> Bronstein witnessed a war in which 25 million soviet citizen died. Bronsteins uncles Israil and Abram died as soldiers of the Red Army, a couple of his relatives where killed during the nazi holocaust. All things are relative.>

Yeah, even worse, all of it, just a nightmare

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Even worse, all his hair fell out.
Nov-05-19  m.okun: The book about Bronstein in Russian: Genna Sosonko. David the Seventh. Moscow, 2014.
Nov-19-20  Everett: < ffuna: Found it, never mind: Bronstein vs M Katetov, 1946 I just had colors reversed. Bronstein had white, and lost.>

Bronstein included that game in The Sorcerer’s Apprentice

Jan-06-21  Helios727: When people present a list of essential chess books that they recommend for people to have, they usually include Bronstein's book about the 1953 candidates tournament. Were these games full of brilliancies and low on errors, or what is the reason for that?
Jan-06-21  Z4all: <Helios727> the following link might be worth a look:


Jun-07-21  ADIN: [Event "wcc"]
[Site "Berlin"]
[Date "1910.??.??"]
[Round "10"]
[Comments "Strange loss, Schlechter had easy draw, nerves?"] [White "Lasker Em"]
[Black "Schlechter C"]
[Result "1-0"]

1. d4 d5 2. c4 c6 3. Nf3 Nf6 4. e3 g6 5. Nc3 Bg7 6. Bd3 O-O 7. Qc2 Na6 8. a3 dxc4 9. Bxc4 b5 10. Bd3 b4 11. Na4 bxa3 12. bxa3 Bb7 13. Rb1 Qc7 14. Ne5 Nh5 15. g4 Bxe5 16. gxh5 Bg7 17. hxg6 hxg6 18. Qc4 Bc8 19. Rg1 Qa5+ 20. Bd2 Qd5 21. Rc1 Bb7 22. Qc2 Qh5 23. Bxg6 Qxh2 24. Rf1 fxg6 25. Qb3+ Rf7 26. Qxb7 Raf8 27. Qb3 Kh8 28. f4 g5 29. Qd3 gxf4 30. exf4 Qh4+ 31. Ke2 Qh2+ 32. Rf2 Qh5+ 33. Rf3 Nc7 34. Rxc6 Nb5 35. Rc4 Rxf4 36. Bxf4 Rxf4 37. Rc8+ Bf8 38. Kf2 Qh2+ 39. Ke1 Qh1+ 40. Rf1 Qh4+ 41. Kd2 Rxf1 42. Qxf1 Qxd4+ 43. Qd3 Qf2+ 44. Kd1 Nd6 45. Rc5 Bh6 46. Rd5 Kg8 47. Nc5 Qg1+ 48. Kc2 Qf2+ 49. Kb3 Bg7 50. Ne6 Qb2+ 51. Ka4 Kf7 52. Nxg7 Qxg7 53. Qb3 Ke8 54. Qb8+ Kf7 55. Qxa7 Qg4+ 56. Qd4 Qd7+ 57. Kb3 Qb7+ 58. Ka2 Qc6 59. Qd3 Ke6 60. Rg5 Kd7 61. Re5 Qg2+ 62. Re2 Qg4 63. Rd2 Qa4 64. Qf5+ Kc7 65. Qc2+ Qxc2+ 66. Rxc2+ Kb7 67. Re2 Nc8 68. Kb3 Kc6 69. Rc2+ Kb7 70. Kb4 Na7 71. Kc5 Kc8 72. Kb6+ Kb8 73. Rc7 Nc8+ 74. Kc6 Na7+ 75. Kd7 Nb5 76. Rc8+ Kb7 77. a4 Na7 Schlechter could have won it all, he should have been proclaimed co-champion of the world, this was drawn, it was his match. There is enough proof Lasker demanded +2 winning score if Schlechter was to become champion, if it's true, how insane; duh, imagine if Schlechter won this game & thus the match, then questions will arise, how come he did not win it? 10 games match in 1910 1-0

[Event "World Championship 19th"]
[Site "Moscow R6"]
[Date "1951.03.26"]
[Round "24"]
[Comments "Weird game, Bronstein had easy draw, was it bad nerves cuz it was final game?"] [White "Bronstein, David I"]
[Black "Botvinnik, Mikhail"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B63"]

1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 d6 6. Bg5 e6 7. Qd2 h6 8. Bxf6 gxf6 9. O-O-O a6 10. f4 Bd7 11. Kb1 Be7 12. Be2 Nxd4 13. Qxd4 Qa5 14. Rhf1 h5 15. Rf3 Qc5 16. Qd2 Bc6 17. Re3 Qa5 18. Bf3 O-O-O 19. Qd3 Rd7 20. h4 Kb8 21. a3 Bd8 22. Ka2 Qc5 23. Re2 a5 24. a4 Bb6 25. b3 Rc8 26. Qc4 Qxc4 27. bxc4 Rh8 28. Kb3 Rdd8 29. Rd3 Bg1 30. Red2 Kc7 31. Ne2 Bf2 32. Rd1 Bc5 33. Ng3 Rdg8 34. Ne2 Rh7 35. f5 e5 36. Nc3 Bd4 37. Rxd4 exd4 38. Rxd4 Rhg7 39. Ne2 Rxg2 40. Bxg2 Rxg2 41. Nf4 Rg3+ 42. Kb2 Rg4 43. Nxh5 Rxh4 44. Nxf6 Kb6 45. Rxd6 Kc5 46. e5 Rd4 47. Rxd4 Kxd4 48. Ng4 Bxa4 49. e6 fxe6 50. f6 Be8 51. Kb3 e5 52. c3+ Ke4 53. Nh6 Kf4 54. f7 Bxf7 55. Nxf7 e4 56. Nd8 e3 57. Kc2 Kg3 58. Kd1 Kf2 Again, almost a champ. ♗otvinik kept the title he didn't deserve, this was luck and (communist) pressure on ♗ronstein was not small, ♗ronstein should have been named co-champ of the world because he drew the match. He was white in the final game, if the champ retains title if match is drawn, opponent should be allowed last game's color, at least here ♗otvinik was black! 0-1

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