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Vienna Gambit (C29)
1 e4 e5 2 Nc3 Nf6 3 f4

Number of games in database: 1883
Years covered: 1850 to 2023
Overall record:
   White wins 41.3%
   Black wins 36.2%
   Draws 22.6%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Rudolf Spielmann  39 games
Wilhelm Steinitz  26 games
Karel Hromadka  21 games
Blackburne  13 games
Emanuel Lasker  11 games
James Mason  8 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Spielmann vs Flamberg, 1914
Chigorin vs H Caro, 1898
Keres vs V Rootare, 1942
Samsonov vs R Nezhmetdinov, 1929
Steinitz vs Lasker, 1899
K Hamppe vs Steinitz, 1859
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 page 1 of 76; games 1-25 of 1,883  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. NN vs N D Nathan 0-181850Casual gameC29 Vienna Gambit
2. C Jaenisch vs Staunton 0-1911851Jaenisch - StauntonC29 Vienna Gambit
3. Owen / Loewenthal vs Staunton / Barnes  0-1301856Consultation gameC29 Vienna Gambit
4. M Lange vs W Von Alvensleben  1-0261856SchonebeckC29 Vienna Gambit
5. B von Guretzky-Cornitz vs E Pauls  ½-½491858corrC29 Vienna Gambit
6. K Hamppe vs Steinitz 0-1231859ViennaC29 Vienna Gambit
7. K Hamppe vs K Pitschel 1-0271859ViennaC29 Vienna Gambit
8. B von Guretzky-Cornitz vs B Suhle  1-0251860MatchC29 Vienna Gambit
9. Steinitz vs H Strauss 1-0331860Casual gameC29 Vienna Gambit
10. G Vogt vs A Ascharin  0-1201862Dorpat Chess ClubC29 Vienna Gambit
11. H Clemenz vs G Vogt  1-0291862Dorpat Chess ClubC29 Vienna Gambit
12. Dubois vs Dufresne  1-0461863RotterdamC29 Vienna Gambit
13. Dubois vs Dufresne ½-½401863RotterdamC29 Vienna Gambit
14. S Boden vs W Wayte  0-1281865Casual gameC29 Vienna Gambit
15. E Thorold vs G MacDonnell 0-1391866London (5)C29 Vienna Gambit
16. Hirschfeld vs S Urusov 1-0161866Hirschfeld - Urusov Casual SeriesC29 Vienna Gambit
17. Steinitz vs NN 1-0301870Casual gameC29 Vienna Gambit
18. Steinitz vs G Neumann 1-0231870Baden-BadenC29 Vienna Gambit
19. Blackburne vs R Fenton 0-1351871Blindfold simul, 10bC29 Vienna Gambit
20. Steinitz vs Hirschfeld 1-0291871Casual gameC29 Vienna Gambit
21. Blackburne vs R Fenton  1-0291873LondonC29 Vienna Gambit
22. J Coker vs W Hunter 1-0461875Challenge CupC29 Vienna Gambit
23. Steinitz vs Blackburne 1-0531876Steinitz - BlackburneC29 Vienna Gambit
24. Zukertort vs Blackburne 0-1211876Simpson's Divan, LondonC29 Vienna Gambit
25. A Clerc vs Englisch 1-0371878ParisC29 Vienna Gambit
 page 1 of 76; games 1-25 of 1,883  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-01-02  PVS: This is the first opening I learned by name. I found it in a book of chess traps and then looked it up in MCO. It almost always worked against players rated 1200-1400 or so. When I became a candidate master I would still dust it off now and then when I got sick of the Scotch Game. By the way, I am old enough that I played the Scotch Game a few years before Kasparov revived it.
Dec-01-02  pawntificator: Could you find an example game with the trap in it? A candidate master!! For goodness sakes! I think I would have given up everything to pursue chess if I had been you.
Dec-01-02  PVS: Take a look at Pollock vs Bird 1895, it involves the same set-up, the key is the white queen capturing the rook on a8.
Sep-14-03  Sylvester: Hey ksadler! You were suggesting the opening of the day! I am checking it out. Thanks.
Apr-19-04  Vischer: The picture doesn't match the notation,
Aug-21-04  tintin: <>- have you noticed <Vischer>'s comment pointing out that there should be no pawn on d5. It would be helpful to fix it to avoid confusing people.
Aug-21-04  mack: I love the Vienna Gambit. It allows white to shuffle his king about quite safely, and will be very well positioned if a queen exchange is brought about.
Sep-23-04  Giancarlo: 3..d5 is a very good follow up by black. It allows him to attack the center and open lines for both bishops. I think it is a good way to decline the Viena.

I also find the Vieena to be quite exctining to play, even though I'm not a regular on it. There are many tactical possiblities. The games are less drawn then won, which is always good. It is a very good opening as Spielmann shows in his games.

Mar-07-05  Granite: A very enjoyable gambit that gives white a lot of the same ideas in the kings gambit but without as much danger. I've found this to be a formidable weapon against many opponents.
Jun-10-05  condor: When I have to face the Vienna gambit as black I like to play 4...d5 5 fxe5 Nxe4 5 d3 Bb4! which leads to 6 dxe4 Qh4+ 7 Ke2 Bxc3 8 bxc3 Bg4+ 9 Nf3 dxe4. I should mention that the Vienna is really just for the cowards who are too scared to play the King's gambit and so throw away white's opening advantage.
Mar-01-06  DeepBlade: <condor> I agree, the Vienna is dead even. The King's gambit is the real opening to play. It is my trusted weapon for many years, and I use it agains unknown players to estimate his skills.

To push it to the limit, I also play the Double Muzio. If my opponent plays a weak move I can exploit it immediatly, but solid (endgame) players, some kind of Tigran style, have a big plus against me.

Mar-20-06  TheKid: <Vienna is dead even> I'm actually leaning towards this opening instead of the Spanish or Guico Piano. Many people know some lines, but not many, and it's an effective tool against theoretical players, which are popping up more and more.
Mar-20-06  CapablancaFan: The Vienna Gambit is a tricky opening. I would'nt reccomend playing it unless you are familiar with all variations surrounding this opening.
Oct-23-06  crptone: Anyone know what the "Wurzburger trap" is?
Oct-23-06  Resignation Trap: <crptone> The so-called "Wurzburger Trap" goes 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f4 d5 4.fxe5 Nxe4 5.d3 Qh4+ 6.g3 Nxg3 7.Nf3 Qh5 8.Nxd5! For a severe example, see: Sax vs P Petran, 1973 .
Jun-08-08  offtherook: Opening of the Day 6/8/08. I was very excited a little over a year ago when I "discovered" this opening on my own and thought I had developed something really cool, sort of like a King's Gambit but not necessarily as risky. Then I found out it was a real opening, looked at the theory, and saw that it ended up looking like a Falkbeer, which I hate. So, back to the REAL King's Gambit, and the Muzio whenever possible.
Jun-08-08  Akavall: <offtherook> <Then I found out it was a real opening, looked at the theory, and saw that it ended up looking like a Falkbeer, which I hate.>

The middlegame is not really that similar. The the biggest difference is that in Vienna black knight is already on f6 and doesn't allow the queen to go to h4, and therefore white can play fxe5, which makes the resulting pawn structure different.

Jun-08-08  offtherook: <Akavail> Yes, I guess that's true. Still, I just don't like the "feel" of the Vienna Gambit. Sometimes I'll play 1. e4 e5 2. Bc4 Nf6 3. Nc3 Nxe4 4. Bxb7 etc for a nice version of the Frankenstein-Dracula. It doesn't generally give any advantage, but there are a few cheap traps and it can be fun, plus catching people off guard with such a rare opening often lets me come out at least with an extra pawn or two.
Jul-24-08  WarmasterKron: I prefer the King's Gambit, but here's a game of mine from a thematic Vienna Gambit tourney:

Kron (1400) - NN (1577)

1. e4 e5 2. Nc3 Nc6 3. f4 exf4 4. Nf3 Bd6

5. d4 g5 6. e5 Bb4 7. Bc4 d5 8. exd6 cxd6

9. O-O Bxc3 10. bxc3 h6 11. d5 Ne5 12. Nxe5 dxe5

13. Ba3 Nf6 14. Bb5+ Bd7 15. Bxd7+ Nxd7 16. Qf3 b6

17. c4 Nc5 18. Bxc5 bxc5 19. Rab1 O-O 20. Qh5 Kh7

21. Rfd1 Rb8 22. Rxb8 Qxb8 23. Qf3 Qb2 24. Qe4+ Kg7

25. d6 Rd8 26. d7 Qa3 27. Qxe5+ Kg6 28. Rd6+ Kh7

29. Qf6 Qc1+ 30. Kf2 Qxc2+ 31. Kf3 g4+ 32. Kxg4 Qxg2+

33. Kxf4 Qxh2+ 34. Ke4 Qe2+ 35. Kd5 Qd2+ 36. Kc6 Qg5

37. Qxg5 hxg5 38. Kc7 Rxd7+ 39. Rxd7 Kg6 40. Kc6 f5

41. Rd6+ Kh5 42. Rf6 f4 43. Kd5 Kg4 44. Ke4 Kg3

45. Rf5 Kg4 46. Rxc5 Kh4 47. Rf5 Kg4 48. c5 1-0 (Black resigned)

click for larger view

Apr-24-09  Fanacas: isent 4.d3 the steinitz variation a playable option?. Becous you rarerly see it in opening books today.
Aug-11-09  muwatalli: what is the recommended line for white after 1 e4 e5 2 nc3 nf6 3 f4 d5 4 exd5 nxd5? i've been studying the opening a bit and this line seems strong for black. is this line why many people prefer the fxe5 lines?

thanks in advance

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Opening of the Day

Vienna Gambit
1.e4 e5 2.♘c3 ♘f6 3.f4

click for larger view

Premium Chessgames Member
  OhioChessFan: 15 years on, and the picture is still wrong...

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