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David Janowski
Photograph Getty Images.  

Number of games in database: 891
Years covered: 1891 to 1926
Overall record: +398 -293 =179 (56.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 21 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Queen's Pawn Game (92) 
    D02 A46 D00 D05 A40
 Ruy Lopez (75) 
    C67 C66 C65 C82 C78
 Orthodox Defense (46) 
    D50 D60 D51 D52 D55
 Queen's Gambit Declined (44) 
    D30 D35 D37 D31 D06
 Four Knights (43) 
    C49 C48 C47
 French Defense (21) 
    C12 C11 C10 C14 C00
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (102) 
    C79 C87 C78 C77 C67
 Queen's Pawn Game (35) 
    A46 D04 D00 D02 D05
 Queen's Gambit Declined (35) 
    D31 D37 D30 D39
 Orthodox Defense (33) 
    D60 D63 D51 D61 D55
 Sicilian (32) 
    B45 B40 B23 B32 B88
 Four Knights (30) 
    C49 C48
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Janowski vs Saemisch, 1925 1-0
   Janowski vs Ed. Lasker, 1924 1/2-1/2
   Janowski vs Alapin, 1905 1-0
   Janowski vs Tarrasch, 1905 1-0
   Janowski vs E Schallopp, 1896 1-0
   Janowski vs NN, 1895 1-0
   Janowski vs Schlechter, 1899 1-0
   Janowski vs Gruenfeld, 1925 1/2-1/2
   Chigorin vs Janowski, 1895 0-1
   Janowski vs Nimzowitsch, 1914 1/2-1/2

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Lasker - Janowski World Championship Match (1910)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Janowski Exhibition Series at Manhattan Chess Club (1899)
   13th DSB Congress, Hanover (1902)
   Barmen Meisterturnier A (1905)
   Jaffe - Janowski 1917/18 (1917)
   London (1899)
   Cambridge Springs (1904)
   Ostend (1905)
   Scheveningen (1913)
   Vienna (1898)
   Ostend (1906)
   Monte Carlo (1902)
   Nuremberg (1896)
   9th DSB Congress, Leipzig (1894)
   Prague (1908)
   Paris (1900)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   0ZeR0's Favorite Games Volume 50 by 0ZeR0
   0ZeR0's Favorite Games Volume 49 by 0ZeR0
   Challenger Janowski by Gottschalk
   American Chess Bulletin 1916 by Phony Benoni
   American Chess Bulletin 1918 by Phony Benoni
   Janowski vs. Showalter Matches by Phony Benoni
   Vienna 1898 by Mal Un
   Vienna 1898 by JoseTigranTalFischer
   Vienna 1898 by suenteus po 147
   London 1899 by JoseTigranTalFischer
   Ostend 1905 by suenteus po 147

   Janowski vs Steel, 1893

Search Sacrifice Explorer for David Janowski
Search Google for David Janowski

(born Jun-07-1868, died Jan-15-1927, 58 years old) Poland (federation/nationality France)

[what is this?]

David (Dawid) Markelowicz Janowski was born in 1868 in Wolkowysk, Poland, and circa 1890 he relocated to France. His chess career began in Paris when he won the city championship, and in the late 1890s he started receiving a steady stream of invitations to international events. Janowski finished in third place in the Vienna tournament of 1898 and second at London the following year. In 1905, he was equal second with Tarrasch behind Maroczy at the huge master tournament Ostend (1905).

In 1902, Janowski succeeded S. Rosenthal as chess editor of Le Monde Illustre.

For the next twenty years he was a consistent participant in major tournaments, and, backed by Leo Nardus (with support from friend and past challenger Frank Marshall to the champion) in 1909, he played a ten-game training match with World Champion Emanuel Lasker. Janowski had drawn a shorter exhibition match with Lasker just months before, but in the ten-game match (see Lasker - Janowski (1909) for further details of those two matches) he lost by the score of +1 =2 -7. He managed to secure enough financial backing for a Lasker - Janowski World Championship Match (1910) less than two years later, but lost this one also.

Janowski was invited as a leading player to the elite "Grandmaster" event St. Petersburg (1914). He did badly, however, being knocked out in the preliminary cycle (+2 -5 =3) sharing 9-10th place with the veteran Blackburne.

After being interned as a Russian subject by the German authorities at Mannheim (1914), Janowski managed to make his way to Lausanne, Switzerland in September 1914. Seeing no future in war-torn Europe, he was able to secure papers and a passage to New York disembarking on 11th January 1916. He almost immediately played (17th January 1916) in the Rice Memorial (1916).

He had to rebuild his career which he did with energy also supplementing his income with Bridge. On the 25th February 1916, he began a match with Jaffe at Marshall's Chess Divan which he narrowly won by 7 to 6 - Jaffe - Janowski (1916). He also wrote to Capablanca offering him to name his terms for a match. Nothing came of this.

He was defeated by 5.5 to 2.5 in Janowski - Marshall, Match 5 (1916) June 1-15 1916 at the Manhattan Chess Club in New York City

He defeated Showalter in a match Janowski - Showalter Match 4 (1916) in December 1916 and then drew up a challenge, addressed to F.J.Marshall, the United States champion, for a match of twenty games, draws not counting, for a purse of not less than $500.

The match did not come to fruition. Instead in January 1917, Janowski once again took on Jaffe. Janowski, agreed to concede his opponent odds of four games up in a match of ten but still overwhelmed Jaffe by 11 to 5.

Janowski unexpectedly lost a match to Oscar Chajes, March-May 1918 - (Chajes, 7; Janowski, 5; drawn, 10) - Chajes - Janowski (1918).

He participated in New York (1918), but came a disappointing fifth of seven. He did considerably better at the eighth American Chess Congress (Atlantic City, 1921) which he won.

His form was patchy, however, he divided the bottom prize with Jacob Bernstein, Horace Bigelow, and a ten-year-old Samuel Reshevsky (to whom he lost - Janowski vs Reshevsky, 1922) at Chess Club International in New York City in October 1922. Yet, at the strong 9th American Chess Congress (1923) (Lake Hopatcong, August 1923), he came a very close third a mere half point behind Marshall and Kupchik.

In his final international tournaments his results were poor. He was last at New York (1924) (+3 -13 =4) ; 14th out of 16 at Marienbad (1925) (+3 -7 =5); 7th out of 10 at Hastings (1925/26) (+1 -4 =4) and 10th out of 18 at Semmering (1926) (+7 -7 =3).

Janowski died in a nursing home in Hyeres, France of tuberculosis.

The Janowski Indian opening is: 1. d4 ♘f6 2. c4 d6 3. ♘c3 ♗f5.

Wikipedia article: Dawid Janowski

Last updated: 2022-07-04 18:53:17

 page 1 of 36; games 1-25 of 892  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Janowski vs A Goetz 1-0311891Cafe de la Regence-chC54 Giuoco Piano
2. S Sittenfeld vs Janowski 0-1341892Paris itD02 Queen's Pawn Game
3. Janowski vs Steel 1-0261893ParisD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. L Didier vs Janowski 1-0221893Club GameC46 Three Knights
5. Janowski vs F Malthan 0-1441894CC Int TtC74 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
6. Janowski vs Lipke 0-13718949th DSB Congress, LeipzigC47 Four Knights
7. Schlechter vs Janowski ½-½7218949th DSB Congress, LeipzigC72 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 5.O-O
8. Janowski vs J N Berger 1-03618949th DSB Congress, LeipzigC67 Ruy Lopez
9. A Zinkl vs Janowski 0-14618949th DSB Congress, LeipzigC72 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 5.O-O
10. Von Scheve vs Janowski  0-13318949th DSB Congress, LeipzigC30 King's Gambit Declined
11. Janowski vs Teichmann 1-03118949th DSB Congress, LeipzigC14 French, Classical
12. Janowski vs K De Weydlich 1-02918949th DSB Congress, LeipzigC10 French
13. K Walbrodt vs Janowski  1-06818949th DSB Congress, LeipzigC71 Ruy Lopez
14. Janowski vs J Mieses 1-02618949th DSB Congress, LeipzigB06 Robatsch
15. Janowski vs P Seuffert 1-02218949th DSB Congress, LeipzigC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
16. H Suechting vs Janowski 1-05418949th DSB Congress, LeipzigD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
17. Tarrasch vs Janowski 1-03318949th DSB Congress, LeipzigD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
18. Janowski vs J Mason 1-05518949th DSB Congress, LeipzigC67 Ruy Lopez
19. Janowski vs Blackburne 1-04518949th DSB Congress, LeipzigC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
20. J W Baird vs Janowski  1-06118949th DSB Congress, LeipzigC76 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, Fianchetto Variation
21. G Marco vs Janowski 0-14718949th DSB Congress, LeipzigC49 Four Knights
22. Janowski vs Schiffers 0-14318949th DSB Congress, LeipzigB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
23. Janowski vs NN 1-0211895Paris000 Chess variants
24. Janowski vs J Mieses 1-0461895Janowski - MiesesC78 Ruy Lopez
25. J Mieses vs Janowski 0-1211895Janowski - MiesesC20 King's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 36; games 1-25 of 892  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Janowski wins | Janowski loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 5 OF 5 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Aug-04-17  Retireborn: <Straclonoor> Thanks. I'd certainly be interested to see that.

<Geoff> Let's not talk about Ping Pong, I still haven't recovered from that Tennis thing you did the other day.

Aug-04-17  Howard: If Najdorf claimed that he played "all the WC", then what about Steinitz?

Or, maybe I shouldn't have brought this up?

Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: Hi Howard,

I think it was all the then living world champions. He played Bridge v Lasker I think in 1936 or 1934.

I'd like to get the Janowski book but it is pricey. I'll get a 2nd copy one day.

I was hoping Edward Winter might do a book on him. I have an inkling he does have a soft spot for him.

Aug-05-17  Howard: Some players, no doubt, do have a "soft spot" for Janowski, with one reason being that he's probably a bit underrated by chess fans.

More specifically, he's well-remembered for his dead-last finish at NY 1924...but, then he was well past his prime at that point---and he died just three years later.

Then, there were the two matches against Lasker where he was positively blown off the board---but, then, just WHO back in those days was capable of putting up a fight against Lasker ? Rubinstein could have, but few others !

Aug-05-17  zanzibar: <... but, then, just WHO back in those days was capable of putting up a fight against Lasker ? >


Lasker - Schlechter World Championship Match (1910)

Aug-07-17  Straclonoor: I was wrong. In 'David Janowski' book there are no game Janowski vs. Euwe. Probably I missed it with his game vs. Saemisch... I'm sorry.
Aug-07-17  Retireborn: <Straclonoor> No worries. Many thanks just the same.
Aug-07-17  Howard: Yes, Schlechter would have been a worthy challenger---not just Rubinstein.
Aug-07-17  Petrosianic: <Howard> <Then, there were the two matches against Lasker where he was positively blown off the board---but, then, just WHO back in those days was capable of putting up a fight against Lasker ? Rubinstein could have, but few others !>

You're subtly stacking the deck here. With Janowski, the question is not who could have engaged Lasker with a hope of victory. The question is who could have played Lasker and scored better than 13%? Answer: Probably All of the other top players of the day.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: An excellent picture of Janowski, when compared to the version used here: Lasker - Janowski World Championship Match (1910)

Getty-Images wrongly date the picture to 1910; the board position indicates it comes from either game 3 or 5 of their second exhibition match: Lasker - Janowski (1909)

Mar-24-18  zanzibar: Good catch, it appears, <MissS>.

The photo here is great - except that the pieces are in focus in preference to Janowski.

Apr-04-18  morfishine: One of my chess-playing buddies was the spitting image of Janowski; and since all us chess playing friends had nicknames, we called him 'Janowski'
Apr-05-18  sudoplatov: Janowski not only beat several world champs (and wannabes), but he won two or more against several. Mostly because he played a lot.

Steinitz +5 -2 =0
Lasker +4 -24 =7 (> 2 wins)
Capablanca +1 -9 =1
Alekhine +4 -2 =2

Tarrasch +6 -9 =3
Marshall +28 -34 =19
Rubinstein +3 -5 =0
Schlecter +11 -18 =9
Maroczy +5 -10 =5
Spielmann +2 -4 =1
Teichmann +5 -4 =4
Nimzovich +0 -3 =2
Duras +1 -3 =0
Pillsbury +4 -6 =2
Tchigorin +15 -5 =5

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Janowski's results vs Alekhine were actually +2 -4 =2.
Apr-23-19  michatal: Hello, I prefered the previous presentation with the notable games and the opening repertoire more detailed
May-12-19  Jean Defuse: ...


An ending that was as instructive as it was amusing occurred in a game between David Janowski and Lester Keene at the rooms of the Manhattan Chess Club the latter part of July.

The French master had conceded the odds of the Queen in re­turn for a Knight and, after a hard fought contest, full of vicissitudes, the play re­solved itself into a position wherein Keene had three Pawns against Janowski's Knight.

The latter offered a draw, but Keene opined that he could not possibly lose and might have some winning chances, which he proposed to try out to the bitter end. Accordingly, play pro­ceeded until the opponents reached the subjoined position. The consternation of Keene can well be imagined, when Janow­ski (White), with the move, forced a check mate in five moves, as follows:


[Event "Odds Game"]
[Site "New York, Manhattan CC"]
[Date "1917.07.??"]
[White "Janowski, Dawid Markelowicz"]
[Black "Keene, Lester"]
[Result "1-0"]
[SetUp "1"]
[FEN "

click for larger view


1. Ng4+ Kh1 2. Kf1 f3 3. Kf2 h2 4. Kf1 f2 5. Nxf2# 1-0


Visitors and members returning from vacation are still being regaled by the habitues of the club with the aid of this astonishing bit of end-play.

Source: American Chess Bulletin 1917, p. 240


May-13-19  Jean Defuse: ...

<Smothered Mate Ending>

A neat ending, of the "smothered mate" variety, was played by Janowski against a member or the Manhattan Chess Club, right after the conclusion of his match with Jaffe. In the following position it was White's turn to move:


[Event "Offhand Game"]
[Site "New York, Manhattan CC"]
[Date "1918.05.??"]
[White "Janowski, Dawid Markelowicz"]
[Black "Malowan"]
[Result "1-0"]
[SetUp "1"]
[FEN "

click for larger view


1. Na6+ Ka8 2. Nxc7+ Kb8 3. Na6+ Ka8 4. Rb7 Rxc2 5. Rb8+ Rxb8 6. Nc7# 1-0


Source: American Chess Bulletin 1918, p. 69


May-14-19  Jean Defuse: ...


The following fine ending occurred in a game between David Janowski and a strong amateur, at the rooms of the Manhattan Chess Club, during July:


[Event "Offhand Game"]
[Site "New York, Manhattan CC"]
[Date "1917.07.??"]
[White "Janowski"]
[Black "NN"]
[Result "1-0"]
[SetUp "1"]
[FEN "

click for larger view


1. R1xe4 dxe4 2. Nf6+ gxf6 3. Rxf7 Kxf7 4. Qxh7+ Kf8 5. Bc4 Be6 6. fxe6 Rxe6 7. Bxe6 Qe8 8. Bb3 Rd8 9. Qg8+ Ke7 10. Qe6+ Kf8 11. Qxf6+ 1-0


Source: American Chess Bulletin 1917, p. 147


Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Leicester Chronicle, October 25th 1902, p.3:

<After M. Rosenthal's death it was suggested that it would be a good thing for Chess in Paris if M.Janowski should succeed to the Chess appointments held in the Gay City by the deceased master. M. Janowski is young and enthusiastic, and certainly one of the finest players in the world, and he would be able to give Chess in Paris a stimulus which apparently it needs. We are glad to see that this hope is being realised to a very large extent. Thus it is announced that M. Janowski is following M. Rosenthal as Chess editor of the <Monde Illustre>. M. Janowski nurses, we are told, some grudge against England, and ridicules English clubs and English players unsparingly. This need not prevent us, however, extending our sincere congratulations to the Franco-Russian in all his successes.>

This from the pen of the mysterious <Captain King> whose syndicated column appeared in more than a few papers.

Premium Chessgames Member

An interesting report.

Another mysterious aspect is why <Janowski> apparently bore some grudge towards England? Are there examples of <Janowski> evincing this grudge?

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Another mysterious aspect is why <Janowski> apparently bore some grudge towards England?>

The usual inferiority complex! I once said that the three groups who were most resentful toward Britain were i) Jews ii) Americans iii) Germans. I forgot to add the Irish. Then everyone else, in no particular order.

Premium Chessgames Member

<the Irish> except for Tim Harding right?

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: I remember having occasion to tell <domdaniel> to get over the potato famine. I didn't get on with him, truth be told. Then again, I'm not here to be buddy-buddy with all and sundry.
Aug-19-21  wrap99: I saw Reshevsky at one of the Lone Pines in the late 1970s and I did not (in those pre-Internet days) have a full appreciation for who he was. I did not say anything to him -- he did not look very approachable -- but only had the vaguest notion of who he was compared to what I know now. He knew Chaplin when Chaplin was the biggest silent star and indeed he played Janowski, a man who would be pushing 160 today and who was playing chess in the 19th century.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: In the picture at the top, Janowsky looks a lot like James Woods. I had invoked that actor years ago as a lookalike to Mikhail Botvinnik. Woods is simply a lookalike to two or more famous chess players.
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