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Cambridge Springs Tournament

Frank Marshall13/15(+11 -0 =4)[games]
David Janowski11/15(+10 -3 =2)[games]
Emanuel Lasker11/15(+9 -2 =4)[games]
Georg Marco9/15(+5 -2 =8)[games]
Jackson Whipps Showalter8.5/15(+4 -2 =9)[games]
Carl Schlechter7.5/15(+4 -4 =7)[games]
Mikhail Chigorin7.5/15(+6 -6 =3)[games]
Jacques Mieses7/15(+6 -7 =2)[games]
Harry Nelson Pillsbury7/15(+4 -5 =6)[games]
Albert Whiting Fox6.5/15(+6 -8 =1)[games]
Richard Teichmann6.5/15(+5 -7 =3)[games]
Thomas Lawrence5.5/15(+3 -7 =5)[games]
William Ewart Napier5.5/15(+3 -7 =5)[games]
John Finan Barry5/15(+2 -7 =6)[games]
Albert Hodges5/15(+4 -9 =2)[games]
Eugene Delmar4.5/15(+3 -9 =3)[games]
* Chess Event Description
Cambridge Springs (1904)

In the spring of 1904, American and European chess masters gathered at Cambridge Springs, Pennsylvania, to compete in a large round robin tournament. Among the competitors were seven of the top ten players of the world, including the World Champion Emanuel Lasker and various national champions of Russia, France, Austria, and the United States. The participants were Lasker, Mikhail Chigorin, David Janowski, Harry Nelson Pillsbury, Carl Schlechter, Frank Marshall, Georg Marco, Jacques Mieses, Richard Teichmann, Jackson Showalter, William Napier, Albert Hodges, Eugene Delmar, Albert Fox, John Barry and Thomas Lawrence. Marshall stunned the chess world with a phenomenal victory of 13/15 over the chess elite, including wins against Janowski, Schlechter, and Pillsbury (two of which were brilliancy prizes). His win marked the beginning of a career that would include a reign as US Champion for 27 years and challenger for the world championship in 1907.

The final standings and crosstable:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 01 Marshall * 1 ½ ½ 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 13.0 02 Janowski 0 * 0 ½ ½ 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 11.0 03 Lasker ½ 1 * ½ ½ 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 11.0 04 Marco ½ ½ ½ * ½ ½ 1 0 ½ 1 0 1 ½ ½ 1 1 9.0 05 Showalter 0 ½ ½ ½ * ½ 1 1 1 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 8.5 06 Schlechter 0 0 1 ½ ½ * 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 1 ½ 1 ½ 7.5 07 Chigorin ½ 0 0 0 0 1 * 1 ½ 0 1 ½ 1 1 0 1 7.5 08 Mieses 0 0 0 1 0 ½ 0 * 1 1 1 0 1 ½ 1 0 7.0 09 Pillsbury 0 0 1 ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 * 1 ½ 0 ½ 1 ½ 1 7.0 10 Fox 0 1 0 0 ½ 1 1 0 0 * 1 1 0 1 0 0 6.5 11 Teichmann 0 0 0 1 1 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 * ½ 1 0 1 1 6.5 12 Lawrence 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 1 1 0 ½ * 1 ½ 0 ½ 5.5 13 Napier ½ 0 0 ½ ½ 0 0 0 ½ 1 0 0 * 1 1 ½ 5.5 14 Barry 0 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 0 1 ½ 0 * 0 1 5.0 15 Hodges 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 1 0 ½ 1 0 1 0 1 * 0 5.0 16 Delmar 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 1 0 1 0 ½ ½ 0 1 * 4.5

Lasker and Janowski tied for 2nd-3rd, two points back. The Janowski - Marshall, Match 2 (1905) was soon given backing.

Original collection: Game Collection: Cambridge Springs 1904, by User: suenteus po 147. This collection would not have been possible without:

 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 120  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Marshall vs Chigorin ½-½361904Cambridge SpringsD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
2. J F Barry vs W Napier 0-1571904Cambridge SpringsC42 Petrov Defense
3. Lasker vs E Delmar 1-0401904Cambridge SpringsD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. T F Lawrence vs Janowski 0-1431904Cambridge SpringsC87 Ruy Lopez
5. J Mieses vs G Marco 1-0251904Cambridge SpringsA07 King's Indian Attack
6. Pillsbury vs A W Fox 1-0461904Cambridge SpringsD60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
7. Teichmann vs A Hodges 1-0321904Cambridge SpringsC42 Petrov Defense
8. Chigorin vs A Hodges 0-1381904Cambridge SpringsB01 Scandinavian
9. E Delmar vs T F Lawrence  ½-½341904Cambridge SpringsD00 Queen's Pawn Game
10. A W Fox vs J F Barry  1-0521904Cambridge SpringsC78 Ruy Lopez
11. Janowski vs Schlechter 1-0481904Cambridge SpringsC49 Four Knights
12. G Marco vs Lasker ½-½461904Cambridge SpringsC77 Ruy Lopez
13. Marshall vs Pillsbury 1-0231904Cambridge SpringsB09 Pirc, Austrian Attack
14. W Napier vs J Mieses 0-1361904Cambridge SpringsB40 Sicilian
15. Showalter vs Teichmann 0-1401904Cambridge SpringsD00 Queen's Pawn Game
16. Schlechter vs Showalter  ½-½381904Cambridge SpringsD67 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line
17. Pillsbury vs Chigorin ½-½771904Cambridge SpringsD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
18. A Hodges vs Showalter ½-½421904Cambridge SpringsC87 Ruy Lopez
19. Lasker vs W Napier 1-0351904Cambridge SpringsB25 Sicilian, Closed
20. T F Lawrence vs G Marco 0-1381904Cambridge SpringsC49 Four Knights
21. J Mieses vs A W Fox 1-0281904Cambridge SpringsB25 Sicilian, Closed
22. Schlechter vs E Delmar ½-½571904Cambridge SpringsC41 Philidor Defense
23. Teichmann vs Janowski 0-1481904Cambridge SpringsC78 Ruy Lopez
24. J F Barry vs Marshall 0-1271904Cambridge SpringsC63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
25. Chigorin vs Showalter 0-1411904Cambridge SpringsC00 French Defense
 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 120  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jul-14-14  Nosnibor: <Zanzibar> Do you know the values of the regular prizes? It would seem that although Baron Rothschild was a banker his contribution of £20 does not add up to your list of prizes for best game winners which total £22.Is this a typo or were the last two prizes actually £2.50 each and why were they paid in sterling and not dollars?
Nov-23-14  CambridgeSprings1904: Thanks to<suenteus po 147> for creating this collection and for his reference to my CS1904 web site above. As an update, I had to move the site so it now has its own "permanent" domain:
Feb-06-16  TheFocus: Cambridge Springs Brilliancy Prizes:

First Prize ($40) - Carl Schlechter, for his game against Dr. E. Lasker in the 11th round.

Second Prize ($25) - William E. Napier, for his game against John Barry in the first round.

Third and fourth Prize ($35) - divided equally between David Janowski, for his game against M. Tschigorin in the sixth round, and to Eugene Delmar, for his game against A.B. Hodges in the fifth round.

See <American a Chess Bulletin>, November 1904, pg. 127.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The Leicester Chronicle and Leicestershire Mercury, February 13th, 1904, p.5:

<The committee of the tournament at Cambridge Springs are arranging a “good time" for the visiting masters. The following fixtures have been made:

April 15th-Mayor's reception, City Hall, New York.

April 15th (evening).—Dinner at the residence of Isaac L. Rice.

April 16th—Annual dinner of the Manhattan Chess Club.

April 17th—Reception at the Cosmopolitan Chess Club, New York.

April 18th-Reception at the Brooklyn Chess Club.

April 19th—President Roosevelt’s reception at the White House.

April 25th-Opening of the tournament.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The (London) Daily News, Thursday, April 21st, 1904, p.11:

<The Pretoria arrived at New York on Friday, and the European masters are, no doubt, enjoying the entertainments which American hospitality prepared for them. In the meanwhile some alterations have been made in the list of competitors in the interesting tournament now pending. Maroczy has withdrawn, owing to failure to obtain leave of absence from the authorities of his University, and Lipschuetz, who was so successful at the last American Congress, has been persuaded by his medical adviser to retire, in view of the severe strain of such a contest. For the vacancies thus caused, the Committee have admitted Mr. Albert W. Fox, the young player who won the Brooklyn Championship. and whose games bear unquestionable marks of genius; and Mr. Julius Finn, of the Manhattan Chess Club, who lately headed the score in a Rice-Gambit tourney. It is announced that Mr. E. Hymes, of the American cable team, would have been chosen, but for inability to spare the time from his professional duties.>

Nov-25-16  JimNorCal: Mr Finn doesn't show in the scoretable. But Fox played and achieved a decent result.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Fusilli: One draw in 15 games. That Fox was a take-no-prisoners kind of guy.
May-27-17  zanzibar: Here's a CPL photograph of the participants - sans key -

* * * * *

<Nosnibor> - looks like I missed your question the first time round, sorry.

I'll post this note as a reminder, and will hopefully get a chance to return later.


Dec-12-17  Nosnibor: <Zanzibar> In the photograph I assume that the person standing at the front on the left is Pillsbury because all of the other players sport moustaches or beards. Now what was your answer to my original question ?
Dec-12-17  zanzibar: <Nosnibor> ok, I see I have to do some reviewing about the matter - I don't have any recollection about it at all at the moment...
Dec-12-17  sudoplatov: < Nosnibor> The clean shaven guy seems to be Marshall. The guy with the eyepatch is clearly Teichmann. The short guy with the mustache in the middle is probably Janowski.

One the other hand, this may actually be a post-retirement picture of The Wild Bunch.

Dec-12-17  zanzibar: <Nosnibor> have we determined the prizes awarded?

Did <TheFocus> provide the answer?


Dec-13-17  TheFocus: First: Marshall $1,000

Second and third (tie): Lasker and Janowski ($600 and $300)

Fourth: Marco $200

Fifth: Showalter $165

Sixth (tie): Schlechter and Chigorin $135.

The last two also shared the amount due the player finishing seventh under the regulation allotting proportionate sums of the special fund of $700 to the non-prize winners.

<American Chess Bulletin, June 1904, pg. 25.>

Dec-13-17  zanzibar: Well, if he didn't before, he just did now.

(<TheFocus> is back - bigger and badder than ever!)

Dec-13-17  Nosnibor: <sudoplatov> So where in the photograph is Pillsbury ?
Dec-13-17  Magpye: Here, from American Chess Bulletin, is mugshots of the masters in Cambridge Springs. Presented in <Chess Notes>.

Dec-13-17  WorstPlayerEver: Here's the group picture. Without Pillsbury. Btw it was his last tournament. (6891)

Dec-13-17  WorstPlayerEver: Hmmm.. I don't think the picture names from the 6891ch article are correct.


Considered the ch pic, I figured out the guy on the left must be Lasker. He was 36 and certainly not grey at the time, like the figure in the middle. And the guy in the background in the middle may be Pillsbury (you see a part of his face). Mr. Rice, as the pic of Magpye suggests, was also grey at the time and since Pillsbury wore no moustache, the only candidate is the figure in the middle. Because the second guy from the left most certainly is Marshall.

There are 16 gentlemen in the pic (except from the bobby), most likely it are the players, not?

Sep-08-18  SirChrislov: Chessmen maker 'chessbazaar' based in India, has recently put out an exact reproduction of the Staunton style wooden set used at this legendary tournament. Originally made by ACC (American chess company) they are at least worth checking out at
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: <<WorstPlayerEver>: And the guy in the background in the middle may be Pillsbury (you see a part of his face).>

Negative on that. Pillsbury was not in New York at the time. Pillsbury left San Francisco on April 14, with a scheduled stop in Denver, before arriving in Cambridge Springs on April 22.

Sep-09-18  WorstPlayerEver: <jnpope>

Thanks for the info!

Mar-23-20  jerseybob: <zanzibar: Here's a CPL photograph of the participants> There's only one possible place where Pillsbury could be in this shot: in the middle of the second row obscured by Janowsky's hat, sort of symbolic of where he now was in American chess. Marshall, the new Big Dog, is left front.
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: What a life Hermann Helms experienced in the game--from Chigorin to Fischer.
Apr-18-20  CambridgeSprings1904: If you made it to this page, you might be interested in this YouTube video:
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: A stunning triumph by Marshall, finishing two points ahead of Lasker and Janowski. How stunning, you ask? Lasker played in 11 tournaments from St. Petersburg 1895-96 through New York 1924. He won nine of them outright, and tied with Rubinstein for 1st-2nd at St. Petersburg 1909. This is the <only> tournament in that time period (over 28 years!) where he did not at least tie for first!

This tournament established Marshall as a contender for the world championship. Three years later he got his chance in the Lasker - Marshall World Championship Match (1907). Lasker annihilated him, scoring eight wins, seven draws, and no losses.

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