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Dutch (A84)
1 d4 f5 2 c4

Number of games in database: 1839
Years covered: 1787 to 2023
Overall record:
   White wins 40.3%
   Black wins 31.5%
   Draws 28.1%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Akiba Rubinstein  16 games
Aleksey Dreev  9 games
Alexey Vyzmanavin  9 games
Evgeny Gleizerov  75 games
Simon Kim Williams  26 games
Mikhail Ulybin  26 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
R Kempinski vs Gleizerov, 2000
Dreev vs Gleizerov, 1992
Rubinstein vs Tarrasch, 1922
Maroczy vs Tartakower, 1922
Rubinstein vs Spielmann, 1912
Harrwitz vs Morphy, 1858
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 page 1 of 74; games 1-25 of 1,839  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. De Beaurevoir vs H Conway 0-1221787CasualA84 Dutch
2. G Walker vs Saint-Amant 1-0301836Casual gameA84 Dutch
3. G Walker vs Saint-Amant  ½-½441836Casual gameA84 Dutch
4. Kieseritzky vs Horwitz ½-½671846Kieseritsky - HorwitzA84 Dutch
5. Amsterdam vs London  0-1501848Correspondence gameA84 Dutch
6. H Buckle vs E Williams 1-0581849Ries' Divan TournamentA84 Dutch
7. Harrwitz vs Horwitz 0-1341849MatchA84 Dutch
8. Harrwitz vs Horwitz 1-0481849MatchA84 Dutch
9. P Michaels vs F Deacon 1-0331852MatchA84 Dutch
10. E Williams vs Horwitz 1-0461852Horwitz - Williams mA84 Dutch
11. S Hamel vs E Williams 0-1331853Casual gameA84 Dutch
12. Amsterdam vs Krefeld  0-1431855UnknownA84 Dutch
13. D W Fiske vs N Marache 0-13518571st American Chess Congress, New YorkA84 Dutch
14. F Perrin vs H Knott 1-02518571st American Chess Congress, New YorkA84 Dutch
15. Harrwitz vs Morphy 0-1541858Morphy - HarrwitzA84 Dutch
16. Harrwitz vs Morphy 0-1541858Morphy - HarrwitzA84 Dutch
17. Harrwitz vs Morphy ½-½451858Morphy - HarrwitzA84 Dutch
18. A Mongredien vs Morphy 0-1501859Morphy - MongredienA84 Dutch
19. A Mongredien vs Harrwitz 0-1291860MatchA84 Dutch
20. M van 't Kruijs vs Anderssen 0-1161861AmsterdamA84 Dutch
21. P Birch vs E Pindar 0-1301861ManchesterA84 Dutch
22. M van 't Kruijs vs Anderssen ½-½421861AmsterdamA84 Dutch
23. M van 't Kruijs vs Anderssen ½-½401861AmsterdamA84 Dutch
24. A Mongredien vs Dubois  ½-½2518625th BCA Congress, LondonA84 Dutch
25. J C Fraser vs Steinitz 0-1281867Dundee CongressA84 Dutch
 page 1 of 74; games 1-25 of 1,839  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Feb-22-06  who: Why doesn't anyone play 1.d4 f5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Qc2 Be7 5.e4
Mar-11-09  Marmot PFL: <who> This has been played but Black can also play 4...Bb4 with a good Nimzo-Indian Reti vs Tartakower, 1922
Jan-26-10  Krogerman: This is a great site. I just downloaded a database with my rep into ChessBase to study using the PGN download button. Awesome!!!
Dec-13-13  MartijnakaWipwap: What is acctualy the plan with this opening? I acctualy like it, because im Dutch myself and i really want to play it in tournaments, but i don't know how to play it. Any tips?
Aug-25-21  Bartleby: 2. c4 is the approved theoretical move vs. the Dutch Defence, the main lines following a Catalan-esque setup of Nf3, g3, Bg2, O-O.

But it may be that the various anti-dutch tries are more dangerous. We have the Trompowski-esque 2. Bg5!? aiming immediately for the dark squares and daring black to play 2. ...h6, and various Staunton Gambits, arising from 2. Nc3 or the immediate 2. e4. There are other ideas of a g4 spike towards the f-pawn with a preparatory h3, and even 2. Nh3 and Alapin's 2. Qd3!? have their adherents.

For that reason many Dutch players, especially at GM level, play 1. d4 e6 and then only 2. c4 f5. Simon Williams now only plays the Dutch in serious games this way. He's a French Defence player so he doesn't mind white switching gears with 2. e4.

I on the other hand never liked the French Defence for black, which means when I want to play the Dutch I must essay 1. ...f5 and risk getting blown off the board from some anti-Dutch. But, it makes for enterprising chess.

Premium Chessgames Member
  moronovich: When 1.d4-e6, it is surprisingly rare, that white responds with 2.e4.
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <moronovich>, the only time I ever had the move order 1.d4 e6 2.e4 as Black was, oddly enough, against someone who was very much a French specialist as Black, and wound up in a Winawer sideline (2....d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.a3). I quickly got the better game and won.

Far as <Bartleby>'s remarks on anti-Dutch byways, I very often played 1.d4 f5 2.Bg5 and even have a game in this DB with the line, if a not terribly inspiring one.

IM Joe Fang was known to play the Leningrad Dutch as Black, but always transposed after 1.d4 g6 to avoid the myriad gambit lines. He and I once had a game in his favourite anti-Dutch 1.d4 f5 2.Nc3.

Premium Chessgames Member
  moronovich: Hi <perfidious> !

Good story about the Winaver ! :)

I also played the Leningrad and transposed too via ,1-g6 or 1-d6.Too much ells to do than study the Staunton ;)

Great stuff you have a game in the DB with the 2.Bg5 line.A line certainly not without venom.And if black doesn´t know how to react, he may soon be in trouble.

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