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Alexander Petrov
A Petrov 
Number of games in database: 24
Years covered: 1836 to 1863
Overall record: +17 -3 =4 (79.2%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

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C39 King's Gambit Accepted (4 games)
C33 King's Gambit Accepted (3 games)
C53 Giuoco Piano (3 games)
C20 King's Pawn Game (2 games)
C43 Petrov, Modern Attack (2 games)
C45 Scotch Game (2 games)
C50 Giuoco Piano (2 games)

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(born Feb-12-1794, died Apr-22-1867, 73 years old) Russia
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Alexander Dmitrievich Petrov learned to play at the age of four and was St. Petersburg's best player by the age of twenty. He won matches against Carl Friedrich von Jaenisch in the 1840s, Prince Sergey Semenovich Urusov in 1853 and 1859 and Ilya Shumov in 1862. A player of GM strength, Petrov analysed with Carl Friedrich von Jaenisch the opening that later became known as the Petrov Defense (C42).

Wikipedia article: Alexander Petrov (chess player)

Last updated: 2019-02-12 05:55:36

 page 1 of 1; 24 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. A Petrov vs Warszawa 1-0571836WarsawC20 King's Pawn Game
2. A Petrov vs Allies 1-0271837RUS corrC43 Petrov, Modern Attack
3. A Petrov vs C Jaenisch 1-0261844St PetersburgC43 Petrov, Modern Attack
4. C Jaenisch vs A Petrov 1-0341844St PetersburgC40 King's Knight Opening
5. F A Hoffmann vs A Petrov 0-1201844Warsaw mC53 Giuoco Piano
6. C Jaenisch vs A Petrov ½-½661852UnknownC33 King's Gambit Accepted
7. A Petrov vs D Urusov 1-0571852ParisC53 Giuoco Piano
8. A Petrov vs F A Hoffmann 1-0381853WarsawC33 King's Gambit Accepted
9. A Petrov vs S Urusov  ½-½501853MatchC20 King's Pawn Game
10. A Petrov vs S Urusov ½-½791853MatchC50 Giuoco Piano
11. S Urusov vs A Petrov  0-1621853MatchC45 Scotch Game
12. A Petrov vs Szymanski 1-0171853WarsawC01 French, Exchange
13. A Petrov vs F A Hoffmann 1-0261853WarsawC33 King's Gambit Accepted
14. S Urusov vs A Petrov 0-1281853St Petersburg m2C54 Giuoco Piano
15. S Urusov vs A Petrov 0-1531853St Petersburg m2C45 Scotch Game
16. A Petrov vs S Urusov 1-0571853St Petersburg m2C53 Giuoco Piano
17. S Urusov vs A Petrov 0-1481859Warsaw m corrC56 Two Knights
18. Shumov vs A Petrov  1-0281862MatchC77 Ruy Lopez
19. A Petrov vs Shumov  1-0321862MatchC31 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
20. Shumov vs A Petrov  1-0691862MatchC50 Giuoco Piano
21. A Petrov vs Shumov  1-0321862MatchC39 King's Gambit Accepted
22. Lindehn vs A Petrov 0-1941863UnknownC39 King's Gambit Accepted
23. NN vs A Petrov 0-1261863UnknownC39 King's Gambit Accepted
24. A Petrov vs P Journoud ½-½331863Paris m/1C39 King's Gambit Accepted
 page 1 of 1; 24 games  PGN Download 
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Petrov wins | Petrov loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 3 OF 3 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jan-01-09  walker: I don't see a single game here where he played the Russian(Petrov) defence. Only two Petrov defence games, but Petrov was white.Can anyone elaborate, please?
Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: <walker> According to his bio above: <A player of GM strength he analysed with Carl Friedrich Von Jaenisch the opening that later became known as the Petrov Defense> <<<(C42)>>>
Jan-01-09  walker: ok, thanks. I understand now. Is there a book or an article with their analysis?
Feb-12-09  brankat: Alexander Petrov died 142 years ago, but according to the info at the top of the page, his current FIDE rating is 2177. Most fascinating stuff, the ratings :-). Most useless, too. But, I digress.

R.I.P. Master Petrov.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: < brankat: Alexander Petrov died 142 years ago, but according to the info at the top of the page, his current FIDE rating is 2177. Most fascinating stuff, the ratings :-). Most useless, too. But, I digress.

R.I.P. Master Petrov.>
Maybe that's his approx. strength. R.I.P. <Alexander Petrov>.

Feb-12-11  talisman: Happy birthday Alexander Petrov.
Feb-12-11  newzild: <talisman: Happy birthday Alexander Petrov.>

Ummm...the guy's dead. Kind of hard for him to be happy.

Nevertheless, I did pay Mr. Petroff homage tonight by playing the 3.Nxf7 Cochrane Gambit piece sacrifice against the venerable opening that he invented. Surely there is no other opening in chess in which so much is sacrificed so early?:

[Site ""]
[Date "2011.02.12"]
[White "Newzild"]
[Black "Computer - Hard 2000+ Elo"]
[Result "1-0"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nf6 3. Nxe5 Nxe4 4. Nxf7 Kxf7 5. Qh5+ Ke6 6. Qg4+ Kf7 7. Qxe4 d5 8. Qf3+ Kg8 9. d4 Nc6 10. c3 h5 11. Bd3 Bg4 12. Qf4 Bd6 13. Qg5 Be7 14. Qe3 Rh6 15. O-O Re6 16. Qd2 Rf6 17. f3 Bf5 18. Bxf5 Rxf5 19. Qd3 Qd7 20. Be3 a5 21. Nd2 Raf8 22. Rae1 h4 23. h3 Kh8 24. Bf2 R5f7 25. Re2 g5 26. Rfe1 Bd6 27. Nf1 Rf6 28. Ne3 Ne7 29. Ng4 Rf5 30. Re6 Ng8 31. Kh1 a4 32. Bg1 Bg3 33. R1e2 c6 34. Bh2 Bxh2 35. Kxh2 Qf7 36. Kg1 a3 37. b4 Qd7 38. Qc2 Qc7 39. Qc1 Qg3 40. Kh1 Kg7 41. R6e3 Kg6 42. Qc2 Qf4 43. Re5 Kh5 44. Rxf5 Qxf5 45. Qxf5 Rxf5 46. Re6 Rf7 47. Kg1 Ne7 48. Rh6#

Feb-12-11  talisman: well at least black didn't play for a draw.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <newzild> There is the Damiano Defense line <1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f6 3.Nxe5>.
Feb-12-11  newzild: <Phony Benoni>

Ah yes, good point.

Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Any other Petrovs around, since? Could there be a Brady Bunch of Petrovs?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: < HeMateMe: Any other Petrovs around, since? Could there be a Brandy Bunch of Petrovs? > There's a whole bunch of Petrovs.
Feb-12-12  brankat: The defense system that is (deservedly) named after A.Petrov is very much alive and well.

Happy Birthday Mr.Petrov.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. Alexander Petrov.

Sometimes, the Petrov can be a decisive*, epic** game.

*Decisive has in 1-0 (white wins) or 0-1 (black wins) but now 1/2-1/2 (draw).

**Epic means at least 100 moves, at used occasionally in the ChessBookie Game.

Jan-19-13  wordfunph: "A knowledge of the moves is not enough for a person to consider himself a player. In this respect chess is like poetry. You may know the laws of poetry but if you lack talent you cannot be a poet."

- Alexander Petrov

Jul-02-13  Abdel Irada: <newzild: Nevertheless, I did pay Mr. Petroff homage tonight by playing the 3.Nxf7 Cochrane Gambit piece sacrifice against the venerable opening that he invented. Surely there is no other opening in chess in which so much is sacrificed so early?>

Years ago, as a college freshman, I set out to write a book about the Traxler Variation Two Knights' and the Marshall Attack; I intended to title it _Opening Fire_.

Among the lines I analyzed in the former opening:

1. e4 e5
2. Nf3, Nc6
3. Bc4, Nf6
4. Ng5, Bc5
5. Nxf7, Bxf2†
6. Kf1, Qe7
7. Nxh8, d5
8. exd5, Bg4
9. Be2, Bxe2†
10. Qxe2, Nd4
11. Qxf2, O-O-O
12. c3, Rf8
13. Kg1?!, Ng4
14. Qe1, Qh4!

click for larger view

[The position after 14. ...Qh4]

White, already a bishop and rook ahead, can take the queen if he wishes, at the cost of allowing 15. ...Ne2#. For want of a better defense, he must instead offer back material with 15. g3, but even in this there is no deliverance.

Dec-27-14  Oliveira: As many of you know, Alexander Petrov composed a mate problem in 14 moves that is well-known for its rich symbolism as well as singular beauty.

User: TheAlchemist has two excellent posts back in late 2005 and early 2006 where he illuminates all the ingenuity that went in that composition.

In fact, that composition was the theme of klu #25 in the <Chessgames Holiday Present Hunt>: Chessgames Present Hunt Clues Page. In the comment, after the clue's solution, there is this link to The American Chess Magazine, 1847:

This is an animated version of "La Retirada de Napoleón de Moscú":

Feb-12-16  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Alexander Petrov.
Mar-27-16  zanzibar: How can the bio say

<He [...] never played against Western players> ?!?

A Petrov vs P Journoud, 1863

Journoud certainly qualifies as a Western player.


Lindehn vs A Petrov, 1863

where Lindehn (Linden(?)) is from Sweden (and died in the USA).

Apr-22-16  TheFocus: Rest in peace, Alexander Petrov.
Aug-31-18  Jean Defuse: ...

<It was one of Anderssen's favorite jokes (so his pupil Zukertort related) to express doubts whether the famous Russian chess player Petroff really existed. "Who ever saw him?" the professor exclaimed. "All his published games are with persons unknown; he was invented by the Russians to give themselves a great master." ...>

Source: The Chess-Monthly XIII page 290.


Sep-01-18  Jean Defuse: ...

I'm a little bit absent-minded - the above quote was published in the Canadian journal 'Checkmate' (A Monthly Chess Chronicle) Volume 2 1903, p. 127.


Dec-03-19  Jean Defuse: ...

<Alexander Petrov's portrait>


Premium Chessgames Member
  DanQuigley: I have not been able to find many games of Petrov's. Only 24 so far.
Jul-10-21  Zahodjakin: According to "The Soviet School of Chess" by Kotov and Yudovich, it was in 1857 that Urusov proposed the "Urusov Gambit" that bears his name. It was a proposal, he might not have actually played it.
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