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Howard Staunton
Number of games in database: 363
Years covered: 1839 to 1866

Overall record: +192 -81 =40 (67.7%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 50 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 King's Pawn Game (31) 
    C44 C20 C40
 Giuoco Piano (21) 
    C53 C50 C54
 Evans Gambit (13) 
    C51 C52
 Scotch Game (10) 
 Bishop's Opening (9) 
    C23 C24
 King's Gambit Accepted (8) 
    C37 C38
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (42) 
    B20 B21 B32 B40 B44
 King's Pawn Game (26) 
    C44 C20 C40
 Giuoco Piano (24) 
    C53 C54 C50
 French Defense (10) 
    C00 C02 C01
 Bishop's Opening (10) 
    C24 C23
 King's Gambit Accepted (9) 
    C33 C39 C37
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Staunton vs Horwitz, 1851 1-0
   Staunton vs NN, 1840 1-0
   Cochrane vs Staunton, 1841 0-1
   Saint-Amant vs Staunton, 1843 0-1
   Cochrane vs Staunton, 1842 0-1
   Staunton vs Anderssen, 1851 1-0
   NN vs Staunton, 1841 0-1
   Staunton vs Cochrane, 1842 1-0
   Saint-Amant vs Staunton, 1843 0-1
   Staunton vs Horwitz, 1846 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Staunton - Saint Amant (1843)
   London (1851)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Staunton & Kolisch best games by Gottschalk
   The t_t Players: Staunton, Steinitz & Zukertort by fredthebear
   Staunton - Cochrane series by MissScarlett
   1 by gr2cae
   Staunton - Horwitz (1846) by MissScarlett
   Staunton vs Saint-Amant WCM 1843 by ilcca
   Staunton - Popert (1840-41) by MissScarlett
   Blunderchecked games I by nimh
   Staunton - Harrwitz (1846) by MissScarlett
   Selected 19th century games by atrifix
   London 1851 by MissScarlett
   pre-Steinitz Era1:1861 or before by Antiochus
   Staunton - Williams (1851) by MissScarlett

   H Kennedy vs H Buckle, 1846

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Howard Staunton
Search Google for Howard Staunton

(born 1810, died Jun-22-1874, 64 years old) United Kingdom

[what is this?]

Howard Staunton was born in Westmorland, Northern England. Learning the game in 1830, he took it up seriously in 1836 and by 1840 was among the world's best players.

In April 1843, after losing a short but hard-fought match to visiting Frenchman Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint Amant (+2 =1 -3), he issued a more formal challenge. This second match, in November-December 1843, was convincingly won by Staunton (+11 =4 -6) and broke the century-long domination of the game by French players.

In the 1840s and 50s Staunton did a great deal for chess. He founded and edited "The Chess Player's Chronicle" (1841-1854), organized the first International tournament (the London (1851) knock-out format), made efforts to unify the laws of chess, wrote books and sponsored the design by Nathaniel Cook for chess pieces that has since become the standard pattern.

The only blotch on this splendid record was his continual evasion of a match with visiting American master Paul Morphy in 1858. Staunton died in London in 1874.

Notes: Howard Staunton played two consultation games with Paul Morphy, but was on the team of Staunton / Owen.

Consultation games: Anderssen / Horwitz / Kling vs Staunton / Boden / Kipping, 1857

Wikipedia article: Howard Staunton

Last updated: 2018-04-19 16:25:14

 page 1 of 15; games 1-25 of 363  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Bristol CC vs Staunton ½-½381839Correspondence gameD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
2. Staunton vs Bristol CC 1-0391839Correspondence gameA03 Bird's Opening
3. Staunton vs W M Popert 1-0361840MatchC44 King's Pawn Game
4. Staunton vs NN  1-0571840Odds game000 Chess variants
5. Staunton vs NN ½-½241840Odds game000 Chess variants
6. Staunton vs NN 1-0261840Casual gameC37 King's Gambit Accepted
7. Staunton vs NN  1-0351840Casual gameC20 King's Pawn Game
8. Staunton vs NN 1-0291840Casual gameC38 King's Gambit Accepted
9. Staunton vs NN 1-0211840?C52 Evans Gambit
10. NN vs Staunton 0-1291840LondonC53 Giuoco Piano
11. Staunton vs W M Popert 0-1271840MatchC00 French Defense
12. W M Popert vs Staunton ½-½561840MatchC45 Scotch Game
13. Staunton vs NN  1-0291840Odds game000 Chess variants
14. W M Popert vs Staunton 1-0381840MatchB32 Sicilian
15. W M Popert vs Staunton 0-1331840MatchB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
16. Staunton vs W M Popert 1-0391840MatchC20 King's Pawn Game
17. Staunton vs W M Popert 1-0191840LondonC44 King's Pawn Game
18. Staunton vs W M Popert 0-1381840MatchC02 French, Advance
19. W M Popert vs Staunton 0-1571840MatchC02 French, Advance
20. Staunton vs NN  1-0351840Odds game000 Chess variants
21. Staunton vs NN  1-0301840Odds game000 Chess variants
22. Staunton vs NN 1-0241840Casual gameC37 King's Gambit Accepted
23. Staunton vs NN  1-0161840Odds game000 Chess variants
24. Staunton vs Cochrane 1-0301841MatchC51 Evans Gambit
25. Staunton vs W M Popert 1-0321841LondonC53 Giuoco Piano
 page 1 of 15; games 1-25 of 363  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Staunton wins | Staunton loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: <The baptismal entries for 1810 at Crosthwaite, the parish that included Keswick, were also consulted via the above-mentioned website; they show around 40 male baptisms, but none named either Howard or Staunton.>

The records are hardly complete. I read (but can't find it now) that there were over 100 baptisms per year at Crosthwaite. 1809-1811 should be checked too.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The editor of the <Athenaeum> at the time was <Norman MacColl> (, but without knowing more about the operation of the magazine, one could hardly be certain of his authorship.

I should have picked up on this source before, since it's listed as such in Sidney Lee's biography:

A more easily navigable source for the <Athenaeum> is <HathiTrust>:

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: <On coming of age he received a few thousand pounds under his father's will.> This is in Lee's text only and not in the Athenaeum, right?

That Will (if true) may still be available somewhere.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <That Will (if true) may still be available somewhere.>

An immense job, and probably hopeless.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Yes :)

And the wills of 5th Earl of Carlisle and his sons ... I'm not able to read them properly, but others have, and they say nada.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Staunton's <The Great Schools of England (1869, 2e)> lists two grammar schools you might be interested in:

<Stainton, Westmorland, CROSSCRAKE SCHOOL>

<Keswick, Cumberland, CROSTHWAITE SCHOOL>

If antique school desks from the area could be located, they might be examined for graffiti such as <H.S. woz ere, 1825>. Any surviving remnants of chewing gum could be DNA tested for potential matching with known descendants of the great man.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: We'll take a broad approach :/

Lee says he received the money <On coming of age>. What is that supposed to mean in ca. 1875, what age could that be.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Cambridge Dictionary:

<Someone's coming of age is the time when that person legally becomes an adult and is old enough to vote.> Err, 1830 or earlier. Maybe.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Wrong Earl perhaps. What about William Lowther (1787-1872), 2nd Earl of Lonsdale, who had properties in Keswick abt. 1810. Wiki:

<Lord Lonsdale never married, but had at least three illegitimate children he acknowledged. He left them substantial sums in his will. An opera enthusiast, it is believed all of his children were born to opera singers or dancers.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Age 21 is meant. I suggest looking for turquoise waistcoat manufacturers whose profits suddenly boomed c.1831.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: There's also a village Stainton about 7 km south of Kendal. Apparently it belonged to Westmoreland. ##

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Two Staintons? Now, I'm confused. In fact, there's a third in Cumbria:

But it forced me, however reluctantly, to have a look at a map of the area:

Your original <Stainton>, presumably the <Staunton> mentioned by our 1828 traveller (Howard Staunton (kibitz #479)), which lies near Penrith on the road from Keswick to Carlisle. This is in what was Cumberland.

Then there's <Stainton>, a few miles south of Kendal, in South Lakeland, which had the grammar school, Crosscrake. This is in what was Westmoreland.

<Stainton_with_Adgarley>, originally Stainton alone, is just outside Dalton-in-Furness. This is in what was Lancashire.

Alles klar?

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Gar nicht. There is also a Stainton in Richmondshire, about halfway between Kendal and Castle Howard.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Suffice to say that <Stainton>, <Stanton>, <Staunton> and variations thereof, are commonplace enough, whether as locations or surnames, to render any further such 'research' moot.
Jun-27-21  offramp: <MissScarlett: Suffice to say that <Stainton>, <Stanton>, <Staunton> and variations thereof, are commonplace enough, whether as locations or surnames, to render any further such 'research' moot. >

What do you mean by "moot"?

Jun-27-21  Retireborn: Let's not forget Arch Stanton and his cunning Wrong Grave defence.
Premium Chessgames Member


Jun-27-21  Retireborn: <jess> Thank you! Must watch the whole film again.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: That looks nothing like Kensal Green cemetery.

Every manhunt is marked by obfuscations, distractions and misdirections. I persist.

Premium Chessgames Member
  gezafan: <keypusher: Fischer famously put Staunton in his top 10 while leaving Lasker off entirely. That's a much bigger offense than dissing Botvinnik.>

I'm a great admirer of Staunton but I wouldn't put him over Lasker and Botvinnik.

However, let me point out that at the time Fischer said this he was already a GM, one of the top players in the world and had studied the games of the top players in history. His opinion had to have been based on something..

Jul-21-21  Petrosianic: Specifically, Fischer put Staunton there because he was ahead of his time in playing fianchettoes before anyone else was. That doesn't mean he was one of the 10 strongest players.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: In which games did Staunton fianchetto his bishops? It's more likely that Fischer had in mind some of Staunton's analytical ponderings, but I'm not familiar enough with Staunton's books to comment.

Access to Jack Collins' library is often said to be how Fischer was so knowledgable about chess history, but if you look at the quality of chess literature published until the 1960s, I imagine Fischer had only a patchy and superficial impression of 19th century chess.

Jul-21-21  Retireborn: <MissS>

Staunton vs Horwitz, 1851

is the only such game I'm aware of, although one notes Ray Keene's assertion that Staunton was "fond of" the double fianchetto.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The <Oxford Companion> claims <Strategic use of the fianchetto, pioneered by Staunton and L. Paulsen, has since become the basis of many openings>, but that doesn't take us much further. The games of Cochrane and Mohishunder from the 1850s can be identified as introducing Indian-type defences to the West, and Staunton was certainly aware of some of these. If anywhere, Staunton's writings from the 1860s need to be examined.
Premium Chessgames Member
  ray keene: For another Staunton double fianchetto masterpiece see game 8 of his 1851 match v Williams. It's on and in my book on Staunton.
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