Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing
Ruy Lopez (C60)
1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5

Number of games in database: 2943
Years covered: 1846 to 2023
Overall record:
   White wins 38.4%
   Black wins 30.9%
   Draws 30.7%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Blackburne  11 games
Vlastimil Jansa  10 games
Viswanathan Anand  9 games
Hrvoje Stevic  37 games
Vladimir Malaniuk  31 games
Bjorn Thorfinnsson  28 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Zukertort vs Anderssen, 1865
Benko vs Sawyer, 1964
Bogoljubov vs Ed. Lasker, 1924
Englisch vs Steinitz, 1883
NN vs Burn, 1866
P de Schloezer vs Chigorin, 1878
<< previous chapter next chapter >>

 page 1 of 118; games 1-25 of 2,943  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Staunton vs Horwitz 1-0371846Staunton - HorwitzC60 Ruy Lopez
2. C Stanley vs J Schulten  0-1281846Stanley - Schulten m(3)C60 Ruy Lopez
3. Bird vs C F Smith  0-1271850Casual gameC60 Ruy Lopez
4. G Salmon vs Harrwitz 1-0481850Casual gameC60 Ruy Lopez
5. C Kenny / A Zytogorski vs R Brien / T A Worrell  0-1341855Consultation gameC60 Ruy Lopez
6. R Brien vs Falkbeer  1-0521855London mC60 Ruy Lopez
7. Staunton / Barnes vs Lowenthal / Falkbeer 1-0271856Consultation gameC60 Ruy Lopez
8. Staunton vs Loewenthal 1-0791856London m3C60 Ruy Lopez
9. H Hughes vs J G Campbell  0-1471857Casual gameC60 Ruy Lopez
10. J Owen vs Francis  1-04218574th Chess Association Minor TournamentC60 Ruy Lopez
11. Wilson vs J G Campbell  1-0161858Casual gameC60 Ruy Lopez
12. D S Roberts vs W Schleiden  1-0481858(T1) San FranciscoC60 Ruy Lopez
13. J G Campbell vs R Brien 0-1371858Casual gameC60 Ruy Lopez
14. G W Medley vs Morphy 0-1391858Casual gameC60 Ruy Lopez
15. Anderssen vs B Suhle 1-0121859BreslauC60 Ruy Lopez
16. Anderssen vs L Eichborn 0-1261859Casual gameC60 Ruy Lopez
17. E Thorold vs J Kipping  1-0261859West Yorkshire Chess Association tC60 Ruy Lopez
18. J G Campbell vs I Szabo 1-0261859Casual gameC60 Ruy Lopez
19. S Boden vs Paulsen 0-1461861BristolC60 Ruy Lopez
20. Blackburne vs Paulsen ½-½291861Casual gameC60 Ruy Lopez
21. A Ascharin vs H Clemenz  ½-½191862Dorpat Chess ClubC60 Ruy Lopez
22. G Neumann vs Anderssen 0-1251864BreslauC60 Ruy Lopez
23. E Schallopp vs Anderssen 0-1391864BerlinC60 Ruy Lopez
24. Zukertort vs Anderssen 1-0121865BerlinC60 Ruy Lopez
25. G Neumann vs Anderssen 1-0231865UnknownC60 Ruy Lopez
 page 1 of 118; games 1-25 of 2,943  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 5 OF 5 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Sep-13-06  FHBradley: What is the current theoretical verdict on 3... g6? Smyslov's move enjoyed mild popularity in the 80s, but has since all but disappeared. I suppose 4 d4 ed4 5 ♗g5 gives white a slight edge, but is this still playable for black? And after 5... ♗e7 6 ♗xe7, which piece should black recapture with, queen or king's knight?
Nov-02-06  Ron: Sacrificing Pawns on the Queenside

Recently I played a quick game against a low level computer; it was Ruy Lopez opening, and in the game, I offerred a pawn sac on the queenside, which turned out good. Fischer, in a game against Spassky in their 1972 match, let Spassky grab a pawn on the queenside for an attack Fischer vs Spassky, 1972

I'm wondering how often this sort of idea, white sacrificing a pawn in the middle game of Ruy Lopez, occurs.

Feb-15-07  Haeron: I just played this game on Playchess. Don't take on d4 in the Steinitz!

[Event "Playchess"]
[Site "Watford"]
[Date "2007.02.15"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Haeron"]
[Black "Guest"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C62"]
[PlyCount "43"]

1. Nf3 Nc6 2. e4 e5 3. Bb5 d6 4. d4 exd4 5. Nxd4 Bd7 6. Nxc6 Bxc6 7. Bxc6+ bxc6 8. O-O d5 9. Re1 dxe4 10. Rxe4+ Be7 11. Rd4 Qb8 12. Nc3 Bc5 13. Re4+ Ne7 14. Bg5 f6 15. Bxf6 gxf6 16. Qh5+ Kf8 17. Qxc5 Qd8 18. Rd1 Qe8 19. Rde1 Rd8 20. Rxe7 Qg6 21. Re8+ Kf7 22. Qe7# 1-0

Feb-15-07  Swapmeet: <Haeron> Taking on d4 wasn't black's problem in that game, in fact black is eventually forced to play exd4 in that line. 8...d5? is what killed black there, just opening up all the lines to his king without any development.
Mar-14-07  bob000: Upcoming Ruy Lopez Tournament featurinf Pomonorov, Sasirikan,Sargissian, Sokolov, Granda, Candelario, Hou Yifan, and Stefanova

Aug-05-07  ongyj: For me personally, I prefer 3.Bb5 to 3.Bc4 not only because of Black's eventual possibility of ...d5, but also because at Bc4 White blocks his own c-pawn. With Ba4-b3 retreat, White doesn't block its own c-pawn. Since White's idea is to go for 'normal development', and short castle, the 'standard' continuation would be to generate chances in either the centre or the queenside. (And I find c4 often necessary to achieve that.)That's another reason I don't play the exchange anymore, other than the Bishop pair. Since Black's Knight is wrongly placed(Blocking it's own c-pawn), there's no reason to trade it off to lesson it's problem. And actually, I don't subscribe to the idea of c3 and d4, which is usually only possible if Black don't play the open variation(...Nxe4). I prefer d3 to hold the e-pawn and then c4, With Nc3 discouraging Black to liberate the position early. (Notice that this also confirms why White played out the Bishop first, if not d3 and White's Bishop can't go out to roam ^Ô^
Nov-02-07  swapnil10: I want information how to defend ruuylopez when I am black?
Nov-02-07  e4Newman: <swapnil10> you came to the right place :)
Nov-25-07  pawnofdoom: Oops in an online corespondence game on gameknot I accidently played this opening. Meant to play Bc4 but accidently put the bishop on b5. Uh oh. I'm probably going to lose now. I don't know how to play this opening.
Dec-09-07  hitman84: [Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "?"]
[Round ""]
[White "Me"]
[Black "NN"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C60"]
[WhiteElo "2048"]
[BlackElo "2137"]
[PlyCount "63"]
[EventDate "2003.02.10"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Nge7 4. Nc3 g6 5. d4 exd4 6. Nxd4 Bg7 7. Be3 a6 8. Be2 O-O 9. O-O d6 10. f4 f5 11. Bc4+ Kh8 12. Ne6 Bxe6 13. Bxe6 fxe4 14. g4 Ng8 15. Nd5 Nf6 16. c4 Nxd5 17. cxd5 Qe7 18. g5 Nd8 19. f5 gxf5 20. Bxf5 Bxb2 21. Rb1 Be5 22. Qh5 Rg8 23. Kh1 c6 24. g6 cxd5 25. Bg5 Qc7 26. Rg1 Nc6 27. Bh6 Nd4 28. Rbc1 Nc6 29. gxh7 Rxg1+ 30. Rxg1 Ne7 31. Qf7 Nxf5 32. Rg8+ 1-0

What is the variation called (Nge7->g6) ?

I had no idea how to reply to this, but Dvoretzky's ideas helped me. 7...a6 put me in a dilemma whether to exchange the Bishop or not. I decided not to exchange so the obvious move was Be2 because if Ba4 then b5, Bb3 Na5 and my ♗ is out. My idea was that if black plays b5->Bb7 then I can play f4->Bf3 challenging my opponent ♗.

My aggressive intentions paid off as I was able to cause enough trouble to my opponent with my double ♗s.

I had less than half a minute to complete 40 moves when I checkmated my opponent.

Dec-09-07  Open Defence: <hitman> I believe its the Cozio variation
Dec-29-07  Karpova: Really hilarious:

One example:

<To avoid the narrative flow being clogged up, or bogged down, with explanations of technicalities, the book concludes with a seven-page glossary of chess terms, such as the following (from page 166):

‘Ruy Lopez: ... This attack involves a penetration of the center by the king and queen’s pawns with the subsequent rapid opening of the bishop file, from which squares the knights may control the center. Direct and powerful attack meant to march down the board; it is easily defeated by a Sicilian defense in which the advance of the pieces is blocked. Now in partial disfavor, the Ruy Lopez has been displaced by the modernists. It is still often seen in amateur games. The Ruy Lopez is capable of producing a Fool’s Mate against an inexperienced or nervous player who might fail to note positioning of the queen and king’s bishop.’>

"Tactics of Conquest" from the "award-winning" Barry Malzberg (New York, 1973-74)

Premium Chessgames Member
  Eric Schiller: The Cozio is under-rated and is in fact an excellent choice for beginners, because it avoids having to deal with the Exchange Variation which is no big deal for advanced players but problematic for beginners.

After 3...Nge7 it is easy to play because the next several moves are fairly automatic.

I play it myself sometimes, for example N Yap vs E Schiller, 2004.

Jan-07-09  fred lennox: the roy is a fascinating opening for me though i seldom played it. One factor in openings is having four minor pieces on the board is uncomfortable for black. With white having the initiative plus four minor pieces blacks position easily feels cramped. Exchanging one minor piece does much to give black elbow room. This is part of the richness of the Roy. What minor piece? The Roy appeals to players who like versatile, broad open play like Keres and Spassky. Few are true masters of it since it requires wide types of playing. Off hand id say there are 6-7 true masters of the Roy today.
Jun-07-09  WhiteRook48: I like to play this opening. On either side.
Jul-14-09  WhiteRook48: only 1158 games??
Jul-14-09  MaxxLange: I think just the sidelines are under this code maybe? There are many more games under the codes for Breyer, Marshall Attack, etc.
Apr-14-11  redorc19: how would you respond to 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Qf6?! which is the line my brother plays? 4. 0-0 seems unnecessary and I try 4. Nc3 a6. I think Black just trys to not get doubled pawns, but the defense seems passive and 4. Nc3 a6 5. Nd5! seems to refute it with slight advantage. Any suggestions?
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: <redorc19> In principle, irregular third moves by Black like 3 ... Bc5 and 3 ... Nge7 are best met by 4. 0-0, and note 4. 0-0 is the most common response to the Berlin Defense 3 ... Nf6. Opening Explorer After castling, then White can decide on a center set-up with c2-c3 & d2-d4 or else d2-d3. 3 ... Qf6!? is a suboptimal move, as it develops the Queen too early while taking away the best square for Black's KN, yet it is not a blunder with a direct refutation. Sometimes people facing uncommon lines try so hard to punish it that they get overextended or make unsound sacrifices. Maybe he is simply trying to get you out of book.

The database suggests 4. Nc3 Opening Explorer where White won 13 out of 13 times. Note none of those games were miniatures, so Black did have some play before losing. Very likely, a player who would use 3 ... Qf6!? is less experienced and just loses to a better player no matter what their opening.

There is one game with 3 ... Qf6!? 4. Nc3 a6 5. Ba4 d6 6. Nd5 = M Ishizuka vs S Elnami, 2006

Jan-13-13  Tigranny: My favorite opening ever.
May-31-13  dvpjal: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Qf6? The basic tabiya states that the ♕ueen should not be taken out so quickly in the opening. First the pieces other than ♕ueen should be developed to the positioanal squares. 4. Nc3 Nd4 (4... Nge7 5. d3 Nd4 6. Nxd4 exd4 7. Ne2 Ng6 8. O-O ♗lakcs postion is bad because it is not developed properly. Light squared ♗ishop is immobile, Yet not castled, ♖ooks are still not even ready to come out.) 5. Nxd4 exd4 6. Nd5

click for larger view

Qd6 7. d3 c6 8. Bf4 *

click for larger view


Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <dvpjal>: Here is a similar line in the Classical with 3....Bc5 4.0-0 Qf6, where Black takes his eccentricities a step too far and meets with swift retribution: Karpov vs S Mariotti, 1975.
Feb-09-18  optimal play: In a recent blitz game as white, employing the Ruy Lopez opening, I faced 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 f6 (C60)

As I was unfamiliar with this "Nuremberg defence" I continued with 4.O-O d5 5.exd5 Qxd5 6.Bxc6 Qxc6 7.h3 e4 eventually coming out okay, although I've since realised much better is 6.Nc3!

I notice on the chessgames database that Steintiz actually employed this defence twice in the 1896 Nuremberg tournament (hence its name) losing to Tarrasch in the 15th round Tarrasch vs Steinitz, 1896 but persisting with it to beat Schlechter in the 18th round Schlechter vs Steinitz, 1896

The earliest recorded game utilising this defence was actually in an inter-colonial telegraph match in 1872 C G Heydon vs A H Beyer, 1872 which black won!

According to a contemporary newspaper article on the above game, the idea of playing f6 sometime after the 3rd move originally came from Samuel Standidge Boden but at move three it does seem ill-advised.

It appears that today it is only played by kids or in blitz.

Sep-08-18  SirChrislov: A little piece of Ruy history, from Lasker's Chess Magazine vol. 1, No. 1, November, 1904.

—Mr. Marshall's Plans—
F.J. Marshall has planned a very active winter in chess, and it is expected that he will visit many parts of the United States to give exhibitions before spring is here. In addition it is stated that arrangements have been completed for his projected match with Janowski, one of our contemporaries remarking that it will probably be played at Hastings, England. The following bit copied from the Times Democrat is not without point: The Hereford Times gives Mr. F. J. Marshall's viewpoint of the Ruy, as follows: "'I think,' said Mr. F. J. Marshall to us one day some time since, 'the Ruy Lopez is mere bluff.' This was a somewhat strong expression, but there can be no doubt that the terrors of this opening are becoming less and less every year. The regulation defense is now: 3. ——, P-QR3; 4. B-R4, Kt-B3; 5.Castles, B-K2; 6. R-K, P-Q3, etc., the underlying principal being, of course, Steinitz's defense. It is almost impossible to obtain any attack worth mentioning against this defense, and several of the masters (including Lasker) played at Cambridge Springs 4. BxKt, which, however, ought not to lead to more than a draw. Marshall encounters at once with 3. ——, P-KB4, which seems to have the same effect as used to be the case with Mr. H. E. Bird, who almost invariably, in his latter years, defended with 3. Kt-Q5. It is fairly certain that both these defenses are unsound, but, nevertheless, most of Marshall's opponents prefer now not to play the Lopez when they have the move against him, and precisely the same happened when Mr. Bird played in tournaments during the latter part of his career."

Aug-10-22  VerySeriousExpert: I recommend the recent analytical article on C60 with new theoretical inventions by Yury V. Bukayev: 'The Nightingale Gambit etc. (C70, C20, C60): Bombs' ( )!
Jump to page #    (enter # from 1 to 5)
search thread:   
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 5 OF 5 ·  Later Kibitzing>

NOTE: Create an account today to post replies and access other powerful features which are available only to registered users. Becoming a member is free, anonymous, and takes less than 1 minute! If you already have a username, then simply login login under your username now to join the discussion.

Please observe our posting guidelines:

  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, duplicate, or gibberish posts.
  3. No vitriolic or systematic personal attacks against other members.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No cyberstalking or malicious posting of negative or private information (doxing/doxxing) of members.
  6. No trolling.
  7. The use of "sock puppet" accounts to circumvent disciplinary action taken by moderators, create a false impression of consensus or support, or stage conversations, is prohibited.
  8. Do not degrade Chessgames or any of it's staff/volunteers.

Please try to maintain a semblance of civility at all times.

Blow the Whistle

See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform a moderator.

NOTE: Please keep all discussion on-topic. This forum is for this specific opening only. To discuss chess or this site in general, visit the Kibitzer's Café.

Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors.
All moderator actions taken are ultimately at the sole discretion of the administration.

Home | About | Login | Logout | F.A.Q. | Profile | Preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | New Kibitzing | Chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | Privacy Notice | Contact Us

Copyright 2001-2023, Chessgames Services LLC