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Abbazia Tournament

Rudolf Spielmann15/21(+13 -4 =4)[games]
Oldrich Duras13.5/21(+12 -6 =3)[games]
Erich Cohn11.5/21(+10 -8 =3)[games]
Richard Reti11.5/21(+10 -8 =3)[games]
Moishe Lowcki11/21(+10 -9 =2)[games]
Alexander Flamberg10.5/21(+9 -9 =3)[games]
Sergey von Freymann10.5/21(+9 -9 =3)[games]
Jeno Szekely9/21(+7 -10 =4)[games]
Paul Saladin Leonhardt8/21(+4 -9 =8)[games]
Gustaf Nyholm7.5/21(+7 -13 =1)[games]
Stefano Rosselli del Turco7.5/21(+4 -10 =7)[games]
Arnold Aurbach5.5/11(+5 -5 =1)[games]
* Chess Event Description
Abbazia (1912)

This King's Gambit Accepted (1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4) theme tournament was organized by Georg Marco and took place in Abbazia on the Adriatic coast, then part of Austria-Hungary, known today as Opatija in Croatia. The venue was the Casino des Étrangers, a fitting location for the King's Gambit.

Of the 12 players, who met each other twice, only Spielmann, Duras, Cohn and Leonhardt were regarded as masters at the time. This may be one of the reasons why no tournament book appeared, and many of the games are apparently lost forever.

Aurbach forfeited his Round 7 game against Flamberg, upset after he lost his Round 6 game against Rosselli on time in a winning position, and withdrew from the second cycle for medical reasons. So only 120 games were played. 77 games are available here, including a few incomplete ones, 43 games are lost.

The tournament was a big success for Rudolf Spielmann, but a tragedy for the King's Gambit. White scored only +40 -59 =21, even worse than in Vienna (1903) (+32 -37 =20). It's not just the "modern" systems of defence (with an early ...d5) that caused white trouble. From the games available, white scored +4 -6 =2 against the Abbazia Defence (3.Nf3 d5 4.exd5 Nf6) and +4 -9 against 3.Bc4 d5, but the Hanstein, Philidor and Muzio did just as badly.

For Spielmann's funeral oration a decade later, see Game Collection: Vom Krankenlager des Königsgambits.

Abbazia, Austria-Hungary (Croatia), 15 January - 12 February 1912

01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 Pts 1 Spielmann ** ½0 1½ 11 11 11 10 10 1½ 10 1½ 1- 15 2 Duras ½1 ** 10 10 ½1 01 01 01 01 11 ½1 1- 13½ =3 Cohn 0½ 01 ** 00 01 01 11 ½½ 11 01 11 0- 11½ =3 Reti 00 01 11 ** 10 10 1½ 10 1½ 10 ½1 0- 11½ 5 Lowcki 00 ½0 10 01 ** 11 00 11 ½1 01 11 0- 11 =6 Flamberg 00 10 10 01 00 ** 00 1½ 1½ 11 1½ 1- 10½ =6 Freymann 01 10 00 0½ 11 11 ** 00 10 0½ ½1 1- 10½ 8 Szekely 01 10 ½½ 01 00 0½ 11 ** 0½ 01 01 0- 9 9 Leonhardt 0½ 10 00 0½ ½0 0½ 01 1½ ** 01 ½½ ½- 8 =10 Nyholm 01 00 10 01 10 00 1½ 10 10 ** 00 0- 7½ =10 Rosselli 0½ ½0 00 ½0 00 0½ d0 10 ½½ 11 ** 1- 7½ 12 Aurbach 0- 0- 1- 1- 1- 0- 0- 1- ½- 1- 0- ** 5½

The missing games:

(Round 5) Flamberg vs Von Freymann (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) 0-1, 21 moves; Duras vs Lowcki (3.Bc4) draw
(Round 7) Rosselli vs Duras (3.Nf3) draw; Flamberg vs Aurbach (forfeit) 1-0; Leonhardt vs Von Freymann 0-1; Szekely vs Lowcki (3.Nf3) 0-1
(Round 8) Szekely vs Rosselli (3.Nf3) 0-1
(Round 9) Leonhardt vs Aurbach (3.Nf3) draw; Rosselli vs Lowcki (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) 0-1
(Round 10) Cohn vs Reti (3.Nf3) 0-1; Aurbach vs Nyholm (3.Nf3) 1-0
(Round 11) Flamberg vs Lowcki (3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5) 0-1
(Round 12) Lowcki vs Cohn (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) 0-1
(Round 13) Flamberg vs Leonhardt (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) draw; Rosselli vs Nyholm (3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 Nc6 5.d4 d5 6.exd5 Nxd5 7.Nxd5 Qxd5 8.Bxf4 Bd6 9.Bxd6 Qxd6 10.c3 Bg4 11.Bc4 O-O-O 12.O-O f6 13.Qa4) 1-0
(Round 14) Cohn vs Duras (3.Bc4) 1-0; Reti vs Rosselli (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) 1-0; Nyholm vs Flamberg (3.Bc4) 0-1; Leonhardt vs Spielmann (3.Bc4) draw
(Round 15) Rosselli vs Von Freymann (3.Bc4) 0-1; Szekely vs Cohn (3.Pf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) draw
(Round 16) Nyholm vs Leonhardt (3.Bc4) 0-1; Reti vs Spielmann 0-1; Lowcki vs Duras (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) 0-1
(Round 17) Leonhardt vs Reti (3.Nf3) draw; Spielmann vs Von Freymann (3.Bc4) 0-1; Flamberg vs Cohn (3.Bc4) 0-1; Szekely vs Duras (3.Nf3) 0-1
(Round 18) Cohn vs Spielmann (3.Bc4) draw
(Round 19) Nyholm vs Von Freymann (3.Bc4) draw; Leonhardt vs Cohn (3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5) 0-1; Reti vs Lowcki (3.Nf3) 0-1
(Round 20) Szekely vs Flamberg (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) draw; Cohn vs Nyholm (3.Bc4) 1-0; Von Freymann vs Reti (3.Nf3) draw; Lowcki vs Rosselli (3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5) 1-0
(Round 21) Reti vs Cohn (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.O-O d6 6.d4 h6 7.c3 Ne7 8.g3 g4 9.Nh4 f3 10.Na3 O-O 11.Bf4) 1-0; Flamberg vs Rosselli (3.Bc4) draw; Leonhardt vs Duras (3.Bc4) 0-1
(Round 22) Rosselli vs Spielmann (3.Bc4) draw; Szekely vs Leonhardt (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) draw; Duras vs Nyholm (3.Bc4) 1-0; Cohn vs Von Freymann (3.Bc4) 1-0; Lowcki vs Flamberg (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) 1-0

Original collection: Game Collection: Abbazia 1912, by User: sneaky pete.

 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 77  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. J Szekely vs G Nyholm  0-1341912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
2. Duras vs Reti 1-0591912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
3. Flamberg vs Spielmann 0-1411912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
4. A Aurbach vs S von Freymann  0-1181912AbbaziaC34 King's Gambit Accepted
5. E Cohn vs M Lowcki  0-1711912AbbaziaC36 King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense
6. S Rosselli del Turco vs P S Leonhardt  ½-½471912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
7. M Lowcki vs Spielmann 0-1411912AbbaziaC37 King's Gambit Accepted
8. G Nyholm vs S Rosselli del Turco 0-1181912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
9. S von Freymann vs Duras 1-0221912AbbaziaC34 King's Gambit Accepted
10. E Cohn vs A Aurbach 0-1271912AbbaziaC39 King's Gambit Accepted
11. Reti vs J Szekely  1-0521912AbbaziaC34 King's Gambit Accepted
12. P S Leonhardt vs Flamberg 0-1271912AbbaziaC39 King's Gambit Accepted
13. J Szekely vs S von Freymann 1-0211912AbbaziaC38 King's Gambit Accepted
14. Flamberg vs G Nyholm  1-0291912AbbaziaC34 King's Gambit Accepted
15. S Rosselli del Turco vs Reti  ½-½321912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
16. Spielmann vs P S Leonhardt 1-0231912AbbaziaC37 King's Gambit Accepted
17. Duras vs E Cohn 1-0391912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
18. A Aurbach vs M Lowcki 1-0431912AbbaziaC37 King's Gambit Accepted
19. E Cohn vs J Szekely  ½-½491912AbbaziaC36 King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense
20. Reti vs Flamberg 1-0371912AbbaziaC37 King's Gambit Accepted
21. G Nyholm vs Spielmann  0-1601912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
22. A Aurbach vs Duras 0-1591912AbbaziaC36 King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense
23. S von Freymann vs S Rosselli del Turco  ½-½291912AbbaziaC39 King's Gambit Accepted
24. M Lowcki vs P S Leonhardt  ½-½421912AbbaziaC37 King's Gambit Accepted
25. Spielmann vs Reti 1-0261912AbbaziaC34 King's Gambit Accepted
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 77  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-21-12  TheFocus: <This may be one of the reasons that no tournament book appeared, and many of the games are apparently lost forever.>

Anthony Gillam has done a book on this tournament. He says he has nearly 80 of the 120 games. I do not believe he has any new games there.

Premium Chessgames Member
  LIFE Master AJ: What a shame that some of the games were lost ...
Premium Chessgames Member
  LIFE Master AJ: I'll bet Soltis could do a book on this and make it come to life, he is soooo good at that sort of thing!
Jan-19-14  Karpova: List of the special prizes

A) From the Louis Freiherr von Rothschild trust, the 1st and 2nd prize (150 + 100 K) for best result in the 2nd cycle shared <Erich Cohn> and <Oldrich Duras> - together 250 K. The 3rd prize for best result in the 2nd cycle was awarded to <Jeno Szekely> - 50 K.

B) The Chigorin Memorial prize of the St. Petersburg Chess Society was awarded to <Richard Reti> - 100 K.

C) The Albert von Rothschild Memorial prize of the Vienna Chess Club was awarded to <Richard Reti> for his game against Flamberg - 200 K.

D) The Muzio prize, donated by Albert N. Hallgarten, received <Richard Reti> for the same game as in C - 100 K.

E) The Kieseritzky prize, donated by the Cracow Chess Club, was awarded to <Erich Cohn> for his game against Leonhardt - 100 K.

F) The prize for the best Bishop Gambit, donated by the Stockholm Chess Society was awarded to <Oldrich Duras> for his game agaisnt Spielmann - 100 K.

G) The 5 Rice trophies, donated by I. L. Rice, were awarded to

1) <Richard Reti> for the game against von Freymann - 50 K.

2) <Rudolf Spielmann> for the game against Reti - 50 K.

3) <Alexander Flamberg> for the game against Duras - 50 K.

4) <Erich Cohn> for the game against von Freymann - 50 K.

5) <Gustav Nyholm> for the game against Spielmann - 50 K.

The special prizes in total were 1,150 K.

Source: Page 37 of the February-March 1912 'Wiener Schachzeitung'

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The collection has both Leonhardt-Lowcki games, but there's a third game claiming the title: M Lowcki vs Leonhardt, 1912
Jul-12-16  sneaky pete: Hmmm...

That 3rd Lowcki vs Leonhardt game is a version of
A Aurbach vs Spielmann, 1912

Jan-05-20  cameosis: could someone post the sources for the games? would like to have a look myself.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Dionysius1: I wonder why Aurbach gave up after scoring 5.5/11 in R1? Ah, according to <Gypsy>, he got sick. Arnold Aurbach

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