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Ernst Gruenfeld
Number of games in database: 633
Years covered: 1913 to 1961

Overall record: +214 -92 =327 (59.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database.

With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (65) 
    D63 D52 D67 D64 D68
 Queen's Gambit Declined (37) 
    D30 D37 D31 D06 D38
 Queen's Indian (35) 
    E16 E12 E15 E17 E14
 King's Indian (27) 
    E60 E67 E62 E64 E69
 Queen's Pawn Game (26) 
    A40 A50 A46 E10 A41
 Slav (24) 
    D11 D12 D15 D10
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (47) 
    C77 C84 C78 C90 C86
 Alekhine's Defense (30) 
    B02 B03 B05 B04
 Queen's Pawn Game (29) 
    D04 A46 A50 D02 A45
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (27) 
    C84 C97 C88 C86 C98
 Queen's Gambit Accepted (19) 
    D28 D27 D26 D23 D21
 Nimzo Indian (16) 
    E32 E24 E34 E30 E21
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Gruenfeld vs J Schenkein, 1915 1-0
   Janowski vs Gruenfeld, 1925 1/2-1/2
   Alekhine vs Gruenfeld, 1922 0-1
   H Wolf vs Gruenfeld, 1922 0-1
   Gruenfeld vs Bogoljubov, 1922 1-0
   Gruenfeld vs Tartakower, 1923 1-0
   Kostic vs Gruenfeld, 1922 0-1
   Gruenfeld vs G Nagy, 1924 1-0
   Gruenfeld vs Kmoch, 1926 1-0
   Spielmann vs Gruenfeld, 1923 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Merano (1924)
   Moravska Ostrava (1933)
   Trebitsch Memorial (1933)
   Trebitsch Memorial (1927)
   Budapest (1921)
   Trebitsch Memorial (1931)
   Trebitsch Memorial 1934/35 (1934)
   Bad Pistyan (1922)
   Teplitz-Schönau (1922)
   Karlsbad (1923)
   London Olympiad (1927)
   Vienna (1922)
   Baden-Baden (1925)
   Semmering (1926)
   Karlsbad (1929)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Gothenburg B 1920 by Tabanus
   Marienbad 1925 by suenteus po 147
   Vienna 1922 by Archives
   Mährisch-Ostrau 1923 by suenteus po 147
   Mährisch-Ostrau 1923 by JoseTigranTalFischer
   Debrecen 1925 by Phony Benoni
   Teplitz-Schönau 1922 by Tabanus
   Teplitz-Schönau 1922 by suenteus po 147
   Merano 1926 by jessicafischerqueen

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Ernst Gruenfeld
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(born Nov-21-1893, died Apr-03-1962, 68 years old) Austria

[what is this?]

Ernst Franz Grünfeld was born in Vienna. His early childhood was beset by poverty. At the age of 5, his left leg had to be amputated after an accident. However, he discovered chess, studied intensely, and quickly earned a reputation as a skilled player at the local chess club, the Wiener Schach-Klub.

He was German champion in 1923 and awarded the GM title in 1950. For a short period after the First World War he was among the World's best eight or nine players. His best tournament results were Meran 1924 first ahead of Rudolf Spielmann, and Akiba Rubinstein, Budapest 1926 first with Mario Monticelli ahead of Rubinstein, Richard Reti and Savielly Tartakower, Vienna 1928 first with Sandor Takacs and first at Mahrisch-Ostrau 1933. He played for Austria in four Olympiads from 1927 to 1935 but is best known as an openings theoretician and published a book on the Queen's Gambit in 1924. The Grunfeld (D80) Defense, one of the hypermodern openings, is named after him. He introduced this opening to the world by defeating Alexander Alekhine with it in 1922. See Alekhine vs Gruenfeld, 1922.

He died in Vienna in 1962.

Wikipedia article: Ernst Grünfeld

Last updated: 2022-07-25 20:39:01

 page 1 of 26; games 1-25 of 643  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. S R Wolf vs Gruenfeld  0-1551913corrC83 Ruy Lopez, Open
2. A Ritzen vs Gruenfeld  0-1461914Match corrC27 Vienna Game
3. A Ritzen vs Gruenfeld  0-1481914corrC23 Bishop's Opening
4. Gruenfeld vs J Schenkein 1-0231915ViennaD11 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
5. S R Wolf vs Gruenfeld 1-01051915Landtstrasser TtC77 Ruy Lopez
6. Gruenfeld vs A Ritzen  1-0261916corrD02 Queen's Pawn Game
7. Gruenfeld vs L Godai 1-0281918ViennaD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
8. Reti vs Gruenfeld ½-½251918KassaC31 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
9. Gruenfeld vs Z von Balla 1-0431918KassaA46 Queen's Pawn Game
10. Breyer vs Gruenfeld  1-0171918KassaD12 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
11. Gruenfeld vs L Asztalos  1-0171918KassaD45 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
12. Gruenfeld vs J Mieses ½-½371918KassaC10 French
13. T Gerbec vs Gruenfeld  0-1441919ViennaC78 Ruy Lopez
14. T Gerbec vs Gruenfeld  0-1311919ViennaC78 Ruy Lopez
15. Breyer vs Gruenfeld 1-0201920ViennaC84 Ruy Lopez, Closed
16. Olland vs Gruenfeld ½-½571920Gothenburg BC77 Ruy Lopez
17. Euwe vs Gruenfeld ½-½301920Gothenburg BD15 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
18. Gruenfeld vs A Nilsson  ½-½821920Gothenburg BD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
19. V Sjoberg vs Gruenfeld  ½-½381920Gothenburg BD45 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
20. Gruenfeld vs E Jacobson ½-½351920Gothenburg BD50 Queen's Gambit Declined
21. A Hakansson vs Gruenfeld  ½-½231920Gothenburg BD55 Queen's Gambit Declined
22. Gruenfeld vs K Kullberg  ½-½271920Gothenburg BE12 Queen's Indian
23. A Larsson vs Gruenfeld  0-1431920Gothenburg BC47 Four Knights
24. Gruenfeld vs P Johner  0-1281920Gothenburg BD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
25. C Carls vs Gruenfeld  1-0391920Gothenburg BA29 English, Four Knights, Kingside Fianchetto
 page 1 of 26; games 1-25 of 643  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Gruenfeld wins | Gruenfeld loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 4 OF 4 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Nov-21-13  LoveThatJoker: Two awesome posts were posted on this page on November 21st, 2011.

I couldn't say it any better myself.

Thank you, Master Gruenfeld!!


Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. GM Ernst Gruenfeld.
Dec-05-13  Karpova: Some details from Georg Marco 's short article on Grünfeld on p. 81 of the May 1923 'Neue Wiener Schachzeitung':

- Grünfeld only started to occupy himself with chess in 1910

- Siegfried Reginald Wolf could be called his mentor. They played about 300 or 400 games against each other. Thereby, Grünfeld became quite strong quickly. That's also why Grünfeld's play is characterised by correctness.

- In 1912, he came in 2nd at a handicap tournament of the <Landstrasser> Chess Association.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Bio: <He lost a leg in an early childhood which was beset by poverty.>

Wikipedia: <He nearly lost a leg in his early childhood, which was beset by poverty.>

Either he lost a leg, or he didn't. Unless he lost part of a leg.

Sep-12-14  john barleycorn: < MissScarlett: Bio: <He lost a leg in an early childhood which was beset by poverty.>

Wikipedia: <He nearly lost a leg in his early childhood, which was beset by poverty.>>

The "nearly" is all what was lost in copy&waste action.

But what is the artist going to tell us with this sentence??? When you are poor watch your leg?

Sep-12-14  john barleycorn: The german wikipedia writes that at the age of 5 one leg was amputated due to a calamity. He did not lose it.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: What was gained was superior grammar. Wikipedia's description left open the possibility that his leg alone was beset by poverty.
Sep-12-14  john barleycorn: A german saying goes:

"Besser arm dran als Bein ab."

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. Ernst Gruenfeld.

In honour of his 121st birthday, in Game 10 of the 2014 WCC, the game is opening up a Gruenfeld (D97).

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: I'm going to honour the man by getting legless this evening.
Nov-21-14  kamagong24: Salute to Gruenfeld! wherever you may be...
Premium Chessgames Member
  SteinitzLives: <Miss Scarlett> <I'm going to honour the man by getting legless this evening.>

You can always use pegs for your legs
to match those driven by your scriven
well into your head,
which is also quite dead.

Feb-20-15  offramp: Wikipedia says, bizarrely:
<He died in Ottakring, Vienna, of obesity on April 3, 1962.> I find it hard to visualise that svelte young man in the profile photograph as an obese septagenarian - but in any case how do you die of obesity? Did the crane collapse as they were trolleying him down to the Kino to see A Fridge Too Far?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: Here's a document but it doesn't specify the cause of death:

Note that his name is spelled Ernest, not Ernst.

Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: He encountered 1.d4 120 times in the database, but only played the Gruenfeld four times! Repertoire Explorer: Ernst Gruenfeld (black)
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: He had another three games where he reached it by transposition. Repertoire Explorer: Ernst Gruenfeld (black)
Nov-10-16  diagonal: Addition to the cg. bio: Grünfeld won the strong Margate 1923, a Prequel to the famous series (the chess club at Margate held five consecutive international invitation tournaments from spring 1935 to spring 1939, including further and notable "Reserve sections").

There was already a today somehow forgotten tournament in 1923, Grünfeld won unbeaten and as clear first (four our of the eight players, namely Alekhine, Bogo, Grünfeld, and Réti, were then top twelve ranked according to chessmetrics):

<Margate (1923) 1. Grünfeld 2.-5. Alekhine, Bogoljubov, Michell, Muffang, 6. Réti (8 players>

Nov-21-16  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Ernst Gruenfeld.

Love your defense!!!

Nov-21-17  Nosnibor: I read somewhere that he played in a tournament sometime towards the end of his life and lost every game mainly due to time pressure. In most of those games he overstepped the time limit.
Nov-21-17  brainzugzwang: <Nosnibor: I read somewhere that he played in a tournament sometime towards the end of his life and lost every game mainly due to time pressure. In most of those games he overstepped the time limit.>

I believe you're thinking of Fritz Saemisch instead.

Nov-21-17  Nosnibor: <brainzugzwang> Yes you are quite right it was Saemisch. Thanks for pointing that out.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: a failure, running the Knicks.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: How Grünfeld lost his leg :)

The Austrian master Ernst Grünfeld took part in Hoogovens in 1961 and stayed with the Van Manen family. Although he had a wooden leg since the First World War, he still walked every day from his guest address to the games room. One day the family received a phone call that their guest was stranded halfway and could not move. The fourteen-year-old Gerben went on the spot, where the grandmaster told him that a hook had come loose with which the leg was connected to his body. No problem, if Gerben got some extra materials at home. In the meantime, Max Euwe had arrived and he ordered a taxi to bring Grünfeld to the Van Manen home. They almost forgot the leg, which was still standing against a fence. Gerben intervened just in time, grabbed the leg and concluded that he could also sit in the taxi. And next to Euwe, which of course was much more special than next to Grünfeld, because he already knew him. On the way Euwe whispered to the teenager that he had experienced a similar incident with Grünfeld in 1923, 38 years earlier. Back home, mother Van Manen took a needle and thread, and then, together with Euwe, carefully attached the leg again.

Feb-05-19  Retireborn: <Stonehenge> Fantastic story. Must admit I had no idea good old Ernst was a one-legger. Just the other day I learned that Duras, like Teichmann, had only one eye. And Tal had only one kidney, didn't he? It seems that chess masters sacrifice their body parts like pawns.
Nov-02-21  login:

Symbolic image

Die Grünfelds (in German)

Der Brief (in German)

from "Grünfeldova Indiska odbrana", Trifunovic, P., B. Gruber, A. Bozic, 1951 (translated)


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