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Hamburg 1885
Compiled by suenteus po 147
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The fourth meeting of the Deutschen Schachkongresse took place in Hamburg in 1885. It was the fourth master's tournament (Deutschen Schachbund) organized since its inception six year's previously at Leipzig in 1879. As in the previous three editions, the round robin tournament was an international event, pitting German masters against the best of Europe at the time. Germany was represented by its usual field of strong masters, including Wilfried Paulsen, Max Bier, Hermann Von Gottschall, Johannes Von Minckwitz, Fritz Reimann, Emil Schallopp, Arnold Schottlaender, and Siegbert Tarrasch who had won his spot by winning the 1883 Nuremberg Hauptturnier master title. The German masters were joined from Great Britain by Joseph Henry Blackburne, who was the winner of the second Deutschen Schachbund at Berlin in 1881, Henry Edward Bird, Isidor Gunsberg, George Henry Mackenzie, and James Mason. Berthold Englisch, the winner of the first Deutschen Schachbund in Leipzig 1879, along with Johann Nepomuk Berger and Max Weiss came from Austra. Josef Noa travelled from Hungary, and Jean Taubenhaus came from Poland. The eighteen assembled chess masters participated in the single strongest international event of 1885. In spite of the presence of such strong competition, Isidor Gunsberg surprisingly took clear first place with 12 points out of 17 games. Five other players, all of them sure bets at the start of the tournament to win, tied for second place half a point behind Gunsberg. Gunsberg would go on to have impressive results in the latter half of the 1880s, including winning matches against Blackburne and Bird, before challenging Wilhelm Steinitz for the world championship in 1890. Although he would not win the world crown, Gunsberg proved himself here and later that he was one of the best chess players in the world in the 19th century.

The final standings and crosstable:

1st Gunsberg 12/17 * 1 0 ½ ½ 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1

=2nd Blackburne 11½/17 0 * 0 ½ 1 1 1 1 0 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 ½ 0

=2nd Mason 11½/17 1 1 * ½ ½ 0 1 0 0 ½ ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 1

=2nd Weiss 11½/17 ½ ½ ½ * 0 0 1 ½ 1 1 ½ 1 ½ 1 1 ½ 1 1

=2nd Englisch 11½/17 ½ 0 ½ 1 * 1 0 0 0 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

=2nd Tarrasch 11½/17 0 0 1 1 0 * 0 1 1 0 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

7th Mackenzie 10/17 0 0 0 0 1 1 * ½ 1 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 1

=8th Riemann 9½/17 1 0 1 ½ 1 0 ½ * 1 0 ½ 0 1 ½ 0 ½ 1 1

=8th Schallopp 9½/17 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 * 0 1 ½ 0 1 1 1 1 1

10th Von Minckwitz 9/17 0 0 ½ 0 0 1 0 1 1 * ½ 0 1 1 1 ½ ½ 1

=11th Berger 8/17 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ * ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½

=11th Bird 8/17 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 ½ 1 ½ * 0 1 1 1 1 1

=13th Von Gottschall 6½/17 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 1 0 ½ 1 * 0 1 1 0 1

=13th Taubenhaus 6½/17 0 0 0 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 0 1 0 1 * 1 ½ 1 1

15th Noa 5/17 1 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 * 1 1 0

=16th Schottlaender 4/17 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 0 ½ 0 * ½ ½

=16th Paulsen 4/17 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ ½ 0 1 0 0 ½ * ½

18th Bier 3½/17 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 1 ½ ½ *

Round One
W Paulsen vs M Bier, 1885 
(C02) French, Advance, 49 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tarrasch vs J Noa, 1885 
(C11) French, 47 moves, 1-0

Von Gottschall vs F Riemann, 1885 
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 53 moves, 0-1

M Weiss vs Mackenzie, 1885 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 61 moves, 1-0

Blackburne vs Bird, 1885 
(A81) Dutch, 74 moves, 1-0

Englisch vs E Schallopp, 1885 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 39 moves, 0-1

J N Berger vs J Minckwitz, 1885
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 26 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gunsberg vs J Mason, 1885 
(C11) French, 59 moves, 0-1

Round Two
Blackburne vs Mackenzie, 1885  
(C45) Scotch Game, 39 moves, 1-0

E Schallopp vs M Weiss, 1885
(C32) King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, 34 moves, 0-1

Taubenhaus vs F Riemann, 1885 
(A16) English, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

M Bier vs J Minckwitz, 1885
(C83) Ruy Lopez, Open, 29 moves, 0-1

Gunsberg vs A Schottlaender, 1885 
(C22) Center Game, 48 moves, 1-0

J N Berger vs W Paulsen, 1885 
(B43) Sicilian, Kan, 5.Nc3, 49 moves, 1/2-1/2

J Mason vs Bird, 1885 
(A80) Dutch, 52 moves, 1-0

Englisch vs Tarrasch, 1885 
(E76) King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, 44 moves, 1-0

Von Gottschall vs J Noa, 1885 
(C11) French, 16 moves, 1-0

Round Three
W Paulsen vs J Minckwitz, 1885 
(C45) Scotch Game, 28 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tarrasch vs E Schallopp, 1885 
(C45) Scotch Game, 63 moves, 1-0

Von Gottschall vs Bird, 1885 
(A00) Uncommon Opening, 60 moves, 1-0

M Weiss vs J N Berger, 1885
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 31 moves, 1/2-1/2

Englisch vs A Schottlaender, 1885 
(D50) Queen's Gambit Declined, 40 moves, 1-0

Blackburne vs F Riemann, 1885 
(C45) Scotch Game, 52 moves, 1-0

M Bier vs Gunsberg, 1885
(C83) Ruy Lopez, Open, 42 moves, 0-1

J Noa vs Taubenhaus, 1885
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 33 moves, 0-1

Mackenzie vs J Mason, 1885 
(D05) Queen's Pawn Game, 41 moves, 0-1

Round Four
J Noa vs J Mason, 1885
(C11) French, 27 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tarrasch vs M Weiss, 1885 
(C45) Scotch Game, 33 moves, 1-0

Taubenhaus vs J Minckwitz, 1885
(C45) Scotch Game, 36 moves, 0-1

Von Gottschall vs W Paulsen, 1885
(B43) Sicilian, Kan, 5.Nc3, 39 moves, 0-1

Blackburne vs J N Berger, 1885 
(C44) King's Pawn Game, 51 moves, 1/2-1/2

Bird vs E Schallopp, 1885 
(C58) Two Knights, 62 moves, 1/2-1/2

M Bier vs A Schottlaender, 1885
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 32 moves, 1/2-1/2

Mackenzie vs F Riemann, 1885
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 44 moves, 1/2-1/2

Englisch vs Gunsberg, 1885 
(D30) Queen's Gambit Declined, 67 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Five
J Noa vs W Paulsen, 1885 
(B43) Sicilian, Kan, 5.Nc3, 19 moves, 1-0

Taubenhaus vs Tarrasch, 1885 
(A13) English, 53 moves, 0-1

Von Gottschall vs J N Berger, 1885
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 24 moves, 1/2-1/2

J Minckwitz vs A Schottlaender, 1885
(C49) Four Knights, 35 moves, 1/2-1/2

Englisch vs M Weiss, 1885
(C60) Ruy Lopez, 47 moves, 1-0

Mackenzie vs Bird, 1885 
(C61) Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense, 30 moves, 1-0

F Riemann vs M Bier, 1885 
(C56) Two Knights, 46 moves, 1-0

Blackburne vs J Mason, 1885 
(C11) French, 47 moves, 1-0

Round Six
Mackenzie vs J N Berger, 1885
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 50 moves, 1/2-1/2

Bird vs Taubenhaus, 1885 
(A02) Bird's Opening, 47 moves, 1-0

J Minckwitz vs E Schallopp, 1885
(B73) Sicilian, Dragon, Classical, 45 moves, 1-0

M Weiss vs Gunsberg, 1885 
(C14) French, Classical, 63 moves, 1/2-1/2

F Riemann vs Englisch, 1885 
(C28) Vienna Game, 47 moves, 1-0

J Noa vs Blackburne, 1885
(C41) Philidor Defense, 62 moves, 0-1

A Schottlaender vs Von Gottschall, 1885 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 52 moves, 0-1

Tarrasch vs M Bier, 1885 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 41 moves, 1-0

W Paulsen vs J Mason, 1885
(C02) French, Advance, 73 moves, 0-1

Round Seven
W Paulsen vs Tarrasch, 1885 
(C22) Center Game, 43 moves, 0-1

F Riemann vs M Weiss, 1885
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 37 moves, 1/2-1/2

E Schallopp vs Blackburne, 1885
(C02) French, Advance, 60 moves, 1-0

A Schottlaender vs J N Berger, 1885
(C49) Four Knights, 19 moves, 1/2-1/2

J Minckwitz vs Von Gottschall, 1885 
(C22) Center Game, 26 moves, 1-0

Gunsberg vs J Noa, 1885 
(C13) French, 51 moves, 0-1

J Mason vs Englisch, 1885 
(D04) Queen's Pawn Game, 42 moves, 1/2-1/2

Mackenzie vs Taubenhaus, 1885
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 83 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Eight
Tarrasch vs Gunsberg, 1885 
(C11) French, 53 moves, 0-1

Von Gottschall vs Mackenzie, 1885 
(C45) Scotch Game, 35 moves, 1/2-1/2

Blackburne vs W Paulsen, 1885
(B23) Sicilian, Closed, 56 moves, 1/2-1/2

J Noa vs J N Berger, 1885
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 25 moves, 1/2-1/2

Bird vs F Riemann, 1885 
(A03) Bird's Opening, 55 moves, 1-0

E Schallopp vs A Schottlaender, 1885 
(C49) Four Knights, 86 moves, 1-0

J Mason vs Taubenhaus, 1885 
(E14) Queen's Indian, 52 moves, 1-0

J Minckwitz vs M Weiss, 1885
(D35) Queen's Gambit Declined, 58 moves, 0-1

Round Nine
E Schallopp vs Mackenzie, 1885
(B24) Sicilian, Closed, 41 moves, 0-1

A Schottlaender vs W Paulsen, 1885 
(B43) Sicilian, Kan, 5.Nc3, 53 moves, 1/2-1/2

Taubenhaus vs M Weiss, 1885 
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 44 moves, 0-1

J Minckwitz vs J Noa, 1885
(C13) French, 57 moves, 1-0

Blackburne vs Englisch, 1885 
(C44) King's Pawn Game, 33 moves, 1-0

Bird vs Tarrasch, 1885 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 40 moves, 0-1

M Bier vs Von Gottschall, 1885
(C80) Ruy Lopez, Open, 40 moves, 0-1

J Mason vs F Riemann, 1885 
(D06) Queen's Gambit Declined, 58 moves, 0-1

Gunsberg vs J N Berger, 1885
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 53 moves, 0-1

Round Ten
E Schallopp vs J Noa, 1885
(C02) French, Advance, 35 moves, 1-0

A Schottlaender vs Blackburne, 1885 
(C02) French, Advance, 50 moves, 0-1

Tarrasch vs J Minckwitz, 1885 
(C45) Scotch Game, 21 moves, 0-1

M Weiss vs Von Gottschall, 1885 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 46 moves, 1/2-1/2

J Mason vs M Bier, 1885 
(C45) Scotch Game, 41 moves, 1-0

Bird vs Englisch, 1885 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 55 moves, 0-1

J N Berger vs Taubenhaus, 1885 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 74 moves, 0-1

W Paulsen vs F Riemann, 1885
(C22) Center Game, 49 moves, 0-1

Gunsberg vs Mackenzie, 1885 
(C22) Center Game, 34 moves, 1-0

Round Eleven
Gunsberg vs W Paulsen, 1885
(B43) Sicilian, Kan, 5.Nc3, 50 moves, 1-0

A Schottlaender vs J Mason, 1885
(B06) Robatsch, 38 moves, 0-1

Tarrasch vs Von Gottschall, 1885 
(C45) Scotch Game, 37 moves, 1-0

Taubenhaus vs E Schallopp, 1885 
(C80) Ruy Lopez, Open, 18 moves, 0-1

J Minckwitz vs Blackburne, 1885
(C22) Center Game, 60 moves, 0-1

M Bier vs J Noa, 1885
(C78) Ruy Lopez, 26 moves, 1-0

J N Berger vs F Riemann, 1885
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 24 moves, 1/2-1/2

Bird vs M Weiss, 1885 
(A03) Bird's Opening, 34 moves, 0-1

Mackenzie vs Englisch, 1885 
(A03) Bird's Opening, 41 moves, 1-0

Round Twelve
Englisch vs Von Gottschall, 1885 
(D50) Queen's Gambit Declined, 34 moves, 1-0

Taubenhaus vs Gunsberg, 1885 
(C22) Center Game, 53 moves, 0-1

J Minckwitz vs Mackenzie, 1885 
(C22) Center Game, 48 moves, 0-1

M Bier vs Blackburne, 1885 
(B01) Scandinavian, 50 moves, 1-0

J Noa vs F Riemann, 1885 
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 56 moves, 1-0

J N Berger vs Tarrasch, 1885 
(B25) Sicilian, Closed, 42 moves, 1/2-1/2

A Schottlaender vs Bird, 1885 
(C61) Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense, 15 moves, 0-1

J Mason vs E Schallopp, 1885
(A03) Bird's Opening, 76 moves, 0-1

M Weiss vs W Paulsen, 1885
(B23) Sicilian, Closed, 43 moves, 1-0

Round Thirteen
Taubenhaus vs Englisch, 1885
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 51 moves, 0-1

Von Gottschall vs Blackburne, 1885 
(C14) French, Classical, 13 moves, 0-1

J Minckwitz vs Gunsberg, 1885
(C22) Center Game, 42 moves, 0-1

W Paulsen vs Bird, 1885 
(C22) Center Game, 52 moves, 0-1

J Noa vs Mackenzie, 1885 
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 44 moves, 0-1

M Bier vs E Schallopp, 1885
(C45) Scotch Game, 30 moves, 0-1

J N Berger vs J Mason, 1885 
(C11) French, 25 moves, 1/2-1/2

F Riemann vs Tarrasch, 1885 
(C13) French, 37 moves, 0-1

M Weiss vs A Schottlaender, 1885
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 39 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Fourteen
F Riemann vs J Minckwitz, 1885 
(C22) Center Game, 69 moves, 0-1

E Schallopp vs Von Gottschall, 1885
(C23) Bishop's Opening, 32 moves, 0-1

A Schottlaender vs Mackenzie, 1885
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

Taubenhaus vs M Bier, 1885 
(C45) Scotch Game, 32 moves, 1-0

M Weiss vs J Noa, 1885
(C02) French, Advance, 29 moves, 1-0

J Mason vs Tarrasch, 1885 
(A03) Bird's Opening, 44 moves, 0-1

W Paulsen vs Englisch, 1885
(C22) Center Game, 60 moves, 0-1

J N Berger vs Bird, 1885 
(B25) Sicilian, Closed, 73 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gunsberg vs Blackburne, 1885 
(C41) Philidor Defense, 39 moves, 1-0

Round Fifteen
Bird vs Gunsberg, 1885 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 49 moves, 0-1

J Noa vs Englisch, 1885 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 19 moves, 0-1

F Riemann vs A Schottlaender, 1885 
(C22) Center Game, 50 moves, 1/2-1/2

Von Gottschall vs Taubenhaus, 1885
(C25) Vienna, 50 moves, 0-1

M Weiss vs Blackburne, 1885 
(C02) French, Advance, 33 moves, 1/2-1/2

J N Berger vs M Bier, 1885 
(C00) French Defense, 25 moves, 1/2-1/2

W Paulsen vs E Schallopp, 1885 
(C22) Center Game, 22 moves, 0-1

J Mason vs J Minckwitz, 1885
(D30) Queen's Gambit Declined, 63 moves, 1/2-1/2

Mackenzie vs Tarrasch, 1885 
(D05) Queen's Pawn Game, 38 moves, 1-0

Round Sixteen
Englisch vs J Minckwitz, 1885 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 26 moves, 1-0

F Riemann vs Gunsberg, 1885 
(C22) Center Game, 58 moves, 1-0

E Schallopp vs J N Berger, 1885 
(C45) Scotch Game, 80 moves, 1-0

Tarrasch vs A Schottlaender, 1885 
(C22) Center Game, 30 moves, 1-0

Von Gottschall vs J Mason, 1885 
(C14) French, Classical, 57 moves, 0-1

Blackburne vs Taubenhaus, 1885 
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 44 moves, 1-0

M Bier vs M Weiss, 1885 
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 61 moves, 0-1

Mackenzie vs W Paulsen, 1885 
(D05) Queen's Pawn Game, 45 moves, 1/2-1/2

J Noa vs Bird, 1885 
(B32) Sicilian, 21 moves, 0-1

Round Seventeen
Blackburne vs Tarrasch, 1885  
(C13) French, 22 moves, 1-0

W Paulsen vs Taubenhaus, 1885
(C45) Scotch Game, 57 moves, 0-1

Bird vs J Minckwitz, 1885 
(A03) Bird's Opening, 44 moves, 1-0

Mackenzie vs M Bier, 1885 
(D05) Queen's Pawn Game, 22 moves, 1-0

A Schottlaender vs J Noa, 1885 
(C01) French, Exchange, 21 moves, 0-1

J N Berger vs Englisch, 1885
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 16 moves, 1/2-1/2

J Mason vs M Weiss, 1885
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 40 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gunsberg vs Von Gottschall, 1885 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 32 moves, 1-0

F Riemann vs E Schallopp, 1885 
(C22) Center Game, 25 moves, 1-0

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