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Compiled by MR. NIMZO

Jews have long played a role as players and chess theoreticians, they also played a role in the development of the game.

The two main contemporary schools of chess were conceived of by Jews, the Modern school by Wilhelm Steinitz which advocates the accumulation of small advantages, and the Hypermodern by Richard Réti Aron Nimzowitsch which avoids releasing tension in the centre of the board. Julio Ganzo's book Chessology shows four stages of the consolidation of modern chess: the psychological by Lasker, the scientific by Tarrasch, the positional by Capablanca and the energetic by Breyer. Three of the four were Jews. The Chess Review of U.S. was founded by Israel Horowitz and the strategy of countergambits by Ernst Falkbeer

In his 1978 book, The Rating of Chess Players, Past and Present, Professor Arpad Elo numerically rated some 476 major tournament players from the nineteenth century onward. Of the fifty-one highest ranked players, approximately one-half were Jewish, or of Jewish descent.

"Since chess entered upon its third period of splendour, the period in which we actually are, the Israelitish element has exercised a predominance out of all proportion to the number and position of the Jews.The branches of activity are well known in which the Israelites have excelled for so long, and, as it were, by the force of atavism – banking, business, industry. In chess their supremacy began to manifest itself scarcely two generations ago. It has not ceased to grow stronger and stronger since then" - Alphonse Goetz in The Parallel Progress of Chess and Civilization, L'Eco degli Scacchi (1918)

These games are dedicated to the jewish geniuses that made chess what chess is today.

Falkbeer - founder of the countergambits
Falkbeer vs Anderssen, 1851 
(C27) Vienna Game, 30 moves, 1-0

Loewenthal - early greats
Loewenthal vs Morphy, 1858 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 70 moves, 1-0

Steinitz - father of the modern school of chess
Steinitz vs Chigorin, 1892 
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 28 moves, 1-0

Tarrasch - made great contributions to chess theory
Tarrasch vs K Eckart, 1889 
(C05) French, Tarrasch, 17 moves, 1-0

Zukertort - greatest attacking player of his day
Zukertort vs Blackburne, 1883 
(A13) English, 33 moves, 1-0

Tartakower - one of the founders of the hypermodern school
Tartakower vs Schlechter, 1909  
(C30) King's Gambit Declined, 33 moves, 1-0

Lasker - son of a cantor and grandson of a rabbi
Lasker vs W Napier, 1904 
(B25) Sicilian, Closed, 35 moves, 1-0

Rubinstein - son of a rabbi - greaest endgame player ever
Rubinstein vs Capablanca, 1911  
(D33) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch, 42 moves, 1-0

Nimzowitsch - of the fathers of hypermodernism
Nimzowitsch vs A Hakansson, 1922  
(C02) French, Advance, 27 moves, 1-0

Breyer - one of the founders of the hypermodern school
Breyer vs J Esser, 1917  
(D10) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 47 moves, 1-0

Spielmann - the last real romantic player
Spielmann vs R L'hermet, 1927 
(C10) French, 24 moves, 1-0

Reti - one of the founders of hypermodern
Reti vs Bogoljubov, 1924  
(A13) English, 25 moves, 1-0

Botvinnik - patriarch of the soviet chess school
Botvinnik vs Alekhine, 1938 
(D41) Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch, 51 moves, 1-0

Reshevsky - orthodox Jew - refused to play on the sabbath
Reshevsky vs A Vasconcellos, 1944 
(C02) French, Advance, 26 moves, 1-0

Fine - former vice champion
Fine vs Najdorf, 1948 
(B91) Sicilian, Najdorf, Zagreb (Fianchetto) Variation, 44 moves, 1-0

Horowitz - founder of "chess review"
I A Horowitz vs NN, 1940 
(C23) Bishop's Opening, 14 moves, 1-0

Boleslavsky - made great contributions to openings theory
Boleslavsky vs Smyslov, 1950 
(D16) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 22 moves, 1-0

Bronstein - of the most influential theoreticians of all time
Bronstein vs Keres, 1955 
(E41) Nimzo-Indian, 39 moves, 1-0

Averbakh - one of the best in his time - famous chess author
Korchnoi vs Averbakh, 1959 
(B47) Sicilian, Taimanov (Bastrikov) Variation, 43 moves, 0-1

Najdorf - an all time great
Najdorf vs NN, 1942 
(C26) Vienna, 20 moves, 1-0

Smyslov - one of the most brilliant of chess champions
Smyslov vs V Liberzon, 1968 
(A25) English, 41 moves, 1-0

Polugaevsky - of the most influential theoreticians of his day
Polugaevsky vs Petrosian, 1960 
(E54) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Gligoric System, 24 moves, 1-0

Tal - greatest tactician ever
Tal vs Karpov, 1987 
(B10) Caro-Kann, 30 moves, 1-0

Geller - one of the best in his time
Geller vs Smyslov, 1965 
(D87) Grunfeld, Exchange, 31 moves, 1-0

Fisher - the greatest chess legend - jewish mother
Fischer vs Spassky, 1972 
(D59) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower, 41 moves, 1-0

Timanov - one of the best in his time
Taimanov vs A Shashin, 1978 
(A04) Reti Opening, 28 moves, 1-0

Korchnoi - one of the all time greats - jewish mother
Korchnoi vs M Udovcic, 1967 
(C05) French, Tarrasch, 31 moves, 1-0

Stein - one of the leading players in his time
Stein vs Smyslov, 1972 
(A17) English, 35 moves, 1-0

Kasparov - greatest player ever - jewish father
Kasparov vs Karpov, 1990 
(C92) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 41 moves, 1-0

Polgar - greatest female player ever
Polgar vs Anand, 1999 
(B81) Sicilian, Scheveningen, Keres Attack, 34 moves, 1-0

Aronion - one of the highest rated players in our time
Aronian vs Anand, 2011 
(D39) Queen's Gambit Declined, Ragozin, Vienna Variation, 25 moves, 1-0

Svidler - one of the highest rated players in our time
Svidler vs Topalov, 2004 
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 46 moves, 1-0

Gelfand - one of the highest rated players in our time
Gelfand vs Anand, 1993 
(D47) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 29 moves, 1-0

Radjabov - one of the highest rated players in our time
Anand vs Radjabov, 2003 
(B32) Sicilian, 39 moves, 0-1

34 games

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