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John M Bruehl vs Francois Philidor
Philidor Blindfold simul, 2b London (1787), London ENG (Parsloe's), May-26
Bishop's Opening: General (C23)  ·  1/2-1/2



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Kibitzer's Corner
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Jul-02-04  Autoreparaturwerkbau: This is the FIRST DRAW ever recorded ... according to this database, at least ;)
Sep-05-04  Knight13: Nice final position.
Aug-28-05  Chessman1: What would happen

27. ... g4
28. Nf2 g3
29. hxg3 Nxg3+
30. Kh2

Well I think it would still be a draw.

Sep-13-05  Zyqwux: No stalemate, ot 50-move draw. WTF?
Sep-13-05  SneechLatke: <Zyqwux:> This game is dead drawn even if there is no immediate stalemate or 50-move rule. How would you suggest either side play to win from the final position, regardless of whos turn it is?
Sep-13-05  aw1988: Wait, isn't it a Black win (because of the extra pawn move h6-h5) after Rxg1+ Kxg1 Nh3+ and Nxf2?
Sep-13-05  unferth: <aw1988>Wait, isn't it a Black win (because of the extra pawn move h6-h5) after Rxg1+ Kxg1 Nh3+ and Nxf2?

Nice try, but after Kg2 there's nothing there.

Sep-13-05  aw1988: Oh, I see. It's not quite enough.
Sep-13-05  atrifix: <aw1988> No, the position is completely drawn, even if you move the Black pawn back to h7. How would you suggest breaking through?
Sep-13-05  aw1988: No, the king. I was looking if it were posted on like f5.
Sep-13-05  atrifix: <aw1988> Still dead drawn--even if we move Black's King all the way to e2 and his pawn back to h7, and add another pair of pawns on f2 and f7. There's no play left at all because the Black King can't penetrate.
Sep-13-05  atrifix: More specifically, it's drawn because White can shuttle between g1 and g2 (or f1), and since White has two squares available for his King, Black cannot place White in zugzwang.
Sep-13-05  aw1988: Oh. Because instead of going to d2, king goes to f2, right, no place at all. Cooperative variations!
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheDestruktor: White missed a simple win with 31. Rxc6+ and 32. b3. But black also missed 40. ..., Nf2+; 41. Kg2, Nh3+; 42. Kf1(h1), Rb1(+).
Oct-12-07  wolfmaster: Is the guy's name John Bruehl or John Bruhl?
Oct-12-07  Calli: Neither! It should Brühl, but anglicized Bruehl is usual. Count Hans Moritz Brühl was from Saxony, but lived in London where his name was usually given as John Maurice Bruehl.
Oct-13-07  Calli: Here is a portrait of Brühl:

I really meant to say that both Bruhl or Bruehl are common spellings, but with the umlauted "u", Bruehl is preferred.

Dec-02-07  nimh: Rybka 2.4 mp, AMD X2 2.01GHz, 10 min per move, threshold 0.33.

Bruehl 6 mistakes:
4.d3 -0.08 (4.Nf3 0.33)
21.Re1 -0.96 (21.Qxd4 -0.25)
28.Ng1 0.13 (28.Nf2 0.68)
31.a4 -0.18 (31.Rxc6+ 1.11)
34.Rb5 0.00 (34.g3 0.36)
40.b6 -1.78 (40.Re8 -0.15)

Philidor 6 mistakes:
7...Be6 -0.04 (7...d5 -0.44)
22...Qh5 0.10 (22...Qxa2 -1.10)
24...g5 0.39 (24...Nf6 0.00)
30...Rb4 1.11 (30...Rd2 0.00)
31...Rxa4 0.30 (31...Rxb2 -0.18)
40...Ng5 -0.05 (40...Nf2+ -1.78)

Jan-29-08  wolfmaster: First draw in the database!
Jan-30-08  just a kid: Ok game.It would have better if they both hadn't missed wins.
Jan-23-09  WhiteRook48: supposedly the first recorded draw... interesting
Sep-18-09  WhiteRook48: 3 Qe2... why?
Apr-12-16  juanhernandez: Great friends are united by small actions
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: <Selection of Games at Chess Actually Played by Philidor>, G. Walker, London, 1835, pp28-29, continues: 44.Kg2 Rxg1+ 45.Kxg1 Nh3+ 46.Kg2 Nxf2 47.Kxf2 ½-½
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: <Selection of Games at Chess Actually Played by Philidor> gives "Played by Philidor, without seeing the board, against the Count de Bruhl;* May 6, 1787. Philidor gives the move only."

There is no record of any blindfold performance given on May 6, however Philidor did give an exhibition on May 26, 1787:

<The celebrated Mr Phillidor, whose unrivalled excellence at the game of Chess, has been long distinguished, invited the members of the Chess Club, and the amateurs in general of that arduous amusement to be present on Saturday se'ennight, as a spectacle of the most curious kind, as it was to display a very wonderful faculty of the human mind, which faculty, however, is perhaps exclusively at present his own.

In consequence of this invitation thirty gentlemen and three ladies attended Mr Phillidor at Parslo's [sic; Parsloe's], in St James's street, where in their prescence, with his eyes closed, he contended with two gentlemen at the same time, who had each a Chess board, and who may, perhaps, be deemed the first players in Europe next to himself.

Count Bruhl was his adversary at one board, and Mr Bowdler at the other, and to each he allowed the first move.

Mr Phillidor's representatives were Mrs Wilmot of Bloomsbury-square, and a gentleman of the name of Cooper.

The games commenced at ten minutes after two o'clock, and lasted exactly one hour and forty minutes.

The manner in which these games were played, was alternately as to each move. Count Bruhl began, and mentioned aloud the move he had made. Mr Phillidor then directed his representative, and so proceeded to the conclusion of both games.

The game with the Count was drawn, and Mr Bowdler was successful in the other, owing to the quickness with which the earlier moves in both games were made, and to the extreme similarity in the situation of the piece towards the commencement; for if the games had less resembled each other, Mr Phillidor would have preserved a more distinct recollection.

The idea of the intellectual labours that was passing in the mind of Mr Phillidor suggested a painful perception to the spectator, which, however, was quite unnecessary, as he seldom paused half a minute, and seemed to undergo little mental fatigue, being somewhat jocose through the whole, and offering occasionally many pleasantries that diverted the company. The whole passed in the French language.

When the intrinsic difficulty of the game is considered, as well as the great skill of his adversaries, who of course conducted it with the most subtle complications, this exertion seems absolutely miraculous, and certainly deserves to be recorded, as a proof at once interesting and astonishing of the power of human intelligence.>

<Kentish Gazette>, 1787.05.29-1787.06.01, n1977, p4

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