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Paul Morphy vs Albin Reif
Knight Odds game (1857) (unorthodox), New York, NY USA, Nov-??
Chess variants (000)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-10-02  bishop: The Queen sac in this game can be seen a mile away.
Dec-10-02  pawntificator: I only saw it a half-mile away...


Dec-10-02  PVS: It was much easier for me to see from 150 years away.
Dec-11-02  R.J. Hunter: How true!
Dec-11-02  mdorothy: Yeah, it seemed quite obvious to me too, but wasn't it a beautiful setup. You must make it airtight before you can attack.
Dec-30-04  blitzkrieg: i love 21. Re4! morphy did not rush through Qh6 etc..he just set-upped everything until the beautiful queen sac
Dec-08-05  woodenbishop: This is a typical Morphy classic (in other words, brilliant!!).
Dec-09-05  Averageguy: I believe that 23.Rh4 also forces mate.
Mar-31-08  heuristic: 15...Nh5 stops WHT.

16.Qg4 Bxg4 17.Bxe7 Bxe5 18.Bxf8
16.Bxe7 Nxg3+ 17.hxg3 Bxc4 18.Bxf8 Bxf1
16.Qd3 Qxg5 17.Bxe6 Bxe5 18.Bf5 Rad8
and so on

18.Qg5 and 19.e5 are not the strongest moves
18.Rf3 18.e5 18.Rf4 and 19.Rxf1 seem better.

Jan-01-09  WhiteRook48: wow checkmating when two pieces down! Morphy reifed Reif apart. (ripped)
Mar-15-12  lemonadepawn: pure genius!
Mar-16-12  AlanPardew: Genius is rarely pure and never simple.
Apr-11-15  Cactusjuice: Classic genius
Oct-11-19  pandje: Qween h7, we will never set- we can’t think about such a move. We even can,t think so much moves in front. Morphy learns us- that chess is a wonderful play, the play of a child, who makes wonderful moves, and smiles about his inventions, and at the astonishing faces of his genius winning games. Thanx to Morphy, we know also his magic kind of wonderful artist chess.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <A Reif Encounter>
Aug-09-20  Artemi: Reminds me of Fischer-Miagmassuren in the 1967 Sousse Interzonal
Premium Chessgames Member
  fredthebear: It's Lolli's Mate, the extended Queen sacrifice version to open the h-file. This approach is used when the defeated King is in the corner and the g7-square is defended.

The diagram below shows the quick version of Lolli's Mate with Qg7# supported by the f6-pawn. It takes advantage of Black's backward pawns by blockading them to prevent expansion and escape. Get the queen in close, and support her!

click for larger view

The classic chess book "The Art of the Checkmate" by Georges Renaud and Victor Kahn (Dover edition, 1953) gives variations of this mating pattern in Chapter 9: Mate No. 8, pages 103-105. The reader will not find "Lolli's Mate" in the table of contents, but the term "Lolli's Mate" is used in Chapter 9.

The training puzzle book "How to Beat Your Dad at Chess" by Murray Chandler (Gambit Publications Ltd 1998) gives this as Deadly Checkmate 39 Lolli's Mates on pages 90-91. It states "The mate with the rook [following the queen sacrifice on the h-file] is named after the Italian chess scribe Giambattista Lolli (1698-1769)."

Dec-19-20  paulmorphy1969: Charles Albin Reif
He played in Germany in the 1880s and 1890s.
was a psychiatrist., played in the Leipzig main tournament of 1877 (Anderssen's jubilee). it had already been printed in the July 1993 edition, batch called A30 in the addendum. This batch is not present in Maroczy's book. Before, during and after the 1st American Chess Congress Morphy I play many unofficial games against different opponents to some granting advantages according to the strength of the opponent Against Charles Albin Reif I play 9 games giving the Horse the advantage with the result of Morphy + 7-1 = 1.These games were played while Morphy was in New York for about 2 months from October to December 1857.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Williebob: A Reif Out At Sea
Premium Chessgames Member
  Williebob: A Reif Out At C
might be a little better, or less bad, since Reif's capture on c4 was probably his last chance to defend.

I ran a Stockfish analysis on this game, and was surprised at all the question marks attached to Morphy's moves, until a moment later when I saw that Stockfish 'thought' there was a knight on b1 the whole time!
Dec-19-20  lentil: My first-ever Queen sac achieved that mate! I did it once more later in an online blitz game.

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