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Capa's aggressive-king maneuver
Compiled by Gypsy

Capablanca introduced an endgame maneuver where he combined the play of an active rook, spatial advantage, advanced pawn(s), and sometimes a minor piece with aggressive penetration by his king. Characteristics of the maneuver comprise: (i) spatial advantage conferred by advanced, though initially locked, pawns; (ii) active, mainly horizontally acting rook; (iii) king that penetrates along weak complex of squares, headless of initial pawn loses; (iv) pawns shielding the enterprising king from opposing rook attacks from behind; (v) compromised position of the defending king and check-mating threats; and (vi) pawn promotion themes.

Such play is rare, but leaves a grand impression; here are celebrated examples.

Capa's original.
Capablanca vs Tartakower, 1924  
(A40) Queen's Pawn Game, 52 moves, 1-0

Petrosian evens up his match w. Botvinnik in Game 5.
Petrosian vs Botvinnik, 1963 
(D94) Grunfeld, 48 moves, 1-0

"Last Dance" -- Kramnik equalizes match in Game 14, holds on
Kramnik vs Leko, 2004  
(B12) Caro-Kann Defense, 41 moves, 1-0

3 games

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