Leipzig, Saxony, German Empire; 21 July 1879—24 July 1879
This match between Louis Paulsen and Adolf Schwarz was quickly played, often at the rate of two games per day, over July 21-24, 1879. The match took place immediately following the end of the 1st DSB Congress(1) in Leipzig, and can be considered part of the Congress.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Wins
L. Paulsen 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 5
A. Schwarz 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
Format: First to five wins, draws not counting, to be the victor.
Purse: 100 Mark to the winner.
Note: Schwarz received 50 Mark as an inducement to play.(6)
Paulsen emerged the winner of the match with a score of 5/7 (+5 -2 =0).
Since there was very little press coverage of even the main tournament outside of Germany, let alone this side match, detailed information is difficult to obtain. The Nordisk Skaktidende (1879)(2)(3) provided some coverage of the match. The following is drawn from this source.
After the recent death of Adolf Anderssen earlier in the year, Paulsen was widely regarded as the best player in Germany. However, Paulsen finished second in the main tournament, after Berthold Englisch. After the completion of the main tournament, Paulsen issued a défi to Englisch for a match. Previous obligations prevented Englisch from accepting, and he immediately returned to Vienna upon completion of the main tournament.
It was then arranged that Paulsen would play a seven game match with Schwarz, the third place finisher. Apparently the number of games were fixed, as Paulsen, after losing the first game, immediately won the next four, yet play continued, with each player winning one game apiece of the final two. No draws were scored during the entire match.
The Nordisk Skaktidende coverage seems to suggest that Paulsen won 100 M, and Schwarz 50 M for their play, suggesting the DSB(4) sponsored the match as part of the Leipzig Congress.
The second game of the match, A Schwarz vs Paulsen, 1879, is noted by Horowitz(5) as being the (tournament) debut of the King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack (E76).
(1) Leipzig (1879). Note this tournament has no reference for dates/rounds. 365chess was used for the match games.
(2) http://www.chessarch.com/library/li... and http://www.chessarch.com/index.php by User: jnpope.
(3) Nordisk Skaktidende, vol. 7 (1879), https://books.google.com/books?id=E...
(4) Ibid., pp. 201-202.
(5) Chess openings: theory and practice by Israel Albert Horowitz (Simon & Schuster, 1964), p. 639.
(6) Der Erste und Zweite Kongress des Deutschen Schachbundes, Schallopp, Leipzig 1883, pp17-18
Original collection: Game Collection: 0 by User: zanzibar.