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Morphy - Harrwitz (1858)

Played in Paris, France from September 7th - October 1st. The terms of the match provided that the winner would be the first player to score seven wins, draws not counting.

Morphy 0 0 1 1 1 1 = 1 5.5 Harrwitz 1 1 0 0 0 0 = 0 2.5

After winning the first two games, Harrwitz retired in the face of five unanswered victories by Morphy.

Based on an original collection by User: TheFocus.

 page 1 of 1; 8 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Harrwitz vs Morphy 1-0551858Morphy - HarrwitzD35 Queen's Gambit Declined
2. Morphy vs Harrwitz 0-1371858Morphy - HarrwitzC41 Philidor Defense
3. Harrwitz vs Morphy 0-1541858Morphy - HarrwitzA84 Dutch
4. Morphy vs Harrwitz 1-0351858Morphy - HarrwitzC41 Philidor Defense
5. Harrwitz vs Morphy 0-1541858Morphy - HarrwitzA84 Dutch
6. Morphy vs Harrwitz 1-0481858Morphy - HarrwitzC41 Philidor Defense
7. Harrwitz vs Morphy ½-½451858Morphy - HarrwitzA84 Dutch
8. Morphy vs Harrwitz 1-0591858Morphy - HarrwitzC41 Philidor Defense
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Mar-18-14  RookFile: This is a terrific match, one great fighting game after another.
Apr-01-15  todicav23: The last game is recorded as 1-1. Chessgames, please fix this.
Apr-01-15  morfishine: The games are not listed in the right order. Harrwitz won the first 2 games, which would be here games 3 & 4 (4=1 & 3=2). After that, Morphy trounced him


Jun-20-15  zanzibar: <Chessical> just pointed out a handy site with old historical newspapers.

Just a quick glance at it yielded the following quip about this match:

<Harrwitz yielded the chess contest with Mr. Morphy by the advice of his physician. If Mr. Staunton means to accept Mr. Morphy's challenge, probably he will look out for a doctor beforehand.>

<Sangamo Journal / Illinois State Journal, Volume 11, Number 129, 22 November 1858> (p3)

Nov-06-15  siegbert: The games are still not in the correct order. If Harrwitz won the first two then three and four are actually one and two.
Nov-06-15  TheFocus: If the dates are added, the games would line up correctly.
Jul-06-17  Calli: I have added dates for Games 3 and 4. The dates are in Lawson, games 23 and 24, and confirmed in a German newspaper. Does anyone know the source of the date for game 1 of the match?
Dec-20-17  Chess Is More: <Calli> Seems that no one does, unfortunately.
Dec-20-17  sudoplatov: Harrwitz: 2618 (#6)

Morphy: 2802 (#1)

Harrwitz was no slouch but not quit up to Morphy. World #2 Anderssen is only 2657.

Edo's guesstimates.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: < I have added dates for Games 3 and 4. The dates are in Lawson, games 23 and 24, and confirmed in a German newspaper. Does anyone know the source of the date for game 1 of the match?>

But the same Lawson gives the date of the start of match as September 5th, which was a Sunday. That surprised me a little as I thought Morphy was a good Catholic boy who would have abjured such a thing.

So the apparent dates are:

Game 1 - September 5th
Game 2 - September ?
Game 3 - September 9th
Game 4 - September 10th
Game 5 - September 13th
Game 6 - September 23rd
Game 7 - September 30th
Game 8 - October 4th

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: I note that <Calli>'s collection (Game Collection: 1858-1859 Morphy in Paris) proposes the following schedule (all dates in September except game 8):

Game 1 - 7th
Game 2 - 8th
Game 3 - 9th
Game 4 - 10th
Game 5 - 12th
Game 6 - 18th
Game 7 - 29th
Game 8 - ???

Edge's account suggests this schedule:

Game 1 - 5th
Game 2 - 6th
Game 3 - 8th
Game 4 - ??
Game 5 - 13th
Game 6 - 23rd or 24th?
Game 7 - 29th
Game 8 - ???

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The Era, January 9th 1859, p.5:

<We are informed that Mr. Morphy on Monday last [Jan. 3] publicly challenged Harrwitz to play him a match of five or seven games for 500 francs, offering the odds of the Pawn and Move. This chivalrous cartel was not accepted, for the reason (credat Judaeus) that on a previous occasion the Prussian had not been well treated by the American Champion. Considering the courtesy that Mr. Morphy has extended to each and all of his antagonists since he visited Europe, this perhaps is the most ludicrous excuse that could have been made for declining the challenge so boldly proposed.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Bell's Life in London, October 3rd 1858, p.8:

<Harwitz [sic] resumed his match with Paul Morphy in Paris, on Wednesday, and the game resulted in a draw. This was the seventh game, Morphy's score being four to two. They were to play again on Friday. We are requested to state that Mr Morphy's £500 are deposited ready on his side with Heywood and Co, the bankers, to make a match with Mr Staunton. He desires nothing but play. Mr Morphy first had the honour to challenge Mr Staunton in June, and we are now in October.>

Bell's Life in London, October 10th 1858, p.3:

<This match is over. Eight games in all were played, of which Morphy won five, lost two, and drew one. The victory was to be adjudged to the first clear winner of seven. On going to the Paris Club on Monday last to play the ninth game, as was appointed, Morphy was informed that Harrwitz resigned the match. This was hardly courteous on the part of the latter; and Morphy, consequently, has refused to receive the stakes. He does not play merely for money, and was justly vexed at the refusal on the part of the German professor to play out the match on the terms agreed to.>

Taken together these all but confirm that Game 7 took place on Wednesday, September 29th, and Game 8, on Friday, October 1st. Walker is not always the most reliable source, but the information here evidently comes post-haste from Morphy/Edge.

Jan-21-22  LoveThatJoker: <MissScarlett> How tremendously informative (ie, the last two posts on this thread). Thanks for this.


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