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Paul Morphy vs Hugh Alexander Kennedy
Blindfold simul, 8b (1859) (blindfold), London ENG, Apr-20
Italian Game: Evans Gambit. Main Line (C51)  ·  1-0



Annotations by Johann Jacob Loewenthal.      [28 more games annotated by Loewenthal]

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Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-30-04  Bobak Zahmat: Paul Morphy crushes Kennedy! Was Kennedy an amateur player?
Dec-30-04  SBC: <Bobak Zahmat>

<Paul Morphy crushes Kennedy! Was Kennedy an amateur player?>

see for yourself:

Dec-31-04  SBC: <>

I just noticed that this game is listed Paul Morphy vs P Kennedy.

P Kennedy is wrong. The player's name should be Hugh Alexander Kennedy, a strong London player during the 1840s 50s and 60s.

I didn't see listed on the Hugh Alexander page a few of his wins against some strong players such as:

Daniel Harrwitz

[Event "Illustrated London News"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "1846.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Harrwitz, D."]
[Black "Kennedy, HA."]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "D50"]
[Annotator "Brian Denman"]
[PlyCount "58"]
[EventDate "1846.??.??"]

1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 Bb4 5. e3 h6 6. Bxf6 Qxf6 7. cxd5 exd5 8. Qb3 Qd6 9. Nf3 O-O 10. Bd3 Be6 11. a3 Bxc3+ 12. bxc3 b6 13. O-O c5 14. Bb1 Nc6 15. h3 f5 16. Qc2 Rf6 17. Ba2 c4 18. a4 f4 19. e4 dxe4 20. Qxe4 Bd5 21. Qe2 Re6 22. Qd1 Rae8 23. Nd2 Rg6 24. f3 Qe6 25. Kh2 Qe2 26. Rg1 Qf2 27. Bxc4 Bxc4 28. Nxc4 Rg3 29. Kh1 Re2

Adolph Anderssen

[Event "Played at Bristol CC"]
[Site "Bristol"]
[Date "1862.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Kennedy, HA."]
[Black "Anderssen, A."]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C44"]
[Annotator "Brian Denman"]
[PlyCount "91"]
[EventDate "1862.??.??"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. c3 d5 4. Bb5 dxe4 5. Nxe5 Qd5 6. Qa4 Ne7 7. Nxc6 Nxc6 8. O-O Bd6 9. c4 Qe5 10. g3 O-O 11. Bxc6 bxc6 12. d4 exd3 13. Bf4 Qxb2 14. Bxd6 Bh3 15. Rd1 Qe2 16. Nd2 cxd6 17. Qxc6 Rab8 18. Nb3 Rfe8 19. Nd4 Qxd1+ 20. Rxd1 d2 21. Nc2 Re2 22. Qxd6 Rbe8 23. Qxd2 Rxd2 24. Rxd2 Rc8 25. Rd4 g5 26. f3 f5 27. Kf2 Rb8 28. c5 Rb2 29. Rc4 f4 30. g4 h5 31. c6 hxg4 32. c7 g3+ 33. hxg3 Bc8 34. gxf4 gxf4 35. Ke1 Rxa2 36. Kd2 Ra6 37. Rd4 Rf6 38. Rd8+ Rf8 39. Nd4 Kf7 40. Nc6 a6 41. Kd3 Bf5+ 42. Kd4 Re8 43. Kc5 Re3 44. Nd4 Bh3 45. Kd6 Re8 46. Rxe8
(The score gives 46.Re6, which is impossible. 46.Rxe8 Kxe8 47.Ne6 wins.) 1-0

Elijah Williams

[Event "London"]
[Site "London"]
[Date "1848.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Williams, E."]
[Black "Kennedy, HA."]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B00"]
[Annotator "Brian Denman"]
[PlyCount "32"]
[EventDate "1848.??.??"]

1. e4 Nc6 2. d4 e5 3. d5 Nce7 4. Nf3 Ng6 5. Be3 Bb4+ 6. c3 Ba5 7. Bd3 Bb6 8. O-O N8e7 9. Qd2 d6 10. c4 O-O 11. Nc3 Ba5 12. Ne1 f5 13. f4 fxe4 14. Bxe4 Bf5 15. Bxf5 Nxf5 16. fxe5 Nxe3

John William Schulten

[Event "Illustrated London News"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "1846.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Schulten"]
[Black "Kennedy, HA."]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "C50"]
[Annotator "Brian Denman"]
[PlyCount "88"]
[EventDate "1846.??.??"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. O-O d6 5. h3 Nf6 6. d3 h6 7. c3 Bb6 8. Be3 O-O 9. Nbd2 Be6 10. Bb3 Ne7 11. Bc2 Ng6 12. d4 Nh7 13. Nh2 f5 14. f4 exf4 15. exf5 Bxf5 16. Bb3+ Kh8 17. Bxf4 Bd3 18. Qg4 Bxf1 19. Rxf1 Nxf4 20. Rxf4 Rxf4 21. Qxf4 Qg5 22. Qf2 Re8 23. Nhf3 Qe3 24. Qxe3 Rxe3 25. Kf2 Re8 26. Nh4 Nf6 27. Ndf3 c5 28. Bf7 Rc8 29. d5 Ne4+ 30. Ke3 Ng5 31. Ng6+ Kh7 32. Ne7 c4+ 33. Ke2 Rc7 34. Bg6+ Kh8 35. Nf5 Nxf3 36. gxf3 Rc5 37. Bf7 Rb5 38. Nxd6 Rxb2+ 39. Kd1 Ba5 40. Nxc4 Rxa2 41. Nxa5 Rxa5 42. d6 Ra6 43. d7 Rd6+ 44. Kc2 Rxd7
and wins.

(pgns found at the Brighton Chess Club homepage -

Premium Chessgames Member SBC, check out E S Kennedy, could this be the same person as well?

Also we thank you for the tip, we will definitely check out

Dec-31-04  SBC: <>

There was an E. Kennedy. In fact he played in the 1851 London International tournament along with H.A. Kennedy (though I think he came in last or close to it). But I don't know much else about him.

Dec-31-04  The beginner: What if black play's

16 Ne5 X F7

Wouldent he be able to save his queen, although he would still be in a cramped position ?

Dec-31-04  sneaky pete: <The beginner> If 16... Nxf7 17.exf7+ Kf8 18.Bh6# or 17... Kd7 18.Qxd6# (maybe you overlooked the absence of blacks Ne5 in the last line).
Dec-31-04  The beginner: Thanks Sneaky pete.

I see it clear now, i was thinking of
17 Kd7 would allow black to escape. I overlooked the fact that by moving his king here, black blocks his own queen so it wont be able to help defend.

Nov-27-08  heuristic: <a very pleasing combination> I don't see it.
15.Bf4 Nxc4 16.Nf7 0-0 17.Nxd8 Rxf4 does not seem that pleasing, but 15.Nf7 Nxf7 16.exf7+ Kf8 17.Bg5 d5 does seem pleasing.
Nov-28-08  tommy boy: heuristic, maybe the very pleasing combination is
15... Nxc4 16.Nce4 d5 17.Qh5+ g6 18.Nhf7+ and if 18...gxh5 19.Nef6# or 18...Rxh7 19.Bh6+ Rxh6 20.Qxh6# etc..
Nov-28-08  tommy boy: Sorry 18.Nhf7 isn't + but that's the line I think
Nov-25-09  josejoasm: 17.Bxe5?! Why not Morphy took the queen Nxd8?
Nov-25-09  zanshin: <josejoasm: 17.Bxe5?! Why not Morphy took the queen Nxd8?>

Both moves were winning, but <17.Bxe5> might have been more accurate (Rybka 3):

click for larger view

[+8.09] d=16 17.Bxe5 (0:14.32) 92770kN

[+4.45] d=16 17.Nxd8 Nxc4 18.Nf7 Bxe6 19.Nxd6 Rxf4 20.Qe2 Bg4 21.Qxe7 Nxd6 22.Qxd6 Raf8 23.h3 R4f6 24.Qe5 Bc8 25.Nd1 Rf4 26.Rc1 Bd4 27.Qd6 R8f6 28.Qc7 Rf8 (0:16.30) 104778kN

Dec-08-10  muratski: <heuristic> I was puzzled by Morphy's 15th Bf4 as well leaving the white bishop en prise. Too bad Lowenthaal is not explaing us the ideas behind this 'fine conception'. I don't have an engine to check it but after looking at this position i came to the conclusion that white shouldn't lose any time by material gaining moves and must stop black from castling and leaving the black king in the center.Game can continue: ..15.Nxc4 16.Qh5+ 16.g6 17.Qh6 I think the idea of Bf4 is to snap the knight should he try to return for the defense of f7. White will try to infiltrate on g7 and mate on f7. what do you think?
Dec-08-10  sneaky pete: If 15... Nxc4 Sergeant gives 16.Nf7 Qc7 17.Bxd6 Nxd6 18.Nxd6+ ..

click for larger view

and white should win. I doubt if 16... 0-0 in this line (giving up the queen for two minors) would save black, but it's an interesting try. I agree with <heuristic> that the immediate 15.Nf7 .. may be very strong as well.

Dec-08-11  Kinan: Who "we"?

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