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M20 (Computer)
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Number of games in database: 1
Years covered: 1963

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(born 1958, died 1964, 6 years old) Russia

[what is this?]

Chess programs such as Kaissa (Computer) and ITEP (developed by Alexander R Bitman and others in Russian Universities such as the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics) could be included as software options of the M2 and M20 computer hardware configurations. The IS-2 (standard subroutines) library could average ~20,000 instructions/second. The Kazan plant of Computing Machines started producing the machines in the 1950s and the model was retired from the production line about a decade later. The machine (and separately its fans as well) consumed a lot of power, and it would have trouble occupying the floor space of a garage (1).

Its chief designer was S. A. Lebedev, the chief developer assistants were M. K. Soulim (PhD in engineering) and M. R. Shura-Bura (PhD in physics and math). On the development team were P. P. Golovistikov (PhD in engineering), V. Ya. Alekseyev (PhD in engineering), V. V. Bardizh (PhD in engineering), V. N. Laut (PhD in engineering), A. A. Sokolov, M. V. Tyapkin, A. S. Fyodorov.

Reference: (1) (Russian computer museum), (2)

Last updated: 2018-11-28 06:23:25

 page 1 of 1; one game  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Bronstein vs M20 1-0231963Moscu Mathematics InstituteC34 King's Gambit Accepted

Kibitzer's Corner
Nov-18-03  Sylvester: Does anyone know the details (like time, place and players) of the first GM against computer game?
Nov-18-03  Kenneth Sterling: This may be it. Bronstein vs M20 (Computer), 1963 All of the earlier games I have seen were with programmers and other amateurs.
Feb-21-04  Sylvester: Has anyone found an earlier GM against computer game?
Jan-06-06  DeepBlade: Hah, Only one game in the database. Maybe they have put this box of nuts and bolts in the trashcan after the crushing defeat.
Jan-06-06  chessmaster pro: is this like the first chess computer ever invented????
Jan-29-06  blingice: Sadly, FIBChess (Computer) is worse. M20 played relatively fantastic compared to FIB...40 years before it.
Nov-18-06  argishti: where was this mathmatic institute? i am very curious. i want to know everything about this game it played against david. if anyone has some info, please share it with me. thanks.
Jan-07-07  Necessary Truths: Why did they build this very complex chess comupter for it to play only a single game? And a game as black no less!
Jan-07-07  cuendillar: Maybe the rest of its games were unrecorded or against lesser opposition. This database isn't very complete on more obscure players, after all. It certainly played more than this game, not even counting the test games the programmers certainly played.
Feb-13-07  argishti: well this was a soviet machine, and the soviet union did not give out any info about its stuff, but really, i am very curious!
Feb-13-07  jhoro: there is good amount of info on the people and the hardware behind this computer here , but not much about its chess abilities.

some interesting facts:<
Occupied area - 170-200 sq. m.;
Consumed power - 50 kW (not including AC);
20 thousand instructions per second
45-bit floating point >

Feb-13-07  jhoro: actually i found an article in Russian on the above site that talks about the early chess computer programs . the author says that the first chess playing program was written in 1958 by Vladimir Lvovich Arlazarov.
Feb-13-07  argishti: i thought the americans made the first chess computer? interesting stuff man.
Feb-13-07  argishti: 1. Ì-20 - an Electronic Computing Machine for General Computations.

2. Chief designer was academician of the AS USSR S. A. Lebedev; chief developer assistants were M.K. Soulim (PhD in engineering) and M.R. Shura-Bura (PhD in physics and math); the development team: P.P. Golovistikov (PhD in engineering), V.Ya. Alekseyev (PhD in engineering), V.V. Bardizh (PhD in engineering), V.N. Laut (PhD in engineering), A.A. Sokolov, M.V. Tyapkin, A.S. Fyodorov.

3. Developing organization: the Institute of Precise Mechanics and Computation Equipment (ITM and VT) and the Special design bureau No. 245 (SKB-245).

4. Producer: Kazan Plant of Computing Machines.

5. Development stage was completed by 1958.

6. Manufacturing started in 1958.

7. Manufacturing stopped in 1964.

8. Number of computers produced - 20.

9. Applications: solving tasks in various fields of science and engineering.

15. Main features: The M-20 computer was one of the fastest and most reliable of the first-generation computers all over the world. The general improvement of overall performance was achieved due to new architectural solutions and impulse principle of the circuit structure as well as to introducing:

now thats some real success, although it did not even compete with our iron idiot bronstein here, but realy cool machine.

Nov-19-12  The Last Straw: Well we have an earlier human vs computer game: Ferret (Computer) was the computer.
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: So M20 (Computer) is only the hardware, as can be seen here:

more infos: http://chessprogramming.wikispaces....

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