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Sofia Polgar
S Polgar 
Photograph by Timea Jaksa, courtesy of  
Number of games in database: 659
Years covered: 1982 to 2002
Last FIDE rating: 2450
Highest rating achieved in database: 2500

Overall record: +249 -203 =181 (53.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 26 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (145) 
    B32 B93 B76 B33 B83
 Ruy Lopez (49) 
    C92 C60 C82 C78 C95
 French Defense (32) 
    C12 C18 C14 C10 C15
 Caro-Kann (23) 
    B14 B13 B18 B17 B15
 Sicilian Najdorf (20) 
    B93 B90 B91
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (19) 
    C92 C95 C89 C99 C91
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (95) 
    B22 B47 B44 B83 B40
 Semi-Slav (39) 
    D45 D44 D43 D47
 Modern Benoni (29) 
    A57 A58 A59
 Benko Gambit (29) 
    A57 A58 A59
 Queen's Pawn Game (26) 
    D02 A46 A45 D05 A50
 Sicilian Taimanov (22) 
    B47 B48 B46 B49
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Sofia Polgar vs Palatnik, 1989 1-0
   Sofia Polgar vs A Rabczewski, 1989 1-0
   Sofia Polgar vs J Kontra, 1982 1-0
   Sofia Polgar vs Suba, 1989 1-0
   J Bonin vs Sofia Polgar, 1988 0-1
   Sofia Polgar vs Chernin, 1989 1-0
   Sofia Polgar vs Vescovi, 1994 1-0
   Sofia Polgar vs Smyslov, 2001 1-0
   Sofia Polgar vs L Schandorff, 1989 1-0
   C D'Amore vs Sofia Polgar, 1989 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Rome Open (1989)
   Yerevan Olympiad (Women) (1996)
   Moscow Olympiad (Women) (1994)
   Novi Sad Olympiad (Women) (1990)
   Las Palmas-B (1994)
   Sofia Polgar - Sosonko Match (1991)
   Duncan Lawrie (1988)
   Vienna Open (1994)
   Vejstrup (1989)
   Women-Veterans (1993)
   Curacao Open (2002)
   Schuhplattler Veterans vs Ladies (2000)
   Reykjavik Open (1988)
   Thessaloniki Olympiad (Women) (1988)
   San Sebastian Open (1991)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Polgar Power Originally Compiled by wanabe2000 by fredthebear
   Polgar Power Originally Compiled by wanabe2000 by Patca63
   Zsuzsa (Susan), Zsofia, and Judit Polgar by wanabe2000
   1994 World Junior chess championship by gauer
   Sofia Polgar - Sac of Rome 1989 by MissScarlett
   1991 WYCC (open) U-18 by gauer
   1986-87 Adsteam-Lidums International by optimal play
   1991 Sosonko - (Sofia) Polgar match by gauer
   The Polgar sisters. by lostemperor

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Sofia Polgar
Search Google for Sofia Polgar
FIDE player card for Sofia Polgar

(born Nov-02-1974, 48 years old) Hungary
[what is this?]
IM and WGM Zsófia (Sofia) Polgár was born in Budapest, Hungary on November 2, 1974. Wife of Yona Kosashvili, sister of Zsuzsa Polgar and Judit Polgar.

Zsófia shocked the chess world in the Rome Open, 1989, when at the age of 14 she defeated a string of Soviet Grandmasters and achieved the highest performance rating of any chess player, male or female, in any open tournament in chess history. This performance has become known as "The Sack of Rome."

Wikipedia article: Sofia Polgar

 page 1 of 27; games 1-25 of 674  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. S Polgar vs J Kontra 1-0211982HUNC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
2. S Stefanov vs S Polgar 0-1211984TetevenB88 Sicilian, Fischer-Sozin Attack
3. S Polgar vs K Popova 1-0191984IvailovgradC33 King's Gambit Accepted
4. S Polgar vs D Gurevich  0-1471985New York OpenE24 Nimzo-Indian, Samisch
5. I Farago vs S Polgar  1-0491985OHRA-BA57 Benko Gambit
6. I Gurevich vs S Polgar  1-0321986Wch U16B83 Sicilian
7. S Polgar vs E Matsuura  1-0341986Wch U16C33 King's Gambit Accepted
8. S Polgar vs Sax 0-1361986Australian Open 1986/87B84 Sicilian, Scheveningen
9. O Chernikov vs S Polgar  0-1311987BudapestB20 Sicilian
10. S Polgar vs G Flear 1-0581987Brussels BlitzC30 King's Gambit Declined
11. S Polgar vs A Enoshi  1-0391987Biel1B87 Sicilian, Fischer-Sozin with ...a6 and ...b5
12. S Polgar vs M Pein ½-½531987Brussels-B OHRAC33 King's Gambit Accepted
13. S Polgar vs D Potter 1-0411987Australian Open 1986/87B33 Sicilian
14. H Barber vs S Polgar 0-1361987Australian Open 1986/87B22 Sicilian, Alapin
15. S Polgar vs A Goldsmith  1-0401987Australian Open 1986/87B30 Sicilian
16. J Simpson vs S Polgar 1-0341987Australian Open 1986/87A46 Queen's Pawn Game
17. S Polgar vs S J Solomon 0-1241987Australian Open 1986/87C33 King's Gambit Accepted
18. S Polgar vs E Winslow 1-0211987New York OpenB87 Sicilian, Fischer-Sozin with ...a6 and ...b5
19. S Polgar vs O Cvitan  0-1401987Brocco op 8thB42 Sicilian, Kan
20. S Polgar vs J Steiner  1-0311987Brocco op 8thC33 King's Gambit Accepted
21. Lobron vs S Polgar  ½-½201987Brocco op 8thA04 Reti Opening
22. S Polgar vs H Nowotny 1-0271987Brocco op 8thB09 Pirc, Austrian Attack
23. Dlugy vs S Polgar 1-0171987Brocco op 8thA57 Benko Gambit
24. S Polgar vs W Iclicki 1-0331987OHRA opB13 Caro-Kann, Exchange
25. Piket vs S Polgar  1-0281987OHRA opA44 Old Benoni Defense
 page 1 of 27; games 1-25 of 674  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Polgar wins | Polgar loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 8 OF 8 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Mar-02-10  alexapple: Sofia is unactive for many years, but she is listed on the newly published FIDE rating list, Why?
Mar-02-10  percyblakeney: <Sofia is unactive for many years, but she is listed on the newly published FIDE rating list, Why?>

Good question, the last time she was rated was in 2003 and since then she has only played two games, none of them recently.

Mar-02-10  Travis Bickle: <TheFocus> If you seen Sofi's other attributes you wouldnt even notice her smile! ; P
Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: <MaxxLange: the oldest Polgar sister>

Nope. Zsuzsa was born in 1969.

Mar-02-10  Caissanist: <interesting that Judit, the youngest, became the strongest player, reaching the top ten rated list in the '90s>

It turns out that, when two or more siblings play chess well enough to gain international title, it's the youngest that turns out to be the strongest about 80% of the time. We have a running list of chess siblings on the Ton Timman page.

Mar-08-10  MaxxLange: <chancho> informed! thanks
Jul-10-10  Astardis: She's again listed as an active player in the 2010 rating list. Apparently she played 5 rated games in the Israeli National league. She even played (and beat)Mikhail Botvinnik :)
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: great photo, pleasing to look at.
Jul-22-10  yusevich: Anyway, it's a pity that Sofia is not playing anymore!
Jul-22-10  Jim Bartle: I hear she just didn't like playing under the Sofia rules.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Sofia played in the recent massive Simul in Tel Aviv, where an Israeli GM played 523 opponents, breaking the record. She and Natan Sharansky played a separate, smaller simul.

Nice photo of her over on chessbase; she really resembles Susan Polgar, in that photo.

Jan-15-11  Caissanist: I don't think that Sofia made the wrong choice when she walked away from competitive chess, and the problems her older sister has been through are the perfect illustration of why. Throughout chess history there have been far more people who wanted to make a living at the game then there have been livings to be made; this leads to incredibly intense struggle and backbiting among the people who are trying to do it. It reminds me of Henry Kissinger's classic comment about academia: "the infighting is so vicious precisely because the stakes are so low".

Sofia obviously decided about ten years ago that there wasn't any point in trying to get any better at the game, or in keeping up with the latest opening theory; she would still play for fun, but would look for other ways to spend most of her time. She's probably made more money from her art than she would have would have from chess, and certainly has made more friends; her decision to subordinate her interests to those of her husband and children has also given her a more rewarding family life, and more creature comforts than would have been the case otherwise. I'd bet that Susan wonders sometimes if she would have done better marrying a nice dentist in Scarsdale, and only playing chess when it fit in around life's other demands and interests.

Although she doesn't say so publicly, I think her younger sister has basically made the same decision; she still plays chess, but no longer has serious chess "ambitions". Nobody wants to believe that her husband's veterinary practice is more important than Judit's being a world class chess player, but it is.

Mar-08-11  BLarsen1967: The Gospel according to Saint Zsofia,here's one more game (not in the db)

[Event "ISR-chT"]
[Site "Israel"]
[Date "2003.??.??"]
[Round "5"]
[White "Shevelev, Arkady"]
[Black "Polgar, Sofia"]
[Result "0-1"]
[BlackElo "2462"]
[ECO "C46"]
[Opening "Three Knights"]
[WhiteElo "2345"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 exd4 4. c3 d3 5. Bxd3 d6 6. O-O g6 7. Nd4 Nxd4 8. cxd4 Bg7 9. Nc3 Ne7 10. d5 O-O 11. Be3 f5 12. Qd2 fxe4 13. Nxe4 Nf5 14. Bg5 Qd7 15. Ng3 Qf7 16. Rae1 Qxd5 17. Rc1 Kh8 18. Rxc7 Nxg3 19. hxg3 Rf7 20. Re1 Bh3 21. gxh3 Rxc7 22. Rd1 Qxa2 23. Bb1 Qxb2 24. Qxd6 Qe5 25. Qd2 Qc3 26. Qd6 a5 27. h4 Qc6 28. Qd3 Qc3 29. Qd6 Rf8 30. Be3 a4 31. h5 Rc6 32. Qd5 Qb3 33. h6 Bf6 34. Qd7 Qf7 35. Qd2 a3 36. Ba2 Qe7 37. Qa5 Rc2 38. Bb3 Rc3 39. Qb6 Be5 40. Bd4 Rc6 41. Qxb7 Rc7 42. Qd5 Bf6 43. Kg2 Rcc8 44. Qg5 Qe4+ 45. f3 Qxd4 46. Qb5 Qb2+ 47. Kh3 Rb8 48. Qc6 Qxb3 49. Rd7 Qb1 50. Rd5 a2 0-1

Sep-20-11  brankat: <MaxxLange> <the oldest Polgar sister..>

Actually, Susan Polgar is 5 years older.

Nov-02-11  Llawdogg: Happy Birthday!
Nov-02-11  waustad: OK, that explains it. I was looking for the "sac of Rome" among highest performance ratings with no success, but I seem to have ignored the word "open" in the claim.
Premium Chessgames Member
  LIFE Master AJ:
Jun-11-13  leka: Zsofia Polgar played at age 14 years 2 months old in Rome Open in 1989.Zsofia scored 6.5/7 92.85% rating score 2986.No one at age 14 years have that kind of result ever.The highest rating scores ever are 1.Aleksander Alekhine in San Remo in 1930 14/15 93.33% rating score 3042 2.Aron Nimzowitsch in Dresden in 1926 8.5/9 94.44% rating 3034 3.Anatoly Karpov in Linares in 1994 11/13 84,61% rating 3017.Jeff Sonas the founder of chessmetrics claims Karpov the highest ever 2899 rating score in Linares.Jeff Sonas the honor student from the tough university Stanford do not know the basic of the Gauss bell curve statistics.Why Sonas gives 114-118 points too low ratings in the tournament chess.Karpov his opponents rating were 2729 and Karpov score was 84.61% that gives 288.45 points easy calculation 2729+288.45 is 3017.Judith Polgar the best women chess player her highest is 2896 rating score.The people should know the Rome open in 1989.Sofia Polgar beat Suba Razuajev Chernin the only one who got a draw against Sofia Polgar Sergey Dolmatov.Was Zsofia even more talented than Judith Polgar who has the highest rating for woman 2746 chessmetrics number.Chess metrics give Bobby Fischer 2895 and Kaparov 2886
Nov-02-13  Llawdogg: Still only 39!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Happy 39th birthday to WGM Zsofia Polgar.
Nov-02-14  bubuli55: Happy Birthday!
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <leka: Zsofia Polgar played at age 14 years 2 months old in Rome Open in 1989.Zsofia scored 6.5/7 92.85% rating score 2986.No one at age 14 years have that kind of result ever.>

Sofia the First.

Nov-02-16  cro777: Happy Birthday!

"Like her sisters, Sofia enjoyed fantastic results and at one stage looked like being the most successful of the three. Here are some of her achievements:

Team and individual gold medals at the Olympiad.

1986 World Junior Rapid Champion.

Beat a string of GMs to record the best Open tournament performance of all-time with 8.5/9 and a performance rating over 2900 – aged just 14!" (iChess.NET)

Famously beat Korchnoi causing the Russian to angrily declare it would be 'the first and last time you ever beat me!'

Now married to GM Yona Kosashvili, Sofia teaches chess and is a successful artist:

Premium Chessgames Member
  dkappe1: With the recent advances in computer chess, I’ve annotated Zsofia’s Sack of Rome with a combination of Leela and asmfish.
Jun-20-19  Christoforus Polacco: Beautiful Lady. The Rome tournament this is her golden place at history of world chess. Respect !
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