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Hardman Montgomery
Number of games in database: 21
Years covered: 1856 to 1865
Overall record: +7 -13 =1 (35.7%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

Repertoire Explorer
Most played openings
C44 King's Pawn Game (3 games)
C52 Evans Gambit (2 games)
C42 Petrov Defense (2 games)
C01 French, Exchange (2 games)
C00 French Defense (2 games)

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(born Sep-25-1834, died Jan-22-1870, 35 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]
Hardman Philips Montgomery was the youngest son of John C Montgomery, formerly Postmaster of Phildelphia.(1) He had several brothers, among them Reverend Henry E Montgomery, John P Montgomery and Oswald Montgomery.(1) After entering the University of Pennsylvania as a Sophomore in 1851, Montgomery's talent for chess and mathematics was soon spotted by Professor Henry Vethake.(1)

From 1852 onward, Montgomery quickly rose among the ranks of Athenaeum players.(1) He was a member of the successful Philadelphia team beating New York in two correspondence games in 1855-1856.2) Montgomery was the sole Philadelphia representative in the 1st American Chess Congress (1857) in New York, beating William S Allison before succumbing to Louis Paulsen. (3) After having lost two games to Paulsen, Montgomery was summoned to Philadelphia, before he could finish the match.(1) Following the hype around Paul Morphy, the Philadelphia Chess Club was founded and Montgomery became its first President.(1) Montgomery was crucial in Phildelphia's 1.5-0.5 correspondence match victory over New York in 1859.(2) Montgomery won the 1st Philadelphia Chess Club tournament in 1860.(4) In 1861, Montgomery contested a match against New York's Theodore Lichtenhein and lost +2 -7 =1.(5) According to Reichhelm, Montgomery practically retired from serious chess after this match.(1) Montgomery played two longer contests afterwards, though, beating James A Leonard +8 -4 =2 in 1861 and losing to Gustavus Charles Reichhelm +4 -8 in 1864.(6)

After that, Montgomery resided in Philadelphia and New York and practised law for a time in the Pennsylvania region.(1) In the end, he moved to the West, where he died in Marysville, California.(1) He was stricken with paralysis first on Christmas day and then a second stroke proved fatal.(1) His play was described as brilliant, nervous and fast.(1)

(1) Gustavus Charles Reichhelm and Walter Penn Shipley, Chess in Philadelphia, 1898, pp. 25-28

(2) Gustavus Charles Reichhelm and Walter Penn Shipley, Chess in Philadelphia, 1898, p. 7

(3) Rod Edwards,

(4) Gustavus Charles Reichhelm and Walter Penn Shipley, Chess in Philadelphia, 1898, pp. 31-32. Rod Edwards,

(5) Rod Edwards,

(6) Gustavus Charles Reichhelm and Walter Penn Shipley, Chess in Philadelphia, 1898, p. 9

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 page 1 of 1; 21 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. B Raphael vs H P Montgomery 1-0121856UnknownC30 King's Gambit Declined
2. H P Montgomery vs Morphy 0-1421857New YorkC52 Evans Gambit
3. W S Allison vs H P Montgomery 0-12018571st American Chess Congress, New YorkC53 Giuoco Piano
4. H P Montgomery vs W S Allison 0-15218571st American Chess Congress, New YorkC44 King's Pawn Game
5. H P Montgomery vs W S Allison 1-03018571st American Chess Congress, New YorkC51 Evans Gambit
6. W S Allison vs H P Montgomery 0-12318571st American Chess Congress, New YorkC50 Giuoco Piano
7. H P Montgomery vs Paulsen 0-14718571st American Chess Congress, New YorkB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
8. Paulsen vs H P Montgomery 1-03118571st American Chess Congress, New YorkB01 Scandinavian
9. H P Montgomery vs P Ware 1-0291860PhiladelphiaC41 Philidor Defense
10. T Lichtenhein vs H P Montgomery 1-0441861Lichtenhein - MontgomeryC42 Petrov Defense
11. T Lichtenhein vs H P Montgomery  0-1261861Lichtenhein - MontgomeryC27 Vienna Game
12. H P Montgomery vs T Lichtenhein  1-0281861Lichtenhein - MontgomeryC52 Evans Gambit
13. H P Montgomery vs T Lichtenhein  0-1601861Lichtenhein - MontgomeryC00 French Defense
14. T Lichtenhein vs H P Montgomery  1-0371861Lichtenhein - MontgomeryC43 Petrov, Modern Attack
15. H P Montgomery vs T Lichtenhein 0-1601861Lichtenhein - MontgomeryC00 French Defense
16. T Lichtenhein vs H P Montgomery  1-0381861Lichtenhein - MontgomeryC42 Petrov Defense
17. H P Montgomery vs T Lichtenhein  ½-½311861Lichtenhein - MontgomeryC01 French, Exchange
18. T Lichtenhein vs H P Montgomery  1-0601861Lichtenhein - MontgomeryC77 Ruy Lopez
19. H P Montgomery vs T Lichtenhein  0-1451861Lichtenhein - MontgomeryC01 French, Exchange
20. H P Montgomery vs G Reichhelm 0-1271864PhiladelphiaC44 King's Pawn Game
21. H P Montgomery vs C Stanley 1-0161865New YorkC44 King's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 1; 21 games  PGN Download 
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Montgomery wins | Montgomery loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Sep-25-10  brankat: H.P.Montgomery, a contemporary of Morphy and Steinitz! He did play Morphy and Paulsen, was a Philadelphia C.C. Champion (at the time,perhaps, the most prominent C. club in the States).

R.I.P. Mr.Montgomery.

Sep-25-11  King of Nothing: It's better than being a Softman.
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <King of Nothing> It's all the more impressive given that he lived long before Viagra was invented.
Sep-26-11  Calli: He died of a stroke at 36. More like a hardening of the arteries than any other body part.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: He was hard to get along with, but the girls liked him.
Sep-26-11  Shams: He met life head on.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Some say he had the head of a Phillips Screwdriver!

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