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Edward Pindar
Number of games in database: 47
Years covered: 1856 to 1872
Overall record: +26 -16 =5 (60.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

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C01 French, Exchange (4 games)
C00 French Defense (3 games)
C33 King's Gambit Accepted (2 games)
C39 King's Gambit Accepted (2 games)
C58 Two Knights (2 games)
000 Chess variants (2 games)
C21 Center Game (2 games)
C41 Philidor Defense (2 games)
A20 English (2 games)
C28 Vienna Game (2 games)

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(born Aug-28-1828, died 1892, 63 years old) Russia (federation/nationality United Kingdom)

[what is this?]

Edward Pindar was a lesser known but strong player, active in the mid 19th century. He resided in Britain but was born in Russia, grew up in what is now Estonia and returned there in later life.

From 1856, Pindar was a rising force in the Manchester Chess Club. In 1859, Morphy deigned to give him knight odds and was promptly crushed. He won the club's championship in 1861, defeating Bernhard Horwitz 3½-1½ in the final. His star, however, was soon eclipsed by the emerging Joseph Henry Blackburne.

Pindar was also a language teacher and in this connection he achieved notoriety when, in 1877, he attacked and seriously wounded a female student who rebuffed his offer of marriage. He was sentenced to five years, and upon release drifted into obscurity.

Last updated: 2021-06-01 17:33:27

 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 47  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. E Pindar vs Kipping  1-0241856Casual gameC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
2. E Pindar vs Kipping  1-0331857Casual gameC33 King's Gambit Accepted
3. R Brien vs E Pindar 0-1231857ManchesterD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. Harrwitz vs E Pindar 1-0381857Blindfold gameD35 Queen's Gambit Declined
5. E Pindar vs S Boden  0-1381857ManchesterC41 Philidor Defense
6. E Pindar vs Kipping  0-1571858Casual gameC33 King's Gambit Accepted
7. E Pindar vs Kipping  1-0401859Manchester CC tC39 King's Gambit Accepted
8. Morphy vs E Pindar 0-1271859Odds game000 Chess variants
9. E Pindar vs Smith  1-0241860Manchester - Liverpool mC30 King's Gambit Declined
10. E Pindar vs Smith  ½-½241860Manchester - Liverpool mC41 Philidor Defense
11. Smith vs E Pindar  0-1311860Liverpool - Manchester mC58 Two Knights
12. E Pindar vs C Stanley  1-0241860MatchC51 Evans Gambit
13. E Pindar vs C Stanley  0-1401860ManchesterC52 Evans Gambit
14. E Pindar vs C Stanley  0-1211860MatchC51 Evans Gambit
15. C Stanley vs E Pindar  0-1301860MatchC50 Giuoco Piano
16. E Pindar vs C Stanley  1-0231860MatchC25 Vienna
17. C Stanley vs E Pindar  1-0181860ManchesterC44 King's Pawn Game
18. E Pindar vs P Birch 1-0261860Manchester CC ch mC21 Center Game
19. Blackburne vs E Pindar  1-0341861Blackburne - Pindar m(2)C01 French, Exchange
20. Blackburne vs E Pindar  0-1411861Blackburne - Pindar m(3)C01 French, Exchange
21. Blackburne vs E Pindar  1-0241861Casual gameC39 King's Gambit Accepted
22. Blackburne vs E Pindar  0-1211861Casual gameC36 King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense
23. P Birch vs E Pindar  0-1301861ManchesterA84 Dutch
24. P Birch vs E Pindar  0-1271861Manchester CC ch mA43 Old Benoni
25. E Pindar vs Kipping  1-0291861Manchester CC ch mC32 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 47  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Pindar wins | Pindar loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Mar-04-08  MichAdams: <Owen Hindle (Cromer, England) has sent us a copy of his latest work, The Mystery of Edward Pindar (Ostrava, 2005), a book with a bombshell. Normally we do not just quote the back-cover blurb, but in this case our wish is to avoid spoiling the surprise:

‘This book presents facts, hitherto unknown to the chess world, that solve many of the mysteries of Edward Pindar’s life. Included are new insights into the Morphy game and the matches with Blackburne, but the key discovery is the event in 1877 that dramatically ended his twin careers of language teacher and professional chess player.’

We add merely that the event entailed considerable violence and that Pindar found himself in the Central Criminal Court at the Old Bailey, London.> (C.N. 3655)

<It is entitled The Mystery of Edward Pindar - Chess Nomad, and is a fascinating account of the life - so far as anyone knows it - and ignominious incarceration of a player who beat Morphy (in an odds game) and played matches against Blackburne. It includes several annotated games, many with notes from contemporary sources. Right now Owen is embarrassed because he has since uncovered information that makes Pindar even more historically significant, since his complicated love life was the subject of correspondence between none other than Marx and Engels.> (Chess, July 2007)

Feb-22-16  zanzibar: <The New York papers announce the arrival of Mr. Pindar (late of Manchester) in that city, and that he has contested several games with Mackenzie, but with what result is not stated.>

Westminster Chess Club Papers - v4 (1871) p152/166

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The Herts Advertiser and St Alban's Times, December 1st, 1877, p.7:


At Hitchin Petty Sessions, Edward Pindar, teacher of languages, was brought up and charged with wounding with intent to murder Miss Augusta Wiles, of Walsworth-road, Hitchin. —Miss Wiles, on being sworn, said she had been receiving, for some time previous to the offence, lessons in French of [sic] the prisoner. On Wednesday, the 7th November, he attended at her house as usual to give a French lesson. Shortly after the lesson had begun the prisoner asked the complainant if she would consent to marry him. Miss Wiles replied that that was impossible, and told him to go on with the lesson. The prisoner then, making some further remarks, took an ordinary knife from his pocket and at once commenced a most savage attack upon her. A struggle took place, during which witness received four stabs at the back of the head and three others about the face and one in the breast. Whilst the prisoner was inflicting the wounds about the head and face, he seized hold of witness’s hair and tore out a large tuft. In her endeavours to wrest the knife from prisoner witness receeived [sic] a wound in the palm of the hand. Whilst prisoner was endeavouring to stab witness the blade of the knife closed and severely cut his hand, and she eventually succeeded in getting it away from him. He afterwards savagely struck witness in the eyes with his fists, blackening both of them, and then left the house. —In answer to questions put by the prisoner, witness denied that she had ever consented to marry him or that she had ever given him any reason to suppose she would do so. - Mr. R. R. Shillitoe, surgeon, Hitchin, described the condition of Miss Wiles after the attack. The wounds were of a very severe character, and there was danger of erysipelas setting in. The wound in the hand was very near the palmar artery. —Selina King, servant to Miss Wiles, said she heard the struggle going on, but was so alarmed that she dared not go near.—lnspector Young deposed that about midday the prisoner, Edward Pindar, came to the police-station and said he desired to give himself up for an assault which he had committed upon Miss Wiles. His hands were bleeding and covered with blood, and hair was sticking to his fingers. Witness asked him why he had assaulted Miss Wiles, and he replied that he did not think he should be required to answer that question. Witness then went to Miss Wiles’ house and found the statement of the prisoner was correct. The room in which the encounter had taken place was in great confusion; the furniture was all out of place, a flower stand had been dashed to the ground, there was a pool of blood on the floor, and also a quantity of human hair saturated with blood. He found that Mr. Gainsford had come to the assistance of Miss Wiles, and that Mr. Shillitoe had been sent for. —This was all the evidence. The prisoner said that he committed the act under intense excitement and great exasperation. The prisoner was then remanded, but Thursday week he was brought before Mr. Dashwood and fully committed for trial for wounding with intent to murder. He will be tried at the Central Criminal Court, Old Bailey, during the December sessions.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: From above:

<After his committal (says a contemporary) the prisoner was again removed to the Hitchin Police-station, and appeared to be in his usual state of mind although somewhat anxious and depressed. Indeed, this has been his condition since the last examination when he appeared to realize more fully the serious position in which he stood, and that the full penalty of the offence with which he was charged was penal servitude for life. It is probable he would have been taken at once to Hertford after his committal had he not expressed a wish to see Mr. Grellet, his medical attendant. He was, therefore, kept at Hitchin for that purpose, and we understand during Thursday evening he was more resigned than before his committal. In fact, as far has been observed, he has shown no signs of mental aberration at any time since his arrest. He was informed by Inspector Young on Friday morning that he was about to be removed to Hertford Gaol, and after some remark requested that he might have a good breakfast before he started. This was provided, and consisted of bread and two slices of bacon. Mrs. Young carried the meal to him in his cell and placed it on a table before him. He seemed at that time to be in his ordinary state of mind and asked her to give him a piece of toast. She left for the purpose of getting this and he appeared at that time to begin his breakfast. On her return she was horrified to find him kneeling before the fire hacking at his throat with a knife (a rather blunt one) that had been given to him to cut the bacon with. It seemed as though, having determined to take his life, he had kneeled down before committing the deed. Mrs. Young gave the alarm and Mr. Young came and endeavoured to stanch the blood, while Mr. Grellet was at once sent for. So quietly had all this been done that even the prisoner in the next cell was unaware of what was going on until he heard Mrs. Young call for help. Mr. Grellet was almost instantly in attendance, and when he arrived the unhappy man was still on his knees and being supported by Mr. Young. He was then placed on his pallet and his injuries examined. It was found that he had cut a deep jagged flesh wound, four inches in length, beginning near the ear and extending close to the carotid artery and just escaping the windpipe. He had lost a large quantity of blood. After the wound had been dressed by Mr. Grellet prisoner appeared tolerably calm, although somewhat blanched from loss of blood. He is in no immediate danger.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The Rutland Echo and Leicestershire Times, December, 21st, 1877, p.3:


At the Central Criminal Court, London, Edward Pindar, 49, tutor, has been indicted for having feloniously wounded Augusta Willes [sic], a daughter of the late rector of Hitchin. Mr. Horace Avory conducted the prosecution: the prisoner waa not defended. The prisoner had been engaged at Hitchin as a teacher of languages, and amongst his pupils was the prosecutrix, to whom he had apparently become attached. In consequence of her refusal to marry him he made a violent attack upon her with a knife, not, as he alleged, for the purpose of killing her, but with the intention of disfiguring her. — The jury returned a verdict of guilty, and Mr. Justice Manisty passed sentence of five years’ penal servitude.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Russia, Select Births and Baptisms:

Name: Edward Pindar
Birth Date: 28 àâã 1828 (28 Aug 1828)
Baptism Date: 30 àâã 1828 (30 Aug 1828)
Baptism Place: Company Chaplaincy, Kronstadt, Russia
Mother: Sophia

1851: Edward Pindar, 22, born in Russia, Teacher of Languages, Ida Pindar, wife, 21, living in 86 St Johns --- Terrace, St Marylebone, Middlesex (census)

1861: Edwd Pindar, 32, born in Cronstrall Russia, Teacher of Languages, Ida Pindar, wife, 31, born in Russia, in 4 Broughton Lane (?), Salford, Lancashire (census)

1871: Edward Pindar, 42, Profesor, and Ida Pindar, 41, Lady, both belonging to England, arriving (on board ship "Gazelle" from Fayal Island Portugal) to New York 21 Nov 1871 (NY passenger list)

1877: Name: Edward Pindar, Date of Trial: 10 Dec 1877, Location of Trial: Hertfordshire, Sentence: 5 years, "Wounding to do grievous bodily harm" (Hertford England criminal register, the Acquitted or Discharged column is not filled out)

1881: Edward Pindar, 52, Tutor, Convict (Prisoner), Where born: Russia, Civil Parish: Carisbrooke, County/Island: Hampshire, Street address: "Convict Prison" Parkhurst I O W (= prison in Isle of Wight), Marital Status: Widower (census)

If he <grew up in what is now Estonia and returned there in later life.>, perhaps <hemy> knows more. And there's this book.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: I recently discovered that one of Alekhine's simul opponents turned to armed robbery.
Jun-19-17  zanzibar: Zavatarelli states that after his release he eventually returned to Russia,

<"where his tracks were lost; the last piece of information about him dates back to February 1884 and describes him as a man in dire economic straits and devoted to alcohol.">


Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: See also Burnell / Owen / Pinda.
Jun-19-17  Nosnibor: I do not agree with the introduction that Blackburne defeated Pindar twice. The evidence indicates that Pindar won the first match, lost the second and drew the third after it was abandoned at 4wins each with a number of draws. On classical games played between them ignoring a number of friendly games in favour of Pindar Blackburne was beaten by 11 wins to nine. Hardly eclipsing Pindar.
Jun-19-17  zanzibar: Harding has some data in his Blackburne errata (selecting just Pindar):


Match data.

Pindar, E.D.–Blackburne 1861 (1) (f) 5–0;

Pindar, E.D.–Blackburne 1861 (2) (f) 2–6;

Pindar, E.D.–Blackburne 1861/2 (3) (f) 5.5–5.5;


So, it looks like an even push from 1861 matchup.

I'm a little unsure, but can someone explain the (f) notation?

Jun-19-17  zanzibar: On the other hand, Blackburne himself had this to say, in a May 1888 published interview (Western Daily Press (11th) and Edinburgh Evening News (12th)):

<"It was Morphy's blindfold performance in 1860", said Mr. Blackburne, in answer to my opening question, "which first gave me a genuine interest in chess. I had been a good player at draughts-a game that is quite capable of scientific treatment- from boyhood, but I then at once began to study chess, and in less than a year I beat the provincial champion Pindar, when he came to Manchester, winning game after game from him a feat which was as much to my own as to other's people's surprise."

"Your success over Pindard, I suppose, laid the foundation of your fame?"

"It game me, I think, some local celebrity, but I was not generally known for several years after that. ... But it was not until the year 1867 that I gained a really strong and acknowledged position." ...>


Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <I'm a little unsure, but can someone explain the (f) notation?>

As the only alternative is (offhand), I assume it means 'formal'.

I will submit all Pindar's match games with Blackburne, as collected by Harding.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <1871: Edward Pindar, 42, Profesor, and Ida Pindar, 41, Lady, both belonging to England, arriving (on board ship "Gazelle" from Fayal Island Portugal) to New York 21 Nov 1871 (NY passenger list)>

Brooklyn Daily Eagle, February 26th 1872, p.4:

<A match has been arranged between Mr. E. Pindar, well and favorably known at the Manchester Chess Club, England, of which he was one of the strongest players, and Mr. Frederick Perrin, a noted Brooklyn player and one well known in chess circles. The winner of the first five games will receive the prize, which consists of a purse made up by the friends of both contestants. The match will be played at the Cafe International on the evenings yet to be agreed upon by the players.>

Haven't found any games of this match, but have submitted a couple of encounters against Charles A Gilberg and James Parker Barnett.

By 1873, Pindar was back in Britain, as evidenced by his winning an East Anglian tournament in November.

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