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Johannes Turn
J Turn 
Number of games in database: 40
Years covered: 1928 to 1945
Overall record: +7 -21 =12 (32.5%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

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C10 French (2 games)
D31 Queen's Gambit Declined (2 games)
D52 Queen's Gambit Declined (2 games)
D41 Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch (2 games)

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(born May-27-1899, died Mar-08-1993, 93 years old) Estonia

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Johannes Türn was Estonian champion in 1925, 1941 and 1944 (=August Eller).

Türn played in numerous Estonian championships. In 1923, he took 2nd, behind Paul Rinne, in Tallinn (1st EST-ch). In 1925, he won in Tallinn (2nd EST-ch). In 1930, he took 2nd, behind Vladas Vladas Mikenas (3rd EST-ch). In 1932, he tied for 3rd-4th with Gunnar Friedemann, behind Leho Laurine, and Rinne (4th EST-ch). In 1937, he took 3rd, behind Paul Felix Schmidt, and Ilmar Raud (9th EST-ch).

In August/September 1936, he played on fourth board in the unofficial Chess Olympiad in Munich (+8 –4 =7). In July/August 1937, he played on fourth board at the 7th Chess Olympiad in Stockholm (+1 –6 =4). In August/September 1939, he played as first reserve at the 8th Chess Olympiad in Buenos Aires (+3 –3 =4), as the Estonian team won the bronze medal.

During World War II, Türn played in the Estonian championships, although the country was occupied by either the Soviet Union or Germany. In 1941, he tied for 1st with Feliks Kibbermann in Tallinn (11th EST-ch), but took the title after a play-off match (+3 –0 =1). In 1942, he took 2nd, behind Paul Keres, in Tallinn (12th EST-ch). In 1944, he tied for 1st-2nd with August Eller in Viljandi (14th EST-ch).

He also played draughts. In 1950 he co-won Estonian championship with Ülo Kesker.

Wikipedia article: Johannes Türn

Last updated: 2022-04-09 14:25:46

 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 40  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Petrov vs J Turn  1-0641928Match Riga University - Tartu UniversityB02 Alekhine's Defense
2. J Turn vs Petrov 0-1311929Match Tartu University - Riga UniversityD35 Queen's Gambit Declined
3. Petrov vs J Turn  ½-½651929Match Tartu University - Riga UniversityD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. J Turn vs Keres 1-0371935Tallinn, Est chC12 French, McCutcheon
5. G Witte vs J Turn  ½-½331935Mustpeade Club 75th JubileeD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
6. J Turn vs Keres  0-1411935Mustpeade Club 75th JubileeD40 Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch
7. Saemisch vs J Turn  ½-½401935Mustpeade Club 75th JubileeD96 Grunfeld, Russian Variation
8. J Turn vs G Danielsson  0-1271935Mustpeade Club 75th JubileeE36 Nimzo-Indian, Classical
9. E E Book vs J Turn  ½-½251935Mustpeade Club 75th JubileeB01 Scandinavian
10. P F Schmidt vs J Turn 1-0201936EstoniaA12 English with b3
11. Keres vs J Turn ½-½291936Tallinn ttB04 Alekhine's Defense, Modern
12. Szabo vs J Turn 1-0131936non-FIDE Munich OlympiadD41 Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch
13. J Turn vs Hromadka 0-1531936non-FIDE Munich OlympiadA31 English, Symmetrical, Benoni Formation
14. J Turn vs K Makarczyk  1-0351936non-FIDE Munich OlympiadD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
15. Rellstab vs J Turn  1-0581936non-FIDE Munich OlympiadB24 Sicilian, Closed
16. N Voinov vs J Turn  0-1371936non-FIDE Munich OlympiadE00 Queen's Pawn Game
17. Keres vs J Turn  1-0401936Tallinn ttB50 Sicilian
18. V Mezgailis vs J Turn  ½-½461937Stockholm OlympiadA11 English, Caro-Kann Defensive System
19. J Turn vs Golombek 0-1301937Stockholm OlympiadA47 Queen's Indian
20. J Turn vs K S Ojanen  0-1561937Stockholm OlympiadD17 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
21. T Bergs vs J Turn  ½-½301938Match 1st Riga - Tallinn Chess clubsD41 Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch
22. J Turn vs F Apsenieks  1-0571938Match 2nd Riga - Tallinn Chess clubsD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
23. J Turn vs T Bergs  ½-½181939Match Estonia - LatviaD26 Queen's Gambit Accepted
24. F Planas Garcia vs J Turn  1-0411939Buenos Aires Olympiad qual-4E34 Nimzo-Indian, Classical, Noa Variation
25. Johannes Austboe vs J Turn  1-0321939Buenos Aires Olympiad qual-4E48 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 O-O 5.Bd3 d5
 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 40  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Turn wins | Turn loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Aug-21-08  myschkin: . . .

uɹnʇ sǝuuɐɥoɾ

Aug-21-08  myschkin: . . .

<Johannes Türn>
(27 May 1899 – 8 March 1993)

Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: He also won the 2nd EST-ch in Tallinn, 1925.


Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Here is a photo of the Estonian team taken during the 1939 Olympiad:
Jan-31-12  King Death: That skinny kid next to Turn wasn't a bad player.
Premium Chessgames Member
  OhioChessFan: They must have been eating right since all the suit jackets appear very tight.
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Enter Stranger, but take heed
Of what awaits the sin of greed
For those who take but do not earn,
Must pay dearly in their <Turn>.
Oct-17-13  Karpova: Estonian Championship match, September 6 to October 22, 1925: Türn beats Rinne +6 -1 =7 (Rinne had become Estonian Champion in an All-Estonian tournament at the beginning of 1923, half a point ahead of Türn).

Source: Page 312 of the October 1925 'Neue Wiener Schachzeitung'

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: If you messed with this player, your affairs could take a bad Turn.
May-27-15  TheFocus: To everything, Turn, Turn, Turn.
May-27-16  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Johannes Turn.
Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: A bit surprised they had the time to host an Estonian Championship during WWII...
Premium Chessgames Member
  alexmagnus: <A bit surprised they had the time to host an Estonian Championship during WWII...>

Yes, it was played each year with the exception of 1940. Somehow they managed to organize it even during the Nazi occupation in 1941-44.

May-27-16  nimh: Why is it surprising that there were Chess Championships in Estonia during the Nazi occupation? Nazis are indeed known for having been indifferent to chess, but they surely did not ban it in their occupied territories.
Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: <nimh> Guess you are right,

I probably shouldn't be surprised that amidst of a major conflict people will do anything to achieve a sense of normalcy.

During the Siege of Leningrad, orchestra still practiced and tried to put on performances.

Premium Chessgames Member
  alexmagnus: <nimh> The Soviet Championship, f.x., was not played as long as parts of the Soviet Union were occupied - after 1940, then next one followed in the summer of 1944.
May-28-16  nimh: <alexmagnus>

I see, I guess they had their own reasons. Also the situation in Estonia wasn't as bad as it was in the SU; battles took place only when Nazis took the land from soviets, and again in 1944 when the SU reinvaded. There were no known mass starvations nor mass murders committed against civilians, except jews, gypsies and others deemed racially inferior by nazis. On account of the rise of Paul Keres chess was very popular.

It made no sense to cancel the championships altogether.

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