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Arturo Pomar Salamanca
Pomar Salamanca 
 
Number of games in database: 1,090
Years covered: 1943 to 1992
Last FIDE rating: 2345
Highest rating achieved in database: 2460

Overall record: +321 -242 =525 (53.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 2 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 King's Indian (62) 
    E70 E72 E97 E79 E62
 English, 1 c4 c5 (44) 
    A31 A32 A33 A37 A36
 Nimzo Indian (41) 
    E54 E21 E43 E45 E46
 Queen's Pawn Game (40) 
    A40 A41 E10 D02 A46
 Orthodox Defense (35) 
    D59 D58 D52 D57 D56
 Grunfeld (32) 
    D78 D83 D93 D82 D80
With the Black pieces:
 Caro-Kann (140) 
    B18 B14 B11 B13 B10
 Sicilian (87) 
    B56 B63 B73 B65 B88
 Semi-Slav (47) 
    D48 D47 D45 D43 D44
 Reti System (32) 
    A04 A06
 English (31) 
    A12 A11 A15 A14 A13
 Nimzo Indian (28) 
    E54 E30 E34 E58 E21
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Pomar Salamanca vs Smejkal, 1972 1-0
   Alekhine vs Pomar Salamanca, 1944 1/2-1/2
   Pomar Salamanca vs M Johansson Sr, 1966 1-0
   Pomar Salamanca vs L Gallegos, 1944 1-0
   Pomar Salamanca vs Geller, 1962 1-0
   Pomar Salamanca vs Hug, 1972 1-0
   J M Ribeiro vs Pomar Salamanca, 1945 0-1
   Pomar Salamanca vs Robatsch, 1966 1-0
   I Rivise vs Pomar Salamanca, 1954 0-1
   Spassky vs Pomar Salamanca, 1969 1/2-1/2

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Madrid Zonal (1960)
   4th Costa del Sol (1964)
   53rd US Open (1952)
   Hollywood (1952)
   1st Costa del Sol (1961)
   Palma de Mallorca (1966)
   Hoogovens (1972)
   55th US Open (1954)
   Madrid (1957)
   Buesum (1968)
   Olot (1969)
   Enschede Zonal (1963)
   London A (1946)
   Havana (1952)
   Stockholm Interzonal (1962)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Wijk aan Zee Hoogovens 1972 by suenteus po 147
   Hoogovens 1972 by Tabanus
   Wijk aan Zee Hoogovens 1974 by suenteus po 147
   Palma de Mallorca 1966 by Tabanus
   London A 1946 by Tabanus
   Hollywood, 1952 by Resignation Trap

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ARTURO POMAR SALAMANCA
(born Sep-01-1931, died May-26-2016, 84 years old) Spain

[what is this?]

Pomar was born in Palma de Mallorca and was known in his youth as Arturito. Hailed as a chess prodigy, he was runner-up at the Championship of the Balearic Isles when he was 10 years old, and won the title the following year. World Champion Alexander Alekhine spent time in Spain and Portugal after World War II and took an interest in the young Pomar, even giving him a series of special chess lessons. A part of Alekhine's 1946 book ‘'Legado!'' was devoted to him.

Pomar played his first international tournament at Madrid in October 1943. Narrowly avoiding last place, he defeated Friedrich Saemisch, who was of grandmaster strength. Then, at just 13 years of age, he was able to draw a game against his esteemed teacher at a tournament in Gijón (1944). The game was an exciting "back and forth" affair, with Pomar outplaying the World Champion in the endgame and reaching a theoretically won position. However, inexact play allowed Alekhine to draw in a game that lasted over 70 moves. Alekhine won the event and Pomar finished fifth.

Pomar's precocity invited comparison with previous prodigies like Paul Morphy, José Raúl Capablanca and Sammy Reshevsky. In his home country, he became quite famous, appearing in radio interviews and on film., but as his career progressed, he never quite fulfilled his early promise

Pomar's best results in international competition probably occurred at the Madrid Zonal of 1960, where he shared first place with Svetozar Gligorić, Jan Hein Donner and Lajos Portisch; at Torremolinos 1961 (first with Gligoric); Malaga 1964 (first, ahead of Portisch); Palma de Mallorca 1966 (second, after Mikhail Tal, ahead of Portisch); and at Malaga 1971 (first). His success in 1960 qualified him for a place at the Stockholm Interzonal tournament of 1962, where he finished 11th= (Fischer won). This was as close as he got to mounting a challenge for the world title.

He was awarded the International Master title in 1950 and became Spain's first Grandmaster in 1962.

Pomar was Spanish champion seven times (1946, 1950, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1962, and 1966), and Sub-Champion four times (1951, 1956, 1964, and 1969), a record not surpassed until 2010, by Miguel Illescas.

Close to the end of the war, he tied for fourth/fifth place at Madrid 1945 (Alekhine won); took fourth place at Gijón 1945 (Antonio Rico won); and shared third place at Almería 1945 (F. López Núñez and Alekhine won).

There followed many international appearances. His further results included sixth place at London 1946 (Herman Steiner won) and victory in a short match against Jacques Mieses (1½–½, also held in London). He tied for 12–13th at Barcelona 1946 (Miguel Najdorf won); tied for 15–16th at Mar del Plata 1949 (Héctor Rossetto won); won at Santa Fe 1949; tied for second/third place, behind Paul Michel, at Rosario 1949; shared first at Paris 1949; tied for second/third at Gijón 1950; took 15th at Madrid 1951 (Lodewijk Prins won); took 14th at Bad Pyrmont 1951 (zonal); took 2nd at Hollywood 1952; tied for first/second at New Orleans 1954 (US Open); won at Gijón 1955;14 tied for second/third at Madrid 1957; won at Santander 1958; shared first with Francisco José Pérez at Madrid 1959.

Pomar finished in fifth place at the Enschede Zonal 1963 (Gligorić won); he took fourth at Málaga 1965 (Antonio Medina won); shared first with Alberic O'Kelly de Galway and Klaus Darga at Palma de Mallorca 1965; took second, behind Mikhail Botvinnik, at Amsterdam 1966 (IBM tournament); tied for 10–12th at Beverwijk 1967 (Boris Spassky won); took eighth at Palma de Mallorca 1968 (Viktor Korchnoi won); took 13th at Palma de Mallorca (Bent Larsen won); won at Málaga 1971, tied for 12–14th at Madrid 1973 (Anatoly Karpov won). He won at Alicante 1975 and ceased playing in serious events around 1985.

He played for Spain at twelve consecutive Chess Olympiads, and won the individual bronze medal at Leipzig.

In later life, he was many times a guest of honour, especially at the Chess Olympiad of Calvia, held in 2004 on his birth island. In 2016, FIDE recognized his contribution to chess history with a special prize, following a proposal of the ACP.

Wikipedia article: Arturo Pomar

Last updated: 2021-12-08 18:11:17

 page 1 of 44; games 1-25 of 1,084  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Pomar Salamanca vs Perdol  1-0451943MadridC01 French, Exchange
2. Pomar Salamanca vs M de Agustin  0-1611943MadridA51 Budapest Gambit
3. J M Fuentes vs Pomar Salamanca  1-0651943MadridD05 Queen's Pawn Game
4. Pomar Salamanca vs A Brinckmann  ½-½761943MadridD58 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower (Makagonov-Bondarevsky) Syst
5. J Sanz Aguado vs Pomar Salamanca  1-0351943MadridA29 English, Four Knights, Kingside Fianchetto
6. Pomar Salamanca vs J Alonso Leira  ½-½201943MadridE46 Nimzo-Indian
7. F J Perez Perez vs Pomar Salamanca  1-0241943MadridD05 Queen's Pawn Game
8. Pomar Salamanca vs M Navarro  ½-½491943MadridA84 Dutch
9. W Kocher vs Pomar Salamanca  ½-½291943MadridD05 Queen's Pawn Game
10. Pomar Salamanca vs A Medina Garcia 0-1231943MadridD08 Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit
11. Keres vs Pomar Salamanca 1-0251943MadridC78 Ruy Lopez
12. Pomar Salamanca vs Saemisch 1-0381943MadridC50 Giuoco Piano
13. Nicolas vs Pomar Salamanca  0-1471943MadridC20 King's Pawn Game
14. Pomar Salamanca vs A Ingelmo  1-0551943MadridC50 Giuoco Piano
15. E Gomez vs Pomar Salamanca  ½-½581943MadridC52 Evans Gambit
16. Alekhine vs Pomar Salamanca 1-0331943Clock simul, 8bC21 Center Game
17. Pomar Salamanca vs N Ticoulat  1-0191944Balearic Islands ChampionshipE43 Nimzo-Indian, Fischer Variation
18. M Mampel vs Pomar Salamanca 1-0351944GijonC55 Two Knights Defense
19. Pomar Salamanca vs A Medina Garcia 0-1511944GijonC47 Four Knights
20. Alekhine vs Pomar Salamanca ½-½711944GijonC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
21. Pomar Salamanca vs A Rico Gonzalez  1-0541944GijonD46 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
22. J Salas Romo vs Pomar Salamanca  0-1171944GijonD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
23. Pomar Salamanca vs L Gallegos 1-0161944GijonA84 Dutch
24. A Bonet vs Pomar Salamanca  1-0711944GijonD55 Queen's Gambit Declined
25. Pomar Salamanca vs V Gonzalez  ½-½721944GijonC53 Giuoco Piano
 page 1 of 44; games 1-25 of 1,084  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Pomar Salamanca wins | Pomar Salamanca loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 4 OF 4 ·  Later Kibitzing>
May-27-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  piltdown man: Another chess hero gone.

Sigh!

May-27-16  LoveThatJoker: Que descanse en paz esta leyenda!

LTJ

May-27-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  juan31: R.I.P. Arturito Pomar
May-27-16  TheFocus: Rest in peace, GM Pomar!!
May-27-16  ketchuplover: I agree
May-27-16  RookFile: A man who had a clear memory of drawing with Alekhine. Amazing life. RIP.
May-30-16  RookedFileFan: Descansa en Paz Sñr Pomar.
May-31-16  diagonal: Peter Doggers today published a marvelous and comprehensive biography of Arturo Pomar (including archival footage, film and games):

https://www.chess.com/news/arturo-p...

May-31-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  diceman: I never heard of "Salamanca."

Every reference I saw was: "Arturo Pomar."

May-31-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: < diceman: I never heard of "Salamanca." Every reference I saw was: "Arturo Pomar.">

I'm sure you know this, but it's normal in Spanish to have two surnames/apellidos -- the father's family name first, the mother's family name second. Most people wind up using one of the surnames, usually the first, more or less exclusively. Certainly seemed to be Pomar's practice.

English speakers encountering these names often assume that the first surname is a middle name and the second is the "real" surname, which causes confusion.

For cg maybe it's a good idea to keep both surnames for tracking/disambiguation purposes.

May-31-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  diceman: <Macnamara:

He was a mailman and had little earnings. He had to ask in his post office for a free month without receiving his wage in order to play that tournament! When the interzonal tornament finished, Bobby Fischer was quoted to say "Poor spanish mailman, now you'll have to put stamps on envelopes again".>

Poor Fischer, he drew with a <Spanish mailman.>

Jun-30-16  diagonal: <Poor Fischer, he drew with a <Spanish mailman>> :))

These are the most notable international tournament achievements of Arturo Pomar:

Santa Fé 1949: http://www.365chess.com/tournaments...

U.S. Open, New Orleans 1954: 55th US Open (1954)

Madrid 1959: http://www.thechesslibrary.com/file...

Costa del Sol series, three-time (Torremolinos 1961, Malaga 1964 and 1971): http://www.endgame.nl/costa_del_sol...

Palma de Mallorca, 1965 (inaugural edition):
http://www.endgame.nl/Palma.html

Runner-up at Palma de Mallorca, 1966:
Palma de Mallorca (1966)

Runner-up at Wijk aan Zee, Hoogovens 1972: http://www.tatasteelchess.com/histo...

Alicante 1975: http://www.ajedrecito3.galeon.com/i...

Jun-30-16  diagonal: To avoid confusion: Madrid 1959 was an Invitation tournament, Madrid 1960 (mentioned in the bio box) a Zonal: http://www.mark-weeks.com/chess/zon... (four way-tie, Gligoric won the play-off, Portisch and Pomar advancing too, Donner failed)
Jul-02-16  wordfunph: rest in peace..
Jul-31-16  sfm: Didn't know he was gone. Great player!
Sep-01-16  offramp: He died as he lived. Very close to Viktor Kortschnoi.
Sep-01-16  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Arturo Pomar.
Sep-01-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Yet another direct line into the past has been cut.

RIP, Arturo!

Sep-01-16  gars: Victories over Smejkal, Geller and Lubojevic: a great player, no doubts on that!
Sep-01-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: <offramp: He died as he lived. Very close to Viktor Kortschnoi.>

On the same cul de sac, I hear.

Sep-01-16  brankat: RIP GM Pomar.
Sep-01-19  Ironmanth: Always admired this man. RIP, GM Arturo Pomar.
Sep-01-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Yes, one of the better Bond villains.
Sep-03-21  offramp: <thegoodanarchist: <offramp: He died as he lived. Very close to Viktor Kortschnoi.> On the same cul de sac, I hear.>

LOL! I used the silly word <close>. I am not sure the best word.

Here is what I meant:
ARTURO POMAR SALAMANCA
(born Sep-01-1931, died May-26-2016, 84)
VIKTOR KORCHNOI
(born Mar-23-1931, died Jun-06-2016, 85)

Korchnoi won by a few days.

Aug-10-22  wrap99: No one has commented on the last name and the Salamancas from Better Call Saul, but the name is from a city in Spain. I doubt if the writers of Breaking Bad/Better Call Saul named that evil criminal family after the GM, but that would be something, wouldn't it?
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