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Moshe Czerniak
M Czerniak  
Number of games in database: 780
Years covered: 1930 to 1983

Overall record: +305 -289 =186 (51.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (126) 
    B20 B58 B91 B50 B80
 Queen's Pawn Game (42) 
    A45 D00 D01 E10 A50
 Four Knights (32) 
    C47 C49
 King's Indian Attack (30) 
 French Defense (29) 
    C01 C00 C12 C14 C02
 Caro-Kann (21) 
    B13 B10 B18
With the Black pieces:
 French Defense (72) 
    C11 C05 C14 C03 C13
 Robatsch (56) 
 King's Indian (42) 
    E60 E67 E61 E92 E85
 Slav (28) 
    D15 D11 D10 D14 D18
 French (26) 
    C11 C13 C00 C10
 French Tarrasch (25) 
    C05 C03 C07
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   E Rojahn vs M Czerniak, 1939 1/2-1/2
   M Czerniak vs U Rueetschi, 1981 1-0
   V Winz vs M Czerniak, 1939 0-1
   M Czerniak vs K Langeweg, 1966 1/2-1/2
   M Czerniak vs Pelikan, 1946 1-0
   M Czerniak vs Tartakower, 1939 1-0
   F Benko vs M Czerniak, 1949 0-1
   M Czerniak vs J H Donner, 1954 1-0
   Letelier vs M Czerniak, 1948 0-1
   M Czerniak vs Eliskases, 1949 1/2-1/2

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Reggio Emilia (1951)
   Amsterdam IBM (1962)
   Netanya (1961)
   Rubinstein Memorial (1963)
   Nice Olympiad Final-B (1974)
   Buenos Aires (1939)
   Mar del Plata (1949)
   Mar del Plata (1943)
   Mar del Plata (1941)
   Rubinstein Memorial 2nd (1964)
   Bucharest (1966)
   Reggio Emilia 1970/71 (1971)
   Netanya-A (1973)
   Mar del Plata (1950)
   Belgrade (1954)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Netanya-A 1968 by suenteus po 147
   Buenos Aires 1939 by Tabanus

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(born Feb-03-1910, died Aug-31-1984, 74 years old) Poland (federation/nationality Israel)

[what is this?]
Moshe Czerniak was born in Warsaw, Poland. Awarded the IM title in 1952, he emigrated to Palestine about 1934. He was Palestinian champion in 1936 and 1938 and played for his adopted country in the Olympiads at Warsaw (1935) and Buenos Aires (1939). He stayed in Argentina when the Second World War began and remained there until 1950. He then settled in Israel and was Israeli champion in 1955. He played for Israel in nine consecutive Olympiads from 1952-68. He passed away in Tel Aviv in 1984.

Wikipedia article: Moshe Czerniak

 page 1 of 32; games 1-25 of 781  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. S Glocer vs M Czerniak  ½-½431930POLB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
2. M Czerniak vs J Nielsen  1-0371935Warsaw OlympiadD00 Queen's Pawn Game
3. D Podhorzer vs M Czerniak ½-½711935Warsaw OlympiadD14 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Exchange Variation
4. M Luckis vs M Czerniak 1-0341935Warsaw OlympiadD11 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
5. M Czerniak vs F Kibbermann 1-0281935Warsaw OlympiadA80 Dutch
6. C H Maderna vs M Czerniak 1-0561935Warsaw OlympiadD46 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
7. P Rethy vs M Czerniak  1-0351935Warsaw OlympiadD10 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
8. M Czerniak vs Y Porat  1-0241936Jerusalem ISRC11 French
9. I Kniazer vs M Czerniak  1-0371938Tel AvivA09 Reti Opening
10. Y Porat vs M Czerniak  1-0451939Tel Aviv ISRA04 Reti Opening
11. V Winz vs M Czerniak 0-1411939First Lasker Chess Club ChampionshipD70 Neo-Grunfeld Defense
12. M Czerniak vs Capablanca ½-½421939Buenos Aires Olympiad qual-4A45 Queen's Pawn Game
13. M Czerniak vs Keres  0-1541939Buenos Aires Olympiad qual-4C49 Four Knights
14. E Rojahn vs M Czerniak ½-½331939Buenos Aires Olympiad qual-4B00 Uncommon King's Pawn Opening
15. M Czerniak vs G Vassaux 1-0171939Buenos Aires Olympiad qual-4B13 Caro-Kann, Exchange
16. Stahlberg vs M Czerniak  1-0471939Buenos Aires Olympiad qual-4E67 King's Indian, Fianchetto
17. M Czerniak vs J Enevoldsen 0-1391939Buenos Aires Olympiad Final-AA45 Queen's Pawn Game
18. Capablanca vs M Czerniak 1-0361939Buenos Aires Olympiad Final-AB22 Sicilian, Alapin
19. M Czerniak vs Tartakower 1-0591939Buenos Aires Olympiad Final-AD00 Queen's Pawn Game
20. R Flores Alvarez vs M Czerniak 1-0361939Buenos Aires Olympiad Final-AD85 Grunfeld
21. A da Silva Rocha vs M Czerniak  1-0401939Buenos Aires Olympiad Final-AE94 King's Indian, Orthodox
22. M Czerniak vs E Lundin  0-1651939Buenos Aires Olympiad Final-AD00 Queen's Pawn Game
23. T van Scheltinga vs M Czerniak  0-1351939Buenos Aires Olympiad Final-AD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
24. V Mikenas vs M Czerniak  1-0331939Buenos Aires Olympiad Final-AA40 Queen's Pawn Game
25. M Czerniak vs K Opocensky  1-0541939Buenos Aires Olympiad Final-AB13 Caro-Kann, Exchange
 page 1 of 32; games 1-25 of 781  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Czerniak wins | Czerniak loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Dec-27-04  WMD: Was it called the Israeli championship before 1948?
Dec-27-04  acirce: Palestine Champion is probably correct.
Aug-21-05  Catfriend: Or Palestine mandate area Champion, to be even more precise:)
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: A tremendously dogged player,
Oct-23-05  Darklight: <A tremendously dogged player> He certainly started his international career against strong opponents: Alekhine, Capablanca, Keres, Najdorf....
Feb-03-06  BIDMONFA: Moshe Czerniak


Oct-09-06  Confuse: the quote of the day is interesting, although i am unable to find the mentioned game. does anyone have it/willing to upload it?
Feb-03-09  brankat: R.I.P. master Czerniak.
Feb-03-09  zev22407: A strong I.M and a great chess teacher
Feb-03-09  WhiteRook48: well, that is an interesting choice for a player of the day, but all players of the day are weird and interesting choices
Feb-03-12  Rook e2: <Feb-03-09 WhiteRook48: well, that is an interesting choice for a player of the day, but all players of the day are weird and interesting choices > Who of the Happy Birthday list would you choose? I think it's interesting that he first became champion of Palestine and later played for Israel, or am I missing something?
Feb-03-12  Sasportas: <Feb-03-12 Rook e2: it's interesting that he first became champion of Palestine and later played for Israel, or am I missing something? > Yes, you are in a way. The land between the Mediterranean sea and the river Jordan was the British mandatory area of Palestine for almost three decades until 1948. The offcial name in Arabic was Falastin (Palestine), in Hebrew Eretz Israel (land of Israel). Chess life in mandatory Palestine was more or less an all-Jewish, so-to-say "Israeli" affair - just look at the Palestinian team at the Buenos Aires chess olympiad in 1939 of which Czerniak was a member!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. Moshe Czerniak.
Feb-03-12  whiteshark: Here is a picture of <Moshe Czerniak> amid the Palestine 1939 Olympiad team:

Zelman Kleinstein, Meir Rauch, Heinz Foerder (Yosef Porat), Moshe Czerniak, Salome Reischer, Victor Winz

Mar-10-12  wordfunph: from Secrets of Opening Surprises Vol. 9 by Jeroen Bosch..

<He did a lot for chess in Israel by teaching chess all around the country. writing many books, and perhaps most incredibly: he managed to get a chess show on the nation's only TV channel! Czerniak used to play 'out of the books', using his own brain and talent to create problems for his opponents from the first moves onwards.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  Jonathan Sarfati: Czerniak was the teacher of the fine Israeli player and study composer Yochanan Afek
Mar-13-13  gars: <Ribeiro> is right. "El Final" is a very good book and besides this one Czerniak also wrote "Partidas Selectas de Botvinnik", another excellent work. Both books were published by Editorial Mercedes Sopena, Argentina, but I think they are out of print now, which is a pity.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Only 24% of his games are draws. Out of his 761 games here only 33 games are draws in <25 moves. That's 4%!

He obviously tried his best as often as he could!

May-13-14  solskytz: More on the origins of the name "Palestine"

After the people of Judea caused a bit too much trouble to the Roman Empire back in the day, and after one unsuccessful rebellion too many - the Romans decided that they had enough. They have exiled the Jews and destroyed their temple - and in addition, changed the name "Judea" into "Palestina" and "Jerusalem" into "Ilya Capitulina" - to erase any memory of the fact that Jews used to live there.

The name remained, for 2000 years, as a formal designation of the area. It was translated into other languages as well.

Now you know how it started and why.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Jonathan Sarfati: The name ‘Palestine’ (Greek Παλαιστίνη Palaistinē) probably comes from the Greek παλαιστής palaistēs, wrestler, from Greek παλαιώ palaiō, wrestle), alluding to Jacob/Israel's wrestling with God (Genesis 32:22–32). See
Feb-03-15  kingfu: The B20 Sicilian should be named for Moshe not the other guy who shall remain nameless and in prison.
Feb-03-16  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Moshe Czerniak, Player of the Day.
Feb-03-19  Jambow: While I believe that the Romans called the land Palestine after their enemies the Philistines to punish the Jews for their rebellion the I have never heard of Ilya Capitulina and a cursory glance makes it seem that that title came into use much later.

However I will reserve judgement until I examine what Jonathan Sarfati has linked for now. Since this page is about Moshe Czerniak who identified as a Jew, he would have called it Israel and is befitting in light of that here at the very least.

Feb-03-19  Jambow: Ok that didn't take long, once you had shown earlier usage of (Palestine) by Herodotus as well as others predating Roman occupation, there isn't a lot to talk about is there. Circumcision as a local practice, and the description of the Dead Sea makes the place certain enough for me. Last the very different spelling Phylistiim for the Philistines is just icing on the cake.

I think that was the quickest that I have changed my mind in a while. Thank you for the 411 Jonathan.

Dec-28-19  CaptainEvans: Harry Golombek said of Czerniak that he was the type of player who believed that if he could only surprise his opponent in the opening he would always win. Against the very best he was unsuccessful but he scored many a victory over lesser lights.
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