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Robert James Fischer
Fischer 
The Championship Season: Bobby Fischer in 1972.  
Number of games in database: 1,100
Years covered: 1953 to 1992
Last FIDE rating: 2780
Highest rating achieved in database: 2785

Overall record: +434 -87 =247 (72.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 332 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (200) 
    B90 B32 B88 B44 B77
 Ruy Lopez (128) 
    C92 C69 C95 C97 C98
 French Defense (81) 
    C19 C18 C11 C16 C10
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (79) 
    C92 C95 C98 C97 C89
 Caro-Kann (52) 
    B11 B10 B18 B13 B14
 French Winawer (48) 
    C19 C18 C16 C15 C17
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (125) 
    B92 B99 B90 B97 B93
 King's Indian (117) 
    E80 E62 E97 E60 E67
 Sicilian Najdorf (83) 
    B92 B99 B90 B97 B93
 Nimzo Indian (23) 
    E45 E40 E46 E43 E41
 Grunfeld (20) 
    D86 D79 D98 D80 D95
 English (18) 
    A16 A15 A10 A19
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   D Byrne vs Fischer, 1956 0-1
   R Byrne vs Fischer, 1963 0-1
   Fischer vs Spassky, 1972 1-0
   Fischer vs Myagmarsuren, 1967 1-0
   Fischer vs Fine, 1963 1-0
   Fischer vs Benko, 1963 1-0
   Letelier vs Fischer, 1960 0-1
   Fischer vs Petrosian, 1971 1-0
   Fischer vs Tal, 1961 1-0
   Spassky vs Fischer, 1972 0-1

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Spassky - Fischer World Championship Match (1972)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   US Championship 1957/58 (1957)
   US Championship (1966)
   US Championship 1963/64 (1963)
   Stockholm Interzonal (1962)
   Havana Olympiad Final-A (1966)
   Skopje (1967)
   Vinkovci (1968)
   Netanya (1968)
   Buenos Aires (1970)
   Rovinj/Zagreb (1970)
   Palma de Mallorca Interzonal (1970)
   Fischer - Spassky (1992)
   Mar del Plata (1960)
   Zurich (1959)
   Havana (1965)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   -ER Fischer by fredthebear
   1964 Fischer simul exhibition tour by gauer
   Fischer vs The Russians by wanabe2000
   Match Fischer! by dwinco
   Match Fischer! by amadeus
   Bobby Fischer: Selected Games from 1955-1992 by fernando.laroca
   Bobby Fischer: Selected Games from 1955-1992 by wanabe2000
   book: Russians versus Fischer by Baby Hawk
   Russians versus Fischer by Anatoly21
   Bjelica_125 by Gottschalk
   Robert Fischer's Best Games by Patca63
   Robert Fischer's Best Games by dikaio
   Robert Fischer's Best Games by demirchess
   Robert Fischer's Best Games by KingG

GAMES ANNOTATED BY FISCHER: [what is this?]
   Petrosian vs Pachman, 1961
   Unzicker vs Fischer, 1962
   Korchnoi vs Fischer, 1970
   Fischer vs Julio Bolbochan, 1962
   Zukertort vs Steinitz, 1886
   >> 16 GAMES ANNOTATED BY FISCHER


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ROBERT JAMES FISCHER
(born Mar-09-1943, died Jan-17-2008, 64 years old) United States of America (federation/nationality Iceland)

[what is this?]

Robert James ("Bobby") Fischer was a chess prodigy born on March 9, 1943 in Chicago.

At 13, he won the stunning brilliancy D Byrne vs Fischer, 1956, which Hans Kmoch christened "The Game of the Century." At 14, he won the US Championship (1957/58), making him the youngest U.S. Champion ever. At age 15, Fischer became both the youngest grandmaster (at the time) and the youngest candidate for the World Championship.

Fischer's victory qualified him for the Portoroz Interzonal (1958). He tied for 5th-6th, which sufficed to advance him to the Candidates Tournament to decide the challenger to World Champion Mikhail Botvinnik. It also made him, at 15, the youngest grandmaster ever - a record that stood until Judit Polgar broke it in 1991. At the Bled-Zagreb-Belgrade Candidates (1959), Fischer finished fifth out of eight, the top non-Soviet player.

Fischer won the US Championship all eight times he played, in each case by at least a point. In the US Championship (1963/64) he achieved the only perfect score (11-0) in the history of the tournament.

He won the Stockholm Interzonal (1962) 2½ points ahead of Efim Geller and Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian. This made him a favorite to win the Curacao Candidates (1962), but he only finished fourth, behind Petrosian, Geller, and Paul Keres.

In a famous article in Sports Illustrated magazine, The Russians Have Fixed World Chess, Fischer accused the Soviets of cheating: Petrosian, Geller, and Keres had drawn all 12 of the games among themselves at Curaçao. Because of this, he refused to play in the next Candidates cycle. He did play in the Sousse Interzonal (1967), but left it while leading, because of a scheduling dispute occasioned by Fischer's refusal to play on Saturday, his Sabbath.

He won the Palma de Mallorca Interzonal (1970) by a record 3½ points. The following year, he shocked the chess world by sweeping the Fischer - Taimanov Candidates Quarterfinal (1971) and Fischer - Larsen Candidates Semifinal (1971) by identical 6-0 scores, the only perfect scores in the history of the Candidates Matches. He also won the first game of his Candidates final against former World Champion Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian, giving him a modern record of 20 consecutive wins at the highest level of competition. He won the Fischer - Petrosian Candidates Final (1971) by 6½-2½ to advance to the World Championship match against reigning champion Boris Spassky. This also gave him a FIDE rating of 2785, making him at that time the highest-rated player in history.

In Reykjavik, he won the Fischer - Spassky World Championship Match (1972) by 12½-8½ to become the 11th World Chess Champion. In 1975, Fischer forfeited his title after FIDE refused to meet his conditions for a World Championship match with Anatoly Karpov. He then virtually disappeared from the public eye for nearly 20 years.

After ending his competitive career, he proposed a new variant of chess and a modified chess timing system. His idea of adding a time increment after each move is now standard, and his variant "Fischerandom" (or "Chess960") is gaining in popularity.(2)

Fischer resurfaced in 1992 to play a match against his old rival Spassky in Yugoslavia. Fischer won Fischer - Spassky (1992) 10-5 with 15 draws. The United States considered that Fischer, in playing this match in Yugoslavia, violated U.S. Treasury Department regulations that forbade transacting business with Yugoslavia. Fischer evaded authorities for twelve years until July 13, 2004, when he was arrested in Japan. On March 22, 2005, he was granted Icelandic citizenship and finally freed from Japan. He died of renal failure in Iceland on January 17, 2008 at the age of 64. Gravestone photo: http://www.sjakkfantomet.no/wp-cont....

Fischer's anthology, My 60 Memorable Games, was published in 1969. It has been described as a "classic of objective and painstaking analysis,"1 and is regarded as one of the great classics of chess literature.

(1) Hooper & Whyld. The Oxford Companion to Chess. 1992

(2) Wikipedia article: Bobby Fischer

(3) User: jessicafischerqueen 's YouTube documentary of Fischer http://www.youtube.com/playlist?lis...

Last updated: 2018-09-23 15:50:12

 page 1 of 45; games 1-25 of 1,101  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. D Mayers vs Fischer 1-0171953Blitz gameC33 King's Gambit Accepted
2. J Altusky vs Fischer 0-181954Offhand GameC71 Ruy Lopez
3. Fischer vs J Altusky 1-0121954Offhand GameE90 King's Indian
4. A W Conger vs Fischer 1-0121955corrE70 King's Indian
5. Fischer vs S Greene ½-½111955US Amateur ChB77 Sicilian, Dragon, Yugoslav Attack
6. A Humphrey vs Fischer ½-½331955US Amateur ChE61 King's Indian
7. Fischer vs K Warner 0-1281955Lincoln ch-US jrB58 Sicilian
8. W Whisler vs Fischer ½-½251955Lincoln ch-US jrE80 King's Indian, Samisch Variation
9. J Thomason vs Fischer 0-1231955Lincoln ch-US jrE90 King's Indian
10. Fischer vs D Ames ½-½281955Lincoln ch-US jrC47 Four Knights
11. Fischer vs V Pupols 0-1441955Lincoln ch-US jrC40 King's Knight Opening
12. Fischer vs F Saksena 1-0221955Lincoln ch-US jrC53 Giuoco Piano
13. Fischer vs M Pavey 0-1521956Manhattan CC chA07 King's Indian Attack
14. J Tamargo vs Fischer 0-1401956Manhattan CC chB22 Sicilian, Alapin
15. A Turner vs Fischer 1-0531956New York ManhattanE68 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Variation, 8.e4
16. Fischer vs K Vine ½-½361956New York ManhattanB32 Sicilian
17. Fischer vs S Baron 1-0531956New York ManhattanC98 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
18. Pat Smith vs Fischer 0-1231956Casual gameC48 Four Knights
19. Fischer vs I Spector 1-0351956Casual gameB95 Sicilian, Najdorf, 6...e6
20. J R Florido vs Fischer 0-1261956Capablanca CC - Log Cabin mC50 Giuoco Piano
21. Fischer vs J A Casado ½-½481956Simul, 12bB32 Sicilian
22. A Jenkins vs Fischer 0-1181956North Carolina - Log Cabin CC mB20 Sicilian
23. Fischer vs J F Bacardi 1-0281956US Amateur chA04 Reti Opening
24. Fischer vs E Nash 0-1511956US Amateur chA05 Reti Opening
25. R Riegler vs Fischer 0-1341956US Amateur chB20 Sicilian
 page 1 of 45; games 1-25 of 1,101  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Fischer wins | Fischer loses  
 

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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 139 OF 139 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Aug-22-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  0ZeR0: <harrylime>

I want to make it very clear that I in no way intend to diminish Spassky's greatness with my argument. However, in 1972 Spassky, while still obviously a formidable opponent, was past his prime. He also seemed to lack motivation by this point. By contrast, Karpov was young and hungry to become the champ. I believe he would have been Fischer's toughest challenge yet.

Aug-22-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime:

<<0ZeR0: <harrylime> I want to make it very clear that I in no way intend to diminish Spassky's greatness with my argument. However, in 1972 Spassky, while still obviously a formidable opponent, was past his prime. He also seemed to lack motivation by this point. By contrast, Karpov was young and hungry to become the champ. I believe he would have been Fischer's toughest challenge yet.>>

I like Karpov too. He's a top top guy .

Sep-28-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Lina Grumette, for years a Los Angeles chess organizer and promoter, had been Fischer's West Coast "chess mother," beginning in the early 1960s. When Fischer, who was raised in Brooklyn, went to California, he lived at her home, at times for weeks on end. She recalls Fischer sitting down at the bridge table after dinner and analyzing chess games. His hand would snap pieces rapidly off the board, and he would shake his head.

"This move is no good," he would say to Grumette. "He should have done this. What do you think?"

"What are you asking me for?" she would say.

"Well, everybody's opinion helps," he would answer.>

https://vault.si.com/vault/1985/07/...

I like this. I think it should become <cg.com>'s motto. For a hermit, Bobby was very open-minded.

Sep-28-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  0ZeR0: <MissScarlett> <I like this. I think it should become <cg.com>'s motto. For a hermit, Bobby was very open-minded.>

When it came to chess he was open-minded, yes. I quite like your idea.

Oct-05-21  Albertan: The Third Coming of Bobby Fischer?:

https://en.chessbase.com/post/the-t...

Oct-06-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  Ron: <MissScarlett> and <0Zer0> That is my impression too, that Fischer was interested in the chess ideas of others. So is Kasparov.

To evaluate an idea on its merits is the rational way to think. And that is why they were World Champion.

Oct-06-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  Ron: <Albertan: The Third Coming of Bobby Fischer?: https://en.chessbase.com/post/the-t...

I agree with Frederic Friedel that Bobby Fischer did not play those internet games. Bobby Fischer himself said it was not him. Bobby Fischer did not lie about chess-related matters. He might have been mistaken sometimes, for example on the number of wins that Yates had against Alekhine.

Oct-07-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  Knightf7mate: Harrylime - I agree with you that Fischer is best.

However, would you agree that the chess player who is the “best by test” might be Gary Kasparov? Consider all he went through playing Karpov three times and then his long stay at world number one after? Combined with his longevity.

Fischer is +434 -87 =247. (5.0, 1.8)
Kasparov is +718 -106 =727. (6.8, 1.0)
Alekhine is +873 -164 =437. (5.3, 2.0)
Lasker is +379 -80 =178. (4.7, 2.1)
Capa. +380 -49 =267. (7.8, 1.4)

Karpov is +949 -216 =1270. (4.4, 0.7)
Carlsen is +736 -274 =808. (2.7, 0.9)

Compare their ratios of wins to losses and wins to draws for competitive games (simuls and exhibitions excluded). They completely outclass Karpov and Carlson.

By this “fighting chess” criterion - which measures ability to successfully fight for wins and avoid draws - Lasker, Capablanca, Alekhine, Fischer and Kasparov are in a class by themselves.

Further refinements, such as total games played, total time as champion, best record over 100 consecutive games (a measure of peak dominance) may all be considered in addition.

Oct-12-21  Helios727: <MissScarlett> No. Fischer wanted the Karpov match to end if a 9-9 tie occurred with Fischer keeping his crown and the prize fund split equally. A win would require a 10-8 victory for either player.
Oct-15-21  Albertan: Chess and extradition: https://www.manilatimes.net/2021/10...
Oct-15-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  Knightf7mate: Helios, As is well known, FIDE wouldn’t agree to Fischer’s desire to keep the title if there was a tie so they awarded the Given the multi-year saga of Karpov vs Kasparov for the crown, do you think in hindsight Fischer was correct to maintain this demand? I do.

What do you think he would have said if after a tie, the title is awarded to the winner of an Armageddon bullet game, black wins if draw. Would he agree or hold out for a clear win in classical time constraints?

Oct-15-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime:

Fischer is the greatest

I'm tired of sayin this . Loike .

Oct-15-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime: Bobby is the Ali of chess.
Oct-17-21  Helios727: <Knightf7mate> I believe that the failure of the unlimited match of 1984 proved that Fischer had the wrong idea when he pushed for an unlimited match. Especially since he wanted to require the winner to achieve 10 wins instead of just 6. Under a 10 game win rule, it is possible that the 1978 match between Karpov and Korchnoi might have ended in controversy as well.

On the other hand, once you agree to an unlimited match, it seems fair to require the challenger to win 10-8. However, I would not say that 6-4 would be fair.

As for your last question, I agree that Fischer would have held out for classical time controls only.

Oct-17-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  fabelhaft: <once you agree to an unlimited match, it seems fair to require the challenger to win 10-8>

Why? Fischer said he didn’t want his challenger to win 10-9 by a fluke win, but winning ten games wouldn’t exactly have been a fluke anymore than Fischer winning nine games would have been a fluke.

Oct-17-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Fischer is the greatest>

End of. This page will now be locked.

Oct-20-21  Helios727: <fabelhaft> The point is that a one game margin of victory can be a fluke regardless of what number you pick. That is probably why Fischer insisted on a 2 game margin of victory for either player. Under the old system a challenger could win by a 12.5-11.5 score. However that old system was not an unlimited match.
Oct-20-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: < < Earlier · PAGE 139 OF 139 · Later> Oct-20-21 Helios727: <fabelhaft> The point is that a one game margin of victory can be a fluke regardless of what number you pick. That is probably why Fischer insisted on a 2 game margin of victory for either player. Under the old system a challenger could win by a 12.5-11.5 score. However that old system was not an unlimited match.>

Fischer would have benefited from the two point margin. His challenger would not. That was why it was rejected.

This is bleedingly obvious to anyone who thinks for five seconds.

Oct-20-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  RookFile: Karpov would have benefited from a rematch clause, his challenger would not. That is why it was accepted - for Karpov.
Oct-20-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <RookFile: Karpov would have benefited from a rematch clause, his challenger would not. That is why it was accepted - for Karpov.>

It was accepted because, unlike any former champion, Karpov had no advantage at all, not even draw odds, and because Ed Edmondson was trying to enlist his assistance on Fischer's behalf.

Pretty sure you know all this.

Oct-20-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  RookFile: So the moral of the story is that Karpov was entitled to an advantage, but Fischer was not. Like 8-8 is some huge deal. Glad we've got this straight.
Oct-21-21  Helios727: Was Karpov going to get a rematch if Fischer had won, even though he was just a challenger?
Oct-21-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  RookFile: No, they hadn't gotten around to passing that advantage to Karpov yet.
Oct-21-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime:

Fischer is a better chess player than Karpov.

Sometimes it just is as it is. Loike.

Oct-21-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime:

All this talk about the semantics of a possible match between Bobby and Anatoly ..

zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz

Put it to bed pleeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeze

it's been discussed to DEATH

Much much more intiguing is disussing their different chess styles and aesthetics

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