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Lionel Kieseritzky
Number of games in database: 103
Years covered: 1823 to 1853

Overall record: +50 -33 =10 (59.1%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 10 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 King's Gambit Accepted (16) 
    C39 C34 C33 C37
 Sicilian (6) 
    B20 B21
 French Defense (5) 
    C01 C00
With the Black pieces:
 King's Gambit Accepted (21) 
    C33 C35 C39 C37
 Evans Gambit (6) 
 Giuoco Piano (6) 
    C53 C54
 King's Pawn Game (4) 
    C44 C20
 Petrov (4) 
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   J Schulten vs Kieseritzky, 1850 0-1
   Kieseritzky vs I Calvi, 1842 1-0
   J Schulten vs Kieseritzky, 1851 0-1
   NN vs Kieseritzky, 1846 0-1
   Kieseritzky vs H Buckle, 1846 1-0
   Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851 0-1
   Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851 1/2-1/2
   Kieseritzky vs C W Vitzthum von Eckstaedt, 1846 1-0
   I Calvi vs Kieseritzky, 1842 1/2-1/2
   Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Kieseritsky - Horwitz (1846)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Kieseritsky & Bannik & Lange best games by Imohthep
   Blunderchecked games I by nimh

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(born Jan-01-1806, died May-18-1853, 47 years old) Estonia

[what is this?]

Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritzky was born of mixed Polish and German descent in what is now Tartu. A teacher of mathematics, he became increasingly absorbed in chess and in 1839 went to France to meet Louis Charles Mahe De La Bourdonnais. Whilst there he took up residence in the Cafe De La Regence giving lessons or playing games for a fee of five francs per hour. He defeated Bernhard Horwitz (+7, =1, -4) in a match in London in 1846. However, he is best remembered for the loss of the Immortal Game against Adolf Anderssen at the London (1851) tournament and a line in the King's Gambit Accepted (1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.♘f3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.♘e5.)

Kieseritzky is credited with invention of the first three-dimensional chess, Kubicschach ("Cubic Chess") in 1851, but failed to attract adherents. The 8×8×8 cube format was later picked up by Dr. Ferdinand Maack in 1907 when developing Raumschach ("Space Chess").(1)

note: Kieseritzky played consultation chess on the team of Kieseritsky / Kling.

(1) Wikipedia article: Lionel Kieseritzky

 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 103  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Rabinovich vs Kieseritzky  1-0401823St PetersburgC35 King's Gambit Accepted, Cunningham
2. Von Guttceit vs Kieseritzky 1-0251832DorpatC35 King's Gambit Accepted, Cunningham
3. Kieseritzky vs Von Guttceit 1-0171832casualC39 King's Gambit Accepted
4. Kieseritzky vs C Jaenisch ½-½501838corrD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
5. C Jaenisch vs Kieseritzky 1-0221839correspondenceC33 King's Gambit Accepted
6. Kieseritzky vs H H Boncourt 0-1301839Match?A00 Uncommon Opening
7. La Bourdonnais vs Kieseritzky  1-0531840Odds game000 Chess variants
8. La Bourdonnais vs Kieseritzky  0-1371840Odds game000 Chess variants
9. Saint-Amant vs Kieseritzky 0-1441840ParisC53 Giuoco Piano
10. Kieseritzky vs Saint-Amant 0-1391840ParisC00 French Defense
11. Kieseritzky vs Saint-Amant ½-½501840ParisA00 Uncommon Opening
12. H H Boncourt vs Kieseritzky 0-1491840Match?C53 Giuoco Piano
13. Desloges vs Kieseritzky 0-1401841Paris m/1C33 King's Gambit Accepted
14. Kieseritzky vs I Calvi 1-0361842Paris 1_mC39 King's Gambit Accepted
15. F J Devinck vs Kieseritzky  0-1271842ParisC35 King's Gambit Accepted, Cunningham
16. W Schwartz vs Kieseritzky 1-0201842ParisD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
17. Kieseritzky vs J Chamouillet 1-0391842Paris m/1C39 King's Gambit Accepted
18. W Schwartz vs Kieseritzky  0-1431842ParisD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
19. Kieseritzky vs J Chamouillet 0-1311842corrC39 King's Gambit Accepted
20. Kieseritzky vs I Calvi 0-1411842MatchD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
21. I Calvi vs Kieseritzky 0-1201842MatchC42 Petrov Defense
22. I Calvi vs Kieseritzky 1-0271842MatchC45 Scotch Game
23. I Calvi vs Kieseritzky 1-0331842MatchC45 Scotch Game
24. I Calvi vs Kieseritzky 0-1531842MatchC53 Giuoco Piano
25. I Calvi vs Kieseritzky ½-½561842MatchC44 King's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 103  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Kieseritzky wins | Kieseritzky loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 4 OF 4 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jul-07-13  JoergWalter: <Nightsurfer> the article and the wiki article both have 15 games. If there was a difference the amount of games would be different. I guess, Wikipedia just counted wrong. (You could have doublechecked it...)

Premium Chessgames Member
  Nightsurfer: <JoergWalter> So be it, I am not a nitpicker ... but the point that I want to make is the undeniable fact that <Lionel Kieseritsky> has defeated <Adolf Anderssen> and not vice versa - and that is the message of my posting, the exact margin whatsoever. (But thank you very much, dear <JoergWalter>, for having put things right!)
Jul-07-13  JoergWalter: Agreed. However, when the result is close (by one point) wrong addition may lead to wrong overall picture. We are lucky that in this case it is just cosmetic.
Jul-07-13  thomastonk: <Nightsurfer, JoergWalter> I think some details are worth additional consideration. The "Schachzeitung" 1851 contains reports of Anderssen and Kieseritzky. Accordingly, both men met in the evening of Saturday, May 24, a few days before the tournament, but didn't played at this aoccasion. On Monday, the rules we discussed and the drawing of pairings has happened. On Tuesday morning the tournament begun. The Immortal Game is said to be played one day before the tournament, that is Sunday or Monday.

So, the offhand games you are discussing were played before and after their first round encounter in the tournament, and hence I wouldn't call it a match. Anderssen reports that he had challenged Löwenthal for a match of 11 games and a stake of 5 pounds. I think you see the difference. Moreover, I would not even call them 'a series of games', because I assume that there was more than one such series. Many offhand games by Anderssen and Kieseritzky are reportet with several other opponents, as well.

The exact number of these offhand games is unknown, which supports their occasional character, as well as the large number of their mutual and other encounters shows that they were played more rapidly than the tournament games.

However, there can be little doubt that Kieseritzky won the majority of these games, as even the "Schachzeitung" reports this based on Kieseritzky's report, but didn't forgot to mention that Anderssen still was playing a tournament.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. Lionel Kieseritsky.
Feb-16-15  JonDSouzaEva: "When the mind collapses and the brain degenerates it is a pathetic thing to see the shell that was the man. There he sits, the once famous chess master, his face upturned to the sun as its rays glide through the window like some stealthy predator come to suck out life rather than infuse his being with it. You would think that he was a mannequin in some department store’s tableau. In his prime he reigned supreme, the heir of Deschapelles and De Labourdonnais. Now he sits and waits for the great bell tower of the cathedral to boom out its daily message. This he gravely records in his notebook as though he were solving some universal mathematical conundrum. Each evening M. K- surrenders to me this diary (to call it that) for my perusal. At that moment, despite his pitiful physical state he seems to have the hauteur of a General turning over to a subaltern a briefing for the troops.

The stroke that has paralyzed his left side seems paradoxically to have stimulated his mind in certain ways and at certain times. Usually listless, he will be clothed and unclothed, bathed and examined, fed and assisted with his toilet. His stool is like rock or shrapnel. When animated he will write feverishly in his notebook and is heard muttering about ‘the small and humble star rising in the west’. It is as though he is prophesying the fate of mankind. His sole consolation is his chess set. He had been slumped over it in his lodgings when found by the police who had been called by his landlord. My assistant Foch felt that this one familiar object might be helpful in his stabilisation and therapeutic recovery. For this I hold out little hope, despite his relatively young age of 47. Recovery is as much a matter of volition as it is a neurological healing and functionality.

The sad truth is that friendless and penniless M. K- has little for which to live. His debts are considerable as letters found in his lodgings reveal. ‘La Régence’, the magazine which he had published having failed, his sole source of income was the daily games of chess he would play for a fee with all comers. Debtors have already sold off those volumes and other belongings found in his apartment. Were it not for the Sisters who daily tend and feed him, he would simply starve and rot in his own filth. Faith of any sort, Catholic or Protestant, does not seem to have featured in his life. The most we are doing for this poor unfortunate is keeping him comfortable until death finally embraces him. That, in my view, will come soon…"

Extract from the hospital log of Claude Bernard, quoted in “Bulletin de L’Académie Nationale de Médicine”. Source:

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: Thank you for posting that Jon.
Mar-04-16  zanzibar: This link seems worth posting:

for those interested in Kieseritsky.

Apr-04-16  Mr. V: So I hate to resurrect the topic of his name, but is there any knowledge if he had any connections to the Bagrationi family of Georgia? Seems like a rather strange name for a Baltic German to have.
Apr-04-16  Mr. V: But I suppose nothing is mentioned of it in the link above, so perhaps there is no relation to the Georgian nobility.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <His stool is like rock or shrapnel...>

What was he eating, one wonders.

Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Sisters need to learn to cook...
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: The only advantage I can see to having rockhard stools is that they submit to analysis by tuning fork.
Apr-07-16  paavoh: @Mr.V. Re: Bagration. I will suggest that Kieseritzky was named after the famous general Pjotr Bagration who died 1812(?). Not unusual to give a hero's name to a child.
Jun-10-16  thegoodanarchist: Friends called him "Bagsy" or "Bags"
Oct-30-16  rgr459: a a physician, my preferred question to assess stool consistency is: if you stool on the floor, and drop a quarter in it, will it splash, stick, or bounce off?
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <thegoodanarchist: Friends called him "Bagsy" or "Bags">

He was also known as <Kieser> or <Kieser the Geezer>. His Mum called him <The Keezmeister>. His Dad called him <The Big Keez> or <The Brain of Bagration>. At school he was <Felix the Helix>. The Headmaster called him <The Great Bagwash>. Anderssen called him <Mint Shrapnel>.

Mar-02-19  zanzibar: <He was a frail and sickly man, with too much brain for his body; and he wasted early away.>
Apr-21-20  Sally Simpson: ***

In this book:

we see this game reproduced thus.


Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Bell's Life in London, August 21st 1853, p.5:

<M Kieseritzkij died some time back; melancholy to say, in the Hotel Dieu, the authorities of which applied to the Paris Chess players to bury him by a small subscription, but this was so ill-responded to that poor Kieseritzkij was buried the burial of a pauper. Truth is, the Paris players are broken up, the club all but gone, and the band who should keep alive the sacred fire without head or permanent locale. The Cafe de la Regence is to come down, its site being required for building improvements.>

Hotel Dieu:

Aug-09-21  Albertan: Kieseritzky’s Immortal Game:

Jan-28-22  Polonia: kieseritzky lionel died broke and they had to bury him in pauper's grave?

when henry thomas buckle was dying, supposedly his final words were: what about my books? well, here are 3 of his posthumous works, biography and then some... not forgotten thanx to me! i wonder how will the dead repair such favors in the afterlife!?

Feb-26-23  Honest Adin Reviews: so kieseritzky was buried in unmarked grave?
chess stars who died young: PrettyYoung.pdf

Premium Chessgames Member
  Gottschalk: A possible transliteration to his name is Zekeriski. In fact, sounds strange.
Premium Chessgames Member
  louispaulsen88888888: Bagration?
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