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Bernhard Horwitz
Number of games in database: 146
Years covered: 1837 to 1863

Overall record: +46 -73 =25 (40.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 2 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (21) 
    B21 B20 B44
 French Defense (12) 
    C00 C01
 Giuoco Piano (11) 
    C53 C50
 French (10) 
 King's Pawn Game (8) 
    C44 C20
 King's Gambit Declined (4) 
    C30 C31
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (11) 
    C65 C62 C67 C66 C60
 King's Pawn Game (10) 
 Dutch Defense (8) 
    A84 A85
 Philidor's Defense (7) 
 Giuoco Piano (5) 
    C53 C50
 Vienna Opening (4) 
    C28 C26
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   J Schulten vs Horwitz, 1846 0-1
   Horwitz vs Staunton, 1846 1-0
   Horwitz vs Harrwitz, 1846 1-0
   Staunton vs Horwitz, 1846 0-1
   Horwitz vs Bird, 1851 1-0
   Horwitz vs Kieseritzky, 1846 1-0
   Horwitz vs Kieseritzky, 1846 1-0
   Staunton vs Horwitz, 1846 0-1
   Horwitz vs Harrwitz, 1846 1-0
   Horwitz vs Bird, 1851 1/2-1/2

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Bird - Horwitz Match (1851)
   Kieseritsky - Horwitz Match (1846)
   London (1851)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   chess strategems viii - under construction by gauer
   Harrwitz - Horwitz (1846) by MissScarlett

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Bernhard Horwitz
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(born May-10-1807, died Aug-29-1885, 78 years old) Germany (federation/nationality United Kingdom)

[what is this?]

Horwitz was born in Neustrelitz, and went to school in Berlin, where he studied art. From 1837 to 1843, he was part of a group of German chess players known as "The Pleiades". After settling in England in 1845 he played in the London (1851) tournament, beating Henry Edward Bird but then being knocked out by Howard Staunton.

His true love was problems and together with Josef Kling wrote the classic book Chess Studies. He was the winner of the first study composing tourney in 1862.

Grandfather of Leopold Horwitz.

Wikipedia article: Bernhard Horwitz

Last updated: 2020-04-01 12:42:31

 page 1 of 6; games 1-25 of 149  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Horwitz vs Bledow 0-1141837BerlinC53 Giuoco Piano
2. Captain Evans vs Horwitz 1-0271843LondonC44 King's Pawn Game
3. Staunton vs Horwitz  1-0541846Staunton - Horwitz mA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
4. Kieseritzky vs Horwitz 1-0561846Kieseritsky - Horwitz MatchA82 Dutch, Staunton Gambit
5. Staunton vs Horwitz 0-1341846Staunton - Horwitz mC53 Giuoco Piano
6. Horwitz vs Staunton 0-1381846Staunton - Horwitz mB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
7. Staunton vs Horwitz  1-0551846Staunton - Horwitz mC53 Giuoco Piano
8. Horwitz vs Kieseritzky 0-1291846Kieseritsky - Horwitz MatchC45 Scotch Game
9. Horwitz vs Kieseritzky 1-0231846Kieseritsky - Horwitz MatchC44 King's Pawn Game
10. Horwitz vs G Perigal  0-1371846London mC20 King's Pawn Game
11. Kieseritzky vs Horwitz 0-1371846Kieseritsky - Horwitz MatchC42 Petrov Defense
12. Horwitz vs Kieseritzky 0-1551846Kieseritsky - Horwitz MatchC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
13. J Schulten vs Horwitz 0-1171846Casual gameC23 Bishop's Opening
14. Kieseritzky vs Horwitz ½-½671846Kieseritsky - Horwitz MatchA84 Dutch
15. Kieseritzky vs Horwitz 1-0411846Kieseritsky - Horwitz MatchC42 Petrov Defense
16. Horwitz vs Kieseritzky 0-1311846Kieseritsky - Horwitz MatchC51 Evans Gambit
17. Horwitz vs Kieseritzky 1-0201846Kieseritsky - Horwitz MatchC51 Evans Gambit
18. Kieseritzky vs Horwitz 0-1261846Kieseritsky - Horwitz MatchC26 Vienna
19. Horwitz vs Staunton 0-1421846Staunton - Horwitz mB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
20. Staunton vs Horwitz 1-0121846Staunton - Horwitz mA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
21. Horwitz vs Staunton 0-1231846Staunton - Horwitz mC53 Giuoco Piano
22. Staunton vs Horwitz 1-0331846Staunton - Horwitz mC41 Philidor Defense
23. Staunton vs Horwitz 1-0371846Staunton - Horwitz mC60 Ruy Lopez
24. Horwitz vs Staunton 1-0331846Staunton - Horwitz mB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
25. Staunton vs Horwitz  1-0581846Staunton - Horwitz mC53 Giuoco Piano
 page 1 of 6; games 1-25 of 149  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Horwitz wins | Horwitz loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Mar-03-06  Knight13: <'Chess Studies'> Good book.
Mar-22-06  AlexanderMorphy: probably need to see a doctor, or maybe i'm too lae in telling you this as you last posted on Horwitz 20 days ago!
Apr-28-06  Chess Classics: <Knight13> Those voices in your head know a lot about chess :-)


Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <He played in the first international chess tournament, London 1851, again beating Bird in the first round, but losing to Staunton in the second and getting knocked out by J. Szen in the third.>

Staunton knocked him out in the second round. The losers in the second and third rounds of the tournament played matches with each other to determine third through eighth places (since everyone who finished 1st-8th won a prize). The third round losers, Staunton and Williams, played each other to decide third place. Williams won. Among the second round losers, Szen beat Horwitz and H.A. Kennedy to take fifth.

My superficial impression of Horwitz is that he played openings poorly and endings very well, especially by mid-nineteenth century standards. As pointed out in his biography, he composed a great many wonderful studies.

Mar-13-07  Knight13: Is his first name pronounced as "Buhn hard" or "Ber nard"?
Mar-13-07  vonKrolock: with an open 'E', gutural 'h' (but not so strongly guturated) and all consonants well pronounced, but the final 'd' nearer to a 't' - bErn-khart' - repeat:
Jul-14-07  Karpova: <‘Old Horwitz is gone ... His genius for end positions was unequalled by any chess master, and with the greatest facility he evolved and demonstrated profound ideas which most experts could only arrive at by laborious calculations. His loss is irreparable to the chess world at large, and personally I feel bereft of one of my dearest friends, who thoroughly sympathized with all my aims and opinions.’>

Wilhelm Steinitz
October 1885, page 301, International Chess Magazine (1885-1891)

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <karpova> Thanks for all these interesting quotes you are putting up.
Dec-19-07  sneaky pete: A painter by profession, writes David Levy (Staunton biography).
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Trapping the ♖, a B. Horwitz study:

click for larger view

1. Nf5+ Kh7 2. Rh2+ Kg6 3. Rg2+ Kf7 4. Rxg8 Kxg8 5. Ne7+ Kf7 6. Nc6 Kf8 7. Kf6 Ke8 8. Ke6 Kf8 9. Kd7 1-0

May-21-08  Augalv: Bernhard Horwitz
« Articles homeSubmitted by billwall on Tue, 05/20/2008 at 4:03pm. Bernhard Horwitz (1807-1885) was a German-born painter (specialized in miniatures) and chess study composer. In 1845, he settled in England and began teaching chess. In 1846, he lost an unofficial world championship match with Howard Staunton, losing 14 games, winning 7, and drawing 3. He won the first study-composing chess tournament, held in 1862. Along with Josef Kling, he wrote Chess Studies and End-Games in 1851, reprinted in 1884 with 208 endgame studies. He was one of the Berlin Pleiades. He lent his name to the Horwitz Bishops, which are two bishops working in tandem on adjacent diagonals.

Here is one of the games the Horwitz beat Staunton. Horwitz threatened a back rank mate that Staunton missed.

May-10-09  wordfunph: Bernard popularized the Horwitz Defense 1.d4 e6

Happy Birthday Master Horwitz!

Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Player of the Day

I wonder if they (Kling/Horwitz) created the term <Horwitz Bishops>? If so, probably in their book <Chess Studies> of 1851?

May-10-09  Granny O Doul: The term is "Harrwitz bishops", after Daniel Harrwitz.
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Thanks <Granny O Doul>, but I guess you are wrong:

After a little research I found a dicussion at saying that Nimzowitsch used this term <Horwitz Bishops> in <My System>.

I've checked it there [part II - positional play, chapter 3d (bishops)], and it gives among others the following example for <Horwitz Bishops>:

click for larger view

with <1.Qe4!> as winning move.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Pawn and Two: Here are three studies by Horwitz. White to play and win in each study.

click for larger view

click for larger view

click for larger view

May-10-09  WhiteRook48: happy birthday!
May-10-09  James Demery: He didn`t believe in keeping the draw in hand.
May-11-09  Granny O Doul: It seems both "Harrwitz" and "Horwitz bishops" appear plenty of places. To me, it makes more sense that they'd be named for an attacking player than for a composer of studies.
Sep-11-11  TheRavenPK: <Pawn and Two> A lot of time has passed since you came up with these problems, now I believe I have a solution.

The first one: 1.Kb1 a3 2.b3 and then it is just a question of technique. Against Crafty I won with 2..Ke5 3.Ka2 Kd4 4.Kxa3 Kc5 5.Ka4 Kb6 6.Kb4 Ka6 7.Kc5 Kb7 8.Kb5 Ka7 9.Kc6 Ka8 10.Kb6 Kb8 11.Ka6 Kc8 12.b4 Kc7 13.b5 Kb8 14.Kb6 Kc8 15.Ka7 Kd7 16.b6 Kc6 17.b7 Kd5 18.b8=Q...

The second one: 1.Kg8 Qa7 2.Bd4 Qb8 (2..Qxd4 3. b8=Q+ Kxe7 4.Qxc7+ Kf6 5.Qxf7+ and on the next move 6.Qg7+ forcing the exchange of the queens and winning) 3.Bc5 f5 4.Kg7 f4 5.Kf6 f3 7.Ke6 f2 8.Bxf2 and now black has to move his queen so it can be captured.

The third one: quite nice one, 1.Ne3 Ka2 2.Nd5 Ka1 3.Nb4 a2 4.Kc1 a3 5.Nc2+. If instead 1..a2, it's mate in two.

Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Portrait:
Sep-14-12  Karpova: Horwitz left London in 1855 and moved to Southampton for a while where he painted, as the March 1855 'Wiener Schachzeitung' reports on page 100.
Mar-08-18  zanzibar: The <CG> mentions that Horwitz studied art, this source mentions that he drew portraits in addition to giving chess lessons while in London in order to support himself: (John Brown - Gosling Chapter II)

* * * * *

This notice in <The Chess Player> seems to indicate Horwitz was spending all his evenings in <Kling's Chess Rooms>: (bottom)

Premium Chessgames Member
  Korora: A Horwitz and a Horowitz. Well, in case a typo in a chess book mixes the names up, the century in which the game took place should clear it up.
Jun-27-22  lonchaney: Chess composer

List of his published works

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