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Harold James Ruthven Murray
H J R Murray 
Number of games in database: 3
Years covered: 1894 to 1926

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(born Jun-24-1868, died May-16-1955, 86 years old) United Kingdom

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Harold James Ruthven Murray was a son of Sir James Murray, first editor of the Oxford English Dictionary. The younger Murray assisted in the project by researching some 27,000 quotations before going to University.

He received a degree in mathematics from Oxford in 1890, then worked at a tutor at Queen's College Taunton where he learned to play chess. In 1897, he was encouraged by Baron Tassilo von Heydebrand und der Lasa to do research into the game's history.

This grew into thirteen years of work using large private collections such as that of John G. White (Cleveland, Ohio) and J. W. Rimington Wilson (England), and involved learning Arabic to read ancient manuscripts. The result was the scholarly History of Chess (1913), wherein Murray supported the now generally accepted theory that chess originated in India.

References: (1) A History of Chess, Wikipedia article: Harold Murray

 page 1 of 1; 3 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. H J R Murray vs NN 1-091894?000 Chess variants
2. Blackburne vs H J R Murray  1-0261898Simul, 15bC11 French
3. H J R Murray vs Tillyard 1-0281926Casual gameB30 Sicilian
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | R Murray wins | R Murray loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Jul-18-15  zanzibar: A biographical entry at Bodleian Library at Oxford.


Harold James Ruthven Murray (1868-1955) was a chess player and historian of chess and board games.

Scope and Content

Murray's papers relating to knight's tours, are mainly typescript, with manuscript diagrams and notes.

Administrative Information

Immediate Source of Acquisition
The papers were given to the Library in 1992.


Jul-18-15  zanzibar: Also:


Administrative/Biographical History

Harold James Ruthven Murray (1868-1955) was a chess player and historian of chess and board games. He was the author of A history of chess (Oxford, 1913) and A history of board games (Oxford, 1952).

Scope and Content

Papers and correspondence of H.J.R. Murray, relating to chess and board games, consisting of:

Transcripts of manuscripts and printed works, mainly copied from items owned by J.G. White Collections of problems and games
Papers on chess by Murray
Papers on chess by other writers
Collections and notes by Murray
Papers relating to draughts
Papers relating to other board games


May-16-16  TheFocus: Rest in peace, Ruthven.

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