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Frank Marshall

Number of games in database: 1,434
Years covered: 1893 to 1944
Overall record: +564 -354 =429 (57.8%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 87 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (147) 
    D51 D50 D63 D61 D60
 Queen's Pawn Game (71) 
    D00 A46 D02 A45 A40
 Tarrasch Defense (66) 
    D32 D33 D34
 Queen's Gambit Declined (42) 
    D31 D37 D06 D30 D38
 French Defense (35) 
    C01 C10 C12 C11 C00
 Center Game (32) 
    C21 C22
With the Black pieces:
 Petrov (98) 
    C42 C43
 Ruy Lopez (86) 
    C63 C62 C89 C77 C68
 Queen's Pawn Game (65) 
    D02 D00 D05 A46 E10
 Four Knights (55) 
    C49 C48 C47
 French Defense (45) 
    C12 C11 C01 C00 C02
 Queen's Gambit Declined (35) 
    D30 D38 D06 D37 D31
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   S Levitsky vs Marshall, 1912 0-1
   Marshall vs Burn, 1900 1-0
   Marshall vs G Marco, 1904 1-0
   Janowski vs Marshall, 1912 0-1
   Marshall vs Stodie, 1920 1-0
   Marshall vs H Rogosin, 1940 1-0
   Marshall vs Von Scheve, 1904 1-0
   Marshall vs Pillsbury, 1904 1-0
   Marshall vs Burn, 1907 1-0
   Marshall vs Chigorin, 1905 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Lasker - Marshall World Championship Match (1907)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   7th American Chess Congress, St. Louis (1904)
   16th DSB Congress, Duesseldorf (1908)
   Scheveningen (1905)
   15th DSB Congress, Nuremberg (1906)
   Cambridge Springs (1904)
   Havana (1913)
   Vienna (1903)
   New York Masters (1915)
   Paris (1900)
   Barmen Meisterturnier A (1905)
   Ostend (Championship) (1907)
   Moscow (1925)
   Karlsbad (1911)
   Monte Carlo (1903)
   Monte Carlo (1902)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   3 MARSHALL'S BEST GAMES OF CHESS/hitsujyun by Littlejohn
   My Fifty Years of Chess (Marshall) by doug27
   My Fifty Years of Chess (Marshall) by Qindarka
   My Fifty Years of Chess (Marshall) by fphaase
   Veliki majstori saha 14 MARSHALL (Petrovic) by Chessdreamer
   M&M players... it's a mixed bag of FTB flavors N by fredthebear
   Frank James Robbed Banks and Kings by fredthebear
   99 1900s Grandmasters Annointed Jack by fredthebear
   0ZeR0's Favorite Games Volume 75 by 0ZeR0
   Janowski vs. Marshall Matches by Mal Un
   Janowski vs. Marshall Matches by docjan
   Janowski vs. Marshall Matches by Phony Benoni
   American Chess Bulletin 1913 by Phony Benoni

   Marshall vs Burn, 1900
   Marshall vs R Short, 1894
   A Kevitz vs Marshall, 1937
   J L McCudden vs Marshall, 1934
   Santasiere vs Marshall, 1941

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Frank Marshall
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(born Aug-10-1877, died Nov-09-1944, 67 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]

Frank James Marshall, born in New York City on August 10, 1877, was United States champion from 1909-1936 and a respected international competitor for the first quarter of the 20th century.

He began international play by winning the Minor tournament at London 1899. In his major tournament debut at Paris 1900, Marshall finished =3rd with Geza Maroczy, defeating World Champion Emanuel Lasker in their individual game.

Known for an aggressive style and an ability to get out of trouble that earned him the nickname "The Great Swindler", Marshall recorded both high finishes and disappointing results in elite tournaments. His greatest result was at Cambridge Springs 1904, a stunning triumph where he finished 2 points ahead of Lasker and David Janowski. On the other hand, he finished in mid-field at Ostend 1905. His other successes at this time, which included 1st at Schevenigen 1905, 3rd at Barmen 1905 (1/2-point behind Janowski and Maroczy), and first at Nuremberg 1906 helped him find backing for the Lasker - Marshall World Championship Match (1907). However, he lost this match heavily by a score of +0 -8 =7. He suffered another disaster in Capablanca - Marshall (1909) (+1 -8 =14), but continued to be a dangerous and respected opponent in international play for many years. One of his best results came when he won the Havana tournament of 1913, edging out Capablanca by half a point.

Marshall won the US Championship by defeating Jackson Whipps Showalter in a 1909 match (+7 -2 =3). He defended the title once, against Edward Lasker in 1923 (+5 -4 =9), finally relinquishing it voluntarily in 1936 to allow the championship to be decided by tournament play.

Several opening variations are named after him, most notably Ruy Lopez, Marshall (C89). Though his use of it in Capablanca vs Marshall, 1918 resulted in a loss, the gambit is still studied today and has been played by some of the world's leading players. Many prominent players avoid it as White, believing that there is no way to get a meaningful advantage against it. Another important and well-respected gambit, also referred to as the Marshall Gambit, arises after 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 c6 4.e4 dxe4 5.Nxe4 Bb4+ 6.Bd2 Qxd4 7.Bxb4 Qxe4+.

notes: Marshall played consultation chess on the teams of Lasker / Chigorin / Marshall / Teichmann & Marshall / Allies.

Wikipedia article: Frank Marshall (chess player)

Last updated: 2021-09-08 07:22:32

 page 1 of 58; games 1-25 of 1,434  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Steinitz vs Marshall 1-0341893Montreal Chess Club, Simul 16bC03 French, Tarrasch
2. Steinitz vs Marshall 1-0261893Heather Chess Club, Simul 18bC03 French, Tarrasch
3. Marshall vs R Short 1-0181894ch Montreal CCC51 Evans Gambit
4. Pillsbury vs Marshall 0-1291894Blindfold simulC31 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
5. Marshall vs A Davison 1-0481894CAN-chC50 Giuoco Piano
6. J Narraway vs Marshall 0-1241894CAN-chC10 French
7. Pillsbury vs Marshall 0-1341894Blindfold simul, 10bD06 Queen's Gambit Declined
8. Marshall vs W Pollock  1-0291894SimulC47 Four Knights
9. R Short vs Marshall 0-1221895Inter-club MatchC51 Evans Gambit
10. V Sournin vs Marshall 0-1341896New YorkA80 Dutch
11. Marshall vs A E Swaffield  0-1221896Marshall - SwaffieldC38 King's Gambit Accepted
12. A E Swaffield vs Marshall 0-1301896Marshall - SwaffieldC44 King's Pawn Game
13. Marshall vs A E Swaffield 1-0241896Marshall - SwaffieldC50 Giuoco Piano
14. G Jones vs Marshall  0-1251896Continuous tournamentC50 Giuoco Piano
15. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1231896Napier - MarshallC29 Vienna Gambit
16. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0471896Napier - MarshallB01 Scandinavian
17. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1771896Napier - MarshallC55 Two Knights Defense
18. W Napier vs Marshall ½-½751896Napier - MarshallC02 French, Advance
19. Marshall vs W Napier ½-½721896Napier - MarshallC50 Giuoco Piano
20. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0351896Napier - MarshallB06 Robatsch
21. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1341896Napier - MarshallC45 Scotch Game
22. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0681896Napier - MarshallC00 French Defense
23. Marshall vs W Napier 1-0271896Napier - MarshallD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
24. W Napier vs Marshall ½-½751896Napier - MarshallC00 French Defense
25. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1381896Napier - MarshallA84 Dutch
 page 1 of 58; games 1-25 of 1,434  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Marshall wins | Marshall loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 15 OF 15 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jun-01-18  sudoplatov: I probably mentioned this before, several tribute to Lasker laud him for being able to save lost positions. Marshall is criticized from swindling his way out of lost positions.
Nov-22-18  thegoodanarchist: Wasn't it Marshall who won The Gold Coin Game, with Black?

I don't see it in the "Notable Games" list.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: S Levitsky vs Marshall, 1912
Dec-02-18  The Rocket: Marshall or Nezhmetdinov - finest tactican/calculator of all time?

I would have to give the edge to Nez, but I don't recall Marshall ever missing any tactics either. Marshall was for sure stronger than Alekhine in the tactics department, which Reuben Fine also submits.

Dec-02-18  The Rocket: I guess Bronstein is in that list too. He's an equally creative player, at the very least.
Premium Chessgames Member
  mifralu: On November 21, 1892, Marshall played Emanuel Lasker when Lasker was giving a 24-board simultaneous exhibition in Montreal. Marshall lost; Lasker scored +21 -1 =2.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Nice find. Marshall was only 15. No doubt this was covered by Hilbert in <Young Marshall> (Moravian 2002), but it's news to me.

Note that <Whyld (1998)> gives the date of this simul (with the scores of the games vs. Robertson and Bertrand) as November 22nd, based on the <Montreal Daily Herald 23-11-92>. Your link shows it was, in fact, the <Herald> of November 22nd, and the date at page top has evidently been misread.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: ***

It's strange how Marshall never mentions this game. He talks about simuls v Steinitz and Pillsbury (both in 1893) adding the first time his name appeared in print was in Le Monde (Montreal) 1893 after the Steinitz game.

Later in his 'Fifty Years of Chess' game 7 v Lasker. He says this is the first time we met over the board.

I know Marshall was a bit liberal with the facts regarding some his games and life but one would think you could hardly forget playing Lasker.

(it was not Marshall senior, he was called Alfred George.)


Premium Chessgames Member
  Telemus: <MissScarlett: No doubt this was covered by Hilbert in <Young Marshall> (Moravian 2002)>

Hilbert is overrated, especially when it comes to Lasker.

May-01-20  The Rocket: The million dollar question; Marshall or Nezhmetdinov - who was the better tactician?

Let's hear your guys take. I know of no other player even remotely close to these two guys in that area.

Mar-05-21  thelegendisback: <I know of no other player even remotely close to these two guys in that area.>

If you know of no player who is even remotely close to these two guys it only means you really know little about chess.

Mar-05-21  sudoplatov: Marshall was probably better though some of this was in his endgame play. Marshall remained in the top 20 from 1902 to 1928 (with more excursions into that rating later). Marshall won some big tournaments: Cambridge Springs 1904, Scheveningen 1905, Nuremberg 1906, Dusseldorf 1908, and some smaller ones with only Capablanca or Janowski or Duras as big opponents.

Marshall's style was more attacking and less sacrificial (Alekhine, Lasker, and Capablanca also played some long range attacks.)

Premium Chessgames Member
  fredthebear: A summary of Frank Marshall's long career:
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: From the <New York Times>, Monday, March 15, 1943) reporting on the Marshall Chess Club's Metropolitan Chess League Match on the previous Saturday, March 13:


Beats Howard to Pace Victory Over North Jersey at Chess

The Mardhall Chess Club gained another point in the in the senior division of the annual competition for the championship of the Metropolitan Chess League by yesterday defeating the the visiting North Jersey team, 7½ to ½.

"Frank J. Marshall, former national chamion, won from F. Howard in seven moves....>

That's it. No score, no comments or description. Nor have I been able to find a metion of the game elsewhere.

Does anyone have more information about the game. Yes, it's undoubededly a very poor game, no doubt quite embarrassing for Howard. But someone must have been sadistic enough to write down the moves somewhere!

Feb-07-22  arthurp: I enjoy Marshall's games very much but he having the US championship for 30+years?! He did not play a match for the US champ. until 1923 against Edward Lasker.Praising some one for holding onto a championship by not playing anyone is strange.Reshevsky,Dake,Kashdan and others were willing to play.Marshall deserves a lot of credit for the quality of his games and his tournament victories!
Premium Chessgames Member
  fredthebear: The next-to-last line says Marshall dies of a heart attack:

I've been to my share of cemeteries but have never seen a headstone w/such a list of names as that including Marshall.

Here's a Bill Wall post:

"Move more, sit less" says the CDC:

Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: <arthurp: I enjoy Marshall's games very much but he having the US championship for 30+years?! He did not play a match for the US champ. until 1923 against Edward Lasker.Praising some one for holding onto a championship by not playing anyone is strange.>

Depends. If nobody thought they could beat Marshall during that period and he was left "unchallenged" how would that be the man's fault?

Admittedly I have not done a deep dive into Marshall to see if he had asked for an unreasonable amount as stakes for a match, or if he just outright refused to play challengers who offered to play for reasonable stakes, in which case I think one can ding Marshall for skirting challengers to hold the title, but if nobody is willing to risk playing him then I think his time as US Champion should be considered as fairly earned.

Aug-24-22  Fyffe123: Marshall played a telegraph match against Alfred Porter, Saint John NB, on February 1, 1894.

Adjudicated a draw by James Narraway.

Aug-24-22  Fyffe123: In regards to game of the young Marshall (-) with Lasker (+)in the 1892 Montreal simul, any record of the moves have been lost to the dust bin of history.
Aug-24-22  Fyffe123: Young Marshall, p. 10, footnote 29 should read: " La Monde Illustre for Dec. 2, l893"
Oct-05-22  Honest Adin Reviews: too much is spent talking on morphy, that's good but... marshall frank james was great, his u.s. championship longevity is amazing! however he did not defend his title too often!
Mar-21-23  stone free or die: I never realized that Frank's wedding caused such waves, on both sides of the family, just before his departure to Paris.

Hopefully the ocean trip was smoother:

("Was a runaway match" c3)

Mar-21-23  Granny O Doul: I'm wondering where I can get my hand's on some Hale's Honey of Horehound and Tar.

In "My Fifty Years of Chess", Marshall (or whoever actually wrote it) reported that he informed her parents of something like "I have fallen in love with your daughter and I'm going to steal her from you".

Mar-21-23  Dionysius1: <Granny O Doul: I'm wondering where I can get my hand's on some Hale's Honey of Horehound and Tar.>

Blimey, Granny, you're testing me now. You mean as a replacement during NICE's precautionary withdrawal of medications containing Pholcodine?

I liked the sound of Benylin For Chesty Cough when I was a kid. I reckoned he sounded like the next Russian ballet dancer ready to defect. Good old Benny.

Mar-21-23  stone free or die: Horehound -

I was a little disappointed to see it wasn't an animal extraction.

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