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French, Tarrasch (C05)
1 e4 e6 2 d4 d5 3 Nd2 Nf6

Number of games in database: 8617
Years covered: 1889 to 2023
Overall record:
   White wins 45.3%
   Black wins 25.6%
   Draws 29.1%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Michele Godena  56 games
Vlastimil Jansa  37 games
Ratmir Kholmov  33 games
Evgeny Gleizerov  149 games
Ivan Farago  111 games
Mikhail Ulybin  84 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Tarrasch vs K Eckart, 1889
Korchnoi vs M Udovcic, 1967
Alekhine vs Capablanca, 1938
Reshevsky vs Vaganian, 1976
E Kengis vs R Djurhuus, 1991
W Bialas vs Uhlmann, 1951
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 page 1 of 345; games 1-25 of 8,617 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Tarrasch vs K Eckart 1-0171889NurembergC05 French, Tarrasch
2. Tarrasch vs M Kuerschner 1-0311890NurembergC05 French, Tarrasch
3. Tarrasch vs M Kuerschner 1-0431891Nuremberg club mC05 French, Tarrasch
4. Tarrasch vs Von Gottschall 1-04818927th DSB Congress, DresdenC05 French, Tarrasch
5. E Schallopp vs J Metger 0-15618938th DSB Congress, KielC05 French, Tarrasch
6. Steinitz vs J Lissner / L Bernstein 0-1301894Consultation simul, 4bC05 French, Tarrasch
7. Steinitz vs J C Halpern 1-03318942nd City Chess Club TournamentC05 French, Tarrasch
8. C Newman vs N Jasnogrodsky 1-0221895Manhattan CC - Franklin CC telegraph mC05 French, Tarrasch
9. T F Lawrence vs E O Jones  1-0311896City of London ChC05 French, Tarrasch
10. Steinitz vs Schiffers 0-1361896Schiffers - SteinitzC05 French, Tarrasch
11. Steinitz vs C Enschede  ½-½281896Simul, 32bC05 French, Tarrasch
12. Schlechter vs J Noa ½-½851896BudapestC05 French, Tarrasch
13. G G Bartoszkiewicz vs A Romashkevich  1-0261897 6th Shakhmatnyi Zhurnal corrC05 French, Tarrasch
14. W Cohn vs K Walbrodt  0-1651897BerlinC05 French, Tarrasch
15. R Behting vs Th Mueller  0-1421898Riga Chess Club Winter tC05 French, Tarrasch
16. Pillsbury vs Maroczy 1-0461900ParisC05 French, Tarrasch
17. H Suechting vs Olland 0-134190213th DSB Congress, HanoverC05 French, Tarrasch
18. Teichmann vs A Reggio  1-0321903Monte CarloC05 French, Tarrasch
19. J Perlis vs Duras 1-0451906OstendC05 French, Tarrasch
20. Capablanca vs H H Cole 1-0331911Simul, 28bC05 French, Tarrasch
21. M Elyashiv vs S F Lebedev  1-0411914All-Russian MastersC05 French, Tarrasch
22. E Canal vs H Johner 1-0271917ZuerichC05 French, Tarrasch
23. L Singer vs Z Vecsey  0-1471923TriesteC05 French, Tarrasch
24. Spielmann vs E Rinsma  ½-½171930Simul, 57bC05 French, Tarrasch
25. Spielmann vs G Stoltz 0-1281930Stoltz - SpielmannC05 French, Tarrasch
 page 1 of 345; games 1-25 of 8,617 
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Jul-30-02  smichellel: Don't you put only one game of the day?
Premium Chessgames Member We have one "game of the day" each day, but we also have an opening of the day. Today the opening is the French Tarrasch.
Sep-08-05  ArturoRivera: doesnt this variation loses the right to castle as white? lets say after

1.-e4 e6
2.-d4 d5
3.-Nd2 Nf6
4.-e5 Nd7
5.-Bd3 c5
6.-c3 Nc6
7.-Ne2 Qb6
8.-Nf3 Bb4+

doesnt white must move now the king.

Sep-08-05  Resignation Trap: <ArturoRivera> Actually, you mean after 8...cxd4 9. cxd4 Bb4+, right?

Yes, White should play 10. Kf1 here, but the loss of the castling privilege is no big deal in such a blocked position, unless White gets a bit careless as in Spielmann vs Stoltz, 1931 . Generally speaking, White does quite well in this line, and two early examples which I can cite with it are Alekhine vs Capablanca, 1938 and Spielmann vs Dekker, 1934 .

Jan-23-06  chessboyhaha: No that´s wrong, White has to lay very well to stay better or even fight for a drawn because in this variation that white loss the castle, the blacks should open the game in some moment with ...g5 as in this variation: 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5
3.Nd2 Nf6
4.e5 Nfd7
5.f4 c5
6.c3 Nc6
7.Ndf3 Qb6
8.g3 cd4
9.cd4 Bb4+
10.Kf2 g5!
11.fg Ndxe5
12.Nxe5 Nxe5
And the black has clear advantage because white has an uncastled king in a open position.
Jan-23-06  chessboyhaha: <ArturoRiviera> But I prefer to play 9...Be7!? that´s quite interesting because black play with f6, 0-0(the e pawn is falling with check!)and g5!? and attack the white king at any cost as in Poliantsev vs Kaplun. That game was in 1983!
Feb-27-06  sirduke: <ArturoRivera> and <Resignation Trap>, in your line how about 8...cxd4 9.cxd4 Bb4+ 10.Bd2? Why move the King? If BxB, then QxB and the b2 is covered. Is there some reason for not playing this line?
Premium Chessgames Member
  WTHarvey: Here's a collection of puzzles from C05 miniatures:
Apr-16-07  artemis: Chessboyhaha: the difference is that in this line, white is not playing f4, so his position is not that open and g5 is not as serious of a threat.
Jun-12-07  OJC: I encountered the following unorthodox 5th move recently:

1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nd2 Nf6 4.e5 Nfd7 5.Bd3 Qg5

click for larger view

I'd never seen this one before and it turns out it is not in chessgames' or chessbase's database. The French defense isn't ideal for early Queen adventures from the black side and the g2 pawn looks poisoned...

6.Ngf3 Qxg2 7.Rg1 Qh3 8.Ng5!

White has a won game already:

Possible continuations are:
(1) Black accepts a second pawn 8. ...Qxh2 9.Ndf3 Qh5 10.Rg3! and black's queen will be trapped.

e.g. (i) 10. ...Qh1+ 11.Bf1 h6 12. Nh3

(ii)10. ...Be7 11.Rh3 Qg4 12.Rh4 Qg2 13.Bf1

(2) If black ignores the h2 pawn the same basic outcome occurs 8. ...Qh4 9.Ndf3 Qh5 10.Rg3 Be7 11.Rh3 Qg4 12.Rh4 Qg2 13.Bf1 Qh1 14.Rg4 with Rg1 to follow.

So, the g2 pawn is strategically and tactically poisoned in this line.

The actual game was line (1,ii).

Feb-14-11  Lennonfan: Why such a dip in popularity in the 1910-20's,then a massive resurge thereafter??
Feb-14-11  suenteus po 147: <Lennonfan> I'm guessing World War I played its part in that dip in popularity.
Feb-14-11  Lennonfan: <suenteos po 147> Well world war 2 never bothered this opening??? And the first world war never bothered other openings neither...would you like to take another guess??
Feb-14-11  Marmot PFL: As the Winawer became more popular, players turned to 3 Nd2 to avoid it.
Feb-14-11  Lennonfan: <marmot PFL>thank im guessing that the war had nothing to do with it then??comparing the winawer's popularity to world war one is ridiculous,is it not?
Feb-14-11  Lennonfan: <Marmot PFL>And for some reason iv never liked nor played nd2! even though i see the winning percentage is double that of black in this excellent try it next time now the war's long over...
Mar-24-11  ryanaly2010: Can somebody please tell me why black seems to never take the unprotected pawn on b2 with his queen on b6 after white moves his bishop to Bg5? I find this very confusing. Thanks!
Mar-25-11  SimonWebbsTiger: @ryanaly

Qxb2 runs into Nb5, and the black queen is compromised (depending on the variation, but I guess you mean the line in the Tarrasch where the Knight goes to c3 before the bishop moves from c1).

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Opening of the Day:
French, Tarrasch
1 e4 e6 2 d4 d5 3 ♘d2

click for larger view

Jun-09-12  Tigranny: I love beating my opponent playing this system as Black by using Viktor Korchnoi's gambit like in this game - Korchnoi vs Udovcic, 1967.
Dec-02-13  hedgeh0g: A tip for players on the White side of this opening:

After 4.e5 Nfd7 5.f4 c5, the setup with 6.Ngf3 has been gaining in popularity recently, with the idea of provoking Black into closing the centre after 6...Nc6 7.Nb3! c4 8.Nbd2.

Regardless of where Black castles, he faces some difficulties: White has a natural space advantage and better development on the kingside, but retains the option of opening some lines on the queenside in the event Black castles over there.

White's recent results here speak for themselves, although there aren't really enough games to offer a definitive evalutation of this system.

Dec-22-13  parisattack: White gets an awesome attack here, but mishandles it:

E Safarli vs H Tikkanen, 2013

Analyzed by Watson for ChessPublishing recently.

Apr-08-23  Ron: Here is a position that could arise from the French Defense:

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nd2 Be7 4. Ngf3 Nf6 5. e5 Nfd7 6. c3 c5 7. Bd3 O-O 8. h4 f6

click for larger view

Stockfish 15 says that the best move for White is 9. Ng5.

It would be a blunder for Black then to play 9. ... fxg5, for then there is a forced mate according to Stockfish 15: 10. Bxh7+ Kxh7 11. hxg5+ Kg8 12. Rh8+ Kxh8 13. Qh5+ Kg8 14. g6 Nf6 15. exf6 Rxf6 16. Qh7+ Kf8 17. Qh8#

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