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Louis Paulsen vs Adolf Anderssen
Anderssen - Paulsen (1877), Leipzig GER, rd 1, Jul-23
Vienna Game: Anderssen Defense (C25)  ·  0-1



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Kibitzer's Corner
Apr-16-08  FHBradley:

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"[Hans] Kmoch dubbed [the above formation] derived by ...KPxQP the Boleslavsky wall, after the Soviet grandmaster who did as much as anyone to popularize the King's Indian Defence during the late 1940s. The opening was still viewed with suspicion because it appeared that if Black had to exchange his KP for the enemuy QP he would have no protection for hiw onw QP. But Boleslavsky demonstrated something that was known by a few masters in the previous century and long since forgotten - that black can find many tactical resources in such a formation to keep White occupied. A remarkable strategic dinosaur of the last century, Paulsen-Anderssen, Leipzig 1877, shows this. [After White's 21st move] After forcing his opponent to surrender the center on the 4th move white has shown a stark misunderstanding of how to deal with this formation. He blocked his KBP at move 9 and was restrained from moving it later by Black's quickly developing power on the black squares. Thus White had to center threats of P-K5 or P-KB5 and he could not prevent black from occupying his K4. White put his QR on a useless square and then played P-QN3, giving Black the opportunity to open up the queenside with ... P-R5. [to be continued...]

Apr-16-08  FHBradley: [Continued from the previous post] Black's play has been astonishingly modern by comparison. (Ironically Paulsen, who handled the White pieces, is regarded today as a far-thinking iconoclast, whereas Anderssen, who was Black, is usually remembered as a one-dimensional romantic.) When Boleslavsky and David Bronstein popularized Black's formation after World War II they used all these themes - the threat of P-QR5, pressure against the KP, use of the black squares on the long diagonal. Anderssen could have anticipated another modern idea here with 21... P-KR4! followed by ... K-N2 and P-R5 to use the black squares for a mating attack. But Black chose another thematic idea with 21... P-Q4!?. With the advantage of a hundred year's hindsight we see that 22. KPxP PxP 23. P-B5 is the best strategic response (although the white QBP may fall). But White permitted the center to be liquidated, and the difference between the activity of the two players' pieces was no longer obscured by the center." From A. Soltis: "Pawn Structure Chess", pp. 208-210.

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