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David Bronstein vs Abram Davidovich Zamikhovsky
"Trojan Horses" (game of the day Aug-18-2014)
Leningrad (1970)
Caro-Kann Defense: Karpov Variation (B17)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: <Averageguy> "The Zurich International Chess Tournament 1953",is a great book, and a classic.He annotates all the games (210), placing emphasis on explaining the concepts and ideas in them,such as dark squared weaknesses, control of a file, etc.The variations in the games are not numerous.In his book "The Road to Chess Improvement", Gm Alexander Yermolinski said that if he had to name "one book"(Bronstein's) with helping him with his problems as a player,not once, but many times throughout his chess career, he'd know which one it is. You can order the book from Dover Publications for $11.95. I'll problably end up buying The Sorcerer's Apprentice as well.
Oct-30-05  Averageguy: <chancho> I analysed this game without a computer (I never use a comp for analysis) and found some things. In your variation 14...hxg5 15.fxg5 Nd5 16.Qh5 g6, instead of 17.Bxg6 white has a nicer win, 17.Rxf7 gxh5 18.Bh7+ Kh8 19.Ng6#. In fact, 16.Qh5 seems stronger than 16.Bh7+, as it forces mate: 1)16...Nf8 17.Qxf7+ Kh8/7 18.Qh5+ Kg8 19.Rxf8+ Bxf8 20.Qh7#/19...Kxf8 20.Qh8# 2)16.N7/5f6 17.Bh7+ Kf8 (17...Nxh7 18.Qxf7+ Kh8 19.Ng6#)(17...Kh8 18.Nxf7#)18.Qxf7#

Another nice variation is 16...fxe6 17.Qxe6+ Kh7 18.Ne5+ Kh8 (18...g6 19.Qf7+ Kh8 20.Nxg6#) 19.Nf7+ Kg8 20.Nxh6+ Kh8(20...Kf8 21.Qg8/f7#) 21.Qg8+ N/Rxg8 21.Nf7# I shall post some more of my analysis when I have time (if you want me to).

Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: <Averageguy> Keep posting that analysis!
Oct-30-05  hintza: <I shall post some more of my analysis when I have time (if you want me to).> Yes, please do! :)
Oct-30-05  knightsillver: what in the world????
14. Ng5?????????
total loser
Oct-30-05  knightsillver: These guys are total losers
Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: <knightsillver> So you're the new troll in town eh?
Oct-30-05  Open Defence: <Knightsilver> you forgot about 16Nxe6??? LOL
Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: <Open Defense> You also? NOOOOOOOOO!!!
Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: 5.c3 is much too quiet a move compared with 5.Bc4 or 5.Ng5, but Bronstein could shun the main lines and defer activity until the middlegame because he had a gift for finding complexities in even the most calm positions. 10.Ne5 gets out of the book and forces Black to think--which was always a good way to defeat me, so I have to approve of White's methods.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: "Zurich" is a great book. I played through a lot of the book/games when I was a young guy getting into chess.
Aug-18-14  nansen: fantastic game!
Aug-18-14  sfm: It is always a bit funny when somebody plays a move to prevent a feared move from the opponent - and the feared move is then played anyway.

3 consecutive night moves, all to 'covered' squares.
The quiet move 21.fxg is very hard to see. Black is a piece up, but he must lose it. But I wonder if 29.-,cxd would give better chances?

Aug-18-14  King Radio: 29...cxd is just as's king is totally hemmed in, and a rook swap is no help. Great game from Bronstein.
Aug-18-14  catlover: I guess the Trojan Horse pun refers to the two knights hanging at the beginning of move 17.
Aug-18-14  Castleinthesky: Bronstein creates another piece of artwork. Even at move 13, before the fireworks, the game looks lost for Black. White has his pieces perfectly centralized and lined up for a brutal king side attack. At no point does Black seize the initiative from White. Great pun and great game!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Amazing game. 14.Ng5, 15.Ng6 16.Nxe6 and 17.f5 all leave a knight(s) hanging, yet black can't (or rather shouldn't) take them.
Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: Any one of the queenside pawns can win the game. AND white his THREE!
Aug-18-14  mruknowwho: I have this idea about Black's 11th move. What if instead of 11...b6, he plays 11...b5 [sacrificing the pawn and threatening 12...c4 (should White leave the pawn alone)]. If 12. Bxb5, then 12...Nxe5 (with the idea of opening up the e-file for a rook. Note that Black has more space on the queen side. What do you think? Too risky?
Aug-18-14  Nicocobas: According to Wikepedia a "Trojan Horse has come to mean any trick or stratagem that causes a target to allow a foe into a securely protected bastion or space." That may be the case here, but I fail to see it.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: Hi Nicocobas,

The pun obviously refers to (or perhaps not - see below) to this position.

click for larger view

Neither Knight can be taken. 16...fxg6 drops the Black Queen and after 16...fxe6 Black gets mated.

So if you take either Knight (Trojan Horse) then you will lose.

Or it coould be deeper than that. Some of these puns are like crossword clues, you have to dig into a twisted mind to figure them out.

'The Siege' by Helen Dunsmore is all about the siege of Leningrad....

....and Leningrad is where this game was played.

The most famous Helen in history is of course Helen of Troy (the face that launched a thousand ships etc...etc..)

So you get Leningrad and Helen Dunsmore onto Helen of Troy from the Trojan War amd from there we get '"Trojan Horses."

It's all rather simple when you know how.


Hi chancho, (sorry about the 9 year delay in answering.)

".... I have his [Bronstein's]tournament book: Zurich International chess Tournament 1953."

No you don't, you have Vainstein's book with Bronstein's name on the cover.

Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: See also: "The 900 Days. The siege of Leningrad", by Harrison Salisbury.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Check It Out: 13…h6 "you can't go there"


What a knightmare.

Aug-20-14  Nicocobas: <Sally Simpson> Thanks!
Dec-25-16  Albion 1959: Typical Bronstein, who else could play a game like this? Tal maybe? Wild and woolly stuff, it is difficult even for grandmasters to defend correctly in these kinds of positions. In the 21st century world of databases and powerful search engines, it would have been possible for black to defend this position:
search thread:   
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