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Thomas Barnes vs Paul Morphy
Casual game (1858), London ENG
Spanish Game: Berlin Defense (C65)  ·  0-1



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sac: 31...Rxg6 PGN: download | view | print Help: general | java-troubleshooting

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Kibitzer's Corner
May-22-05  fgh: Morphy was a great attacking player, but not much is known about his endgame skills. This game shows they certainly where not any bad.
Mar-05-08  heuristic: after consistent pressure in the middlegame, doesn't WHT make some strategic mistakes in the endgame?

- no attempt to exchange pieces
30.Nd7 Rf7 31.Nxb6 cxb6 stops BLK counterplay
- WHT Rooks don't challenge the center
30.Rde1 intending 31.Ng6 32.Re2
or 31.Rfe1 Rf2 32.Rd7 intending 33.Rd8
or 33.Rfd1 Rxc2 34.R1d2 Rc1+ 35.Kg2
- trades protection of Q pawns for K attack
34.b3 Rxa2 35.h4 Rb2 36.Rf5
or 35.b4 Rxa2 36.Rxc7 Kg6 37.Rxb7 Kxg4

BLK makes a good strategic decision. by giving up the exchange, (31...Rxg6 32.fxg6+ Kxg6) BLK gets space for a Kside pawn advance and also keeps pressure on the King.

two errors; one minor and one major, and the game is over.

37...a5 seems too early.
either the K attack with 37...Ra1+ 38.Kg2 Rg1+ 39.Kh3 Rh1+ 40.Kg3 or maybe 37...h5 intending c5, a5, a4

and 38.h5+ is a major stumble.
surprisingly, the BLK K moves up the board to assist with the attack! either 38.Rfe7 Kf6 39.Rxg7 K35 40.g5 or 39.Rf5 Kh7 39.h5 Ra1+ 40.Kg3 are better.

Apr-23-09  Marmot PFL: Maroczy claims a win for white with 31 Rfe1 Rf2 32 Re8. the positions are much the same as in the game but 34...Bd4! would not work with the Rf7 on e7. This is much easier to see in analysis knowing what happened than during the actual game. Black could not well avoid the exchange sacrifice without being mated by Rh8.
Dec-26-10  josejoasm: 40.Rge7? Better would be 40.Rg6 protecting his pawn and threatening h6, and after 40...a4 why Barnes resigns?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sastre: White resigned because he couldn't prevent 41...Kh3/Kg3. For example, if 41.Rb1 to protect against the threat of 42...Ra1+, then 41...Kh3 and White can't prevent 42...Rh2#. If 41.Rf7 then 41...Kg3 and White can't stop the dual threats of 42...Rh2# and 42...Ra1+.
Dec-26-10  josejoasm: If you play 40.Rgf7 you can't do 42...Rh2# and 42...Ra1+. Because you can do check in Rf3 though he can take the pawns then... thanks for your explanation.
Dec-26-10  josejoasm: Or even if you play 40.Rg6 Kg6 you can do check with 41.Rb3. If 40...a4 41.Rf7 preventing the advance of king with check in Rf3 (41... Kg6 or Kh6 42.Rf3+).
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sastre: <josejoasm: Or even if you play 40.Rg6 Kg6 you can do check with 41.Rb3. If 40...a4 41.Rf7 preventing the advance of king with check in Rf3 (41... Kg6 or Kh6 42.Rf3+)> After 40.Rg6 a4 41.Rf7 Kg3, White can't defend against the dual threat of 42...Rh2# and 42...Ra1+.
Dec-26-10  josejoasm: 40.Rg6 a4 41.Rf7 Kg3 42.Rf3+ Kh4 43.Rf1 then you can't do 43...Rh2# or 43...Ra1+. If 43...Kg3 you can do check again in 44. Rf3 and maybe a draw against Morphy ;-)
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sastre: <josejoasm: 40.Rg6 a4 41.Rf7 Kg3 42.Rf3+> Black is winning after 42...Kxf3.
Dec-26-10  josejoasm: You are are right sorry.
Dec-26-10  sevenseaman: Dual threats indeed! Neatly analysed by <Sastre>. No wonder Morphy wasn't too keen to barter the B for a R; and he couldn't have planned his 3 Ps to be better placed.

Almost arcane until you come face to face with the situation. One can learn some very complex tricks from the Master!

Premium Chessgames Member
  Fischerfriend: 38.Rb5! gave white the better game, at least a draw was feasible: a. 38..c5 39.h5+ Kh7 40.Rb8 a4 41.Rff8! g6
42.Rf7+ Bg7 43.Rbb7 +-
b. 38..h5! 39.Rg5+ Kf6 40.Rbg7: a4
a3 42.R2g6+ Kf7 43.Rc6 Rd2 44.Ra6 a2
= or 40..c4 c3 42.Rc7 c2 43.Ra5:
or 43.Rc2: =
or 43.h6 Ke6 45.Ra5 =
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: First publication of this game in the <Era> of July 4th 1858 gave <40. QR to K7>, i.e., <40.Rbe7>, but Lowenthal corrected himself in <Morphy's Games of Chess> to <KR to K7>.

With <40.Rgd7> or <40. Rgf7>, the computer thinks the position is equal.

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