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Paul Morphy vs Abram Blumenthal Arnold
Knight Odds game (1859) (unorthodox), Baltimore, MD USA, Nov-18
Chess variants (000)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
Oct-13-06  Autoreparaturwerkbau: Chess really looks easy when Morhy plays.
Jan-26-09  WhiteRook48: is this the governor of California?
Dec-19-09  birthtimes: He got terminated allright...
Dec-28-13  lagosaurusrex: Morphy's 17.Ng5 was a pretty big blunder.
Nov-02-14  SBC: This is Dr. Abram B. Arnold, born Feb. 4, 1820 in Goessingen, Wurtemberg, Germany. His parents emigrated to Berks County, Pa. in 1833. He stuied at the U. of Pa. and Washington Univ. (earning his medical degree in 1848). He was president of the Medical and C hirurgical (surgical) Faculty of Baltimore as well a president of the Baltimore Chess Club. He was also president of the Monumental Chess Club when Morphy visited Baltimore. He was a close personal friend of William Steinitz and Abraham Lincoln. He died in 1904.
Nov-02-14  SBC:

Arnold's photo:

Nov-02-14  asmeneses: W Arnold can still exchange his queen with the rook and night... With 1 rook and 2 bishops, modern gms can still force a draw on this position.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Calli>'s dating of this game to <1859.11.18> agrees with the report of Morphy's visit to Baltimore in the <(Baltimore) Sun> of November 21st 1859, p.1.

<Every one was prepossessed by his modest and unassuming demeanor. He conversed freely with all who were introduced to him.>

All of Morphy's games, as reported, were played at knight odds including, presumably, Morphy vs C Nicholson, 1859. It seems unlikely that he would be required to play any opponent more than once, so we can be pretty certain of the attribution.

Aug-10-19  Granny O Doul: There can't have been too many friends of both Lincoln and Steinitz. It does not appear the three could ever have met at once.

It does appear that Black missed a big chance with 17...Bb5.

I don't share asmeneses's belief (expressed above) in the powers of today's grandmasters. For one thing, Black has only rook and one bishop for the Q. White has the clear winning plan of Qh7+, take the queen, and then h3-h4-h5.

Premium Chessgames Member
  fredthebear: <asmeneses: W Arnold can still exchange his queen with the rook and night... With 1 rook and 2 bishops, modern gms can still force a draw on this position.>

There is much truth is what you say.

Game continuation: 21...QxRf7 22.Qh7+ Kf8 23.NxQf7 KxNf7 (see diagram)

click for larger view


In this particular game continuation, all the Black pieces have limited mobility due to White's dark-squared pawn chain closure. White has time enough to launch a kingside pawn storm, using the h-pawn as a lever (...gxh5, gxh5 seems likely). The resulting mutual pawn exchanges dissipate the king's shield which generates additional exposure and queen operations within Black's camp.

I'm not a fan of early resignations, but in casual games, it's socially wise to capitulate when the opponent gets the upper hand. There's no need to force White to grind it out like a rated game.

Aug-12-21  paulmorphy1969: why in book of Maaroczy the name appear Arnold W. Alexander? in site appear this description
Arnold, Alexander B., M.D. A rather minor amateur Morphy defeated in Baltimore, November 1859. However Dr. A .B. Arnold was a moderately celebrated physician. He was born near Stuttgart, Germany, in 1820. His family emigrated to the US and his father, James Arnold, was a merchant, first in PA and later in Baltimore. Arnold was licensed to practice medicine in 1848 having studied first at the College of Mercersburg, PA, the Pennsylvania University and finally at the College of Physicians and Surgeons. He practiced medicine (and played chess) in Baltimore until 1888. In 1875 he was appointed Professor of Diseases of the Nervous System for the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Baltimore and was chosen as president of the section of general medicine of the Ninth International Medical Congress, Washington, DC in 1887. He published a treatise, Diseases of the Nervous System. Around 1890 he moved to San Francisco taking a position on the staff of the San Francisco Polyclinic. Any member have info abaut this ,the correct name of this opponent?
Aug-12-21  paulmorphy1969: In Book of Maroczy the name is W.E.Arnold
in link edochess
appear completely different why?
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: A report in the <(Baltimore) Sun> of October 23rd 1897, p.6, describes a simul given in the city by Albert Hodges.

Among the 17 opponents is <the venerable Dr. A. B. Arnold, the oldest member of the association, who played with the great American chess champion, Paul Morphy, away back in 1857>, who drew his game.

But another opponent is <Wm. E. Arnold>.

This could account for a mix-up if Maroczy had attempted to identify an <Arnold> associated with Baltimore.

Premium Chessgames Member
  kingscrusher: Paul Morphy needed to prepare the Bxg6 with a move like 16.b3 and then after there would be c4 in the event of Bb5 from black. In the game, the continuation with Bxg6 is essentially disastrous for Paul Morphy.

16.Bxg6 hxg6
17.Ng5?? Bb5


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