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Harry Nelson Pillsbury vs Max Judd
St. Louis (1898), St. Louis, MO USA, rd 2, Dec-27
Queen's Gambit Declined: Alapin Variation (D31)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
Nov-21-05  iron maiden: A great Pillsbury miniature. If 23...Qf8 24. Qh5+ followed by Rxh8+ wins.
Premium Chessgames Member
  hesyrett: I'm sure <iron maiden> meant 23...♕f8 24 ♕h5+ ♔g8 25 ♖xf8+ and wins.  However, Pillsbury missed a mate in 3:  22 ♕h5+ ♔g8 23 ♕xf7+ ♔h7 24 ♖h5#.
Dec-12-07  Chicago Chess Man: Notice how 14...Kg8 fails to:

15. Qh5 Re8 16. Qxf7+ Kh8 17. Nxe6 threatening both mate and the capture of black's queen.

May-31-08  bengalcat47: A sterling example of Pillsbury's attacking style! Here is another game played between Pillsbury and Max Judd at St. louis in 1901. This game first appeared in the book Chess Strategy and Tactics by Reinfeld and Chernev. I've done my best to translate it into algebraic notation. Here is the game: 1. e4, e5; 2. NF3, Nc6; 3. Bb5, Nf6: 4. O-O, d6: 5. d4, Bd7; 6. Nc3, Be7: 7. Bxc6, Bxc6; 8. Qd3, e5xd4; 9. Nxd4, O-O; 10. b3, Re8; 11. Bb2, Bf8; 12. Rf1e1, g6; 13. Nxc6, b7xc6; 14. Qc4, Qd7; 15. Ra1d1, Bg7; 16. Na4, Nh5; 17. Bxg7, Nxg7; 18. Nc5, Qc8; 19. Nd3, Qb7; 20. Nb4,c5; 21. Nd5, Re6; 22. e5,
d6xe5; 23. Qxc5, c6; 24. Nc3, Ra8e8; 25. Ne4, Nf5; 26. g4, Nd4; 27. Rxd4, e5xd4; 28. Nf6+, Kh8; 29. Rxe6 1-0.

I don't how to submit games in PGN format, or I would have. Also, I have not included Reinfeld's annotations of this game from Chess Strategy and Tactics. It shouls be noted that he used the theme "Attack on Both Wings" to describe this game, which is yet another example of Pillsbury's genius as a master tactician!

Jun-19-12  LoveThatJoker: GG


Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: Poor Judd is dead.
Jun-19-12  Jim Bartle: He had a heart of gold, and he wasn't very old.
Apr-23-14  bengalcat47: <hesyrett> Although it's been almost 6 and 1/2 years since you posted your comment I'd like to point out that the mate in 3 Pillsbury overlooked was actually 23.Qh5+,Kg8; 24.Qxf7+, Kh7; 25.Rh5#. Qh5+ can't be played at move 22 because Black can take the Queen with his Rook.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: Hi bengalcat47,

I have tidied up the notation of the above game (removed all the , ; and :) and submitted it to the site.

Good Game.

[Event "?"]
[Site "St. louis"]
[Date "1901"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Pillsbury,Harry Nelson"]
[Black "Judd,Max "]
[Result "1-0"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Nf6 4. O-O d6 5. d4 Bd7 6. Nc3 Be7 7. Bxc6 Bxc6 8. Qd3 exd4 9. Nxd4 O-O 10. b3 Re8 11. Bb2 Bf8 12. Rfe1 g6 13. Nxc6 bxc6 14. Qc4 Qd7 15. Rad1 Bg7 16. Na4 Nh5 17. Bxg7 Nxg7 18. Nc5 Qc8 19. Nd3 Qb7 20. Nb4 c5 21. Nd5 Re6 22. e5 dxe5 23. Qxc5 c6 24. Nc3 Rae8 25. Ne4 Nf5 26. g4 Nd4 27. Rxd4 exd4 28. Nf6+ Kh8 29. Rxe6 1-0

Jun-19-14  bengalcat47: Thank you Sally. I have a copy of Pope's book on Pillsbury, and there are quite a few meetings between these two players, with Pillsbury having a good record against Judd. The book Chess Strategy and Tactics, by Reinfeld, is also an excellent volume to add to any collection of chess books!
Feb-15-15  bengalcat47: I finally succeeded in a submitting a game in PGN notation, a game won by Pillsbury against H.G. Voigt in 1895. In a few days I'll try re-submitting this Pillsbury-Judd game again, since it's been nearly ten months since Sally submitted it and still no response.
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: That 1901 Judd game went one move further:

[Event "Pillsbury Exhibition: Match Game"]
[Site "USA St. Louis, MO"]
[Date "1901.01.19"]
[Round "1"]
[White "Pillsbury,Harry Nelson"]
[Black "Judd,Max "]
[Result "1-0"]

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.0-0 d6 5.d4 Bd7 6.Nc3 Be7 7.Bxc6 Bxc6 8.Qd3 exd4 9.Nxd4 0-0 10.b3 Re8 11.Bb2 Bf8 12.Rfe1 g6 13.Nxc6 bxc6 14.Qc4 Qd7 15.Rad1 Bg7 16.Na4 Nh5 17.Bxg7 Nxg7 18.Nc5 Qc8 19.Nd3 Qb7 20.Nb4 c5 21.Nd5 Re6 22.e5 dxe5 23.Qxc5 c6 24.Nc3 Rae8 25.Ne4 Nf5 26.g4 Nd4 27.Rxd4 exd4 28.Nf6+ Kh8 29.Rxe6 fxe6 30.Nxe8 1-0

St. Louis Daily Globe-Democrat, 1901.01.20
Chicago Tribune, 1901.01.27
Minneapolis Journal, 1901.02.16

Feb-16-15  bengalcat47: Thank you for correcting that <jnpope> I originally copied that game score from my copy of Chess Strategy and Tactics by Reinfeld, and had to translate the score from descriptive to algebraic notation, so I missed the last move without even realizing it.
Apr-05-15  zanzibar: I wonder if <jnpope> is still on <CG>, since I've left a couple of messages on his forum w/o reply.

But I'll ask this as well, if the games was played in 1898 why no earlier reference? And are we sure this game was really R1?

The other <Judd--Pillsbury> game on <CG> (i.e. the Scotch Opening) is also in <ACM v2 Jan 1899 No 7 p321> with annotations by Pillsbury himself:

M Judd vs Pillsbury, 1898

So, given the other game, we can be certain a Pillsbury--Judd match occurred in 1898, probably at the end of 1898.

Here's some data:

R1 1898-12-24 M Judd vs Pillsbury, 1898 R2 1898-12-27 (this game)

R1 1899-01-19 (this game)

R? 1898-??-?? M Judd vs Pillsbury, 1898

I have problems with both dating systems... <jnpope>'s dictates a 2nd 1901 match-up between Pillsbury and Judd.

This is quite possible but what about the 1898 match-up?

The problem I have with the <CG> dating of the 1st game, is that it's Christmas Eve. Which is atypical in and of itself, but it doesn't leave much time to get the score copy into ACM for the January deadline.

The other problem is for this game, the 2nd game. The <CG> dates disagree with <jnpope>'s dates, demanding closer scrutiny just on that fact alone.

I'll have to come back later with an update since I can't upload the annotated game to my blog at the moment. Let me post the above with tentative status for now.

Apr-05-15  zanzibar: I found this game (Game No. 231) in <ACM v2 Feb 1899 No 8 p374>, without round number or exact date, but noted as <Played in the series at St. Louis>, with annotations by E. Kemeny.

So, it pre-dates the mid-west newspaper accounts.

Aug-13-15  bengalcat47: Zanzibar, do you have the link to J N Pope's forum? I'm looking forward to his new book on Pillsbury, especially any records of checkers or draughts games that Pillsbury played.
Aug-13-15  RookFile: A typical example of Pillsbury destroying the opponent's position "root and branch".
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: <This is quite possible but what about the 1898 match-up?>

I think I covered all three Judd matches in my Pillsbury book... a quick recap:

Exhibition Match 1:
1898.12.24 G1 Judd-Pillsbury [C45] Scotch (34), 0-1

1898.12.27 G2 Pillsbury-Judd [D31] QGD (23), 1-0

1898.12.28&29 G3 Judd-Pillsbury [C65] Spanish (58), 0-1

1898.12.30 G4 Pillsbury-Judd [C66] Spanish (23), 1-0

Exhibition Match 2:
1900.01.02 G1 Judd v Pillsbury [C??] Spanish (51), Judd won (game missing)

1900.01.04&05 G2 Pillsbury-Judd [D08] Albin (59), 1-0

1900.01.05 G3 Judd-Pillsbury [C65] Spanish (47), 0-1

Exhibition Match 3:
1901.01.19 G1 Pillsbury-Judd [C66] Spanish (30), 1-0

1901.01.21 G2 Judd-Pillsbury [C65] Spanish (41), 0-1

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