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Miklos Brody vs L Banya
"Brodysattva" (game of the day Oct-17-2015)
Budapest (1901), Budapest AUH
King's Gambit: Accepted. Muzio Gambit Sarratt Defense (C37)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  patzer2: With 5. 0-0 white enters the Muzio-Polerio Gambit, which is a gambit within a gambit (in this case the King's Gambit). Another way to play this idea is with 5. Nc3 gf 6. Qxf3, entering the MacDonnell Gambit. White also has other Gambit choices at move five in 5. Bxf7+ (Lolli Gambit), 5. d4 the (Ghulam-Iassim Gambit), and 5. Ne5 (the Salvio Gambit)

Now in BCO, Kasparov and Keene evaluated all but two of these white gambit lines as leading to a solid black advantage or outright black win. The two exceptions, rated suitable for white, were the MacDonnell Gambit and the Muzio gambit.

Even though white won with the Muzio in this game, he misplayed the opening and had a lost position with his blunder at move eight (but black blundered too and didn't take the gift and snatch the rook with 8. ..Qxa1). So where did white go wrong? Kasparov and Keene in BCO indicate 7. e5?! is a dubious move (even though it has a 69.5% winning percentage, and I believe is underrated by BCO) and give 7. c3! (which I suspect is overrated by BCO as a "good move") as the preferred alternative, as leading to an even game for white with best play. The potential for white's play with 7. c3! was demonstrated somewhat in the following correspondence game Rosza vs Gaberg, 1983 and in Von Gottschall vs Max Lange, 1880 However, the lack of Master level games as white and the result in the game Veber Bojan SLO vs M Crepan, 1989 leads me to me conclude Kasparov and Keene's suggestion of 7. c3 in the Muzio-Polerio gambit is at best untested from the white side by the strongest players and at worst suspect.

So, I looked to see what the stronger players are really playing here, rather than what the opening book writers were recommending. Guess What? They were playing the move 7. e5?! that kasparov and keene labeled as dubious, and winning with it, while mostly ignoring the BCO recommendation of 7. c3. The fact that a super GM was not afraid to trot it out for a decisive win in Shirov vs J Lapinski, 1990 makes me think the old Muzio with 7. e5!? may still have a little fire left in it. Other games I found of interest as 7. e5?! victories in the Muzio-Polerio were G MacDonnell vs Bird, 1872 Chigorin vs Davydow, 1874 Morphy vs NN, 1858 Reti vs F Chalupetzky, 1911 Karpov vs Dimnov, 1960 A Zajarnyi vs V Geru, 2001 and the draws secured with it in Minic vs I Sokolov, 1961 and Keene vs Pfleger, 1974 Of course black has his resources and one old idea that has been revisited for a black win was found in Showalter vs Taubenhaus, 1889 (with notes by Stenitz) and in Brady Stephen IRL vs M Heidenfeld, 1991

Sep-30-03  refutor: shirov-lapinski is a beautiful game by white
Sep-30-03  mack: Equally good is 16. Ne7+ Ngxe7 17. Bxf7+ Rxf7 18. Qxf7#, no?
Sep-30-03  mack: whoops, sorry...
Sep-30-03  Halfpricemidge: What about rook to E8 on turn number 16 instead of sacrificing the queen?
Sep-30-03  Diggitydawg: <Halfpricemidge 16 rook to e8> I think that would fail because the knight on g6 could then take white's queen.
Jan-29-06  cornfused: My personal favorite King's Gambit book is Estrin's 1982 work: under the Muzio/Polerio section, it gives the only playable 8th moves for white as d3 and Bxf7: after 8. b3? Qxa1 9. Nc3 Bc5+ 10. Kh1 Ne7 11. d4 etc black keeps the material advantage and wins.
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: <cornfused>My personal favorite King's Gambit book is Estrin's 1982 work: under the Muzio/Polerio section, it gives the only playable 8th moves for white as d3 and Bxf7: after 8. b3? Qxa1 9. Nc3 Bc5+ 10. Kh1 Ne7 11. d4 etc black keeps the material advantage and wins.

This game was reproduced in the chess colum of the "Western Mail" (Perth, Australia), dated Friday 11 January 1919, page 26. The comment for 8. b3 is "An unusual move. Tempting Black to play 8...♕a1, when 9. ♘c3 would shut in the Queen and yield an overwhelming attack."

Feb-10-13  billyhan: Ahhh! One of my favorite "smothered" mates... the "Brody Bunch".
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: "The king died peacefully in bed, surrounded by family and friends, and with Benefit of Clergy."
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: Fun game, but I don't understand the pun.
Oct-17-15  Karne: <FSR: Fun game, but I don't understand the pun.>

An act of demolishing Brody in the most wise and philosophical manner, along the lines of a Hindu's mindset, is dubbed Brodysattva.

Oct-17-15  offramp: It's odd; I'm watching <Jaws> right now!

Incidentally, this game is one of the best from my favourite event, the famous "-27648" of 1901.

Oct-17-15  yadasampati: <FSR> The pun refers to bodhisattva, a Sanskrit word used in Mahayana-buddhism, meaning something like "an enlightened being"
Oct-17-15  waustad: All the king's horses and all the king's men, ...
Oct-17-15  morfishine: <8...Qxa1> spoils the fun
Oct-17-15  offramp: This game was Brody to the Max.
Oct-17-15  Conrad93: I have to be honest. this is the first time I have seen the sacrifice 8. b3 in this gambit, then again I don't know of anyone who plays the Muzio Gambit.
Oct-17-15  Conrad93: The engine give a clear edge to black after 8...Qxa1!, but it's not really so obvious why black has the advantage. For example look at this computer line:

9. Nc3 Bc5+ 10. Kh1 Ne7

click for larger view

11. d4! Bxd4 12. Qxf4 Qxc1!!

click for larger view

The point being that 13. Rxc1 Bxc3 gives black three pieces and a pawn for the queen.

How many people would spot this move OTB? Probably not many.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: <blunder at move eight (but black blundered too and didn't take the gift and snatch the rook with 8. ..Qxa1)>

This is not so simple. After 8...Qxa1 9.Nc3 black Queen is under lock and out of play. Well, Houdini probably would have held it by playing something like 9...Kd8 10.Qxf4 Bc5+ 11.Kh1 d5 12.Ba3 Qxf1+ 13.Bxf1 Bxa3 14.b4 c6 but for a human in OTB play it can be quite hard task to consolidate his position and go for win.

Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: Black's pieces help white to mate.
Oct-17-15  The Kings Domain: Gotta love the King's Gambit, always dangerous and exciting.
May-24-18  mifralu: Black resigned after <16. Qxf7+>

Jan-06-19  HarryP: Nice. Two Queen sacs in a row. How often has that happened?
Jan-06-19  HarryP: Come to think of it, in the Adams-Torre game in 1920, Adams sacrificed his Queen six times in a row. I bet that's the record.
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