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Paul Morphy vs Johann Jacob Loewenthal
Morphy - Loewenthal (1858), London ENG, rd 2, Jul-20
King's Gambit: Declined. Classical Variation General (C30)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: Lowenthal could have won this interesting game. Very nice move is 13...d5! with idea 14.exd5 e4! 15.Qxe4 (15.dxe4 Ne5 ) 15...Nxe4 16.Bxe7 Nf2. Since this moment black position was clearly better. Lowenthal could have play for example 19...Ra3 20.Bd2 Ba5 with overwhelming superiority. Also 20...Ba5 21.a4 Nf4+ 22.Bxf4 Rb2 looks quite convincing. Card have turned over after two Lowenthal's blunders - 21...Rb2? and 26...Qa3?? (26...Nc4 27.Qd3 Na3+ 28.Kd2 Nc4+ 29.Ke2 Qc5 and black has still some initiative for exchange.)
Sep-07-03  fred lennox: Morphy has a few games with Paulsen, with Anderssen and others, like this one, where he has a loosing position. Yet he seldom looses. His defensive skills goes unnoticed. This is true of Capablanca as well.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: I don't think that this game is a good example of Morphy's defensive skills. White survived (and won) only thanks to Lowenthal's errors, which were not caused by any tough resistance of opponent.
Sep-18-03  The Shark: I agree, White played very defensively and gave Black the initiative. With Black's reply 2...Bc5 gaves an oppurtunity for White to build a strong and solid center.
Dec-02-03  InspiredByMorphy: Can anybody tell me what decent move Lowenthal has after 21. dxe4? Both kings are in the middle still by the way, Lowenthals Rook guarding the knight, and he cant castle. I would have enjoyed to see how the game would have played out if Lownthal played a better move after 21. dxe4
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: <after 21. dxe4> What about 21...Nf4+ 22.Bxf4 Rb2 23.Rc1 exf4 24.Nd2 Rxa2 25.Nc4 Qd8 26.Nxb6 Qxb6 27.Qxf4 Qb5+ 28.Kf3 Nd7 threatening with 29...Rxc2 30.Rxc2 Qd3+?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: There is also another version of this game in the database (see Morphy vs Lowenthal, 1858 ) with 23...Nfd3+ instead of 23...Ncd3+.
Premium Chessgames Member <23...Nfd3+ instead of 23...Ncd3+> We just removed that game as a duplicate, although that might be the actual move played. Very difficult to determine in this case.
Jan-10-06  morpstau: morphy was and will always be the most rounded cheesplayer that has ever lived. You see here his alsome defense along with his superior tactics. His positional insignt his unsurpassed even today and i believe if he lived today no one could match him in a set match of any kind! (any comments)
Jan-17-06  pi73ppo: morpstau, i agree with you.
I am only recently interested on chess and i've started to study a lot of matches by a variety of masters. I immediately noticed and admired the morphy's brilliant fantasy in playing chess.
Sep-25-06  gauer: Looks like the King's Gambit has met the Giuoco Piano.
Dec-10-09  kooley782: A classic example of an imprecise sacrifice-which always loses.
Dec-10-09  zanshin: <Honza Cervenka: I don't think that this game is a good example of Morphy's defensive skills.>

I agree because of <Lowenthal's blunders - 21...Rb2? and 26...Qa3??> as you pointed out earlier. But he had guts playing <21...Rb2> in the position below:

click for larger view

Dec-10-09  zanshin: <InspiredByMorphy: Can anybody tell me what decent move Lowenthal has after 21. dxe4?>

Fwiw, Rybka 3:

click for larger view

[-0.95] d=16 21...Qd8 22.Qg4 Kf8 23.Ke1 Nf4 24.Bxf4 exf4 25.Qxf4 Bc7 26.Qf2 Be5 27.Rh3 Qa5 28.Qe3 Rb2 (0:08.13) 19628kN

Nov-07-15  MindCtrol9: Being a child playing a strong player and winning 6 games and 2 loss.Nobody could beat him in a match.I do believe he could beat any of the best in the actual century if he would alive,no doubts in my mind at all
Nov-08-15  gokusano: Yes he can. He can fine tune himself with the knowledge and idea of today because lots of ebooks and engines he can use to study and prepare. He's got the talent that matters to become a very very strong player. But equally strong players abound today that could give him headache. Not a clear runaway for him with today's standard.
Jun-21-17  Eusebius: Morphy vs Carlsen?
Morphy vs Aronian?
Morphy vs Nakamura?
Probably he would have got depressed and started playing Golf...
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The Era (Loewenthal's column), July 25th 1858, p.5:

<Game the second took place next day at the London Chess Club, when the arrangements of the Honorary Secretary, Mr. Medley, were also most excellent. A room was specially set apart for the players, to which, as at the St. George's, only a limited number of spectators was admitted. The play commenced at two p.m. Mr. Morphy with the move played the King's Gambit, which his adversary declined to accept. The game was of a very interesting character, and it is [a] matter of regret that an error of Mr. Lowenthal's, by which he lost a piece, should have caused it to have terminated so speedily. Its duration was but four and a half hours. In the large room adjoining, and against the wall, was placed the monster board and men, first used at the Manchester meeting, and thereon the progress of the game was attentively watched by a considerable number of the members and their friends - Mr. G. Walker, the well-known author, Mr. Mongredien, Mr. Bryan, &c.>

Aug-16-20  sudoplatov: It helps to defend; one mus force the opponent to win. Morphy was good at this. Lasker was praised for such defenses. Marshall was criticized for swindling in similar cases. It's also helpful to be a good endgame player (Capablanca, Lasker, Alekhine, Marshall, Maroczy, etc.).
Aug-16-20  sudoplatov: I forgot Morphy, Tarrasch, and Steinitz.
Oct-16-20  Joshka: What do the top computers think of 11.Ke2? thanks in advance

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