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John William Schulten vs Paul Morphy
Casual game (1857), New York, NY USA, Nov-??
King's Gambit: Accepted. Bishop's Gambit (C33)  ·  0-1



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Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-11-02  bishop: A king in the middle of the board will not last long against Morphy. 7...f3! starts the fireworks. Notice the "quiet" 16...Nd7. The safer looking 19.Kb2 loses to ...Rxc6 followed by ...Na4+.
Dec-11-02  mdorothy: I like how at first glance, white's kingside looks empty and shredded, but Morphy wants him on the queenside. He makes the queenside material worthless, because they trip each other up.
Aug-21-03  ksadler: These are my favourite type of Morphy games: the ones where (like after 10. .. Bg3+ 11. Kd2) you say "Uh oh...that's going to hurt"
Jan-10-06  morpstau: A true Morphy game in the bud! He thrashes his opponent until he cant take no more! 7...f3!! starts the tactics and all hell breaks loose. Another loss handed to the drunk curtisy of the young gun!
Jan-28-08  JimmyVermeer: Howard Staunton, Max Lange, and Maroczy all transpose Blacks' 4th and 5th moves in this game. Anyone know what accounts for the discrepancy?
Jan-28-08  Calli: A few things about this game:

1) game was played in New York City in late November 1857.

2) Löwenthal gives 4...Nf6 and even comments on the move:

"Heydebrandt recommends B. to Q's 3rd. Another move apparently good, vis., Q. to R's 5th, is not so in reality..." - JJ Löwenthal

3)Lawson goes all the way to mate, 26.bxa4 Qb4# His source is unknown. Löwenthal merely gives Na4+ "and wins".

My opinion is that Löwenthal, being authorized by Morphy, trumps the other sources.

Jan-28-08  MaxxLange: Wow, White got torn to bits. Schulten must have been stunned.
Jan-28-08  MaxxLange: 11 Nxg3 Nxg3 12 Rh2 looks better than what happened, but it might be too late. 7...f3! is so strong looking!
Mar-21-08  heuristic: 11.Kf2 doesn't look as bad as the alternatives. both 11.N2xg3 Nxg3 12.Kf2 Nxh1+ 13.Qxh1 Bf5
11.N4xg3 Nxg3 12.Rh2 Qd6 13.Bd3 Bf5
leave BLK in much better position.

but leaving the WHT K in the open with 19.Kd2 (against morphy!) is just wrong. 19.Kb2 Rxc6 20.dxc6 Bxe2 21.Kb1 seems defensible.

why not 19...Nxd5? 20.Bxe8 Bxe2 and WHT has a tough defense.

21.Qxe2 is interesting. It leaves BLK with "only" a Q+N against 2Rs and P on the 6th rank. 21.Qxe2 Rxe2+ 22.Kxe2 Qxd4 23.Be3 Ng3+ 24.Kf2 Qxh4 25.Bxb6 Qh2+ 26.Ke3 axb6

Mar-21-08  InspiredByMorphy: White would sacrifice the safety of the king and basically the game for an attempt to hold on to the extra pawn. Like MaxxLange said above, 11.Nexg3 Nxg3 12.Rh2 looks much better where a likely continuation might be 12. ...Nxe4 13.fxe4 Rxe4+ 14.Be2 Qxe2 15.c3

click for larger view

Of course white is worse off, but strolling the king down the board was an invitational suicide.

Mar-21-08  InspiredByMorphy: LOL. I meant 14. ...Qxd5 above ( where did I get Qxe2 ? )
Mar-23-08  heuristic: <White sacrifices the king safety to hold onto the pawn> with 17.b3, 19.Kb2 seemed viable and Fritz confirmed this. (for some reason, BLK rejected this) So i agree with the statement but for move 19.

After 7...f3!, BLK must walk the K over to the Qside. Hence, 11.Kf2. It's good strategically, but is it good tactically?

My cursory analysis suggested that it was. But with only 5 possible moves, let's see what Fritz8 says :
11.Kf1 ..... -2.19
11.N4xg3 .. -0.88
11.N2xg3 .. -0.34
11.Nf2 ..... -0.31
11.Kd2 ..... +0.25
(with 8ply PV and 13ply lookahead and 2mins/move)
the absolute values are unimportant, only the relative differences are. and 11.Kd2 is the best (for that engine with those parameters!)

PV for all 5 candidates :
11.Kf1 Rxe4 12.Nxg3 Nxg3+ 13.Kg2 Nxh1 14.fxe4 Bh3+ 15.Kh2 Qxh4 11.N4xg3 Nxg3 12.Rh2 Qd6 13.c3 Nd7 14.Qa4 Nf5 15.Rf2 Qg3 11.N2xg3 Nxg3 12.Kf2 Nxh1+ 13.Qxh1 Vf5 14.Bg5 f6 15.Bf4 Kh8 11.Nf2 Bxh4 12.Kf1 Rxe2 13.Bxe2 Ng3+ 14.Kg2 Nxh1 15.Qxh1 Bxf2 11.Kd2 Bd6 12.c3 Nd7 13.Kc2 Nb6 14.Bd3 Nxd5 15.Rg1 Be7

Mar-24-08  InspiredByMorphy: <heuristic> Thanks for the feedback. Interesting lines. Funny how the engine gives 11.Kd2 as the best move for white when if you asked almost any human, anything but this move would give better chances. I wonder how much of this evaluation is based on white being up a pawn, and how little is based on the positional disadvantage. I look forward to reviewing some of your lines when I have a chance.
Mar-24-08  InspiredByMorphy: <heuristic> I realize now that my above statement is most likely naive considering I haven't checked all the variations out. For instance, your last variation actually looks alright for white. Thats what I get for speaking so soon.
Oct-23-11  Llawdogg: 26 bxa4 Qb4#
Dec-21-11  benjaminpugh: Or 26.Kb1, Nc3+ forking king and queen.
Mar-25-14  estrick: Lasker apparently analyzed this game and suggested the following improvement for White:

9. Be3 Re8
10. Qd2 Qe7
11. Ne4 Bf5
12. Bd3

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Game appears in Walker's column in <Bell's Life in London>, July 4th 1858, p.8, and the source is surely Morphy himself, because it appears alongside another game (Morphy vs NN, 1858) that's given as unpublished (albeit, it had, in fact, appeared in the New Orleans <Sunday Delta>), and Morphy's proposed match conditions to the English players. <4...Bd6> and <5...Nf6> appear.

Can a previous publication of this game be identified?

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Yes, it's in the January 1858 <Chess Monthly>, p.22. With <4...Nf6> and <White resigns> after <25...Na4+>.

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