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Fridrik Olafsson vs Anatoly Karpov
Bad Lauterberg (1977), Bad Lauterberg FRG, rd 11, Mar-17
English Opening: Anglo-Indian Defense. Queen's Indian Formation (A15)  ·  1/2-1/2



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Kibitzer's Corner
Aug-08-17  Howard: Very long (!) endgame...wonder if Karpov missed anything somewhere.
Aug-27-18  Howard: At about the 50th move, the two players were in the old R-and-four-pawns vs R-and-three pawns (all pawns on the same side of the board) endgame.

They say that the draw is fairly easy to hold, though the defending side has to be careful.

Aug-28-18  Granny O Doul: I remember the story from 60MG about Olafsson lecturing the young Fischer after the latter blitzed through a rook ending a pawn down. pawn. "How can you play such an ending so quickly?"--"Because there's no danger; its a dead draw." Naive of Bobby not to realize that Fridrik would proably not have asked the question were that the case.

Anyway, I'm sure I could have lost this ending ten times. But it wouldn't have been because I blitzed.

Aug-28-18  Howard: Yes, that was the game against Gligoric from the 1959 Candidates. And it was Olafsson who pointed out where Gligoric missed a win with Rc7+.

Incidentally, Rc4 would also have won in that position.

Premium Chessgames Member

click for larger view

A very instructive R+P ending that might be shown to any juniors you are training.

Karpov captured 76..Rxf2+ and now Olaffson played 77 Kg3!

If White had gone 77 Kg1? here 77..e3 wins after 74 Rg8 Rf7 and now: a) 75 Re8 Rg7+ (not the tempting 75..Kf3? 76 Kf1 escaping with a draw) 76 Kh2 Kf2 77 Rf8+ Ke1) b) 75 Kg2 Rd7 76 Rg6 (76 Re8 Rg7+ wins as above) 76..Kd2 77 Ra6 e2 (77..Rg7+? is no longer a win because Black has 78 Kf3 Rf7+ 79 Kg2 and if 79..e2 80 Ra2+ draws since the Rf7 is misplaced) 78 Ra2+ Ke3 79 Ra3+ Rd3 c) 75 Rg6 Ke1 76 Kg2 e2 77 Ra6 Re7

After the correct 77 Kg3! Karpov checked with 77..Rf3+ (77..e3 is answered by 78 Ra4 Kd1 79 Ra1+) 78 Kg2 Ke3 (78..e3 78 Ra4 Rf2+ 79 Kg3! as before) 79 Rg8 (the Rook gains more freedom for action) 79..Rf2+ (79..Kd3 80 Ra8 with checks from the long-side of the pawn to follow) and now Olafsson again made the right choice:

click for larger view

80 Kg1! ...

This time 80 Kg3? would lose to 80..Rf7 with similar variations to the note to 77 Kg1?

80 ...Rf7 81 Ra8 Rd7 82 Kf1 Rd1+ 83 Kg2 Ke2 84 Ra2+ Rd2 85 Ra1! (since the pawn has not yet gained the 6th rank 85 Ra3 also drew here but Olaffson plays the principled move: when as defender your King is on the short side of a passed centre pawn, play the Rook to the 8th rank)


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86 Kg3! ...

Again, the principled move. any Rook move between a4 & a8 also draws. A good question to ask a junior is why 86 Ra3? loses here. The reason is Karpov has a sneaky discovered check: 86..Ke1+! That's also why Olafsson's 86 Kg3 is the best move in this position.

86..Rb2 87 Kg2 Kd3+ (not dangerous) 88 Kf1 Kd2 89 Kg2 Ke2 (89..e2 90 Kf2) 90 Kg3! Rd2 91 Kg2 Rd1 92 Ra2+ Kd3 (92..Ke1 93 Kf3 wins the pawn)

93 Ra3+! ...

The last opportunity to go wrong 93 Kf3? is a bad move losing to 93..Rf1+ 94 Kg2 e2)

93..Ke4 94 Ra4+ Rd4 95 Ra8

and here Karpov agreed a draw. After 95..Rd5 96 Kf1 Rd1+ 97 Ke2 the pawn is lost (or if Black is very careless the Rook!).

Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime: In 77 Karpov was hot !
Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime: Those years Karpov had to prove himself to the Chess world .They were good years and Karpov did indeed prove himself.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: instructive endgame, good notes from Woldsman.

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