Giancarlo: A nice early game by Botvinnik that i am surprised has not been analyzed.
Alot of people don't know that Botvinnik was an early Dutch fan while he was a junior.
2.nf3 nf6 3.c4 e6 4.nc3 <b6>
This is what I love so much about this game! Botvinnik is willing to challenge Abramovic for the Long-Diagonal pointing at White's KS! He does this before white does. A very agressive move by Botvinnik.
5.Bg5 Be7 <6.e3>
White shows signs of giving up on the KS finachetto. One thing is for sure is that if White does no KS finachetto in the Dutch, he is inviting a direct attack on his KS by Black, especially no that Botvinnik has taken control of the line.
6..Bb7 7.Bd3 0-0 8.0-0 <ne4>
A natural move in the Dutch. I think here an exchange defently weakens White's position.
IE-8.Bxe4 and now White can no longer challenge the Black QS Bishop which is looking powerful. Note White can't exchange 8.Nxe4 or the Bishop and knight are then forked after 8..fxe4.
9.Bxe7 Qxe7 10.<Rc1>
Trying to avoid doubled pawns.
10..d6 was once reccomended by one master whose name I forget, following up on the classical sytem. The 12..nd7. However this move looks fine. Black is looking at b4 which white must defend.
The beauty of Botvinniks thinking: If the f-file can't be opened, I'll move to the G-file! This is a strong move as it ready's black's rook for a possible KS attack.
White has invited a KS attack. Leaving the knight on f6 to be guarded by the G pawn was not such a good idea, especially with Black's rook on f6 and soon coming to g6 which will prove fatal. If you take a look at the position, White's KS is looking a bit lonely. Better perhaps was 12.Bxe4 fxe4 13.nd2, although that could lead to the same problem. 12.b5 may have been good. Or 12.ne2.
12..nxc3 13.Rxc3 Bxf3 <14.Qxa6>
Obviously trying to save the KS from disaster. If white thinks 14.gxf3 perusing blacks QS, ie-nb8 Qa6, think again: 14..rg6+ 15.Kh1 Now black has to move the Na6 right? 15..Qg5! and mate next move. All a result of 12.Qa4
14..rg6 15.g3 <Qg5!>
Good use of the pin. White is dead.
thinking the obvious 16..Qh3 17.Bf1 But Botvinnik has a sneaky alternative:
Botvinnik could have finished it there, but even though he didn't, there was no way for White to avoid it.
and the finaly:
Now 18.Kxh2 losses to 18.Rh6+ 19.Kg1 and 19..Rh1#MATE
Well played by Botvinnik, other then move 16.
To me this game shows what can happen if White does not Finachetto KS against the Dutch, as it gives Black a direct assault.
This is one of my first full game anaylisis' here on www.chessgames.com, so go easy on me.:-)
There you have it.