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G Abramovic vs Mikhail Botvinnik
URS (1924)
Dutch Defense: General (A80)  ·  0-1



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Kibitzer's Corner
May-18-04  Whitehat1963: A young Botvinnik demonstrates the Dutch.
Sep-11-04  Giancarlo: A nice early game by Botvinnik that i am surprised has not been analyzed.

1.d4 f5.

Alot of people don't know that Botvinnik was an early Dutch fan while he was a junior.

2.nf3 nf6 3.c4 e6 4.nc3 <b6>

This is what I love so much about this game! Botvinnik is willing to challenge Abramovic for the Long-Diagonal pointing at White's KS! He does this before white does. A very agressive move by Botvinnik.

5.Bg5 Be7 <6.e3>

White shows signs of giving up on the KS finachetto. One thing is for sure is that if White does no KS finachetto in the Dutch, he is inviting a direct attack on his KS by Black, especially no that Botvinnik has taken control of the line.

6..Bb7 7.Bd3 0-0 8.0-0 <ne4>

A natural move in the Dutch. I think here an exchange defently weakens White's position. IE-8.Bxe4 and now White can no longer challenge the Black QS Bishop which is looking powerful. Note White can't exchange 8.Nxe4 or the Bishop and knight are then forked after 8..fxe4.

9.Bxe7 Qxe7 10.<Rc1>

Trying to avoid doubled pawns.


10..d6 was once reccomended by one master whose name I forget, following up on the classical sytem. The 12..nd7. However this move looks fine. Black is looking at b4 which white must defend.

11.a3 <Rf6>

The beauty of Botvinniks thinking: If the f-file can't be opened, I'll move to the G-file! This is a strong move as it ready's black's rook for a possible KS attack.


White has invited a KS attack. Leaving the knight on f6 to be guarded by the G pawn was not such a good idea, especially with Black's rook on f6 and soon coming to g6 which will prove fatal. If you take a look at the position, White's KS is looking a bit lonely. Better perhaps was 12.Bxe4 fxe4 13.nd2, although that could lead to the same problem. 12.b5 may have been good. Or 12.ne2.

12..nxc3 13.Rxc3 Bxf3 <14.Qxa6>

Obviously trying to save the KS from disaster. If white thinks 14.gxf3 perusing blacks QS, ie-nb8 Qa6, think again: 14..rg6+ 15.Kh1 Now black has to move the Na6 right? 15..Qg5! and mate next move. All a result of 12.Qa4

14..rg6 15.g3 <Qg5!>

Good use of the pin. White is dead.


thinking the obvious 16..Qh3 17.Bf1 But Botvinnik has a sneaky alternative:


Botvinnik could have finished it there, but even though he didn't, there was no way for White to avoid it.


and the finaly:


Now 18.Kxh2 losses to 18.Rh6+ 19.Kg1 and 19..Rh1#MATE

Well played by Botvinnik, other then move 16.

To me this game shows what can happen if White does not Finachetto KS against the Dutch, as it gives Black a direct assault.

This is one of my first full game anaylisis' here on, so go easy on me.:-)

There you have it.


Sep-11-04  Dudley: Very nice- Botvinnik played the Dutch at least occaisionally through his entire career. I like the Stonewall variety and lots of players at my level don't know to fianchetto their KB as White. To me, the Dutch style K-side attack is easier to play than the K-Indian type of attack.
Sep-11-04  aragorn69: I surely don´t mean to criticise gospodin Botvinnik, but wasn´t 15.-Qh4 a little faster ?
Sep-13-04  Giancarlo: <aragorn69>

Equaly as good.

Nov-15-04  GLacroix: what about 17.Bf1(i think - forced) ?
I think this can ruin all the black plans... i dont understand why white have played 17.e4(??)
Nov-15-04  notsodeepthought: <GLacroix> I agree - which is why I think <aragorn69>'s point above regarding playing 15 ... Qh4 is well made, since black would gain a decisive tempo (16 ... Q:h2 could not be stopped). Since I don't think Botvinnik would miss any of this, I wonder if the score after 15 g3 is simply incorrect.
Dec-09-04  buscher07: Queen sacs are great!! Very nice move by Botvinnik. :)
Jan-07-05  Backward Development: giancarlo:
excellent analysis. I hope to follow your example in the future with some other games. as they say...

Analysis, if it is really carried out with a complete concentration of his powers, forms and completes a chess player. – Lev Polugayevsky

It is useful to publish your individual analytical work. Then you are subject to objective criticism. – Mikhail Botvinnik

If you can’t take (constructive) criticism, consider taking up another game, perhaps solitaire. – Jeremy Silman

and of course Botvinnik had MUCH more to say on analysis...

It is vital to check one's analyses thoroughly, including those that have already been published. To broaden one's chess outlook it is useful to study the available game-collections of the leading chess players. To improve one's accuracy of calculation, one should solve endgame studies and analyze games abounding in tactical ideas. – Mikhail Botvinnik

Home analysis has specific features of its own: you are not restricted by time, and you can move the men freely. Despite this difference between home analysis and practical play, there is much in common between them. It is a well-known fact that almost all the outstanding chess-players have been first-class analysts. – Mikhail Botvinnik

Mar-31-05  ripper: What if 17.Bf1?
Mar-31-05  who: isn't the correct move 15...Qh5 allowing 16...Qh3 with mate next move?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gregor Samsa Mendel: <ripper> and <who>--Your questions are both valid, but were answered in previous posts.

Assuming that the date of the game was correct, Botvinnik was around 13 when he played this.

Mar-31-05  who: 17. Bf1 Rh6 18.h4 (18.h3 Qxh3 19.BxQ RxB and Rh1# is inevitable) 18...g5 19.Bg2 gxh 20. BxB QxB 21. e4 Qg4
Apr-16-05  compaq7550: I agree that 15...Qh4 is faster.
It has the same effect as blacks 16th move. I like this game. Blacks moves are simple, logical and very instructional.
Sep-23-05  ThaDoctor: meaby the young Botvinnik missed it ??? That's a possible, in this moment later in his career i don't think he would anything like this, if he would miss anything at all :-)
Sep-23-05  ThaDoctor: 16.-Qh5 is not that strong as 15.-Qh4
15.-Qh4!! 16.Re1 Qxh2+! and black is winning with the simple mate.... with 15.-Qg5 16.Re1 Qh5 17.Bf1 and white defend mate easy....
Nov-30-05  KingG: Textbook example of Black's attacking potential in the Dutch.
Apr-25-06  Mating Net: Nowadays White knows he better fianchetto against the Dutch and try to prep the e4 push. White does neither in this game and gets smoked. Black's advantage is so overwhelming that he gifts White a tempo with 15...Qg5 instead of 15...Qh4 and still mates him.
May-07-09  minasina: Monday puzzle, <17. ...? Black to play>, or <15. ...? Black to play>, if you wish a surprise element when 'See game for solution'.
Aug-17-12  kingfu: Today at CG should be Botvinnik day. He used to play 1...e6 against d4 or e4 and play the French or the Dutch.

Botvinnik was 13 when this game was played.

Aug-30-13  vasja: Why not 15....Qh4!!. Saves a tempo.
Aug-30-13  FISCHERboy: 14..rg6 15.g3 <Qg5!> was nasty, thwarting whatever plans Abramovic had.
Nov-06-17  Sergash: At the time of this game, Botvinnik was 12 or 13 years old, being born in August 1911.

I will try not to repeat what has already been said.

<4.Nc3> Better to play <4.g3 Bb4 5.Bd2 Be7 ⩲/=> Stahlberg vs Alekhine, 1936

<8...Ne4> This move seems to lead to a small advantage for White. Suggestion to further develop other pieces before playing this knight again: <8...Na6! 9.a3 c5!=> Manuel Soto Larrea - Agustin Freyria, Mexico Championship 1926 in Mexico City, round 5, 0-1.

<9.Bxe7> Here, another interesting line is <9.Bxe4 Bxe4! 10.Bxe7 Qxe7 11.Nxe4 fxe4 12.Nd2 d5 13.Rc1 ⩲> transposing in the game Vincent Heinis - W. Müller (2325), Baden-Baden Open (Germany) 1993, round 7, draw.

<9...Qxe7> Botvinnik probably also considered the queen trade <9...Nxc3! 10.Bxd8 Nxd1 11.Be7 Nxb2 12.Bxf8 Nxd3 13.Ba3! Ba6! 14.c5 Nc6=/ ⩲>. Also in this variation, instead of 11.Be7, there is <11.Rfxd1 Bxf3> (or 11...Rxd8 12.Rac1=/ ⩲) <12.gxf3 Rxd8=/ ⩲>. All variations validated with Stockfish 8 - 64 bits POPCNT.

<10.Rc1?! Na6=> This apparently reasonable move gives Black complete equality. The only way for White to retain a small advantage here is to trade the knight <10.Bxe4! Bxe4! 11.Nxe4 fxe4 etc.> transposing in the variation given at move 9 above.

<11...Rf6?!> Despite the game result, this move is not the best. Better are:

A- <11...c5 12.Nb5 Rf6> (or 12...Rfc8 13.d5!? exd5 14.cxd5 d6!= but not 14...Bxd5?! 15.Nxa7! ⩲) <13.Nd2!=>;

B- <11...Nxc3 12.Rxc3> (or 12.bxc3 Rae8=) <c5!=>. All lines validated with Stockfish 8 - 64 bits POPCNT.

<12.Qa4?? Nxc3▢-+> This is the culprit, the losing move! White has a small advantage after <12.b4! Nxc3> (or 12...c5 13.bxc5! Nxc3! 14.Rxc3 transposing) <13.Rxc3 c5! 14.bxc5! bxc5 15.d5 ⩲> Stockfish 8 - 64 bits POPCNT.

<13.Rxc3?!> The lesser evil was <13.bxc3 Bxf3▢ 14.gxf3 Rg6+▢ 15.Kh1 Qh4▢ 16.Rg1 Qxf2-+> Stockfish 8 - 64 bits POPCNT.

<14.Qxa6> Lesser evil: 14.Rfc1 Rg6 15.g3 Nb8-+. After 14.Qxa6, White could have announced a mate in 8 moves!

The rest of the game has been well explained and analyzed in previous posts. White is finished and nothing could have saved Abramovich now.

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