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Adolf Anderssen vs Jean Dufresne
"The Evergreen Partie" (game of the day Oct-16-2017)
Berlin (1852), Berlin GER
Italian Game: Evans Gambit. Pierce Defense (C52)  ·  1-0

ANALYSIS [x]

FEN COPIED

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Given 296 times; par: 30 [what's this?]

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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 9 OF 9 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jul-06-17  Cheapo by the Dozen: I hope that this is from time to time GoTD in December with the caption "O Tannenbaum!".
Aug-22-17  DraganChase: Hey... I have a question, on move 22, why did king black go e8,and not c6 instead?
Aug-22-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: If 22 ... Kc6 then 23. Bd7#:


click for larger view

A great way to learn and improve is by reading each game's kibitzing from the top. This is a flawed brilliancy, primarily due to 19 ... Qh3.

<COMPUTER ANNOTATED SCORE> Nice enhancement.

Aug-28-17  DraganChase: Oh, wow... Didn't see that one. Thanks.

That 19. ... Qh3 was the fatal misstep.

Aug-28-17  Big Pawn: I loaded this game up and let stockfish 8 have a look at it. At depth = 48, it gives as the best line:

19...Bd4
20. cxd4 Qxf3

and it's a dead draw at 0.00. (Komodo 10 and Fritz 15 give 19...Qh3 20. Bf1 Qf5 as a dead draw too at 0.00.)

After 20...Qxf3

21. Be4 Rxg2+
22. Kh1 Rxh2+
23. Kxh2 Qxf2+
24. Kh1 Qh4+
25. Kg1 Qg3+

And it is a perpetual check.

Aug-28-17  Big Pawn: In light of the 19...Bd4! best defense, which ends with a perpetual, the best move for white is not 19. Rad1, but 19.Be4!

Stockfish 8 (depth = 46) plus Komodo and Fritz all give 19. Be4 as best with a slight advantage to white of around +0.35.

Best:

19. Be4 Qh3
20. g3 Rxg3+

Interesting sac.

21. hg Qxg3+
22. Kh1 Bxf2
23. Bxe7 Qh3+
24. Nh2 Bxe1
25. Rxe1

and it's white's slight advantage at about ⩲ 0.39

The line continues

25...Qh4
26. Qd1 Nxe7
27. Bxb7 Qxf6
28. Bg2

White has a small plus, but it's not so clear he can win with only two pawns left.

28...Rb2
29. Qd3

And there's still plenty of interesting game left to play.

Oct-16-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: There's a silly question attached to this game. Here's the position after <22.Bf5+>:


click for larger view

Now after 22...Ke8 23.Bd7+, what was Black's final move, 23...Kd8 or 23...Kf8? Both moves allow 24.Bse7#, of course, but which one was it?

Some decades ago, when I had a large book collection, I looked this up. I found the game in no fewer than 45 books or magazines. Of these, 22 had 23...Kd8, and 22 had 23...Kf8. The tie-breaking source was Emanuel's Lasker's 'Manual of Chess" -- which gave 22...Kc6 23.Bd7# in the diagrammed position.

And there's always the possibility that Anderssen announced the mate or that Dufresne resigned, in which cases the move was never played at all!

Yes, it's a silly point. But GOTD's with eight pages of kibitzing rarely stir more interest, so it's something.

Oct-16-17  eykca: <"You can see the hand of a master".>

A borrowed line from when Leibniz challenged his contemporaries to solve a difficult math problem. Legend has it, Newton came home from his farm one day to find the problem in his mailbox. He solved it that evening and submitted it anonymously. Upon viewing the only solution submitted, Leibniz famously said "I recognize the lion by its paw."

Oct-16-17  Taidanii: 17. Nf6+ is a pretty terrible blunder. It appears to be the 2nd worst blunder of the game by analysis. Play should continue 17. Ng3 Qh6. 18 Rad1 O-O 19 Bc1 and the black queens days are numbered.

Stockfish gives a 7 point swing because of 17. Nf6+. It simply equalizes for black. Unfortunately, this is far from a brilliancy and appears to be a club level game by today's standards. Still, great for the time and instructive as always is Anderssen

Oct-16-17  offramp: A very good pun!

<Frêne> is the French word for the Fir tree, the archetypal evergreen.

In Old French this was Fresne, and the tree gave its name to the town of <Le Fresne-sur-Loire> in France.

It was from that town that DuFresne's family originated, although the family later moved to Germany.

Kudos to the punster! As Game of the Day it's my Lock of the Week for Pun of the Year!

Oct-16-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: A great game by Anderssen- the attack is unsprung quickly!
Oct-16-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  chessgames.com: For the next few weeks going to be running games features from our Thematic Challenge Voting Page to create discussion and interest in our new team-chess game starting on November 1st.

About the Evergreen, we've done a very thorough analysis of this game: Anderssen vs Dufresne, 1852 [analysis]

Stockfish agreed with Taidanii's statement that White could have easily won with <17.Ng3 Qh6 18.Rad1 O-O 19.Bc1 Qe6 20.Ng5 Qh6 21.Bxh7+ +- +6.87 (37 ply)> but instead 17.Nf6+? gxf6 <⩲ +0.57 (36 ply)>. Furthermore Black ultimately lost because he "took the bait" with 19...Qxf3? whereas <19...Qh3 20.Bf1 Qf5 21.Kh1 Qxf6 22.Bxe7 Nxe7 23.Rxd7 Kf8 = 0.00 (48 ply)> in which case the attack fizzles out and we doubtfully would be talking about it today.

It's been said that the best way to appreciate a masterpiece is not to dissect it; Anderssen was amazingly creative and pulled off his trickery in brilliant style. I'm not so sure modern GMs would find defenses like Stockfish prattles off so easily. Hats off to Anderssen and this gem.

Oct-16-17  bachiller: Good point <offramp>, but I think you have chosen the wrong tree: frène (fresne) in french corresponds to "ash" in english, latin "fraxinus" and spanish "fresno". The town in California named Fresno, presumably ows its name to the presence of those trees.
Feb-09-18  kishore4u: The evergreen party
Feb-09-18  morfishine: Surely, if Black wastes a tempo with 7...d3, then the capture <7...dxc3> is at least as good, possibly better
Sep-28-18  sallyx: According to the book Common sense in chess by Emanuel Lasker, move 12. was Bxb5 and move 22. ... Kc6 23. Sd7#
Sep-28-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <sallyx > Scroll to phony benoni’s post from 2017. No one is ever going to know precisely what moves were played in this game, and Lasker writing 40+ years after the fact seems like a decidedly unreliable source.
Dec-09-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  MDKnight: Since Black is threatening mate, why not the Black King dodge the rook? 20...Kd8 21. Rd7 Kc8
Dec-25-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  HarryP: So 19. Rad1 is not White's best move? Great Mariah. Lasker said 19. Rad1 was "one of the most subtle and profound moves on record."
Apr-23-19  Chessmusings: A forest of complications deeply analyzed here: https://chessmusings.wordpress.com/...
Apr-23-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <MDKnight: Since Black is threatening mate, why not the Black King dodge the rook? 20...Kd8 21. Rd7 Kc8>

22.Rd8+ and:

a) 22....Rxd8 23.gxf3

b) 22...Nxd8 23.Qd7+ Kxd7 24.Bf5+ Kc6 25.Bd7#

c) 22....Kxd8 23.Bf5+ Ke8 24.Bd6+ Kd8 25.Bxc6+ Qxd1+ 26.Qxd1+ Kc8 27.Qd7#

Mar-04-20  MordimerChess: Following Anderssen's death in 1879, Wilhelm Steinitz published a tribute in The Field magazine. He published Anderssen's two most famous games, the Immortal Game and the Evergreen Game. Annotating the famous move 19.Rad1, Steinitz wrote "An evergreen in the laurel crown of the departed chess hero", and from that time it became the name of this incredible game.

But Wilhelm Steinitz couldn't predict how good name he just created. The game became probably the most analyzed one in chess history. Howard Staunton started in 1853 and one of the last serious contributors Garry Kasparov ended in 2003. That's 150 years of crazy game analysis - real EVERGREEN GAME! :)

And I created Evergreen Game Ultimate Analysis! Of course joking, I got headache from that game. The players, Anderssen and Dufresne also got headache, check out by yourself: https://youtu.be/Kjj6HrXPwdw

Anybody's dare to find the final solution?

Sep-11-21  kereru: @Phony Benoni This is a very late reply to your question, but going back to the original source (Deutsche Schachzeitung, Sep & Oct 1852) the moves were not given, it simply said "White mates in 4" after 20...Nxe7. See pages 338 & 383. So it's quite likely Anderssen did simply "announce mate". https://books.google.com/books?id=U...
Feb-07-22
Premium Chessgames Member
  Southernrun: What a nice and amazing game
Feb-07-22  andrewjsacks: Quite a fine game, still and always.
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