Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing
Paul Keres vs Alexander Alekhine
AVRO (1938), The Netherlands, rd 12, Nov-24
Caro-Kann Defense: Panov Attack. Modern Defense Carlsbad Line (B13)  ·  1/2-1/2



explore this opening
find similar games 13 more Keres/Alekhine games
PGN: download | view | print Help: general | java-troubleshooting

TIP: Some games have photographs. These are denoted in the game list with the icon.

PGN Viewer:  What is this?
For help with this chess viewer, please see the Olga Chess Viewer Quickstart Guide.

Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka:, last move of this game was not 62...Rf4, but 62...Rc5. Of course, 62...Rf4?? would be a terrible mistake for 63.Rf7 (threatening 64.b6) 63...Rb4 64.Rxf5

47.Nc6 Rxa2+ 48.Kg3 would have been probably better.

Jul-14-04  Calli: <Honza> Thanks. Look at the position after 41.Rd5 This must be a win for White, no? In fact, why not 42.Nxa7 Ra8 43.Nb5 (if 43...Rxa2? 44.c6 Rc2 45.c7 etc)
Premium Chessgames Member
  beatgiant: <In fact, why not 42.Nxa7 Ra8 43.Nb5> Black can then reply 43...d2 44. Rxd2 Bxb5.
Jul-15-04  Calli: On 42.Nxa7 Ra8 43.Nb5 d2 44.Nc3 should win. Maybe Nc3 is what Keres missed?
Premium Chessgames Member
  beatgiant: <On 42.Nxa7 Ra8 43.Nb5 d2 44.Nc3 should win. Maybe Nc3 is what Keres missed?>

It looks like you're right that Black has no draw after 42. Nxa7.

But since Keres had a clear advantage and his opponent was a super calculator like Alekhine, maybe he just wanted to avoid any potential complications and neutralize the Black pawn with his 42. Kf2.

It looks to me like White could still win easily with 43. h3. Both Black's a-pawn and d-pawn would be vulnerable.

Jul-01-05  troll007: <Calli: On 42.Nxa7 Ra8 43.Nb5 d2 44.Nc3 should win. Maybe Nc3 is what Keres missed?> You right, Keres writted later, that 42.Nxa7 Ra8 43.Nb5 was one of easiest way to win. Even later in party Keres can win. His 52.Rc4 was wrong, he must play 52.Rd4! Rc2 53.b5 Rc5 54.Rb4 Kd8 55.b6 Kc8 56.b7+ Kb8 57.Rb6 and Black has no defence against Ra6, Ra8 and Rc8
Nov-19-12  LUCHO RODRI: Keres ganaba si en vez de 52.Rc4?? hubiera hecho 52. Rd4! porque aislaba sus peones avanzados del rey enemigo!
Premium Chessgames Member
  plang: The tournament book gives 47 Nb5..Rxa2+ 48 Kg3..Bf5 49 Rd4 as being an improvement over Keres 47 Rd4?!.

Smyslov gives the winning line as 52 Rd4..Rc2 53 b5..Rc5 54 Rb4..Kd8 55 b6..Kc8 56 b7+..Kb8 57 Rb6..f5 58 Ra6.

Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime: <Calli: On 42.Nxa7 Ra8 43.Nb5 d2 44.Nc3 should win. Maybe Nc3 is what Keres missed?>

Black gets play with Ra2 ect .. but agree this must be winning for Keres !

How did Keres not win this game ??

At move 42 virtually ANY knight move wins ..

42.Na7 has to win !
42.Nd8 cuts off the black king and rook whilst Keres can focus on queening his c pawn ect.. 42 Ne7+ taking the Knight to f5 and e3 ect
42.Nd4 just attacking the black bishop...

I can only assume it was Alekhines' aura that meddled with Keres' comfort zone over the board here.

Premium Chessgames Member
  g15713: In their masterpiece, Comprehensive Chess Endings Volume 5 Rook Endings by Yuri Averbakh (Author) and Nikolai Kopayev (Author) and Kenneth P. Neat (translator) 1987, the following diagram 722 on page 276 was analyzed.

click for larger view

After 51. c6 Ke7 was played, it led to the following diagram:

click for larger view

<"We will now consider White's best continuation:">

52 Rd4! (FinalGen has this as the only move to win) 52...Rc2

(52...Rb2 is met by 3 Kd3 Rb1 4 Kc2 Ra1 5 c7 Ra8 6 b5)

53 b5 Rc5 54 Rb4! <"The best move!"> (54 Rd7+ also wins)

54...Kd8 55 b6 Kc8 56 b7+ Kb8 57 Rb6 f5 58 Ra6 <"and wins.">

Chess user <troll007> in an above post basically had the same analysis...

By cutting off Black's king from White's passed pawn(s) was the key to winning and is of great importance in many types of rook endings.

For a comparable game related to both sides have connected passed pawns see: Aronian vs Kramnik, 2018

Apr-11-22  Olavi: This game is famous for Keres' behaviour during adjournment. Some friends had arrived from Estonia and wanted to spend the evening with Keres. He obliged, didn't analyze... well he should have won even so, but can you imagine Botvinnik doing something like that?!?

NOTE: Create an account today to post replies and access other powerful features which are available only to registered users. Becoming a member is free, anonymous, and takes less than 1 minute! If you already have a username, then simply login login under your username now to join the discussion.

Please observe our posting guidelines:

  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, duplicate, or gibberish posts.
  3. No vitriolic or systematic personal attacks against other members.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No cyberstalking or malicious posting of negative or private information (doxing/doxxing) of members.
  6. No trolling.
  7. The use of "sock puppet" accounts to circumvent disciplinary action taken by moderators, create a false impression of consensus or support, or stage conversations, is prohibited.
  8. Do not degrade Chessgames or any of it's staff/volunteers.

Please try to maintain a semblance of civility at all times.

Blow the Whistle

See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform a moderator.

NOTE: Please keep all discussion on-topic. This forum is for this specific game only. To discuss chess or this site in general, visit the Kibitzer's Café.

Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors.
All moderator actions taken are ultimately at the sole discretion of the administration.

This game is type: CLASSICAL. Please report incorrect or missing information by submitting a correction slip to help us improve the quality of our content.

Featured in the Following Game Collections[what is this?]
Round 12 The Hague 24th November
from AVRO 1938 by Benzol
42.Nxa7 Ra8 43.Nb5 - see kibitzing
from Alekhine was sunk! by Calli
from 23_Rook endings with pawn races on opposite wing by whiteshark
Match Keres!
by amadeus
Round 12 The Hague 24th November
from AVRO 1938 by JoseTigranTalFischer
Indigestible |Pat
from Schachmeister denken (How To Think GM's) by Imohthep
96d_The Unbearable Lightness of rook endgames 4
by whiteshark
#39 52. Rd4! wins, both sides have connected passed pawns
from g15713's favorite Rook endgames Part I by g15713
Rook endings by Levenfish and Smyslov
by peckinpah
Round 12 The Hague 24th November
from AVRO 1938 by MSteen
April, p. 88 [Game 75 / 1278]
from Chess Review 1939 by Phony Benoni
Round 12 The Hague 24th November
from AVRO 1938 by passion4chess
Round 12 The Hague 24th November
from AVRO 1938 by Okavango
Indigestible |Pat
from Schachmeister denken (How To Think GM's) by igiene
0ZeR0's Favorite Games Volume 39
by 0ZeR0

Home | About | Login | Logout | F.A.Q. | Profile | Preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | New Kibitzing | Chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | Privacy Notice | Contact Us

Copyright 2001-2023, Chessgames Services LLC