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  1. 1868 Adelaide Chess Club vs Melbourne Chess Club
    The Chess Match between the Adelaide and Melbourne Clubs will be commenced at 8 o'clock this evening. The game will be played by telegraph, wires having been set apart for the purpose, and every facility offered by the authorities in each colony.

    The Adelaide men have been allowed the Exchange to play in, and the Melbourne men have a room in the telegraph office made over to them. Duplicate boards will be placed in the Exchange for the benefit of members of the Club and the public, on which the moves made at the boards of the seven players will be repeated.

    The Melbourne Club will be represented by Messrs. A. Burns, W. Tullidge, L. Ellis, S. W. Sedgfield, P. D. Phillips, A. G. McCombe, and L. Goldsmith; the Adelaide Club by Messrs. R B. Hale, W. J. Fullarton, J. Mann, W. D. Scott, R. M. Steele, H. T. Thwaites, and H. Charlick.

    The members of the Club and the public are invited to be present.

    [The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) issue Monday 21 September 1868]

    Board 1
    Goldsmith (Melbourne) v Steele (Adelaide) 0-1

    Board 2
    Mann (Adelaide) v Sedgefield (Melbourne) 0-1

    Board 3
    Tullidge (Melbourne) v Scott (Adelaide) 1-0

    Board 4
    Charlick (Adelaide) v Ellis (Melbourne) 0-1

    Board 5
    Phillips (Melbourne) v Fullarton (Adelaide) 1/2-1/2

    Board 6
    Hale (Adelaide) v Burns (Melbourne) 0-1

    Board 7
    McCombe (Melbourne) v Thwaites (Adelaide) 1-0

    Match Result:-
    Melbourne 5½
    Adelaide 1½

    7 games, 1868

  2. 1870 New South Wales vs Victoria

    A chess match between representatives chosen from the chess clubs of New South Wales and Victoria, by means of the telegraph, came off on the 9th of November.

    The following gentlemen were the players : -

    Board 1. Mr Hollander (NSW) vs Mr Goldsmith (Vic)
    Board 2. Mr McRae (NSW) vs Mr Phillips (Vic)
    Board 3. Mr Heydon (NSW) vs Mr Burns (Vic)
    Board 4. Mr Smith (NSW) vs Mr Baynes (Vic)
    Board 5. Mr Ryan (NSW) vs Mr Sedgefield (Vic)
    Board 6. Mr Russell (NSW) vs Mr Stanley (Vic)
    Board 7. Mr Pendrill (NSW) vs Mr Fisher (Vic)

    [Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (Melbourne, Vic.) issue Monday 5 December 1870]

    The result of the match was that Victoria scored games 1, 2 and 3 ; New South Wales scored game No. 4. Games Nos. 5 and 6 were drawn, and No. 7 terminated in a dispute, which it has been agreed to refer to Judge Francis.

    [Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW) issue Saturday 12 November 1870]

    7 games, 1870

  3. 1871 New South Wales vs South Australia


    THE long-pending match by electric telegraph between the chess amateurs of New South Wales and those of South Australia, and which has excited a large share of interest in colonial chess circles for several months past, was commenced on Wednesday, the 24th instant, the Queen's Birthday.

    By the rules under which the match was played, and which have appeared in our columns, each colony was represented by a team of seven players, each pair of players having to play a separate game.

    The New South Wales men were - Rev. J. Pendrill and Messrs. F. J. Gibbes, C. G. Heydon, John M'Rae, Mark Russell, Thomas I. Ryan, and Robert Smith, with Messrs. James Buckland and William Crane, junior, as emergency men.

    The South Australian players were Messrs. A. H. Beyer, W. J. Fullarton, R. B. Hale, John Mann, W. D. Scott, R. M. Steele, junior, and S. Tyrrell. Mr. H. J. Thwaites had been selected as one of the Adelaide champions, but was compelled to withdraw through ill-health, and his place was taken by Mr. Hale.

    The South Australians were ably represented in Sydney by P. B. Walker, Esq., the honorary secretary of the Darlinghurst Chess Association, and assistant-superintendent of telegraphs ; whilst the same kind office was performed in Adelaide for the players of this colony by Charles Todd, Esq., President of the Adelaide Chess Club and Postmaster-General for the colony of South Australia.

    The telegraphing of the moves - at all times a trying and difficult task - was in the present match rendered especially so, in consequence of the unsettled state of the weather throughout the colony, and the enormous length of wire through which it was necessary to transmit the moves.

    It was calculated that each move travelled 1500 miles; and had to be repeated, thus making a total distance of 3000 miles.

    The moves were telegraphed at the Sydney office, by Mr. W. Wilson, the senior operator, and with such accuracy and success that we believe not a single error occurred throughout the whole day at the Sydney end.

    Our players assembled shortly after 10 a.m., and were paired by lot as follows :-

    Board No.1 Gibbes v. Steele

    Board No.2 Pendrill v. Mann

    Board No.3 Smith v. Fullarton

    Board No.4 Heydon v. Hale

    Board No.5 Russell v. Scott

    Board No.6 M'Rae v. Beyer

    Board No.7 Ryan v. Tyrrell

    Sydney had first move at boards 1, 3, and 5 ; Adelaide having the move at the other boards.

    - Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW) issue Saturday 27 May 1871




    THIS highly-interesting match was resumed shortly before 7 p.m. on Friday, the 2nd instant, and brought to a conclusion at a quarter-past 6 o'clock on Saturday morning.

    The final result of the match was as follows :

    BOARD 1) F. J. Gibbes (Sydney) won of R. M. Steele (Adelaide)

    BOARD 2) Rev. J. Pendrill (Sydney) won of John Mann (Adelaide)

    BOARD 3) R. Smith (Sydney) drew with W. J. Fullarton suc. by Steele (Adelaide)

    BOARD 4) C. G. Heydon (Sydney) won of Hale (Adelaide)

    BOARD 5) M. Russell (Sydney) won of W. D. Scott (Adelaide)

    BOARD 6) J. M'Rae (Sydney) lost to A. H. Beyer (Adelaide)

    BOARD 7) T. I. Ryan (Sydney) won of S. Tyrrell (Adelaide)

    New South Wales thus scoring five games, South Australia one, and one being drawn.

    - Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW) issue Saturday 10 June 1871

    7 games, 1871

  4. 1871 New South Wales vs Victoria



    THIS interesting trial of skill between the chess amateurs of the two leading Colonies commenced shortly after noon, on Thursday, the 9th instant, the anniversary of the Prince of Wales birthday, and was brought to a conclusion at half-past 1 a.m. on Friday.

    The New South Wales players being Messrs. Crane, Gibbs, Heydon, M'Rea, Russell, Smith, and Wallach ; their Victorian opponents being Messrs. Burns, Fisher, Goldsmith, Phillips, Sedgefield, Stanley, and Stephen.

    F. H. Dangar, Esq., of Sydney, acted as Victorian representative at this end, whilst the same office on behalf of New South Wales was performed by R. K. Hammond, Esq., of Melbourne.

    The duty of recording the time in Sydney was entrusted to Mr. J. M. Smith, of George-street, watchmaker, who provided stop-watches for the occasion.

    The match resulted in favour of the Victorian amateurs, who scored 3 games to their opponent's 1. The 3 remaining games being drawn.

    The following list shows the pairing of the players and the results of their respective games :-

    Board 1. Crane (NSW) drew with Phillips (Vic)
    Board 2. Smith (NSW) lost to Sedgefield (Vic)
    Board 3. Gibbes (NSW) drew with Stephen (Vic)
    Board 4. Wallach (NSW) lost to Burns (Vic)
    Board 5. Russell (NSW) lost to Goldsmith (Vic)
    Board 6. M'Rae (NSW) won of Stanley (Vic)
    Board 7. Heydon (NSW) drew with Fisher (Vic)

    - Empire (Sydney, NSW) issue Saturday 11 November 1871

    7 games, 1871

  5. 1872 New South Wales vs Queensland


    This interesting contest was commenced on Monday [1st January]

    The players assembled at the Telegraph Office shortly after 10 o'clock, but play did not commence until 11 o'clock.

    Unfortunately, after a few moves had been telegraphed on each side, the players were informed of the unwelcome news that the line was interrupted, and play was not resumed until 2:30 pm after which it was continued until 6 pm, when, according to agreement, the players adjourned for refreshment.

    They again assembled at the Telegraph Office at 7:30 pm, but owing to a severe thunderstorm at Murrurundi no further progress could be made with the match, therefore at 9 o'clock the players dispersed.

    - The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW) issue Saturday 6 January 1872

    Chess by Telegraph

    The telegraphic match between Sydney and Brisbane commenced on New Year's Day, but little progress was made.

    On the 3rd January play was resumed, and all the games were finished except one; New South Wales scoring 3, losing 1 and drawing 2.

    - South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA) issue Monday 15 January 1872




    THE Fourth Intercolonial Chess Match, played under the auspices of the Chess Association of New South Wales, was commenced on New Year's Day, at the Electric Telegraph Office, Sydney.

    The match was played between seven representatives of New South Wales and an equal number of champions on behalf of Queensland, under similar rules to the last Victorian match, except that the time was extended to two hours for twenty instead of thirty moves.

    The players selected to do battle on behalf of New South Wales were Messrs. V. Brown, W. Crane, jun., F. J. Gibbes, C. G. Heydon, Thomas Lea, John M'Rae, and R. Smith; whilst Queensland was championed by Messrs. Adams, Bourne. F. O. Darvall, E. Deighton, Dixon, and J. F. Schofield. [& Francis]

    Mr. Charles S. Mein of Brisbane, acted as representative of this colony, the arduous duties belonging to which office he discharged with great satisfaction and zeal.

    Mr. Julius Lippman of Sydney, acted in a similar responsible position on behalf of the younger colony, and from his strict though courteous attention to the interests of the colony which he represented, contributed in no small measure to the pleasure arising from the contest.

    Mr. Wallach acted as timekeeper, and assistant representative.

    On drawing for opponents, the players found them selves matched as follows :


    Board No.1, Mr. T. Lea v Mr. Francis
    Board No.2, Mr. W. Crane, junr v Mr. Schofield
    Board No.3, Mr. V. Brown v Mr. E. Deighton
    Board No.4, Mr. F. Gibbes v Mr. F. O. Darvall
    Board No.5, Mr. C. G. Heydon v Mr. Bourne
    Board No.6, Mr. J. M'Rae v Mr. Dixon
    Board No.7, Mr. R. Smith v Mr. Adams

    Owing to the disturbed state of the weather on the day of the match but little progress was made with the games. Play was, however, resumed at all the boards, except No. 1, on Wednesday night at about half past seven.

    - Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW) issue Saturday 6 January 1872

    The players were paired as under : -

    Board No 1
    New South Wales, Mr Thomas Lea (black)
    Queensland, Mr Francis (white)
    [This game was not finished as Mr Francis was unable to continue the game; no known gamescore exists]

    Board No 2
    New South Wales, Mr W. Crane jun (white)
    Queensland, Mr J. B. Schofield (black)
    1/2-1/2 27 moves

    Board No 3
    New South Wales, Mr V Brown (black)
    Queensland, Mr E Deighton (white)
    0-1 31 moves

    Board No 4
    New South Wales, Mr T Gibbes (white)
    Queensland, Mr F O Darvall (black)
    1/2-1/2 40 moves

    Board No 5
    New South Wales, Mr C G Heydon (black)
    Queensland, Mr J O Bourne (white)
    0-1 38 moves

    Board No 6
    New South Wales, Mr J McRae (white)
    Queensland, Mr Dixon (black)
    1-0 32 moves

    Board No 7
    New South Wales, Mr R Smith (black)
    Queensland, Mr R E Adams (white)
    1-0 42 moves

    Final score:- NSW 4½ def QLD 2½

    6 games, 1872

  6. 1872 New South Wales vs South Australia


    THE return match between seven representatives of this colony [NSW] and an equal number of South Australian champions, was played last Friday, and resulted in another victory for New South Wales.

    Mr. J. M'Rae had the honour of scoring the first victory; Messrs. R. Smith and W. Crane, junior, also succeeded in winning; Messr. P. B. Walker, F. Gibbes and T. J. Ryan drew their games. Mr. Heydon lost his game by an over-sight, after having refused a draw only a few moves previously.

    Mr. V. Brown acted as representative for South Australia, and Mr. W. J. Cunningham performed the same kind office for New South Wales in Adelaide; Mr. J. W. Ewer acted as deputy representative; Mr. Wallach performed the duty of time-keeper, while Mr. M. Russell assisted in carrying out the arrangements during the progress of the match. Messrs. Wilson and Lee, of the Telegraph department, telegraphed the moves with great accuracy, and in a manner highly creditable to the department.

    The following is the result of the pairing of the players:

    Mr. J. M'Rae [NSW] won of Mr. Hindmarsh [SA]

    Mr. R. Smith [NSW] won of Mr. Fullarton [SA]

    Mr. W. Crane, jun. [NSW] won of Mr. Thwaites [SA]

    Mr. P. B. Walker [NSW] drew agst Mr. Mann [SA]

    Mr. T. J. Ryan [NSW] drew agst Mr. Steel [SA]

    Mr. F. Gibbes [NSW] drew agst Mr. Tyrrell [SA]

    Mr. C. G. Heydon [NSW] lost to Mr. Beyer [SA]

    The New South Wales players thus winning by a majority of two games.

    - Empire (Sydney, NSW) issue Monday 27 May 1872 page 2

    7 games, 1872

  7. 1872 New South Wales vs Victoria


    The third of these annual contests between the colonies was played by telegraph on Saturday last. On assembling at the Telegraph offices, the combatants were paired by lot as follows:-

    Board 1) Crane (NSW) vs Connell (Vic)

    Board 2) Fisher (NSW) vs L. S. Phillips (Vic)

    Board 3) Gibbes (NSW) vs Sedgefield (Vic)

    Board 4) Ryan (NSW) vs R. Stephen (Vic)

    Board 5) Heydon (NSW) vs Stanley (Vic)

    Board 6) McCrae (NSW) vs L. Goldsmith (Vic)

    Board 7) Smith (NSW) vs Burns (Vic)

    Victoria having won the toss, took first move at the odd numbers, and New South Wales at the even.

    7 games, 1872

  8. 1873 Fisher-Smith Match

    We have the pleasure of informing our readers that Mr. Smith has accepted Mr. Fisher's challenge to play a short match, to be decided in favour of the winner of the first seven games.

    The contest is to be played at Woollahra, under the Praxis rules, and with a time limit of seventeen moves per hour.

    - Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW) issue Saturday 20 September 1873 page 20

    The match between Messrs. Fisher and Smith was commenced on the 17th instant ([i.e. on the 17th September 1873]) at the residence of the latter.

    - Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW) issue Saturday 27 September 1873 page 21

    The match between these players has been decided in favour of Mr. Fisher, the final score being - Fisher, 7 ; Smith, 5 ; drawn, 0.

    The games in this struggle are beyond question the finest played in the colony, and they form a valuable addition to colonial chess literature.

    - Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW) issue Saturday 1 November 1873 page 21

    12 games, 1873

  9. 1873 New South Wales vs Victoria
    Board 1
    Goldsmith, Louis (Vic) vs Gibbes, Frederick J (NSW) 1-0

    Board 2
    Fisher, Charles Marshall (NSW) vs Stephen, William R (Vic) 1-0

    Board 3
    Heap, H. (Vic) vs Crane, William (NSW) 0-1

    Board 4
    Smith, Robert (NSW) vs Sedgefield, Sedgefield Wyatt (Vic) 0-1

    Board 5
    Burns, Andrew (Vic) vs Ryan, Thomas Isaac (NSW) 1-0

    Board 6
    Heydon, Charles Gilbert (NSW) vs Stanley, John Shaw (Vic) 1/2-1/2

    Board 7
    Phillips, Lewis Samuel (Vic) vs Walker, Phillip Billingsley (NSW) 1-0

    Our illustration represents the appearance of the Telegraph Office on the occasion of the last match, which took place on the 10th November 1873

    Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (Melbourne, Vic.) issue Thursday 4 December 1873 page 193

    The match ended in a decided victory for Victoria, the score being:- Victoria, 4 ; New South Wales, 2 ; drawn, 1

    7 games, 1873

  10. 1875 Goldsmith-Fisher Match

    Mr. C. M. Fisher has arranged a match with one of the crack Victorian players.

    Through Mr. P. D. Phillips, the president of the club, Mr. Fisher sent a challenge to play a set match with the strongest Melbourne player.

    The gauntlet thrown down was promptly taken up by Mr. L. Goldsmith, the holder of the Challenge Cup, who may, perhaps, be considered the champion of the colony.

    The terms are as follows:-

    The player who first wins five games to receive the stakes, £20 a side. Play to commence Monday afternoon at 4 o'clock, and to be continued every day, except Saturday and Sunday, at the same hour, until the match is finished.

    One game to be played at each sitting, with a time limit.

    Each player being required to make thirty moves in two hours.

    Mr. Fisher was strongly opposed to playing for money, we are informed, but his opponent would not consent to meet him unless the substantial stake mentioned in the conditions above was attached to the honour of victory.


    For some time past, an exciting chess contest has been carried on at the Melbourne Club between Mr. C. M. Fisher of Sydney and Mr. L. Goldsmith, the well-known Melbourne cricketer.

    The match, which was for £20 a side, was to be decided in favour of the winner by the first five games.

    The Sydney man carried off the laurels of victory after a tough fight, as the subjoined score will show:-

    Mr. Fisher won five games, lost four; Mr. Goldsmith won four games, lost five; Three games were drawn.

    - The Singleton Argus and Upper Hunter General Advocate (NSW) issue Saturday 13 February 1875

    Place: Melbourne
    Start date: 25 Jan. 1875
    End date: 9 Feb. 1875

    Fisher, Charles 6.5 / 12
    Goldsmith, Louis 5.5 / 12

    Match Score


    0-0-1-1-0-0-1-½-½-½-1-1 (6½/12)


    1-1-0-0-1-1-0-½-½-½-0-0 (5½/12)

    running total





    12 games, 1875

  11. 1876 New South Wales vs Victoria
    *under construction*

    The players were paired by lot as follows:-
    Board No. 1 Crane (N.S.W.) Goldsmith (Victoria)
    Board No. 2 Heydon (N.S.W.) Fleming (Victoria)
    Board No. 3 Spencer (N.S.W.) Connell (Victoria)
    Board No. 4 Fisher (N.S.W.) Burns (Victoria)
    Board No. 5 Ryan (N.S.W.) Sedgefield (Victoria)
    Board No. 6 Smith (N.S.W.) Stephen (Victoria)
    Board No. 7 Frean (N.S.W.) Stanley (Victoria)

    1 game, 1876

  12. 1880 Rosenthal-Zukertort London Match
    Rosenthal-Zukertort 1880 London Match

    Played from 3rd May to 25th June

    Match Score

    [+7 =11 -1] (12.5/19)

    [+1 =11 -7] (06.5/19)

    Victory went to Zukertort as the first to win seven games.

    19 games, 1880

  13. 1881 Blackburne-Zukertort London Match

    WE have great pleasure in announcing that a match has been arranged between the two masters above-named, which is to commence on the 20th of next month. The principal conditions already settled are, that the stakes shall be £100 a side, and the winner of the first seven games shall be declared the victor; drawn games not to count. Play will generally proceed four times a week; half of the games at least to be played at the St. George's Chess Club, and the other half probably at some private room. The time limit is fifteen moves per hour, and Mr Boden will act as umpire.

    - The Field, London, 1881.05.21

    As a sign of the wide interest taken in the match amongst lovers of the game abroad, who have no opportunity of watching the match personally, and can only become acquainted with the games through the medium of their publication in this country, we may mention that some prominent members of the Paris "Cercle des Echecs" have offered to back either player, merely for the purpose of facilitating the conclusion of preliminaries. We learn that neither party has accepted this chivalrous and complimentary offer, for Mr Zukertort's stakes were already covered at the time the proposition was made, while Mr Blackburne's subscription list was also far advanced.

    - The Field, London, 1881.06.11

    WE are glad to announce that all the conditions of this match have been satisfactorily settled. The stakes were deposited on the 17th inst. in the hands of the hon. treasurer of the St. George's Chess Club, the Rev. W. Wayte, and the commencement of the contest was fixed for not later than Monday next, the 27th inst. Both players have been out of town, but we learn on good authority that there is some probability of the first game being played, by mutual consent, to-day at a private room in Simpson's establishment in the Strand. We also understand from the same source that, under any circumstance, the place of meeting for Monday's game, whether in commencement or as continuation of the contest, is fixed at the St. George's Chess Club, 20, King-street, St. James's. Admission for the purpose of witnessing the play will be granted by vouchers signed by both players. The particular days of play are subject to alteration, but the programme will be fixed each time at the beginning of the week.

    - The Field, London, 1881.06.18

    Source: 1881 Blackburne-Zukertort, London Match; Researched by Nick Pope

    FINAL SCORE: Zukertort 9.5 Blackburne 4.5 (5 draws)

    Running total


    0.5 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 4.0 5.0 5.5 6.5 7.0 8.0 8.0 8.5 9.5


    0.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 2.0 2.0 2.5 2.5 3.0 3.0 4.0 4.5 4.5

    +07 =05 -02 (9.5/14) Zukertort
    +02 =05 -07 (4.5/14) Blackburne

    The match ran from 27th June to 29th July

    14 games, 1881

  14. 1887 Australian Championship

    The entries for this important event to the chess world of Australia closed in Adelaide on the 10th inst., with 10 nominations for the major tournament, and the same number for the local or minor tournament. The majority of the competitors in this event will secure prizes, as these are seven in number. Although in the major tournament a larger number of competitors was hoped for, the committee may be congratulated on the success of their efforts in bringing together the best chess players in the Australian colonies, New South Wales, Victoria, New Zealand, and South Australia being represented.

    For the first prize, carrying with it the championship of Australia, Mr, Charlick's chance is most esteemed here, and his zeal and services for many years to the cause of chess render him worthy of it. The play of Mr. Esling (the Victorian crack, as the papers here have christened him) is highly thought of, and Messrs, Gossip and Heiman are next in favor. The last-named gentleman has been playing remarkably well of late, and will be very dangerous. It was not to be expected that all the finest players in the colonies would find it possible to take part in the tournament, but the absence of Messrs, Chamier, Crane, and Russell, of New South Wales, and Messrs, Fisher, Burns, and Stanley, of Victoria, so well-known in intercolonial contests, is much regretted, although it is to be hoped that the competitors will not allow this feeling to influence them to the extent of injuriously affecting the play. Messrs, Heiman, Gossip, and Tullidge have already arrived from their respective colonies, and the rest of the Victorian contingent are expected on Monday.

    All the arrangements for play, which commences on Wednesday next, are completed. A large room has been secured in the town-hall, which, however, has this drawback, that it is not well lighted in the day-time. The Governor, Sir William Robinson, will open the proceedings by making the first move at board No, 1.- Argus.

    - Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA) issue Saturday 20 August 1887

    The tournament was completed on 26th August and the final results were as follows:-

    Henry Charlick
    1 1 1 = 1 = 1 1 = [+6 =3 -0] (7.5 / 9)
    Frederick Karl Esling
    1 1 = 1 0 = 1 1 1 [+6 =2 -1] (7.0 / 9)
    George Hatfeild Gossip
    1 0 1 = 1 1 1 0 1 [+6 =1 -2] (6.5 / 9)
    David Heiman
    1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 [+6 =0 -3] (6.0 / 9)
    George B Hall
    0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 [+4 =0 -5] (4.0 / 9)
    William Tullidge
    0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 [+4 =0 -5] (4.0 / 9)
    Henry Hookham
    0 1 = 1 0 0 0 0 = [+2 =2 -5] (3.0 / 9)
    John E Crewe
    0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 [+3 =0 -6] (3.0 / 9)
    Joseph George Witton
    0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 [+2 =0 -7] (2.0 / 9)
    Patrick Eiffe
    1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 [+2 =0 -7] (2.0 / 9)

    45 games, 1887

  15. 1888 Australian Championship
    [By Telegraph] (FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT.)
    MELBOURNE, Friday.
    A large meeting of members of the Melbourne and Victorian chess clubs met at the Thistle Cafe to-night to welcome the players from the adjacent colonies, and also from Ballarat and Warrnambool, who have come to take part in the Major tourney of the Centennial Chess Congress.

    In consequence of the smallness of the entry, there being only eight in the competition for the Major Tournament for four prizes and the championship of Australia, the committee have resolved to avail themselves of their right to modify the rule in reference to drawn games counting half to each player. They had decided that in case of drawn games the players should be required to play another game, the result of the second game to determine the result of the round.

    Eight competitors then drew, the result being as follows :

    First Round. Higgs v. Stanley, Charlick v. Tullidge, Hay v. Lampe, Brocklebank v. Crane.

    Second Round. Tullidge v. Higgs, Lampe v. Charlick, Crane v. Hay, Stanley v. Brocklebank.

    Third Round. Higgs v. Lampe, Charlick v. Crane, Hay v. Stanley, Brocklebank v. Tullidge.

    Fourth Round. Crane v. Higgs, Stanley v. Charlick, Tullidge v. Hay, Lampe v. Brocklebank.

    Fifth Round. Higgs v. Charlick, Hay v. Brocklebank, Crane v. Stanley, Tullidge v. Lampe.

    Sixth Round. Brocklebank v. Higgs, Charlick v. Hay, Lampe v. Crane, Stanley v. Tullidge.

    Seventh Round. Higgs v. Hay, Crane v. Tullidge, Brocklebank v. Charlick, Lampe v. Stanley.

    - The Sydney Morning Herald, Saturday 13 October 1888

    The final results were as follows:-

    Charlick, Henry
    1 1 ½ ½ 1 1 1 [+5 =2 -0] (6.0 / 7)

    Crane, William
    1 1 ½ 1 1 1 ½ [+5 =2 -0] (6.0 / 7)

    Tullidge, William
    0 1 1 1 1 1 ½ [+5 =1 -1] (5.5 / 7)

    Brocklebank, Charles
    0 1 0 1 1 1 0 [+4 =0 -3] (4.0 / 7)

    Stanley, John
    1 0 1 ½ 0 0 1 [+3 =1 -3] (3.5 / 7)

    Lampe, Phillip
    1 0 1 0 0 0 0 [+2 =0 -5] (2.0 / 7)

    Higgs, James
    0 0 0 0 0 0 1 [+1 =0 -6] (1.0 / 7)

    Hay, David
    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 [+0 =0 -7] (0.0 / 7)

    (The three draws were replayed; with all three games again ending in draws).

    Charlick and Crane went into a playoff match to decide the Championship.

    Crane won the title by 2½ to 1½

    35 games, 1888

  16. 1891 Victorian Championship
    *under construction*

    (+11/=00/-00) Esling
    (+08/=00/-03) Brocklebank
    (+07/=00/-04) Witton
    (+07/=00/-04) Hodgson
    (+06/=00/-05) Baynes
    (+06/=00/-05) Haviland
    (+04/=02/-05) Loughran
    (+04/=01/-06) Wood
    (+04/=00/-07) Butler
    (+03/=01/-07) Quiroga
    (+03/=00/-08) Lilly
    (+01/=00/-10) Hemmy

    22 games, 1891

  17. 1892 New South Wales vs Victoria
    *under construction*
    9 games, 1892

  18. 1893 Wallace-Crane Australian Title Match

    A match for the chess championship of Australasia...

    The contestants are Mr. William Crane, jun., the present holder of the coveted honour, and Mr A. E. N. Wallace, a player who has achieved considerable distinction in the chess circles of the United Kingdom. During his brief sojourn in the Antipodes Mr Wallace has won the chess championship of Queensland. Recently he has taken up his residence in this colony. The match takes place under the auspices of the Sydney School of Arts Chess Club, whose officials made admirable arrangements for the conduct of the match. A comfortable room has been secured, and the convenience of both players and spectators has been studied. The players have their board in one room, and in an adjoining apartment a duplicate board keeps the onlookers informed of the state of the game.

    The following are the conditions under which Messrs Crane and Wallace and their respective supporters have agreed that the match shall be played, and it may be mentioned that they are in all essentials similar to those usually adopted in similar contests in Europe and America :-

    1. The stakes shall be £25 a side, and the match to be for the championship of Australia.

    2. The player who first wins seven games shall be declared the winner of the match. Drawn games not to count until after five games have been drawn; any game thereafter drawn to count as half a win to each player.

    3. The time limit shall be 15 moves an hour, and time shall be kept by one set of double stop clocks, which are to be tested by the umpires before the match begins.

    4. The days and hours of play shall be Tuesday and Saturday in each week from 6.30pm to 10.45pm.

    5. An engagement to play shall be binding, unless reasonable notice and explanation be given for any postponement required , and failure to give such notice shall be deemed forfeiture, except in cases of accident or sudden illness. At the time fixed for play, if either of the players is absent, his clock shall be set going, except in such cases provided for above.

    6. No game shall be adjourned until after four hours' play, except by mutual consent of the players.

    7. An adjourned game shall be finished before a new game is started, but either player may decline to begin a new game after 8.30 p.m.

    8. The stakeholder and referee shall be Mr. H. W. Apperly.

    9. That Mr. P M Scott be umpire for Mr. Crane, and Mr. J. L Jacobsen umpire for Mr. Wallace.

    10. The games shall be played at Gunsler's Cafe, Pitt-street, Sydney, within a partition which shall only be accessible to the players, umpires, and referee.

    11. Tickets of admission to the match shall be signed by the umpires, and may be cancelled at any time at the request of the umpire of either player.

    12. The spectators shall be requested to keep strict silence, and to refrain from any applause or signs of disapproval.

    13. Neither player shall absent himself from the room during the hours appointed for play except for a reasonable time, to be agreed upon by the umpires.

    14. The player whose turn it is to play shall remain near the board, but his opponent may move about inside the partition reserved for the players at such distance from the board as shall be fixed by the umpires.

    15. The player whose turn it is to move at the time of adjournment shall enclose his move in an envelope, which shall be sealed and handed over to the referee; the move thus made shall be written in ink in words.

    16. Either player who shall analyse a pending game by himself over the board, or with others even without the board, shall forfeit such game.

    17. The games of this match shall be governed by the code of laws published in Lowenthal's book of the London Chess Congress of 1862, with the exception that if either player repeat the same move three times in succession, then his opponent may claim a draw.

    18. The games played in this match shall be the property of the players.

    - The Sydney Morning Herald (issue Wednesday 19 July 1893)

    Match Score


    ½ ½ ½ 0 1 1 ½ ½ ½ 0 1 ½ 1 ½ 1 1 [+6 =8 -2] (10/16)


    ½ ½ ½ 1 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 0 [+2 =8 -6] (06/16)

    Running Total

    0.5 1.0 1.5 1.5 2.5 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.0 6.0 6.5 7.5 8.0 9.0 10.0

    0.5 1.0 1.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 5.0 5.0 5.5 5.5 6.0 6.0 06.0

    16 games, 1893

  19. 1894 New South Wales vs Victoria
    The 16th Telegraphic Chess Match between Victoria and New South Wales was played on 24th May 1894.

    The results were as follows:-

    Wallace (NSW) def Esling (Vic)
    Crane (NSW) def Hodgson (Vic)
    Jacobsen (NSW) def Tullidge (Vic)
    Loughran (Vic) and G. B. Hall (NSW) drew
    Wilson (Vic) def Ridley (NSW)
    Arneil (Vic) def Scott (NSW) [game not extant]
    Crewe (Vic) def Ryan (NSW)
    Channon (NSW) def Haviland (Vic)
    Landells (Vic) and Handley (NSW) drew
    Baynes (Vic) and Walker (NSW) drew [game not extant]
    Britton (NSW) def Clezy (Vic)
    Taylour (NSW) def F. W. Hall (Vic) [game not extant]

    Final score:- NSW 7½ def Vic 4½

    9 games, 1895

  20. 1895 Wallace-Esling Australian Championship
    Wallace-Esling 1895 Australian Championship Match

    In 1895, Frederick Karl Esling (recognised as the first Australian chess champion) challenged Albert Edward Wallace (who was the reigning Australian chess champion) to a match for the title. It was played in Melbourne between 8 June and 4 July, and aroused great interest at the time. Wallace narrowly won, winning seven games and losing five, with four draws.




    The deposits to bind this match having been placed in the hands of the stakeholder and referee, Mr. Burns, and all the preliminary arrangements completed, the match will commence on Saturday, the 8th inst., at 2 p.m.

    A suitable room has been secured at the Athenaeum, Collins-street, for the accommodation of the players, and another large room adjoining, in which the course of the play can be followed on a duplicate board by the members of the club, and such visitors as shall be entitled to the entree.

    Play will be continued on three days in each week at afternoon and evening sittings till the conclusion of the match.

    The conditions are similar to those in the last match for the Australian championship between Messrs. Crane and Wallace.

    The stakes are £25 a side.

    The player who first scores seven games is to be declared the winner.

    The time limit is 15 moves an hour, and after three games have been drawn other draws are to count half a game to each player.

    The match is exciting considerable interest not only in the colonies, but in England and America, and the leading chess columns there have made arrangements for obtaining copies of the games at the earliest date.

    - Leader (Melbourne, Vic.) Sat 8 Jun 1895 Page 34

    Match Score:-


    ½ 1 1 1 ½ 0 0 1 ½ 1 0 1 0 0 ½ 1 [+7 =4 -5]


    ½ 0 0 0 ½ 1 1 0 ½ 0 1 0 1 1 ½ 0 [+5 =4 -7]

    Running Total


    0.5 1.5 2.5 3.5 4.0 4.0 4.0 5.0 5.5 6.5 6.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 8.0 9.0 (9/16)


    0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.0 2.0 3.0 3.0 3.5 3.5 4.5 4.5 5.5 6.5 7.0 7.0 (7/16)

    16 games, 1895

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