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Rousseau - Stanley Match

Charles Henry Stanley19/31(+15 -8 =8)[games]
Eugene Rousseau12/31(+8 -15 =8)[games] Chess Event Description
Rousseau - Stanley (1845)

New Orleans, LA, United States; 1 December 1845—26 December 1845

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 Wins ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Stanley 1 1 1 ½ 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 ½ ½ 1 0 0 1 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 0 ½ 1 1 1 15 Rousseau 0 0 0 ½ 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 1 1 0 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 1 ½ 0 0 0 8 ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Format: The winner of the first fifteen games to be declared the victor, draws not counting. Time Control: None. Prize: $1000 ($500 a side).

Charles Henry Stanley was the unofficial United States' champion from 1845 when he defeated Eugene Rousseau in this match until 1857 when he was defeated by Paul Morphy.

Stanley was an English diplomat who came to the USA in 1843 and lived there until 1860. He also founded the American Chess Magazine in 1846.

Rousseau was a French master who emigrated in 1841 from France to the United States, settling in New Orleans.

This match was played for a stake of $1,000 at the New Orleans Chess Club, 1st-26th December 1845. $1,000 in 1845 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $34,418.68 (2021).

The first player to win 15 games would win the match. Games 1-18 with light notes may be found in Stanley's chess column in the <Spirit of the Times> starting in late December 1845 and continuing through January 1846 or the timeline

Stanley was in New Orleans for the match, so his column was being guest-edited. Soon after the match concluded, Stanley published a small booklet with all of the games, and this, along with the desire to move on to more current matters (his match with John William Schulten, for example), meant that Games 19-31 were not published in his column.

Although very young, Paul Morphy attended the match. His uncle, Ernest Morphy, was Rousseau's second.

Thirty-One Games at Chess, Stanley, New Orleans 1846

 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 31  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 0-1371845Rousseau - StanleyC44 King's Pawn Game
2. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-0201845Rousseau - StanleyC26 Vienna
3. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-0491845Rousseau - StanleyC50 Giuoco Piano
4. E Rousseau vs C Stanley ½-½601845Rousseau - StanleyC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
5. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 0-1411845Rousseau - StanleyC54 Giuoco Piano
6. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 1-0401845Rousseau - StanleyC70 Ruy Lopez
7. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-0361845Rousseau - StanleyC50 Giuoco Piano
8. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 1-0371845Rousseau - StanleyC44 King's Pawn Game
9. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-0471845Rousseau - StanleyC50 Giuoco Piano
10. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 0-1501845Rousseau - StanleyC44 King's Pawn Game
11. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-0191845Rousseau - StanleyB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
12. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 0-1661845Rousseau - StanleyC01 French, Exchange
13. C Stanley vs E Rousseau ½-½661845Rousseau - StanleyB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
14. E Rousseau vs C Stanley ½-½481845Rousseau - StanleyC55 Two Knights Defense
15. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 1-0691845Rousseau - StanleyC70 Ruy Lopez
16. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-0461845Rousseau - StanleyC50 Giuoco Piano
17. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 0-1551845Rousseau - StanleyC50 Giuoco Piano
18. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 0-1291845Rousseau - StanleyC53 Giuoco Piano
19. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 0-1311845Rousseau - StanleyB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
20. E Rousseau vs C Stanley ½-½501845Rousseau - StanleyC53 Giuoco Piano
21. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 0-1541845Rousseau - StanleyD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
22. E Rousseau vs C Stanley ½-½581845Rousseau - StanleyC01 French, Exchange
23. C Stanley vs E Rousseau ½-½361845Rousseau - StanleyB32 Sicilian
24. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 0-1521845Rousseau - StanleyD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
25. C Stanley vs E Rousseau ½-½481845Rousseau - StanleyB40 Sicilian
 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 31  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: The oldest event added by CG staff.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: How about <G E Nesis>? Gennady Efimovich Nesis
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: Sweet. They got around to the correction slips. During a 2016 trip to the JGW Collection I had a few minutes so I photographed every page of <Thirty-One Games at Chess>, Stanley 1846, and compared them to the games we had here and those Stanley published in the New York <Spirit of the Times>. Just a few tweaks were needed; mostly due to the very last move being truncated by whatever source these games were taken from (I suspect the OECG).
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: This was the TEN MILLION DOLLAR match!
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Stanley in his <(New York) Spirit of the Times> column of April 11th 1846:

<With reference to the belligerent parties in the late match at New Orleans, Mr. George Walker observes - "Both these gentlemen placed pieces thus gratuitously en prise several times during the match. We do not recollect that this ever once occurred to La Bourdonnais or M'Donnell during any one of their matches. The inference is obvious." Mr. George Walker is very severe; not content with forming comparisons, he has now commenced drawing "inferences," what next? Is there any chance of his arriving at "a conclusion?" We hope so.>

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