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Janowski - Marshall Second Match

Frank Marshall10/17(+8 -5 =4)[games]
David Janowski7/17(+5 -8 =4)[games] Chess Event Description
Janowski - Marshall Second Match (1905)

Following the Cambridge Springs (1904) tournament, where Marshall came out the victor and Janowski tied for 2nd, there was much interest in arranging a match between the two - not just for its intrisic interest, but as a possible precursor to a challenge to Lasker. This came about in Paris from January 24-March 7, 1905.

The conditions of the match were published in the British Chess Magazine for February, 1905:

"The stakes of 500 dollars each side to be deposited with the President of the Philidor Chess Club. The victory to be decided by attaining the score of eight won games, drawn games not counting. If the scores should be seven each, the match will be prolonged until one of the players wins ten games, which will then be decisive. If the scores come to nine each, the match will be declared drawn.

Three games will be played each week, on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, from 1:30 p.m. to 6 p.m., and from 8:30 p.m. till midnight. Unfinished games will be resumed the next day at the same hours. The time limit is 30 moves in the first two hours, and 15 moves per hour afterwards."

Later, a clause was added allowing each player one postponement, Marshall taking advantage of this on February 4th due to a severe cold.

The match was played in a small room at the Philidor Club of Paris to which only the players, their witnesses, and the director were admitted. Moves were displayed on a large board in the lobby for the public's behalf.

The play saw Marshall twice pop out to two-point leads, and Janowski come back to tie the score. Then Marshall popped out to a three-point lead, which soon settled the matter.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Marshall 1 1 0 = 0 = 1 1 0 0 1 = 1 1 = 0 1 10 Janowski 0 0 1 = 1 = 0 0 1 1 0 = 0 0 = 1 0 7

Marshall had White in the odd-numbered games.

An additional game, played a week after the match ended for a separate stake of 500 francs (300 to the winner, 200 to the loser), was provided by Janowski's patron, Leo Nardus. This game, won by Janowski, is sometimes included as part of this match. See Janowski vs Marshall, 1905.

Janowski accepted the defeat with his usual good grace:

"Mr. F. J. Marshall, Paris

DEAR Sir: - I consider that the result of our match far from proving our respective abilities. On the contrary, as in the great majority of games I allowed the 'win or draw' to escape me, I am persuaded that normally I should have won very easily.

I therefore challenge you to a return match on the following conditions: - The first winner of ten games to be declared the winner, draws not to count. I also offer you the advantage of four points: that is to say, my first four wins are not to count. Stakes are not to exceed 5,000 francs. JANOWSKI"

Foolhardy, to say the least. When Janowski - Marshall, Match 3 (1908) was finally played three years later, Janowski won by only three points. Janowski - Marshall, Match 1 (1899) was the first of five match-play encounters between the two rivals.


American Chess Bulletin, February 1905, p. 24-26.

British Chess Magazine, February 1905, p. 59; March 1905, p. 105.

Marshall v. Janowski: the games of the Paris match with notes by F. J. Marshall; reprinted from the Manchester Guardian. Kegan Paul, 1905. Available at:

Original collection: Game Collection: Janowski vs. Marshall Matches, by User: Phony Benoni.

 page 1 of 1; 17 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Marshall vs Janowski 1-0821905Janowski - Marshall Second MatchD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
2. Janowski vs Marshall 0-1431905Janowski - Marshall Second MatchD40 Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch
3. Marshall vs Janowski 0-1501905Janowski - Marshall Second MatchD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. Janowski vs Marshall ½-½671905Janowski - Marshall Second MatchD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
5. Marshall vs Janowski 0-1471905Janowski - Marshall Second MatchD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
6. Janowski vs Marshall ½-½521905Janowski - Marshall Second MatchB23 Sicilian, Closed
7. Marshall vs Janowski 1-0311905Janowski - Marshall Second MatchD10 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
8. Janowski vs Marshall 0-1301905Janowski - Marshall Second MatchB23 Sicilian, Closed
9. Marshall vs Janowski 0-1661905Janowski - Marshall Second MatchD60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
10. Janowski vs Marshall 1-0891905Janowski - Marshall Second MatchC48 Four Knights
11. Marshall vs Janowski 1-0571905Janowski - Marshall Second MatchD67 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line
12. Janowski vs Marshall ½-½471905Janowski - Marshall Second MatchB23 Sicilian, Closed
13. Marshall vs Janowski 1-0701905Janowski - Marshall Second MatchD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
14. Janowski vs Marshall 0-1541905Janowski - Marshall Second MatchC63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
15. Marshall vs Janowski ½-½401905Janowski - Marshall Second MatchD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
16. Janowski vs Marshall 1-0481905Janowski - Marshall Second MatchD02 Queen's Pawn Game
17. Marshall vs Janowski 1-0671905Janowski - Marshall Second MatchD60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
 page 1 of 1; 17 games  PGN Download 
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