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TOURNAMENT STANDINGS
Groningen Tournament

Mikhail Botvinnik14.5/19(+13 -3 =3)[games]
Max Euwe14/19(+11 -2 =6)[games]
Vasily Smyslov12.5/19(+7 -1 =11)[games]
Miguel Najdorf11.5/19(+6 -2 =11)[games]
Laszlo Szabo11.5/19(+9 -5 =5)[games]
Isaac Boleslavsky11/19(+8 -5 =6)[games]
Salomon Flohr11/19(+4 -1 =14)[games]
Erik Lundin10.5/19(+7 -5 =7)[games]
Gosta Stoltz10.5/19(+6 -4 =9)[games]
Arnold Denker9.5/19(+5 -5 =9)[games]
Alexander Kotov9.5/19(+6 -6 =7)[games]
Savielly Tartakower9.5/19(+3 -3 =13)[games]
Cenek Kottnauer9/19(+7 -8 =4)[games]
Daniel Abraham Yanofsky8.5/19(+4 -6 =9)[games]
Ossip Bernstein7/19(+2 -7 =10)[games]
Carlos Enrique Guimard7/19(+3 -8 =8)[games]
Milan Vidmar6.5/19(+1 -7 =11)[games]
Herman Steiner6/19(+2 -9 =8)[games]
Alberic O'Kelly de Galway5.5/19(+3 -11 =5)[games]
Martin Christoffel5/19(+3 -12 =4)[games]
*

Chessgames.com Chess Event Description
Groningen (1946)

The tournament held at Groningen, Netherlands 13 Aug-7 Sept 1946, was a watershed in chess history. Not only was it the first major international tournament after World War II, it marked the first time the Soviet Union sent a team of players to a foreign event. Their results confirmed the growing recognition of the great strength of Soviet players: Smyslov finished third, Boleslavsky and Flohr tied for sixth; though Kotov finished out of the running, he defeated both of the top finishers.

These were Mikhail Botvinnik and Max Euwe, who were in a close race to the end. Botvinnik had a lead much of the way, but successive losses to Kotov and Yanofsky in rounds 14-15 let Euwe go ahead by a point. However, Euwe then drew three in a row while Botvinnik won three in a row to pull ahead by a half-point going into the last round.

And nerves took over. Botvinnik was outplayed by Najdorf, but Euwe blundered and lost a drawn position against Kotov leaving the final standings unchanged. For Botvinnik, it was his first outright victory outside the Soviet Union, on his road to the World Championship; for Euwe, it was his last great international success.

Groningen, Netherlands, 13 August - 7 September 1946

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 Botvinnik * ½ 1 0 1 1 ½ 1 1 ½ 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 14.5 2 Euwe ½ * 0 ½ 1 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 0 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 14.0 3 Smyslov 0 1 * ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 1 12.5 4 Najdorf 1 ½ ½ * 1 1 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 11.5 5 Szabo 0 0 ½ 0 * 1 ½ 0 1 0 1 ½ 1 1 ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1 11.5 6 Boleslavsky 0 0 0 0 0 * ½ 1 1 1 1 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 11.0 7 Flohr ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ * ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 1 11.0 8 Lundin 0 ½ ½ 1 1 0 ½ * ½ 0 ½ 1 0 1 0 ½ ½ 1 1 1 10.5 9 Stoltz 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 0 ½ ½ * 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 0 ½ 1 1 10.5 10 Denker ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 0 ½ 1 0 * 0 ½ 0 ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 1 ½ 9.5 11 Kotov 1 1 ½ ½ 0 0 1 ½ ½ 1 * ½ 0 ½ 0 1 ½ 0 1 0 9.5 12 Tartakower 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ * 1 ½ ½ 1 1 ½ ½ ½ 9.5 13 Kottnauer 0 0 0 1 0 ½ ½ 1 0 1 1 0 * 1 1 0 ½ ½ 0 1 9.0 14 Yanofsky 1 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 * ½ 1 1 1 ½ ½ 8.5 15 Bernstein 0 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 0 0 1 ½ 0 ½ * ½ ½ ½ 0 0 7.0 16 Guimard 0 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 0 1 0 ½ * 1 ½ ½ 1 7.0 17 Vidmar 0 0 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 * ½ ½ 0 6.5 18 Steiner 0 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ * 1 ½ 6.0 19 O'Kelly 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ 0 * ½ 5.5 20 Christoffel 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 1 ½ 0 ½ 1 0 1 ½ 0 * 5.0

Thanks to <suenteus po 147> and <nescio> for round-by-round pairings and the crosstable. See also Wikipedia article: Groningen 1946 chess tournament.

Original collection: Game Collection: Groningen 1946, by User: number 23 Nber.

 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 80  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Boleslavsky vs Guimard  ½-½411946GroningenC14 French, Classical
2. Stoltz vs Kotov ½-½411946GroningenD45 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
3. Flohr vs Tartakower ½-½551946GroningenE33 Nimzo-Indian, Classical
4. Denker vs Najdorf ½-½421946GroningenE69 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Main line
5. Guimard vs O'Kelly ½-½401946GroningenD12 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
6. Yanofsky vs Stoltz  ½-½411946GroningenB32 Sicilian
7. H Steiner vs Vidmar  ½-½301946GroningenD59 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower
8. O Bernstein vs Guimard  ½-½601946GroningenC01 French, Exchange
9. O'Kelly vs Najdorf ½-½191946GroningenD17 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
10. Tartakower vs Kotov ½-½251946GroningenD45 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
11. Vidmar vs Kotov ½-½301946GroningenD42 Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch, 7.Bd3
12. Smyslov vs Denker ½-½291946GroningenB73 Sicilian, Dragon, Classical
13. C Kottnauer vs Flohr ½-½401946GroningenD12 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
14. Najdorf vs O Bernstein ½-½301946GroningenD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
15. Yanofsky vs Tartakower  ½-½691946GroningenB03 Alekhine's Defense
16. Kotov vs Yanofsky ½-½521946GroningenE26 Nimzo-Indian, Samisch
17. O Bernstein vs Szabo  ½-½891946GroningenD02 Queen's Pawn Game
18. Euwe vs Najdorf ½-½281946GroningenE33 Nimzo-Indian, Classical
19. Najdorf vs Stoltz ½-½531946GroningenD22 Queen's Gambit Accepted
20. M Christoffel vs Tartakower ½-½681946GroningenB04 Alekhine's Defense, Modern
21. Botvinnik vs Denker ½-½471946GroningenC83 Ruy Lopez, Open
22. Denker vs Vidmar  ½-½301946GroningenD56 Queen's Gambit Declined
23. O Bernstein vs Smyslov ½-½611946GroningenB73 Sicilian, Dragon, Classical
24. Euwe vs E Lundin ½-½631946GroningenD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
25. Flohr vs Najdorf ½-½541946GroningenE34 Nimzo-Indian, Classical, Noa Variation
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 80  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-20-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Blessed be the <cg librarian> indeed. The two missing games are now part of the collection.

:)

Aug-30-13  nescio: I think it should be mentoned that the organizers of this tournament had a luxury problem before it started. After everyone had arrived (which was by no means a certainty a year after the second world war) it turned out there were 21 participants instead of 20.

They could have extended the schedule with 2 extra rounds, even make it a 22-player tournament, for the head of the Soviet delegation was Gavriil Veresov, champion of Belarus. Unfortunately that was impossible, if I remember correctly because the Americans and the Soviets had to leave on schedule to arrive in time for a USSR-USA match.

To ask a foreigner to withdraw was out of the question, and Lodewijk Prins didn't want to let go this chance to play against the world's best. When Euwe declared that he was ready to withdraw, the Soviets, in particular Botvinnik and Veresov, convinced Prins to withdraw by promising him an invitation to a tournament in Moscow in the near future.

Needless to say, that invitation has still to come.

Feb-03-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Despite finishing only 11th, Kotov was the only player to defeat both the 1st and 2nd place finishers (Botvinnik and Euwe).
Apr-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <GrahamClayton> Shades of St Petersburg (1909), where Dus-Chotimirsky finished 13th with a -2 result, but beat the joint winners Lasker and Rubinstein. Those two wins were 40% of his five wins in the tournament! Lasker and Rubinstein mauled the field, each scoring 14.5/18. The only other game either lost was Lasker's loss to Rubinstein.
Apr-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  plang: Kotov was a lot stronger player than Dus-Chotimirsky
Apr-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <plang> It's true, he did win the Stockholm Interzonal (1952) by 3.5 points, then a record.
Apr-21-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: Er, make that three points. Counting is FUN-damental.
Apr-21-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Pity that fine result availed him naught, come to Zurich Candidates (1953), where Kotov inflicted the only defeat upon Smyslov, the winner, though himself an also-ran.
Apr-02-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: Going in to the game against Kotov, Botvinnik had ten wins and three draws. He went 3-3 the rest of the way, and was lucky to win M Christoffel vs Botvinnik, 1946.
Apr-02-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: Should note that Botvinnik played some great games but had some good luck earlier in the tournament too, viz.

Botvinnik vs Szabo, 1946

Botvinnik vs O'Kelly, 1946 (<nescio> called this win "one of the lowest points in his career", see Botvinnik vs Keres, 1948 (kibitz #64))

So the +10=3 stat is a bit misleading.

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